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Publication numberUS2817867 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 31, 1957
Filing dateJan 13, 1953
Priority dateJan 13, 1953
Publication numberUS 2817867 A, US 2817867A, US-A-2817867, US2817867 A, US2817867A
InventorsBugbird Herbert Copelin
Original AssigneeBugbird Herbert Copelin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for removing leaves from gutters
US 2817867 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 31, 1957 H. c. BUGBIRD 2,817,867

APPARATUS FOR REMOVING LEAVES FROM GUTTERS Filed Jan. 13, 1953 INVENTOR. v

AT TOR NE Y5 United States Patent APPARATUS FOR REMOVING LEAVES FROM GUTTERS Herbert CopelinBugbird, Summit, N. J. Application January 13,1953, Serial No.-331,083

4 Claims. (31. 15-172 v This invention relates to. apparatus for removing leaves from the gutters .ofhouse roofs.

Unless leaves are; removed,.-they: mat down into water.- proof massesthat-clog gutters and downspoutsor, leaders. Usually \the cleaning. out. of house gutters. is 1a time-consuming and difiicult'joba. Wh'enza ladder is 1-used, it must bemoved to many different locations,and theperson doing the job has to climb up and; down .the ladder at each new location.

It is an object of the -:inv,ention:to: provide :improved apparatus by whichxhouse gutters.;can {be .cleaned of leaves by a man standing on the: ground. The apparatus is simple and inexpensive in construction; and: itpcan be used conveniently, andreffectively; without; previous.:expenence.

Other. objects, 2 featureswand advantages zof thednvention will appear or be pointed out as theldescription proceeds.

In the drawing, forming a parthereofl-in which like reference characters indicate. corresponding parts in all the .views,

Figure 1 is a view showing the way, in which the invention is used for cleaning roof jgutters at-diiiei-ent heights. from the ground;

Figure 2 is a greatly enlarged viewof thescleaning apparatus shown in' Figure, 1;-

Figure 3 is a fragmentary viewshowing the.-way .in whichjthe cleaning apparatus of FigureZ fits into .a gutter, when in use;

Figure 4 is an-end-view-of the apparatus shown in Figure 3;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary view showing a different cleaning device which may be used in place of the brush, shown in Figures 24;

Figure 6 is a diagrammatic view showing the projection, on a vertical plane, of the arc of swing of the cleaning tool when in operation; and

Figure 7 is a diagrammatic plan view showing the projection, on a horizontal plane, of the path of swing of the cleaning tool.

Figure 1 shows a house 10, with a roof gutter 11 at a relatively high level, and another roof gutter 12 at a much lower level on a lean-to extension of the house. The cleaning apparatus includes a support 15 comprising a handle 17 and an extension 18 which are held and manipulated by an operator 20, standing on the ground at a short distance out from the wall of the house.

The extension 18 is preferably of composite construction, consisting of separate lengths of tubing 18 which can be connected together to increase the length of the extension so as to reach higher gutters, when necessary. In the construction shown in Figure 2, the handle 17 screws into the lower length of tube 18', and the separate lengths of tubing are connected together by screw threads, but other kinds of connections can be used.

At the upper end of the extension 18, there is a bracket rigidly connected to the extension. This bracket includes ice 2 a head 21 and tool holder23, the-latterxbeing connected torthe head byv a pivot connection 24, and ithisholderw23 carries a'tool which serves as acleaning devicefo'rth gutter. Figures 2'4 shoW-a cleaning wdevicewrconsisting of a brush 25, but with leaves. and .other; tmaterial wh'ich has not become matted-:down on; the xbottorn: of;.'the gutter, a wire loop .26 (Figure 5) servesas :an adequate tool or cleaning device: for.removing the: leaves ancli'similar loose smateria'l. Referringagain to: Figure 2,. the holder 23 and brush 25. swing as a unitna'bout'the pivot connection 24. The direction of this; swinging movement is in a plane co-incidentzwith 'or parallel to razplane through the longitudinal axis of theasupport 15... The holder 23 and brush 25 :are held inany desired-adjusted position by a stud 28 t-and wingnut 29. The 'stud 28 extends from the holder 23 through a slot30 in the head 21. The nut 29, on the opposite side of the -head from the holder 23, clamps the holder 23 against th'e head 21 so that the holder is held against-relative movementby friction against the head.

It is a feature of thisinvention that'theholder 23,' and the support comprising 'the head 21, extension 18-and handle 17 are a substantially rigid unit when the holder is secured in any adjusted position; The support has a longitudinal axis which extends 'at'a substantial angle. to both the-horizontal and vertical when the invention isrin use. It is also a feature of the invention that the support and in the construction illustrated, the head "21" ct -the bracket has a bottom surface which extends across the outer edge 32- (Figure 3) of the gutter; The-apparatus is operated by moving the brush'25jor-other tool, along the length of-the gutter 'to accumulate leaves, orother material, in front ofthe brush. Theoperator then rotates the support 18 about its longitudinal axis to cause the brush to raise the leaves, or other material, up and over theforward edge with a sort of spooning motion.

