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Publication numberUS2817940 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 31, 1957
Filing dateOct 18, 1955
Priority dateOct 18, 1955
Publication numberUS 2817940 A, US 2817940A, US-A-2817940, US2817940 A, US2817940A
InventorsLorig Edwin T
Original AssigneeUnited States Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self-centering roll
US 2817940 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 31, 1957 E. T; LoRlG 2,817,940

SELF-CENTERING ROLL Filed oct. 18, 1955 2 sheets-shewL 1 34 o 3^ E112- E /36 40 -1 52 l INVENTOR' 7|i -MIN T. LR/G,

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E. T. LoRIG SELF-CENTERING ROLL Dec. 3l, 1957v Filed 0G12. 18, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 bis Attorney.

United Sttes y'Patet SELF-CENTERING ROLL Edwin 'll'. Lorig, Pittsburgh, Pa., assigner to United States Steel Corporation, a corporation of New Jersey Application @ctober 18, 1955, Serial No. 541,214

14 Claims. (CL- 271-2.6)

This invention relates to a self-centering roll and more particularly to such a roll for use with wide short belts and wide strip. My prior Patents Nos. 2,593,157, 2,592,581 and 2,593,158 disclose self-centering rolls which are suitable for most applications. However, when handling wide short belts and wide strip, especially when the material is of light gauge, there is a tendency for the strip and belt to gutter or gather at the longitudinal center because of the toeing-in action of the broad area of roll contact toward the transverse center of the roll.

It is therefore an object of my invention to provide a self-centering roll for handling wide light material without any substantial guttering or gathering of the material.

Another object is to provide a roll assembly utilizing such a self-centering roll.

These and other objects will be more apparent after referring to the following specification and attached drawings, in which:

Figure l is a cross sectional view showing one embodiment of my invention under no load static conditions;

Figure 2 is a sectional view showing a slight modification of the roll of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a sectional view, similar to Figure l, showing a further modification;

Figure 4 is a view of the roll of Figures 1 and 2 with a belt or strip wrapped therearound and showing in an exaggerated manner the deformation of the roll;

Figure 5 is a sectional view of a self-centering roll of the bent shaft type;

Figure 6 is a View, similar to Figure 5, showing a modiiication thereof;

Figure 7 is a View, partly in section, showing a roll assembly including a self-centering roll of a modified type; and

Figure 8 is a sectional view showing a modied roll similar to the self-centering roll of Figure 7.

Referring more particularly to Figure 1 of the drawings, reference numeral 2' indicates a shaft which is rotatably mounted on spaced apart bearings 4. The shaft 2 may be supplied with an extension 6 beyond one of the bearings 4 so that the roll may be driven if desired. Keyed or otherwise attached to the shaft 2 adjacent each of the bearings 4 is a roll section 8. Each of the roll sections 8 consists of a hub 10, web 12 and an object supporting rim 14. A center roll section 16 is provided between the roll sections S. The object supporting surfaces 14 may be either cylindrical, frustoconical in either direction, or slightly concave. However, when the large diameter end is adjacent the free end of rim 14 the amount of taper must be very slight. In any case the variance in diameter is only a matter of a few thousandths of an inch so that the strip supporting surface is relatively cylindrical. Object supporting surface 1t; of the section 16 may be either cylindrical or slightly concave. The unsupported end of each of the roll sections S has a reduced diameter portion 20 for receiving a cltsely tted counterbored portion 22 of the center section 16. Under load the close tittingportions 2,817,940 Patented Dec. 31, 1,957

ice

20 and 22 will cause the center section 16 to rotate in unison with the outer sections 8.

The roll of Figure 2 has a construction similar to that of Figure 1 and is particularly suitable where the roll is extremely long with respect to its diameter. Like parts are indicated by priming the reference numerals shown in Figure 1. The roll of Figure 2 differs from that of Figure l in that each of the end sections is provided with a web 24 at its inner end extending radially inwardly to within a few thousandths of an inch of shaft 2. Also, the end Ztl of each section S is counterbored for receiving reduced diameter portion 22 of section 16', this arrangement being preferred for this type of roll. Another diiference between this roll and that of Figure 1 is that the web 12 is not attached to its rim 14 although in either type roll the web 12 may or may not be attached to its rim. The center strip supporting member 16' may be in two parts as shown with a connection 26 therebetween or unitary as in Figure 1. Under load the webs 24 Contact the shaft 2 causing it to deiect. Otherwise the roll functions in the manner described below.

