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Publication numberUS2812937 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1957
Filing dateMay 7, 1954
Priority dateMay 7, 1954
Publication numberUS 2812937 A, US 2812937A, US-A-2812937, US2812937 A, US2812937A
InventorsRobinson Eleanor R
Original AssigneeRobinson Eleanor R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Leader for flexible materials
US 2812937 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Nov. 12,1957

E- R. RQBINSON LEADER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIALS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 1 Filed May 7, 1954 INVENTOR.

Elf/9W0? K 1908/4 30 BY ML MW Nov. 12, 1957 w E. R. ROBINSON 2,812,937

' LEAfiER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIALS Filed m '7 1954 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I l/II I II II A; 3'4 a A from/ Mrs 2, 12,937 g I LEADER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIALS Eleanor R. Robinson, Royal Oak, Mich. Application May 7, 1954, Serial No. 428,159

' 15 Claims. c1.\27 1- -2.1 I

This invention relates to a leader to .facilitate'tractive movement of flexible materials through "a predetermined path. The leader is especially adapted for use with materials having flat ribbon or sheet form.

An exemplary application of the invention lies in feeding sensitized blueprint paper through a blueprint machine. Such a machine usually operates continuously during a workday, blueprint paper being drawn from rolls and passing continuously through the machine. Tracings are fixed over the sensitized surface of the paper before it entersthe machine. Within the machine the paper is successively exposed to a light source, passed through several developing, fixing and rinsing baths and then dried.

A problem arises on stopping the machine such as at the end of a Workday or for maintenance purposes. Prolonged contact of the blueprint paper with the chemicals of the various baths and prolonged exposure to the heat of the drier. renders the paper useless. The paper is expensive arid leaving it in the machine during a stoppage results in a costly wasteofseveralyards of the paper. It is also costly. in man hoursandmachine hours lost torun the paper outofthe machine'before astoppage and retliread the machine before resuming operation.

One solution to the problem has been to feed'aspecial leader paper through the machine and leave it there during a stoppage. However, leader paper must be discarded after brief use and sometimes it weakens and breaks in (the machine, causinga costly waste of time and labor in preparing for resumed operation. Moreoventhe leader paper .is.usuallypa'sted to the blueprint paper and the machine must be slowed'to allow the paste to dry before the paper contacts elements in the machine. The resulting overexposure of the blueprint paper to the light, heat and baths in the machine usually causesa costlvwaste. of a,

number of yards of the blueprint paper. Further, storage ofthe leader. paper is diflicult in some situations.

I t is' an object of this invention to provide a simple, inexpensive leader device which canbe used repeatedly over ailongperiod of time without corroding and without danger of'breaking in thefrnachine. A further object of the inveiition is to provide a leader'device which can be attached. to and detached, from blueprint paper by a quicksimp'lemanipulation. The invention generally contemplates the use of a woven glass fabric leader element having flat corrosion resistant fasteners at its leading and trailing edges. Each fastener includes an open sided channel member secured to the leader and an elongate insert 'memberto be wrapped in the. paper and inserted laterallyj into the open side of the channel. The members are locked together and unlocked by shifting them longitu dinally'relatively'to each other.

ifThr'eeforms of the invention are shown in theaccompanying drawings which may be briefly described as follows:,

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic illustration of a blueprint machine with blueprint paper being processed therein.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a leader made in accordice ance with this invention and having blueprint paper secured thereto in operative position.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view on line 33 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a perspective of the fastener members separate from the flexible leader element.

' Fig. 5 is similar to Fig. 3 except that the elements are shown diagrammatically and the insert is shown in a position preparatory to its being secured within the channel member. 1

Fig. 6 is similar to Fig. 5 but showing a subsequent step in securing the parts together. I

Fig. 7 is similar to Fig.6 but showing a further subsequent step in securing the parts together.

Fig. 8 is a sectional view on line 8-8 of Fig. 2 illustrating the position of the fastening members in unlocked position.

Fig. 9 is similar to Fig. 8 but showing the fastening members shifted to locked position.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged sectional view showing a modified form of the channel member.

