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Publication numberUS2814043 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1957
Filing dateNov 16, 1954
Priority dateNov 16, 1954
Publication numberUS 2814043 A, US 2814043A, US-A-2814043, US2814043 A, US2814043A
InventorsAnthony L Alesi
Original AssigneeAnthony L Alesi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Nape strap
US 2814043 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 26, 1957 A. L. ALESI NAPE STRAP Filed Nov. 16, 1954 A TTUR/VLY BY (yaw United States Patent NAPE STRAP Anthony L. Alesi, Natick, Mass., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army Application November 16, 1954, Serial No. 469,321

3 Claims. (Cl. 2-3) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein, if patented, may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

The invention relates to means for connecting a head covering to the head so as to prevent forward tilting of the head covering on the head. Such devices usually comprise an elongated flexible member having opposite ends connected to opposite sides of the head covering and a central portion which engages the nape of the neck at the point where the same merges with the base of the head. Such devices may be adjustable as to length but uniformly lack any means for raising or lowering the nape engaging portion relative to the head covering to position the same properly. Likewise, prototype nape straps make no provision for shaping the nape portions to fit properly the base of the head-nape area. This last can be accomplished by making the nape engaging portion of elastic as in the copending application of Grancsay et al. Serial No. 458,297, filed September 24, 1954. However, while such structure has certain advantages as enumerated in the application, it is more expensive and is not usable where an inelastic connection is desired.

With the foregoing in view, it is an object of my invention to provide an improved nape engaging means for a head covering.

A further object is to provide an improved nape engaging means which includes means for adjusting the same vertically relative to the head covering.

A further object is to provide an improved nape engaging means which includes a nape engaging portion shaped to be form fitting.

Other objects and advantages reside in the particular structure, shape or design of the device; the structure of the several elements thereof; combinations and subcombinations of the same with each other and with a head covering, all of which will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art upon reference to the attached drawing in connection with the following specification wherein the invention is shown, described and claimed.

In the drawing:

Fig. l is a side elevational view of a helmet suspension embodying the invention the helmet being shown in longitudinal vertical section;

Fig. 2 is a rear view of the invention, the helmet being shown in transverse vertical section;

Fig. 3 is a rear view of a preferred form of nape engaging portion of the invention; and

Fig. 4 is a like view of a modified nape engaging portion.

Referring specifically to the drawing wherein like characters designate like parts in all views, designates generally any suitable head covering such as a helmet shell which includes a chin strap 8 and any suitable helmet suspension generally indicated at 11 and which corresponds to that illustrated, described and claimed in the copeuding application of Grancsay et al., Serial No. 458,298, filed ice September 24, 1954, now Patent No. 2,758,306, dated August 14, 1956. Obviously, the invention is applicable to other forms of head coverings having other types of suspensions. In the simplest form of the invention, my nape strap comprises an elongated flexible member having opposite ends secured to the helmet shell 10 and wherein at least one of such opposite ends is adjustably secured whereby the length of the strap can be varied. Also, a vertically directed strap or the like is secured to the flexible member centrally thereof and has its upper end adjustably secured to the helmet in any suitable manner. In the particular embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, the nape strap comprises a nape engaging member 12 which is formed of any suitable flexible fabric or like material such as duck which is preferably inelastic. Preferably, the member 12 is formed with upwardly diverging side edges 9 which connect a relatively long upper edge 20 to a relatively shorter lower edge 21. In the embodiment illustrated, the edges 9, 20 and 21 are straight and are so constructed and arranged that they define an inverted isosceles trapezoid. However, the essential features are the provision of a long top edge and upwardly diverging side edges. The edges are not necessarily straight. The nape engaging member 12 has integral therewith or fixedly secured thereto as by stitching, a pair of flexible members such as straps 13 which preferably extend upwardly in diverging directions on lines comprising substantial extensions of the side edges 9 of the member 12. The upper ends of the straps 13 are adjustably secured to the helmet by means of buckles 14 carried by buckle straps 15 which are pivotally secured to the helmet shell 10 in any suitablemanner as by the rivets 16. It is preferable that both straps 13 be adjustable as to length in order that the nape-engaging member 12 can be maintained centrally of the wearers neck. It is obvious from the foregoing that the buckles 14 and straps 13 comprise means for adjusting the length of the nape strap. However, such adjustment makes no provision for adjusting the member 12 vertically toward and away from the helmet shell 10. To accomplish this last purpose, there has been provided a third flexible strap or the like 17 which is secured to the member 12 centrally thereof and which extends upwardly therefrom. The upper end of the strap 17 is adjustably secured to the helmet 10 by a buckle 18 which is fixed to the helmet 10 in any suitable manner as by the rivet 19.

It is apparent from the foregoing, that the strap 17 when adjustably secured to the helmet 10 by the buckle 18 not only prevents sagging of the nape engaging portion 12 but also provides means which cooperate with the straps 13 to retard forward tilting of the head covering 10 on the head of the wearer. Chin strap 8, of course, prevents rearward tilting of the shell 10. Obviously, the vertical adjusting means 17 and 18 enable the nape engaging member 12 to be located at the most desirable position on the wearers neck, irrespective of the particular head and neck shapes involved. Likewise, it should be noted that by forming the nape engaging member 12 with a relatively long top edge 20 from which the straps 13 extend and a relatively short bottom edge 21, the same readily adapts itself to the shape of the wearers head and neck in the nape region. Thus, at the area where the neck is enlarged in upwardly diverging lines and merges with the head, there is provided an area of substantially the same shape as the member 12. Clearly then a member 12, shaped as described above, will have a form fit with such area of the neck and head.