The roll of Figure 3 consists of a slender shaft 28 mounted for rotation in bearings 3i?, a center roll section 32 and end roll sections 34. The section 32 consists of a cylindrical rim 36 and two webs 3S which are keyed or otherwise attached to the shaft 28, Each of the sections 34 consists of a cylindrical rim du. and web sections 42 keyed or otherwise attached to the shaft 2S. The operation of this roll depends upon deilection in the shaft 28 which is made relatively slender for that purpose. The sections 34 and 36 are spaced apart slightly so that the part in contact with the strip passing thereover can move toward each other.

Figure 4 shows the operation of the roll of Figure 1 when a belt o1 strip B passes beneath the roll and then up around the roll, the length of wrap being between and Contact of strip B with the sections S causes each of the rims 14 to deflect so that its axis of rotation extends at an angle from the transverse center of the roll away from the direction of approach of the belt B. Assuming that the belt or strip B is cambered with its left edge shorter than its right edge the load resisting pressure due to tension is greater on the left hand bearing 4 than on the right hand bearing so that deflection of shaft 2, webs 12 and rims 14 is greater at the left end of section 16 than at the right end. Thus, for cambered belts or strip center section 16 can never rotate with its planes parallel to the theoretical transverse center of the roll nor in parallelism with the rotating planes of end sections 8. Also, the maximum opening at point 44 is greater than at point 46 and the deflection of left hand section 8 will be greater than the deflection of right hand section 8. The unit force exerted by the left hand section 8 tending to move the belt to the right is greater than the unit force exerted by the right hand section 8 tending to move the belt to the left. It should also be noted that the forces exerted by the center section 16 on the belt also tends to move the belt to the left but with the unit force being less than the unit force exerted by the right hand section 8. Thus it is seen that the center roll section 16 is a rotating, tilting, balancing link between end sections 8 which permits greater deflection on one end section than on the other as demanded by unequal belt or strip pressures applied to the roll. The total lateral forces exerted by right hand section S and center section 16 will be equal to the total lateral forces exerted by the left hand section 8 so that the belt B will be centered on the roll. The belt B must be of greater width than center section 16 and of sufcient magnitude that one end section 8 can provide axial forces toward the transverse center suliicient to balance opposing forces in the other end section and in the center section, Ob-

. roller bearing `loadings which cause bre straining, longitudinal guttering or gathering of the strip material across its width under the strip tensions necessary to secure good automatic centering and aligning. When the roll sections 8 and 16 have object supporting surfaces made of like material it is preferred to have the width of section 16 approximately twice that of each end section 8. However, this relationship may be varied, especially if the end sections are covered with rubber or other high frictional materials and the center section has a highly polished low frictional material surface, in which case the center section may be much longer. The operation of the rolls of Figures 2 and 3 are essentially the same as that of Figure l.

The roll of Figure 5 utilizes a stationary bent shaft 52 supported in bearings 5d. The shaft 52 is bent in such a manner that it diverges from its transverse center away from the direction of strip approach. A section 56 is provided at each end of the shaft S2 and is rotatably supported on bearings 58 carried on the shaft S2. A center section eti is provided between end sections 56. The sections 55 are provided with a reduced diameter portion 62. adjacent their inner ends for receiving counterbored portion 64 of section 60. A retainer collar 66 is provided at cach end of the shaft 52 to hold the sections 56 and 69 in assembled position with sufficient pressure between the portions 62 and 64 to cause the sections 56 and 6 to rotate in unison. The operation of this rcll isxnuch the same as that of the roll of Figures 1 and 2 except that pure delection is not depended upon to secure the required planar action in end sections 56. However, some deection is secured under load because of the position of bearings 58 with respect to the bearings or supports 54.