Fig. 11 is a fragmentary perspective View of a modified form of the'channel member.

Fig. 12 is a transverse sectional view of the channel member of Fig. 11 with the parts shown diagrammatically.

Shown in Fig. 1 is a blueprint machine generally indicated at 10 with blueprint paper 12 being drawn from a roll 14 and being processed therein. A rotating cylin-- drical light source is represented at 16, the various processing and rinsing baths at 18, 20, 22 and 24 and drier rollers at 26. A windup is represented at 28. When the leader of this invention, shown generally at 30, is fed through the blueprint machine 10, it follows the path of the blueprint paper 12 as illustrated in Fig. 1.

The leader of this invention comprises a leader element 31 made of a flexible corrosion resisting sheet or ribbon of material, preferably a woven glass fabric. Fastening devices, generally designated 32, are secured to the leading edge and the trailing edge of the leader element. 'The fastening devices are preferably identical. Each fastening device includes an elongate flattened channel member 34 having inwardly turned legs 36 and 38 whose .ends are" spaced apart to form a longitudinal opening in the channel member. Leg 36 is longer than leg 38 as shown. The channel member has a crossbar 40 adjacent but spaced slightly from inner leg 36 and extending longitudinally the length of the channel. Crossbar 40'is secured in position by such means as clamping it in a bight portion 42 of leg 36.

An end 44 of the leader element 31 is clamped within a bight portion 46 of the outer leg 38 of the channel member and around a rod 48 within the bight, thus anchoring the channel member transversely across the end of the leader element. The leader element extends around the exterior of leg 38, around the exterior of channel 34 and between leg 36 and crossbar 40 as shown.

The fastening device 32 also includes an insert 5 0 having the form of a flat elongate strip as shown. The sides of the insert may'be folded inwardly as at 52 to present a smooth exterior surface. Insert 50 has a width greater than the width of the openingin the side of the channel member but is dimensioned so that it can be inserted and removed laterally through the opening by cocking it at an angle to the channel member as illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6. Insert 50 has a clasp portion 54 at one end which preferably comprises a return-bent portion forming a clasp and this clasp may. comprise a separatepiece spot welded to the channel 34 as at 58. The return portions 54 and 56 project in opposite directions laterally and longitudinally when the member 34 and 50 are in i operative relation and the return portions of each member 34 and 50 are dimensioned to engage around an end of the other member. Channel member 34 and insert member 50 are formed of a corrosion resisting material such as stainless steel.

As to operation of the device, it may be assumed initially that blueprint paper 12 is being fed through and processed within blueprint machine 10. When it is desired to interrupt the processing, such as at the end 'of a workday or for maintenance purposes, the paper is -severed at a point upstream of the feed opening of the machine. The trailing edge of the paper is wrapped around an insert 50, one or two complete turns usually being suflicient. Then the wrapped insert is cocked at an angle and trailing edge 60 is inserted laterally through the opening in channel 34 to the position illustrated in Fig. 5. Edge 60 is then forced under inwardly extending leg 36, thereby springing leg 36 slightly upwardly and bringing the leading edge 62 of the wrapped insert against the inner edge of leg 38 as shown in Fig.6. The pocket formed by longer leg 36 is deep enough so that when edge 60 is fully inserted therein leading edge 62 nearly clears the inner end of the shorter leg 38. End 62, by slight manual pressure, is then forced downwardly, mo.- mentarily springing leg 38 outwardly as illustrated in the dotted lines in Fig. 6. End 62 then drops into the channel to the Fig. 7 position with legs 36 and 38 returning resiliently to unstressed position. The channel 34 and insert are then manipulated to bring them to the relative positions shown in Fig. 8 with ends 66 and 68 thereof positioned for insertion within clasps 54 and 5 6. In a further simple manipulation the channel and insert are shifted longitudinally to bring the clasps 54 and 56 into locking engagement with ends 68 and 66, respectively. In this condition the insert may shift laterally within channel 34 when tractive force is applied to element 31, for example from the Fig. 7 to the Fig. 3 position. When edge 62 shifts to a position under shorter leg 38 (Fig. 3) the inner end of longer leg 36 overlies edge 60 and holds the insert within the channel. The insert is thus locked within the channel and will remain there during application of tractive force applied by the blueprint paper 12 on the leader.