The holder 23 is adjusted, aboutits pivot connection 24, so that the brush 25," or other tool, extends'downwardly and inwardly withrespect tothe gutter; The reason for the adjustability of the invention is to enable the same apparatus to be used with gutters of difierent size and shape, though for a particular house" owner, it is. sutficient to make one initial and permanent" adjustment of the angle of the brush for. theparticular' style "and size of roof gutter on his house.

Some resilience is permissible in the tool th'at'servesas a cleaning device, but only a limited amount of resilience, because the tool must swing through an are about the longitudinal axis of the support in order to obtain the spooning action of the preferred embodiment of the invention.

While the apparatus is being moved along the gutter to accumulate a pile of leaves ahead of the brush, the support may rest on the outer edge 32 of the gutter, or may be spaced some distance above the outer or top front edge of the gutter, depending upon the way in which the operator holds the support and whether the brush is in a vertical position or dragging at an angle to the bottom of the gutter. When the operator turns the handle about its longitudinal axis, to swing the brush for spooning leaves over the side of the gutter, the sloping portion of the support above the gutter edge 32 will contact with the gutter edge and serve as a bearing on which the entire apparatus rocks While the leaves are being raised and spooned over the edge of the gutter. Thus the surface of the apparatus that contacts with the top front edge of the gutter provides a bearing on which the apparatus rocks to give the cleaning device or brush 25 an angular movement about an axis of rotation extending in substantially the same direction as the longitudinal axis of the handle projection.

This swinging movement of the brush, or other tool, is best understood by reference to Figures 6 and 7.

Figure 6 is a diagram looking at the gutter 12 from the front. As the extension 18 isrotated about its longitiidinal axis, the holder 23 swings the lower end of the brush; or the tool, through an are 35' which is elliptical inthe vertical projection shown in Figure 6. This diagram brings out the way in which the brush or other tool swings upwardly on a long are with respect to the vertical.

Figure 7 is a diagram looking down on the gutter 12.

As'the extension 18 swings about its longitudinal axis, the motion of the lower end of the cleaning tool is along the' are 35 which is elliptical in its horizontal projection. This view brings out the way in which the tool moves toward the front of the gutter 12 and over the side of the gutter as the tool moves upwardly.

The preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated anddescribed, but changes and modifications can be made without departing from the invention as defined in the claims.

What is claimed is:

W 1. Cleaning apparatus for removing leaves and other obstructions from a roof gutter which has a top front edge extending substantially parallel to an adjacent wall of a house, said apparatusincluding a handle with a long projection for reaching up to the gutter from the ground, the handle projection reaching upwardly across the top front edge of the gutter and having a longitudinal axis diverging downwardly away from said wall at a substantial angle to the vertical when the cleaning apparatus is in working position, a head connected to the upper end of the handle projection, a cleaning device attached to the head, a bearing on the cleaning apparatus near the upper end of the handle projection and in position to be brought into contact with the top front edge of the gutter, the bearing being unobstructed for free rocking movement on said top front edge about an axis of rotation extending in substantially the same direction as the longitudinal axis of the projection of the handle and in response to oscillation of the handle projection about its longitudinal axis, the cleaning device extending from the head downwardly into the gutter and as far as the bottom of the gutter when the handle is in one angular position about the longitudinal axis of the handle projection, and said cleaning device having a front-to-back dimension, in the direction of the extent of the gutter, less than the up-and-down length of the cleaning device and connections securing the handle, projection, head and cleaning device together into a unitary structure whereby oscillation of the handle and the projection about the longitudinal axis of said handle projection produces corresponding angular movement of the cleaning device about said axis of rotation extending in substantially the same direction as the longitudinal axis of the handle projection whereby the cleaning device moves with a single compound movement having a forward-andaft component that lifts the leaves from the bottom of the gutter, and a transverse component that lifts the cleaning device and the leaves over the top front edge of the gutter.

2. The cleaning apparatus for roof gutters described in claim 1 and in which the vertical extent of the cleaning device below the level of said bearing is somewhat greater than the depth of the gutter in which the apparatus is intended to be used so that the bearing is above the edge of the gutter when the apparatus is in working position and the cleaning device is disposed in a plane substantially normal 'to the wall of the house whereby the bearing on which the apparatus rocks contacts the front surface of the gutter only after the handle projection has been rotated through an angle about its longitudinal axis.

