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Publication numberUS2818233 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 31, 1957
Filing dateMay 3, 1954
Priority dateMay 3, 1954
Publication numberUS 2818233 A, US 2818233A, US-A-2818233, US2818233 A, US2818233A
InventorsWilliams Jr Edward B
Original AssigneeWilliams Jr Edward B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drill bit
US 2818233 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent DRILL BIT Edward B. Williams, Jr., Greenville, Tex.

Application May 3, 1954, Serial No. 427,006

4 Claims. (Cl. Z55- 72) This invention relates to a drill bit for drilling earth formations and particularly a drill bit wherein the cutting elements are diamonds or the equivalent embedded into teeth of the bit. Such bits are particularly desirable fo-r drilling hard rock formations, however, when drilling certain types of hard rock, considerable vibration is setup in the drilling string. This vibration is destructive of the bit and particularly the cutting elements thereof.

It is therefore a principal object of the present invention to eliminate -destructive vibration and provide a more efflcient and smoother operation of such bits when drilling hard rocks by setting the diamonds to produce drag cuts.

Other objects of the invention are to provide a bit with a drag tooth contour to give the desired orientation of the cutting elements for producing drag cuts in the formation, and to provide a diamond bit of this character specially adapted for core drilling.

In accomplishing these and other objects of the invention as hereinafter pointed out, l have provided improved structure the preferred form of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein:

Fig. l is a perspective View of a core bit embodying the features of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary radial section through one tooth of the bit, the section being taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section in the circumferential direction of the cutting face of the bit, the section being taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a bottom plan view of one side of the drill bit.

Fig. 5 is a vertical section through the wall of the bit on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4.

Referring more in detail to the drawings:

1 designates a drill bit of the core producing type and which embodies the features of the present invention, although the invention is adaptable to diamond bits of other types where a drag cutis desired.

The bit illustrated includes a substantially cylindrical sleeve-like body 2 formed of suitable material and having a wall thickness to withstand drilling strains. The body 2 is shaped to provide an axial bore 3 extending inwardly from the drilling end 4 of the bit to connect with a core barrel (not shown) and through which the core is passed as will be well understood by those skilled in the drilling art. The upper end of the body 2 has a reduced exterior to form a shoulder 5 and provide a threaded portion 6 to connect the bit with the core barrel, which in turn is connected with the lower end of a string of drill pipe (not shown). The drilling end 4 has inner and outer annular faces 7 and 8 and an end drilling face 4'. The annular faces 7 and 8 project from the corresponding inner and outer faces 9 and 10 of the body portion 2 to accommodate vertically extending grooves 11 that are spaced apart circumferentially of the bit to provide water courses 12 for the inner face 7 of the bit and 13 for the outer face S as best shown in Fig. 1, the inner and outer grooves 11 being connected across the cutting face 4' by radial grooves 14. The grooves 14 are arranged radially 2,818,233 Patented Dec. 31, 1957 in a circular series and shaped to provide a circular series of radially extending teeth 15, each having an inclined forward face 16 sloping upwardly in the rotational direction of the bit as indicated in Figs. 3 and 4 to join with a substantially vertical rear face 17 on the side of the next adjacent tooth as best shown in Fig. 3. The teeth thus extend transversely of the end portion of the cutting face 4 and are of substantially triangular cross section in the circumferential direction of the bit.

The cutting face 4 is rounded transversely between the inner and outer faces 7 and 8 to provide `a circular cut having a rounded bottom. The teeth 15 forming the cutting face 4 are provided with spaced apart grooves 18 that extend in a generally circular direction and connect one radial groove 14 with the adjacent groove 14. The grooves 18 cooperate in serving as circumferential water courses interconnecting the grooves 14 and are of substantial V-shaped cross section. The sides of the grooves 18 terminate in bevel faces 19 and 20 that converge at 21 as shown in Fig. 2. The grooves 18 are spaced apart a sufficient distance to accommodate cutting elements 22 that are bedded in a row into the material of each tooth, for example in the manner disclosed in Patent 2,371,488 for Core Bit, issued March 13, 1945. There need not be a groove between each of the adjacent cutting elements in the respective teeth.

Another method of securing the diamonds is to build up the teeth about the diamonds by use of welding metal.

The cutting elements 22 are preferably diamonds', each having an elongated body provided with a cutting point or corner 23 at one end and having a 'cutting edge 24 extending from the cutting point along the side of the body in the direction of the opposite end of the diamond. The diamonds are oriented in the material of the teeth 15 with the cutting points exposed at the radial edges of the teeth and at the points 21 where the bevel faces 19 and 21 converge and the elongated bodies of the diamonds are bedded within said teeth with the cutting edges inclined upwardly and forwardly in corresponding relation with thc upwardly and forwardly sloping faces 16 of the teeth. It is thus apparent that the cutting portions of each diamond are set to produce a circumferential drag cut on the face of the formation as distinguished from the gouge cut of the cutting elements disclosed in the above numbered patent. With this arrangement, the bit is effective in cutting hard rock formations without vibration or chatter of the bit. It is also obvious that the upward slope of the faces 16 in the rotational direction of the bit gives ample clearance for passage of the drilling fluid as it passes from the inner vertical water courses to the outer water courses of the bit to flush the cuttings from the path of the cutting elements.

