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Publication numberUS2814895 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1957
Filing dateDec 24, 1956
Priority dateDec 24, 1956
Publication numberUS 2814895 A, US 2814895A, US-A-2814895, US2814895 A, US2814895A
InventorsFlam Edward
Original AssigneeFlam Edward
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Simulated porthole or opening
US 2814895 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 3, 1957 E. FLAM SIMULATED PoRTHoLE 0R OPENING Filed Dec. 24. 1956 Trae/Mfrs.

United States Patent SIMULATED PORTHOLE R OPENING Edward Flam, Beverly Hills, Calif.

Application December 24, 1956, Serial No. 630,229

6 Claims. (Cl. 40-126) This invention relates to a device for simulating a porthole inmarine vessels.

Passenger Staterooms are often provided in which there is no window or porthole, Ventilation being eifected by other means, such as air conditioning. Although such Staterooms may be as commodious and comfortable as desired, there is nevertheless a well-understood adverse feeling of being shut in, often described as claustrophobia. In many instances, this feeling is quite mild and endurable; in other instances, it may have quite unpleasant effects.

It is one of the objects of this invention to ameliorate the consequences of such windowless room, and particularly by the aid of a simulated porthole.

It is another object of this invention to provide simple and effective decoration for the walls of a room in a marine vessel.

The simulated porthole, constructed in accordance with this invention, provides an artiiicial horizon, and the viewer very effectively senses the pitching and rolling of the vessel. This in turn makes it possible more quickly to accommodate oneself to the ships motions with attendant greater assurance against sea sickness.

This invention possesses many other advantages, and has other objects which may be made more clearly apparent from a consideration of one embodiment of the invention. For this purpose, there is shown a form in the drawings accompanying and forming a part of the present specification. This form will now be described in detail, illustrating the general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that this detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of this invention is best defined by the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings:

Figure l is an elevation of a device incorporating the invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view, taken along a plane corresponding to line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and

Figs. 3 and 4 are diagrammatic views illustrating the manner in which the device operates when mounted on the wall of a marine vessel.

The device includes a frame structure having a base 1 (Fig. 2) upon which is fastened a frame 2. The base 1 may be provided with means for attaching the device.V to a Wall, as hooks 3.

The frame 2 is provided with an inwardly directed flange 4 defining with base 1 a shallow rectangular space 5. The inner edge of ange 4 delines a circular opening 6. This circular opening serves to accommodate a cover member 7 having a flange simulating a porthole 7a, and overlying the inner edge of ange 4. This cover member 7 has an outwardly extending ange 8 contacting the frame 2.

The cover may be hinged to frame 2 as by the aid of the lug 9, carried by the cover, and cooperating with hinge lugs 9a mounted on the frame 2. At the righthand side of the cover, a wing nut 10 serves to hold the cover 7 in place by engaging a threaded stud 10a disposed between the parallel lugs 7b mounted on cover 7. Viewed through the opening 6 is a transparent closed container 11 which may be made of glass or plastic or other appropriate material. This container is rectangular, and its sides have considerable clearance with respect to the inner edges 2a of the frame 2. The lower wall 12 of this container is purposely made heavy, as indicated in Fig. 2, so that it may be readily suspended from a pivot to remain in a vertical position. Such a pivot may be provided, for example, by a circular stud or pin 13 appropriately attached to the front of the container 11, and pivotally disposed in an aperture in ange 4. The cover member 7 closely contines the container 11 with respect to the base 1 so that there is no danger of the pivot 13 moving out of registry with the aperture.

A body of liquid 15, such as water, is enclosed within the container 11 and has a level 16 extending somewhat below the center of the porthole aperture 7a. If desired, a picture 17 may be slipped back of container 11 and retained in place by ears 19 carried by the container. Access may be had for this purpose by removing base 1 from frame 2. The picture illustrated is a tropical marine scene, but the picture may be changed as desired or appropriate. This scene is visible through the transparent container 11, and may be removed and replaced with another one to change the scene.

Furthermore, a tubular electric lighting element 18 may be disposed near the top edge of the frame to provide illumination as desired.

Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate the eEect of the tilting of the marine vessel with respect to container 11. In Fig. 3, the ship or marine vessel to which the porthole is attached is presumed to have no tilt. However, if the vessel should pitch or tilt, the level of the water represented by the phantom lines 19 remains relatively iixed. The viewer thus receives a substantially correct sensing of the extent and direction of the tilting motion of the marine vessel in the water.

The inventor claims:

l. In a structure for simulating an opening: a frame; a translucent container; means for fastening the frame to a wall; and means for so mounting the container in the frame as to permit it to remain in fixed orientation to a horizon, irrespective of the position of the frame.

2. In a structure for simulating an opening: a frame; a translucent container; means for fastening the frame to a wall; and a pivotal connection between the frame and container, and near the top edge of the container.

