|Publication number||US2815656 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1957|
|Filing date||Jan 13, 1956|
|Priority date||Jan 13, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2815656 A, US 2815656A, US-A-2815656, US2815656 A, US2815656A|
|Inventors||Klein Clarice C, Klein Orlando F|
|Original Assignee||E L Markham Jr|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (44), Classifications (26)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 10, 1957 o. F. KLEIN ET, L 2,815,656
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION- Filed Jan. 13, 1956 C/ar/ce C K//f7 INVENTORS ATTORNEY United States Patent BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Orlando F. Klein and Clarice C. Klein, Dallas, Tex., assignors of one-fourth to E. L. Markham, Jr.
Application January 13, 1956, Serial No, 558,892
7 Claims. (CI. 72-16) This invention relates to the construction of buildings employing corrugated concrete slabs of light-weight aggregate and it has particular reference to the foundation fabrication for buildings so constructed.
The principal object of the invention is to provide special supporting fabrication for light-weight corrugated concrete panels of well known manufacture for the reason that such panels, by virtue of their lightness in weight, insulating qualities and their corrugations, lend themselves ideally to wall and partition construction for buildings when the panels are erected in parallelism with their corrugations in matching relationship to define vertical passages through which tie rods extend from foundation to plate, to accommodate concrete filler at longitudinally spaced points along the wall and electrical wiring.
Another object of the invention is to provide a building foundation consisting of inverted U-shaped supporting frames or wickets initially embedded in a primary layer of concrete poured in a trench as a support for the frames while fastening thereto a pair of horizontally parallel tie rods extending longitudinally through the foundation trench and which constitute a part of the concrete foundation wall which is poured into the trench about the lower ends of the upright panels supported on the spaced frames and retained by forms above and paralleling the trench walls. Augmenting the pair of horizontal rods is another pair of like rods above the ground surface, one on each side of the panel assembly and tied together by transverse rods extending through the panels, the whole, including the vertical tie rods, providing a sturdy and permanent anchorage for the wall.
Other objects will appear as the description proceeds when considered with the annexed drawing wherein:
Fig. l is a fragmentary perspective view partly in section showing the building foundation of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional View through one corner of a wall assembly, and
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view of a wall showing the position of sheet insulating material between the panels forming the wall.
Continuing with a more detailed description of the drawing, reference numeral denotes generally a wall composed of an assembly of corrugated panels 11 of lightweight aggregate which are disposed in face to face relationship in a vertical position, as shown, so that the matching corrugations will form vertical passages 12, to which further reference will be made presently.
The present invention relates to the foundation support for the panels 11 or the foundation and panel walls in combination. The foundation consists of a plurality of inverted, substantially U-shaped supporting frames 13 whose legs 14 are driven into the earth in the bottom of a trench 15.
The frames 13 are arranged in predetermined spaced relationship and after their placement, a layer 16 of concrete is poured into the trench and allowed to set to provide rigidity for the supporting frames 13 while securing thereto a pair of horizontally parallel tie rods 17. The rods 17 are attached to the tops 18 of the frames 13 by tie wires 19.
Opposed wooden forms 20 and 21 are supported by stakes 22, driven into the ground adjacent each side of the trench 15 to hold the forms in parallelism with the trench walls. A series of transverse rods 23 extends through matching holes 24 made in the panels 11 and to the extended ends of these rods 23 along one side of the wall 10 is secured, by means of wire ties 25 a horizontal reinforcing rod 26. To the opposite ends of the transverse rods 23 is secured, by means of wire ties 27, another reinforcing rod 28.
After the panels 11 have been assembled on the supporting frames 13 and the reinforcing rods 26 and 28 assembled, as described, a concrete foundation wall 29 is poured on top of the concrete slab 16, to fill both the trench 15 and the forms 20 and 21 to the tops of the latter. While the concrete wall 29 is still plastic, a number of vertical tie rods 30 are installed in the wall to secure the plate 31 in position along the top of the wall. The lower ends of the vertical rods 30 are embedded in the concrete of the wall 29 while the upper ends of these rods extend through holes 32 bored in the-plate 31 and the underlying member 33. A nut 34 is welded to each rod 30 near its upper end as a depth guide and a washer 35 and a nut 36 are applied to the upper end of the rod 30 to bear against the plate 31.
The wall 10is erected by up-ending an outer panel 11 on the transverse base supporting rods 18 and applying to its inner face a sheet 37 of insulating material (Fig. 3). The vertical tie rods 30 bear against the sheets of insulating material 37 in the manner shown, until another panel 11 is placed on the transverse rods 18 with one face thereof confronting the insulating sheet 37 and its corrugations so disposed in relation to the corrugations of the outer panel as to form the vertical passages 12 previously referred to.
Joining the walls 10 at the corners of the building are clips 38 (Fig. 2) which are usually concealed with mortar or other cementitious material which is used to seal the space between the edges of the outer wall panels at these corners. The corners are reinforced by rods 39 (Fig. 2) which are bent into L-shape so that one leg 40 will extend horizontally between the panels 11 of one wall while the companion leg 41 extends between the panels 11 of the connecting wall at right angles to the other wall. These rods are usually bent into hairpin shape and are vertically spaced apart from top to bottom of the wall.