3. The cleaning apparatus for roof gutters described in claim 1 and in which there are adjustable fastening means connecting the cleaning device to the head, the fastening means being movable to change the angle of the cleaning device with respect to the handle projection in a plane normal to the wall of the house.

4. The cleaning apparatus for roof gutters described in claim 1 and in which the bearing that contacts with the top front edge of the gutter extends away from the longitudinal axis of thehandle projection in a direction having its principal component in a horizontal plane when the apparatus is in working position with respect to a gutter to be cleaned.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Popular-Science Monthly, Sept. 1938, page 68.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US303517 *Nov 2, 1863Aug 12, 1884 Window-cleaner
US504452 *Mar 23, 1893Sep 5, 1893 Brush or tool holder
US1278074 *May 7, 1918Sep 3, 1918Henry W B PhelpsConvertible brush.
US1504641 *Aug 18, 1922Aug 12, 1924Kichimatsu MukaiWindow-cleaning device
US2039052 *Aug 7, 1934Apr 28, 1936John David FlaugherResilient means for bath brushes
US2134301 *Mar 12, 1936Oct 25, 1938Guggenbuehler Carl FUniversal utility extension mop
US2603892 *Aug 11, 1948Jul 22, 1952Edward G FischerSnow removal device
US2623234 *Oct 23, 1950Dec 30, 1952Brown Alvin ISuction or fluid pressure gutter cleaning apparatus, including a fluid reversing valve
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2910711 *Mar 28, 1958Nov 3, 1959Mizelle Merrimond BGutter cleaner
US2952860 *Oct 14, 1957Sep 20, 1960Palmer FultzApparatus for cleaning cow's udder
US3004362 *Jul 2, 1958Oct 17, 1961Robert C DayHandle with adapter for fishing implements
US3601835 *Jul 15, 1970Aug 31, 1971Edwin E MorganGutter cleaner
US3858267 *Dec 21, 1973Jan 7, 1975Arthur SwannieGutter cleaning tool
US4232422 *Sep 21, 1978Nov 11, 1980Max Langenstein Feld- Und GartengerateHand tool with removable extension handle
US4304498 *Aug 14, 1980Dec 8, 1981George Michael FGutter cleaning apparatus
US4310940 *Oct 1, 1979Jan 19, 1982Moore Edward LGutter cleaner
US4447927 *Sep 2, 1982May 15, 1984Malless Jr George CGutter cleaning apparatus
US4502806 *May 6, 1983Mar 5, 1985Edward AlbertsonGutter cleaning device
US4726090 *Jan 31, 1986Feb 23, 1988Kilpatrick Norman KGutter cleaning device
US4841592 *Dec 17, 1986Jun 27, 1989E.C.V. CompanyFan blade cleaning tool
US5319823 *Oct 20, 1992Jun 14, 1994Hastings Fiber Glass Products, Inc.Conductor cleaning brush with manually graspable handle adapted for mounting on shotgun stick
US5333349 *Apr 15, 1991Aug 2, 1994Lister David MApparatus for patching a break in the sidewall of a chimney
US5464481 *Sep 12, 1994Nov 7, 1995Lietz, Jr.; Paul P.Handles and channels for cleaning surfaces
US5634232 *Mar 21, 1996Jun 3, 1997Brenneman; Ronald L.Swimming pool tile brush
US5853209 *Apr 8, 1998Dec 29, 1998Mcdermott; Shaun H.Angle adjustable rain gutter cleaning apparatus
US5855402 *Jan 27, 1998Jan 5, 1999Maraschiello; Victor AnthonyRain gutter cleaning tool
US6017070 *Mar 23, 1998Jan 25, 2000Poppa; Virgil V.Cleaning tool
US6254153 *Dec 3, 1999Jul 3, 2001Virgil V. PoppaCleaning tool
US6257256May 7, 1999Jul 10, 2001Joseph E. FischerApparatus for cleaning roof gutters
US6709529Dec 10, 2001Mar 23, 2004Julius MekwinskiRoof brush and method of use
US7610721 *Dec 17, 2007Nov 3, 2009Frelier Calvin ARain gutter drainage and debris removal system
US7867338Oct 13, 2005Jan 11, 2011Salvant Thomas ARoof cleaning method
US20110000039 *Jun 29, 2010Jan 6, 2011Amparo Del Carmen PerezErgonomic Shaped Household Cleaning Brush
DE19528363A1 *Aug 2, 1995Jun 27, 1996Manfred HardeggerDevice for cleaning gutters on roofs
WO1986005539A1 *Mar 20, 1986Sep 25, 1986John NipperTrough clearing tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/172, 15/236.4, 401/261, 15/144.4, 15/145, 15/164, 15/160, 401/137
International ClassificationA47L13/24, E04D13/076
Cooperative ClassificationA47L13/24, E04D13/0765
European ClassificationA47L13/24, E04D13/076B