The leader 30 is drawn through the machine by the blueprint paper and fastener 32 passes through the machine without fouling therein because of its flat form. In this regard, engagement of crossbar 40 'with leader element 31 causes fastener 32 to trail flatly behind the paper 12; the major plane of the fastener tends to remain generally parallel to the direction of the tractive force transmitted thereby. The leader element 31 is long enough so that when the leading edge of the leader has emerged from the machine after passing through the drier 26 the trailing edge has not been drawn into the feed opening. When the leading edge emerges from the ma chine the machine is stopped, leaving the leader therein.

Th insert 50 and channel member 34 are unlocked from each other by manipulating them longitudinally so that clasps 54 and 56 disengage from ends 68 and 66. The insert is then manipulated to the Fig. 7 position and then outwardly laterally through the opening in the channel member, momentarily springing legs 36 and 38 outwardly as described, and the insert is unwrapped, freeing the blueprint paper from the leader. The insert may then be returned within the channel for convenient storage thereof. The insert may be inserted and removed through the open ends of channel 34 if desired.

The insert 50 and channel member 34, being made of corrosion resistant material, remain unaffected in passing through the various solutions in the machine. The leader element 31, being made ofwoven glass fabric, can remain in contact with the various chemical solutions and baths indefinitely without being affected thereby. Moreover, prolonged exposure of the leader element to the heat of the drying rollers when the machine is stopped has no harmful effect on the leader element. The leader element 31 remains strong and will not break when the machine is restarted.

When it is desired to resume operation of the machine, the leading edge of a sheet of blueprint paper is attached to the trailing edge of the leader in the manner described and is drawn through the machine. When the leading edge of the blueprint paper emerges from the machine, it is detached from the leader in the manner described. The leader element itself has been thoroughly dried in passing over the drying rollers and the leader can be rolled up into a relatively small conveniently handled roll until its next use. The leader can be used repeatedly over a long period of time since it is not weakened or otherwise harmed by flexing around the rollers in the machine nor by the chemicals therein.

In the modification of the invention shown in Fig. 10 there is provided a channel member 70 similar to the channel member 34 of the principal form of the invention except that channel 70 is made of a form retaining plastic such as nylon. Leader element 31 extends through slotted openings 72 and 74 in the base of legs 76 and 78 and is clamped around a rod 80 within a bight portion 82 of leg 78 as shown. Operation of this channel member is similar to operation of the metal channel member of the principal form of the invention.

In the modification of the invention shown in Figs. 11 and 12 there is provided a channel member 84 similar to the channel member 34 of the principal form of the invention except that channel 84 has preferably identical Crossbars 86 and 88 secured adjacent the inwardly turned legs 90 and 92 as shown. This form of the invention is used to secure the leading edge 94 of a fresh roll of blueprint paper 12a to the trailing edge 96 of an expiring roll of blueprint paper 12b. This is accomplished by passing edges 94 and 96 of the blueprint paper between crossbars 86 and 88 and the adjacent leg portions 90 and 92 of the channel member, wrapping the end portions of both rolls of paper around the insert and securing the insert within the channel member 84 in the manner described.

The leading edge of the new roll of paper is drawn through the blueprint machine 10 by the expiring roll. The flat leader device trails flatly behind the expiring roll by engagement of the Crossbars 86 and 88 with the paper. When the leader device emerges from the machine it is detached from paper 12a and 12b in the manner described.

I claim:

1. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member, means forming an open channel conformation on said first member, said second member being adapted to be attached to flexible materials, said second member being laterally removably engageable in said channel conformation, and one end of each of said members having a return portion engaged around the other end of the other member to lock said members together, said return portions projecting in opposite directions and being slidably releasable from said other ends upon relative longitudinal shifting of said members.

2. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member, said first member having flattened channel form with inwardly extending legs, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, means on said first member forming a crossbar adjacent each of said legs such that a flexible material may pass between each of said crossbars and its adjacent leg, said second member being adapted to be wrapped in such flexible materials and being dimensioned to pass laterally through said opening when so wrapped for removable engagement within said channel, said crossbars being positioned to engage such 9 within said channel, said members having longitudinally releasable means locking said members together, whereby to detachably secure the flexible materials to said leader.

3. The leader defined in claim 2 and characterized in that said first member is formed of a resilient material so that said legs may spread resiliently apart to pass said second member when so wrapped.

4. The leader defined in claim 2'wher ein said members are formed of stainless steel. s

5, A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a flexible leader element and fastening means for fastening a flexible material to said leader element, said fasteningmeans including a first member secured to said leader element and a second member adapted to be attached to the flexible material, means forming a channel conformation on said first member, said channel conformation being defined in part by spaced apart legs, said legs defining a lateral opening, said opening being narrower than adjacent portions of said channel conformatiornsaid channel conformation being deeper on one side of said opening than on the other side thereof, said second member having such a width that when one side thereof is positioned within the deeper side of said channel conformation the other side thereof can pass laterally through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said other side of said channel conformation responsively to tractive force applied by said leader element, said legs being operative to retain said second member Within said channel conformation when said second member is so shifted toward said other side.

6. A leader facilitating tractive. movement of flexible materials comprising, a flexible leader element and fastening means for fastening a flexible material to said leader element, said fastening means including a first member secured'to said leader element and a second member adapted to be attached to the flexible material, said first member having an elongate flattened channel form and having legsextending inwardly generally parallel to the direction of tractive movement of said leader, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, one of said legs being longer than the other so that said channel. hasadeeper portion on one'side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side thereof, said second member having generally flat strip form, said secondimember having a width generally as great as the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion of said channel so that when one side of said second member is positioned within the deeper portion of said channel the other side thereof can pass through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion responsively to tractive force applied by said leader element, said legs being operative to retain said second member within said channel when said second member is so shifted toward said shallower portion.

7. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a flexible leader element and fastening means for fastening a flexible material to said leader element, said fastening means including a first member secured to said leader element and a second member adapted to be attached to the flexible material,

said first member having an elongate flattened channel form and having legs extending inwardly generally parallel to the direction of tractive movement of said leader, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, one of said legs being longer than the other so that said channel has a deeper portion on one side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side thereof, said second member having generally flat strip form, said second member having a width generally as great as the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeperportion of said channel so that when one side of said second member is positioned within the deeper portion of said channel the'other side thereof can pass through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion responsively to tractive force applied by said leader element, said second member having a width greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said shallower portion so that the longer of said legs overlies said second member when shifted into said shallower portion, whereby to retain said second member within said channel.

8. The leader defined. in claim 7 wherein said second member has a width slightly greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion, said legs being resiliently outwardly distortable to enlarge said second opening for passing said second member laterally therethrough.

9. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a flexible leader element and fastening means for fastening a flexible material to said leader element, said fastening means including a first member secured to said leader element and a second member adapted to be attached to the flexible material, means forming a channel conformation on said first member, said channel conformation being defined in part by spaced apart legs, said legs defining a lateral opening, said opening being narrower than adjacent portions of said channel conformation, said channel conformation being deeper on one side of said opening than on the other side thereof, said second member having such a width that when one side thereof is positioned within the deeper side of said channel conformation the other side thereof can pass through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said other side of said channel conformation responsively to tractive force applied by said leader element, said legs being operativeto retain saidsecond member within said channel conformation when said second member is so shifted toward said other side, and means forming a clasp on each of said members, the clasp on each member engaging an end portion of the other member to lock said members together, said clasps being releasable upon relative longitudinal shifting of said members, whereby to detachably secure the flexible material to said leader element.

10. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a flexible leader element and fastening means for fastening a flexible material to said leader element, said fastening means including a first member secured to said leader element and a second member adapted to be attached to the flexible material, said first member having an elongate flattened channel .form and having legs extending inwardly generally parallel to the direction of tractive movement of said leader, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, one of said legs being longer than the other so that said channel has a deeper portion on one side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side thereof, said second member having generally flat strip form, said second member having a width generally as great as the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion of said channel so that when one side of said second member is positioned within the deeper portion of said channel the other side thereof can pass through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion responsively to tractive force applied by said leader element, said legs being operative to retainsaid second member within said channel when said second member is so shifted toward said shallower portion, and means forming a bar fixed longitudinally adjacent said longer leg, said leader element engaging over said bar and beneath said first member to stabilize said fastening means substantially flatly in the trail of said leader element.

11. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member, means forming a channel conformation on said first member, said channel conformation being defined in part by spaced apart legs, said legs defining a lateral opening, said opening being narrower than adjacent portions of said channel conformation, said channel conformation having a deeper portion on one side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side of said opening, said second member having such a width that when one side thereof is positioned within said deeper portion of said channel conformation the other side thereof can pass laterally through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion, said second member having a width greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said shallow portion so that said legs overlie said second member when shifted into said shallower portion, whereby to retain said second member within said channel.

12. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member, said first member having an elongate flattened channel form and having legs extending inwardly generally parallel to the direction of tractive movement of said leader, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, one of said legs being longer than the other so that said channel has a deeper portion on one side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side thereof, said second member having generally flat strip form, said second member having a width generally as great as the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion, so that when one side of said second member is positioned within said deeper portion the other side thereof can pass laterally through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion, said legs being operative to retain said second member within said channel when said second member is so shifted toward said shallow portion.

13. A leader facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member, said first member having an elongate flattened channel form and having legs extending inwardly generally parallel to the direction of tractive movement of said leader, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, one of said legs being longer than the other so that said channel has a deeper portion on one side of said opening and a shallower portion on the other side thereof, said second member having generally flat strip form, said second member having a width generally as great as the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion, so that when one side of said second member is positioned within said deeper portion the other side thereof can pass laterally through said opening, said second member being shiftable toward said shallower portion, said second member having a Width greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said shallower portion so that the longer of said legs overlies said second member when shifted into said shallower portion, whereby to retain said second member within said channel.

14. The leader defined in claim 13 wherein said second member has a width slightly greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion, said legs being resiliently outwardly distortable to enlarge said opening for passing said second member laterally therethrough.

15. A"d'evice facilitating tractive movement of flexible materials comprising, a first member, a second member adapted to be wrapped in flexible material, said first memher having elongate channel form and having legs extending inwardly, the ends of said legs being spaced apart to define an opening, said opening being narrower than adjacent portions of said channel, said channel having a deeper portion and a shallower portion on opposite sides of said opening, said second member having a thickness less than the width 'of said opening, said second member having a width greater than the combined width of said opening and depth of said shallower portion, the width of said second member being generally as great as the Width of said opening and depth of said deeper portion so that said second member can pass laterally at an angle through said opening and into said deeper portion for removable engagement in said channel, said legs engaging said second member to retain the same within said channel when said second member is disposed at least partially within said shallower portion.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Manual and Catalog of Fibreglas by Owens-Corning Fibreglas Corporation, New York, N. Y.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3062922 *Sep 4, 1957Nov 6, 1962Thompson Ramo Wooldridge IncMagnetic transducing apparatus
US3127079 *Feb 6, 1962Mar 31, 1964 Method for threading the leading end of a weblike material
US3150809 *Nov 1, 1962Sep 29, 1964Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoThreading attachment for glass sheet
US4261260 *Aug 13, 1979Apr 14, 1981Dbs, Inc.Portable transaction log recorder
US4273038 *Jan 29, 1979Jun 16, 1981Dbs, Inc.Portable transaction log recorder
US4330191 *Feb 17, 1981May 18, 1982Pako CorporationConnector device for attaching photographic web material to a leader belt
US4568108 *Jun 18, 1984Feb 4, 1986Pollution Control Products Co.Continuous forms leader
EP0388038A2 *Feb 26, 1990Sep 19, 1990Jamieson Film CompanyFilm transport system
Classifications
U.S. Classification226/92
International ClassificationG03D3/13
Cooperative ClassificationG03D3/135
European ClassificationG03D3/13G