When the walls are erected, concrete 42 is poured into the vertical passages 12 at spaced intervals or in those passages through which extend the vertical tie rods 30, except at the corners where two such passages of the connecting walls next adjacent the corner are so filled. This provides reinforcing columns in the walls anchoring the same to the foundation wall 29 and the building is especially reinforced at the corners and at the sides of door and window openings where headed studs 43 have their heads 44 embedded in the concrete 42 of the vertical passages 12 and extend toward the door or window opening. Jamb trimmers 45 are held by these studs or bolts by nuts 46 (Fig. 2) applied to the externally threaded ends of the bolts which extend through holes bored through the trimmers 45.
The top of the foundation wall 29 on the inside of the walls 10 provides a continuous shoulder 47 to support the ends of floor joists, not shown, after removal of the forms 20 and 21.
Manifestly, the construction as shown and described is capable of some modification and such modification as may be constructed to fall within the scope and meaning 3 of the appended claims is also considered to be within the spirit and intent of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. In a building construction, a foundation comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced, inverted U-shaped wire supporting frames transversely disposed in the bottom of a trench, longitudinally. parallel tie rods secured to the tops of said frames, longitudinally corrugated inner and outer wall panels of light-weight aggregate confrontingly supported at their lower ends on the tops of said frames intermediate said parallel tie rods, a plurality of transverse rods extending through matching holes in said panels above said parallel tie rods, 2. layer of concrete in the bottom of said trench for stabilizing said supporting frames, a continuous concrete foundation wall superimposed on said layer of concrete, filling said trench and extendingthereabove, parallel reinforcing rods embedded in.said foundation wall on each side of said wall panels and securedto the ends ofsaid transverse rods, aplate along the top of thebuilding wall definedlbysaid panels andmeans extending from said plate into said foundation wall between said inner and outer panels for anchoring said plate.
2. In a building construction, a foundation comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced, inverted U-shaped wire supporting frames transversely disposed in the bottom of a trench, longitudinallyparallel tie rods secured to the tops of said frames, longitudinally corrugatedinner and outer wall panels of light-weight aggregate confrontingly supported at their lower ends on the tops of said frames intermediate said parallel tierods, a layer of concrete in the bottom of said trench for stabilizing said supporting frames, a continuous concrete foundation wall superimposed on said layer of concrete, filling said trench and extending thereabove, a plate along the top of the building wall defined by said panels and means extending from said plate into said foundation wall between said inner and outer panels for anchoring said plate.
3. In a building construction, a foundation comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced, inverted U-shaped wire supporting frames, longitudinally parallel tie rods secured to the tops of said frames, longitudinally corrugated inner and outer wall panels of light-weight aggregate confrontingly supported at their lower ends on the tops of said frames intermediatesaid parallel tie rods, a plurality of transverse rods extending through matching holes in saidpanels above said parallel tie rods, a continuous concrete foundation wall, parallel reinforcing rods embedded in said foundation wall on each side of said wall panels and secured to the ends of said transverse rods, said concrete foundation embracing said frames, tie rods, transverse rods, and the lower portions of said wall panels, a plate along the top of the building wall defined by said panels and means extending from said plate into said foundation wall between said inner and outer panels for anchoring said plate.
4. In a building construction, a foundation comprising a plurality of longitudinally spaced, inverted U-shaped wire supporting frames, longitudinally parallel tie rods secured to the tops of said frames, longitudinally corrugated inner and outer wall panels of light-weight aggregate confrontingly supported at their lower ends on the tops of said frames intermediate said parallel tie rods, acontinuous concretefounda'tion wall, in which said supporting vframes, tie rods, and the lower portions of said wall "panels are embedded, a plate along the top of the building wall defined by said panels and means extending from said plate into said foundation wall between said inner and outer panels for anchoring said plate.
5. The structure of claim 4 in wich the wire supporting frames have their legs partially embedded in the earth in the bottom of a trench and stabilized by a layer of concrete on which said foundation wall is superimposed.
6. The structure of claim 4 in which the confronting wallzpanels forming said building wall define by their corrugations longitudinally spaced, vertical passages from top to bottom, said passages at longitudinally spaced intervals being filled with concrete to reinforce said building wall and to anchor the same to said foundation wall.
7. The structure of claim 4 in which a sheet of insulating material is interposed between the confronting panels forming said building wall.
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|U.S. Classification||52/169.1, 52/300, 52/383, 52/688, 52/410, 52/429, 52/169.9, 52/608, 52/293.1, 52/258, 52/783.15, 52/215|
|International Classification||E04B2/40, E04B2/28, E04B1/00, E01F8/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E01F8/0035, E01F8/0023, E01F8/0029, E04B1/0007, E04B2/40|
|European Classification||E01F8/00A20, E01F8/00A25, E01F8/00A15, E04B2/40, E04B1/00B|