The roll of Figure 6 is similar to that of Figure 5 and like parts will be indicated by priming reference numerals of Figure 5. Bent shaft 52' is provided with a center section 68 which is in a plane normal to the desired path of travel of the belt passing over the roll. The center section 68 is supported on internal bearings 7i? carried by the shaft section 68. In order to cause the sections 56 and 6d' to rotate in unison, pins extend between sections S6 and 6h' into holes 74 and 76 in the respective section. The strip or object supporting surface of sections 56' and 6G' have the same contour as the corresponding sections of` Figures l and 2. The functioning of this embodiment is essentially the same as that of Figure 5 and is used for extremely high rotative speeds.

In the embodiment of Figure 7 a straight shaft 813 is supported in bearings 82 and a cylindrical center roll section 84 is supported between end sections 86. The

, end sections 86 each have a cylindrical belt or strip supporting surface 88. The internal surface of the section 86 is provided with a shoulder 90 for receiving in abutting relationship an cuter race 92 for ball bearings 94. inner race 96 surrounds the shaft 88 and is held from outward movement on the shaft by means of collar and` a retainer td The inner end of roll section 86 is countcrboret at itil for receiving a reduced .diameter portion iii/ et cy indrical, center `roll section 84. The t with its inner and outer race functions niet 'to that .of the webs of the outer secc other embodiments. The beit B passes itcring roll andaround a narrow-bodied 6. The roll W16 has a cylindrical strip z if@ of less width than the belt .B and in :i mann: tion shown in around the is somewhat wider than the. cylindrical strip supporting `surface. it@ of roll section 84. The roller bearings 94 :are mounted inwardly from the outer end of. the. roll section titi a distance approximately between one-fourth and one-third of the total length of the roll section 86. The parts are assembled in such a manner that the end sections 86 will be held tightly against the center section 84 when the roll is under load. In other words as the belt B passes around the roll it causes deection of end sections 86 as shown so that there will be a pinching of the sections 86 and 88 where contacted by the belt B. This causes the sections 86 and 88 to rotate in unison. As shown, the shaft-*80iis stationary but it may be rotatable. Thenarrow bodied roll 106 is shown as rotatably mounted in bearings. 112. Whensthe left side of belt B is shorter thanthe right side a pressure P1 is applied as shown and the outer 'end of left hand roll section 86 will elevate slightly to a somewhat greater amount than the outer end of the right hand roll section 86. This increases the tension somewhat in the left hand edge of belt B as it moves to the left which action will cause quicker center restoration of the belt BV than with the embodiments described above. The particular arrangement of self-centering roil and narrow-bodied roll shown functions to correctly and: quickly restore the belt on center since the maximum tension of the belt will be at the abutting rims of roll sections S4 and 86. This arrangement also permits proper deliection of the sections of the belt overhanging` the. belt supporting surface 108.

The roll of Figure 8` is similar to that of Figure 7 except that` aflexible web.114 is substituted for the bearings and races 9,2, 94 and 96 and shaft 80' must be rotatable. The remainingparts `and function of this roll are essentially the same asA that of Figure 7 and like parts are indicated by priming the numerals of Figure 7.

Each of the rolls described above is preferably used with a narrow-bodied roll or rolls as shown in Figure 7. When used with elongated strip rather than strip in the form of a belt, it is preferred to use a narrow-bodied roll on both exit and entry sides of the self-centering roll.

ln any of the. embodiments of self-centering rollsshown and described a slightly raised diameter portion may be provided at the outer ends of the end sections of the rolls. The connection between the end and center sections may vary somewhat from` those shown without changing the operation thereof. In case it is desired to handle strip narrower than the center roll section, that section may be split with the connection therebetween i being the same as the connection between the end and center sections.

While several embodiments of my invention have been shown and described it will be apparent that other adaptations and modications may be made without departing from the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

l. A roll for centering and aligning a strip comprising a first strip supporting section at one end of the roll, asecond strip supporting section at the other end of the roll,. mechanismfor supporting said sections so that under load they rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, said mechanism including a shaft section at each end of the roll, means for supporting said shaft sections in fixed relationship with each other and a relatively non-compressible generally radial support ony each shaft section for the outer end of the associated strip supporting section, and strip supporting means extending between said first and second sections.