3. In a structure for simulating an opening: a frame; a translucent container; means for fastening the frame to a wall; means for so mounting the container in the frame as to permit it to remain in fixed orientation to a horizon, irrespective of the position of the frame; and a picture carried by the container.

4. In a structure for simulating an opening: a frame; a translucent container; means for fastening the frame to a wall; a pivotal connection between the frame and container, and near the top edge of the container; and a picture carried by the rear wall of the container.

5. In a structure for simulating an opening: a frame; a translucent container; means for fastening the frame to a wall; a pivotal connection between the frame and container, and near the top edge of the container; and a source of illumination carried by the frame and concealed thereby, and above the container.

6. In a simulated porthole opening: a frame; means for attaching said frame to a wall; a member visible through the frame; and a pivotal connection between the member and the frame, the axis of the pivot being transverse to the frame; there being sufficient clearance between the sides of the member and the frame to permit u) substantial relative angular movement of the frame and 1,777,944 the member about said axis. 1,832,605

References Cited in the .le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS- 5 Lgggfgg '1,642,671 Davidson sept. 20, 11927 4 Trovato Oct. 7, 1930 Zallio Nov. 17, 1931 FOREIGNV PATENTS France Nov. 28, 1951 Great Britain Feb. 29, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1642671 *Apr 15, 1926Sep 20, 1927Irving DavidsonAdvertising device
US1777944 *Mar 20, 1930Oct 7, 1930Charles TrovatoCombined aquarium and picture
US1832605 *May 23, 1930Nov 17, 1931John ZallioDisplay device
FR1004669A * Title not available
GB745599A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3277597 *Feb 19, 1964Oct 11, 1966Neon Products IncAnimated display devices
US3429058 *Apr 27, 1967Feb 25, 1969NasaReduced gravity liquid configuration simulator
US3629958 *Mar 6, 1969Dec 28, 1971Us NavyInternal and surface wave simulator tank
US3898781 *Nov 17, 1969Aug 12, 1975Bruno FacchiniTransparent paving tile structure
US4133024 *Mar 8, 1976Jan 2, 1979Roehrick Otto ABehind the scene lights
US4353327 *Jun 19, 1981Oct 12, 1982Shroyer Ronald GAquarium/picture combination
US4413436 *Jun 1, 1982Nov 8, 1983Ward Michael LAquarium with simulated stream flow
US4561202 *Jul 11, 1983Dec 31, 1985Farmer William RPicture scene apparatus
US4869005 *Jul 1, 1987Sep 26, 1989George ValentinoNovelty device for viewing outdoor scenes
US5078093 *Mar 20, 1990Jan 7, 1992Gemmy Industries CorporationAquarium with an internal display device for picture
US5207019 *Mar 25, 1991May 4, 1993Massey Catherine CDisplay device
US5207495 *Jul 8, 1991May 4, 1993Vemco CorporationGraphic arts light box
US5251392 *Feb 8, 1991Oct 12, 1993Vemco CorporationArtificial window
US5253051 *Mar 5, 1991Oct 12, 1993Mcmanigal Paul GVideo artificial window apparatus
US5426879 *Apr 19, 1994Jun 27, 1995Hecker; IrvWall hangable window simulating unit
US5950563 *Dec 19, 1997Sep 14, 1999Adcock, Jr.; Robert R.Terrarium enclosure system
US6131345 *Mar 1, 1999Oct 17, 2000Pelusio; Frank A.Garage door window facade
US6415739 *Nov 28, 2000Jul 9, 2002James A. OrendorffCombination fish tank and picture frame
US6418652 *Aug 31, 1999Jul 16, 2002Jean CrawfordDecorative frame
US6578299Oct 16, 2001Jun 17, 2003Robert L. BurnsideIce fishing hole simulator system
US6742477 *Apr 9, 2003Jun 1, 2004Robert MarraudinoDecorative background assembly with illustrated display panel, fluorescent light, and mirror, for use with an aquarium
US6915762 *Sep 8, 2003Jul 12, 2005Suzhou Good View Aquaria Technology Co., Ltd.Wall-mountable aquarium
US6918199 *Mar 12, 2003Jul 19, 2005Arsenio V. PretaDecorative device having the appearance of a window and displaying an external scenery
US7841298 *Mar 22, 2010Nov 30, 2010Narda MargerumWall mountable aquarium or terrarium
WO1990014782A1 *Jun 8, 1990Dec 10, 1990Irv HeckerNatural daylight window simulating units
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/538, 40/779, 47/41.1, 40/800, 428/14, 119/257
International ClassificationG02B27/06, B63B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationG02B27/06, B63B2704/00, B63B19/00
European ClassificationB63B19/00, G02B27/06