While the nape engaging member 12 just described is considered to be the preferred shape of this portion of the nape strap it is obviously not my intention to limit myself to that particular shape. In the form of invention of Fig. 4, there has been provided a nape strap which comprises the relatively narrow strap ends 30 and 31 and the relatively wide nape engaging portion 32 to which is secured the height adjusting flexible member 33 which corresponds to the strap 17 of the first described form of the invention. It has been found that the nape engaging portion 32 may be of rectangular shape but preferably has the corners thereof eliminated by being bent over and secured by lines of stitching 34 which secures the strap ends 30 and 31 to the portion 32.

Although I have shown and described what is now thought to be preferred embodiments of the invention, it should be understood that the same is susceptible to other forms and expressions. Consequently, I do not limit myself to the precise structures shown and described hereinabove except as hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

1. The combination with a helmet shell including a helmet suspension and a head band for spacing said shell from the head of a wearer; of a nape engaging member below said head band, a pair of flexible elements secured to said member in laterally spaced relation, said elements extending forwardly of said member in upwardly diverging directions, a third flexible element extending upwardly and rearwardly of said member intermediate said pair of elements, and means securing all of said elements to said shell to provide a three point suspension for said member.

2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said nape engaging member is in the form of an inverted isosceles trapezoid, and wherein said pair of flexible elements are disposed in the planes defining the sides of the trapezoid.

3. The combination of claim 2, there being means below said head band for adjusting the length of at least said third flexible element.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,231,766 Mahan July 3, 1917 1,419,924 Hammond et a1 June 20, 1922 2,151,458 Allen Mar. 21, 1939 FOREIGN PATENTS 544,383 Great Britain Apr. 10, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1231766 *Jul 27, 1916Jul 3, 1917Richard B BoyleHelmet.
US1419924 *Oct 29, 1921Jun 20, 1922Thomas P Taylor CoMan's garter
US2151458 *Feb 16, 1938Mar 21, 1939Allen Charles HTraction fixation appliance for facial bones
GB544383A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3100896 *Jul 18, 1961Aug 20, 1963Harry N KhanbegianHood over-all
US3387304 *Mar 10, 1965Jun 11, 1968Esb IncSafety cap suspension
US3388405 *Jun 8, 1966Jun 18, 1968Esb IncSuspension for safety headgear
US3852821 *Jun 11, 1973Dec 10, 1974L MickelImpact absorbent pad for helmet shell
US3935044 *Mar 18, 1974Jan 27, 1976Noel DalyMethod of manufacturing improved protective headgear
US4000520 *Mar 21, 1975Jan 4, 1977Arthur D. Little, Inc.Headgear support system
US4641382 *Aug 20, 1984Feb 10, 1987Jean GessalinHelmet fastening device
US4686712 *Sep 11, 1986Aug 18, 1987Spiva Lowell EGoggle mounting system
US4745637 *Mar 23, 1987May 24, 1988Steele Richard JHead protector
US4884301 *Jun 13, 1988Dec 5, 1989Gentex CorporationCombination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
US5079780 *Sep 10, 1990Jan 14, 1992Cairns & Brother, Inc.Chinstrap activated head adjustment assembly for a protective helmet assembly
US5351341 *Aug 24, 1992Oct 4, 1994Bell Sports Inc.Multiple density helmet body compositions to strengthen helmet
US5581819 *Oct 18, 1995Dec 10, 1996Garneau; LouisProtective headgear and abutment plate thereof
US5638551 *May 5, 1995Jun 17, 1997Societe A Responsabilite Limitee Dite OverforingHelmet including a device for fixing the helmet to the occipital portion of a user's head
US5794272 *Jan 31, 1996Aug 18, 1998Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc.For a cyclist
US5946735 *Sep 9, 1998Sep 7, 1999Bayes; James E.Quick-release football helmet chin strap
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US7200873Dec 29, 2005Apr 10, 2007Depuy Products, Inc.Head gear apparatus having improved air flow arrangement
US7937779Feb 20, 2007May 10, 2011Depuy ProductsHead gear apparatus having improved air flow arrangement
US8438668May 17, 2010May 14, 2013Louis Garneau Sports Inc.Occipital stabilization strap for helmets
US8505121Aug 21, 2012Aug 13, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanyHead suspension having transition arms and rear support
US8745770Oct 4, 2013Jun 10, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyHead suspension having transition arms and rear support
US20100229286 *Oct 3, 2008Sep 16, 2010Lars-Olov AhlgrenHead Suspension Having Transition Arms and Rear Support
EP0302211A1 *Jun 24, 1988Feb 8, 1989RÖMER HELME UND SCHUTZAUSRÜSTUNGEN GmbHChin strap for a protective helmet, such as for professional or sport use
EP0346618A2 *May 16, 1989Dec 20, 1989Gentex CorporationCombination chinstrap-napestrap assembly for helmet
EP0470746A2 *Jul 29, 1991Feb 12, 1992Helmets LimitedProtective helmet with adjustable headband
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WO1996014768A1 *Nov 16, 1995May 23, 1996Kenneth David PhillipsProtective headgear and protective armour and a method of modifying protective headgear and protective armour
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WO2005000056A2 *May 18, 2004Jan 6, 2005Andrew Allen BjornsonHelmet fit element
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/421
International ClassificationA42B3/14, A42B3/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42B3/14, A42B3/085
European ClassificationA42B3/14, A42B3/08B