2. A roll for centering and aligning strip comprising a shaft, a pair of spaced apart end sections mounted on said shaft, each of said end sections having a rim and a relatively flexible web for supporting the outer end of said rim on said shaft, said web being relatively noncoinpressible in a radial direction and the inner end of said rim being free to deflect toward said shaft so that said sections under load rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, and an intermediate rotatable rim section extending between and supported by the rims of said end sections.

3. A` roll for centering and aligning strip comprising a shaft, a pair of spaced apart end sections mounted on said shaft, each of said end sections having a rim and a relatively flexible web for supporting said rim intermediate its ends, said web being relatively non-compressible in a radial direction, said web being positioned nearer to the outer end of said rim than to the inner end, said web being supported on said shaft and the inner end of said rim being free to deflect toward said shaft so that said sections under load rotate on axes that vdiverge away from the direction of strip approach, and an intermediate rotatable rim section extending between and supported by the rims of said end sections.

4. A roll for centering and aligning strip according to claim 3 in which each of said webs includes ball bearings, an inner race mounted on said shaft for supporting said bearings, and an outer race extending from said bearings to said rim. v

5. A strip centering and aligning member comprising a pair of spaced apart end sections, each of said end sections having a rim and means for supporting its outer end, said means being relatively non-compressible in a radial direction, -the inner end of each of said rims being unsupported and free to deflect a limited amount away from said strip, and an intermediate rim section extending between and supported by said end sections.

6. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a -centering and aligning member, said member including a pair of spaced apart end sections, each of said end sections having a rim and means for supporting its outer end, said means being relatively non-compressible in a radial direction, the inner end of each of said rims being unsupported and free to deflect a limited amount away from said strip and an intermediate rim section extending between and supported by said end sections, and a roll spaced from said member, said roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less width than the width of the strip and a width at least substantially equal to the distance between said end sections.

7. A roll according to claim 1 in which the shaft sections form part of a bent shaft having two axis sections, said axis sections diverging away from the direction of strip approach, and said end sections are mounted for rotation on said shaft one about each axis section.

8. A roll according to claim 1 in which the shaft sections form part of a relatively flexible shaft.

9. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a first roll and a second roll spaced therefrom, said iirst roll including a first strip supporting section at one end of the roll, a second strip supporting section at the other end of the roll, means for supporting sai-d sections so that under load they rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, said means including a generally radial relatively non-compressible support for the outer end of each of said sections, and strip supporting means extending between said first and second sections, said second roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less width than the width of the strip and of greater width than the distance between said end sections.

10. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a first roll and a second roll spaced therefrom, said rst roll including a shaft, a pair of spaced apart end sections mounted on said shaft, each of said end sections having a rim and a relatively flexible web for supporting the outer end of said rim on said shaft, said web being relatively non-compressible in a radial direction and the inner end of said rim being free to deflect toward said shaft so that said sections under load rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, and an intermediate rotatable rim section extending between and supported by the rims of said end sections, said secon-d roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less width than the width of the strip and of greater width than the distance between said end sections.

11. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a first roll and a second roll spaced therefrom, said first roll including a shaft, a pair of spaced apart end sections mounted on said shaft, each of said end sections having a rim and a relatively flexible web for supporting said rim intermediate its ends, said web being relatively non-compressible in a radial direction, said web being positioned nearer to the outer end of said rirn than to the inner end, said web being supported on said shaft and the inner end of said rim being free to deflect toward said shaft so that said sections under load rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, and an intermediate rotatable rim section extending between and supported bythe rims of said end sections, said seco-nd roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less than the width or" the strip and of greater width than the distance between said end sections.

12. An assembly for centering and aligning strip according to claim ll in which each of said webs includes ball bearings, an inner face mounted on said shaft :for supporting said bearings, and an outer race extending from said bearings to said rim.

13. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a first roll and a second roll spaced therefrom, said rst roll including a bent shaft, a pair of strip supporting end sections mounted for rotation on said shaft on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, the mounting of said end sections including a generally radial relatively non-compressible support for the outer end of each of said sections, and an intermediate strip supporting section mounted for rotation on said shaft between said end sections, and means for causing said sections to rotate substantially in unison, said second roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less width than the width of the strip and of greater width than the distance between said end sections.

14. An assembly for centering and aligning strip comprising a first roll and a second roll spaced therefrom, said rst roll including a relatively exible shaft supported adjacent its ends, a strip supporting section at each end of said shaft, means for mounting said sections on said shaft so that under load they rotate on axes that diverge away from the direction of strip approach, said means including a generally radial relatively non-compressible support for the outer end of each of said sections, and strip supporting means extending between said sections, said second roll having a cylindrical strip supporting surface of less width than the width of the strip and of greater Width than the distance between said end sections.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 909,833 Vrooman Ian. 12, 1909 936,250 McDonough Oct. 5, 1909 1,499,832 Landahl u.. July l, 1924 2,722,415 Wood Nov. 1, 1955 2,706,625 Lorig Apr. 19, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US909833 *Oct 27, 1903Jan 12, 1909John J RidgwayConveyer-belt support.
US936250 *Feb 21, 1908Oct 5, 1909Francis Thomas McdonoughFeed-roll.
US1499832 *Sep 2, 1921Jul 1, 1924Webster Mfg CompanyConveying apparatus
US2706625 *Apr 25, 1952Apr 19, 1955United States Steel CorpApparatus for continuously centering a moving strip
US2722415 *Oct 25, 1950Nov 1, 1955John Douglas RobertsonSheet guiding apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2996784 *Jun 30, 1959Aug 22, 1961John Dusenbury Company IncCurved roller
US3005583 *Mar 24, 1959Oct 24, 1961United States Steel CorpAdjustable self-centering roll
US3052396 *Mar 13, 1959Sep 4, 1962United States Steel CorpSelf-centering rolls
US3131571 *May 29, 1961May 5, 1964Beloit CorpPaper machine roll
US3149497 *Mar 26, 1962Sep 22, 1964Minnesota Mining & MfgSteering roller
US3334447 *Sep 28, 1965Aug 8, 1967Leveque Treffle JSanding machine
US3507160 *Aug 8, 1968Apr 21, 1970United States Steel CorpSelf-centering roll
US3672018 *Jan 27, 1971Jun 27, 1972Kleinewefers Soehne MaschfGuiding roller for calenders
US3745625 *Jul 2, 1971Jul 17, 1973Eck J & SoehneJointed roller
US3765070 *Apr 10, 1972Oct 16, 1973K StumpfReadily cleanable roller
US3797082 *Jun 23, 1972Mar 19, 1974T BrunesSupporting roller for belt and roller conveyors
US4552295 *Oct 23, 1984Nov 12, 1985Smith R.P.M. CorporationAnti-wrinkle device
US5247884 *Dec 10, 1991Sep 28, 1993K. Walter Service CorporationMethods and apparatus for forming printing cylinders, and the resulting ballard shells and printing rolls
US5323945 *Jul 14, 1993Jun 28, 1994Eastman Kodak CompanySegmented differential capstan roller
US7188757 *Mar 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Applied Materials Gmbh & Co. KgExpander roller arrangement for the wrinkle-free guidance of webs
US7479100 *Jan 12, 2007Jan 20, 2009Zsolt Design Engineering, Inc.Cushioning conversion system and method
US8206277 *Oct 27, 2008Jun 26, 2012Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Idler roller assembly having a roller and a shaft the roller being formed such that it remains parallel to contacted media despite deflection of the shaft
US20050211821 *Mar 16, 2005Sep 29, 2005Stefan HeinExpander roller arrangement for the wrinkle-free guidance of webs
EP2138433A1Jun 27, 2008Dec 30, 2009LINTER Spólka z o.o.Roller and a method of its manufacture
Classifications
U.S. Classification226/192, 492/16, 492/47
International ClassificationB65H27/00, B65H23/02, B65G39/071, F16H7/18
Cooperative ClassificationB65H27/00, B65G39/071, F16H7/18, B65H2404/17, B65H2404/164, B65H23/02, B65H2404/1321
European ClassificationB65H23/02, F16H7/18, B65G39/071, B65H27/00