The projecting faces 7 and 8 which extend circumferentially of the inner and outer sides of the bit may be provided with cutting elements 25 to maintain the gauge of the bore hole and the size of the core. The cutting elements 25 may also be diamonds bedded into the material of the bit in any suitable manner.

When in operation the bit is rotated by the drill pipe in the direction of the arrow (Fig. 1) so that the diamonds produce drag cuts in the formation. Simultaneously with rotation of the bit a drilling fluid is circulated downwardly through the drill pipe, and around the core through the inner water courses 12 to wash the cuttings from the grooves 14 and up the outer water courses to the top of the bore hole. The drilling uid also keeps the cutting surfaces of the bit in cool condition and prevents heating of the diamonds.

I claim:

l. A drill bit including a cylindrical body member having a drilling end provided with a circular cutting face extending about the axis of said body member for sup.

port on the bottom of the hole to be drilled by the bit when the bit is in use and rotated on said axis, said cutting face having a series of teeth extending radially of said axis and eachhaving an upwardly inclined forward face and a substantially vertical rear face relatively to the direction that the bit is rotated, said faces converging to form radial edges, and cutting elements each having an elongated body provided with a cutting point at one end and a cutting edge extending from the cutting point along a side of said body in the direction of the opposite end, said elongated bodies being bedded'within said teeth with the cutting points exposed at said radial edges and the cutting edges inclined forwardly. and upwardly in corresponding relation with the inclined forward faces of the teeth to provide drag cuts by said cutting elements when the bit is in use and turning about said axis.

2. A drill bit including a cylindrical body member having a drilling end provided with a circular cutting face extending about the axis of said body member for support on the bottom of the hole to be drilled by the bit when the bit is in use and rotated on said axis, said cutting face having a series of teeth extending radially of said axis and each having an upwardly inclined forward face and a substantially vertical rear face relatively to the direction that the bit is rotated, said faces converging to form radial edges, cutting elements each having an elongated body provided with a cutting point at one end and a cutting edge extending from the cutting point along a side of said body in the direction of the oppositeend, said elongated bodies being bedded within said teeth with the cutting points exposed at said radial edges and the.

cutting edges inclined forwardly and upwardly in corresponding relation with the inclined forward faces of the teeth to provide drag cuts by said cutting elements when the bit is in use and turning about said axis, and said teeth having grooves extending in a generally circular direction with respect to the axis of the body member and located between the cutting elements.

3. A drill bit including a cylindrical body member having a drilling end provided with a circular cutting face extending about the axisv of said body member for support on the bottom of the hole to be drilled by the bit when the bit is in use and rotated on said axis, said cutting face having a series of teeth extending radially of said axis and each having forward faces inclined upwardly at an angle between 7 and 30 degrees and having a substantially vertical rear face relatively to the direction that the bit is rotated, said faces converging to form radial edges, and cutting elements each having an elongated body provided with a cutting point at one end and a cutting edge extending from the cutting point along a side of said body in the direction of the opposite end, said elongated bodies being bedded within said teeth with the cutting points exposed at said radial edges and the cutting edges inclined forwardly and upwardly in corresponding relation With the inclinedlforward faces of the teeth to provide drag cuts by said cutting elements when the bit is in use and turning aboutfsaid axis.

4. A -core bit including a body member having a cylindrical wall encircling a core opening in the axis of said body member `and having an end providing a circular cutting face for-support on the bottom of a-hole to be drilled when the bit is in use and rotated on said axis, said circular cutting face curving into inner and outer annular faces of the cylindrical wall and having a series of cutting teeth each having an inclined forward face and a substantially vertical rear face relatively to the direction that the bit is rotated, said faces converging to form edges for said teeth, cutting elements, each having an elongatedV body providedv with a :cutting point at one end and a cutting edge extending from the cutting point along a side of said elongated body in the ydirection of the opposite end, said elongated bodies being bedded within said teeth with the cutting points exposed at said edges of the teeth and they cutting edges inclined forwardly in corresponding relation with the inclined forward faces of the teeth to provide drag cuts by said cutting elements when the bit is in use and turning about said axis, and cutting elements bedded in said inner and outer annular face portions.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,136,359 Bley et al Nov. 15, 19384 2,371,488 Williams Mar. 13, 1945 2,495,400 Williams Jan. 24, 1950 2,593,229 Wallace Apr. 15, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2136359 *Aug 21, 1937Nov 15, 1938Fred BleyDiamond bit
US2371488 *May 6, 1943Mar 13, 1945Howard C GrubbCore bit
US2495400 *Jun 3, 1946Jan 24, 1950Williams Jr Edward BCore bit
US2593229 *Nov 14, 1947Apr 15, 1952Wheel Trueing Tool CoDrill bit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3032130 *Oct 18, 1957May 1, 1962Elzey Lloyd JCoring bit
US3058535 *Oct 28, 1959Oct 16, 1962David B WilliamsRotary drill bit
US3173314 *Feb 15, 1961Mar 16, 1965Norton CoMethod of making core drills
US3219131 *Apr 27, 1962Nov 23, 1965Boyd James CPercussion-rotary drill
US3640355 *Jun 4, 1970Feb 8, 1972Lebourg Maurice PDrill bit
US3692127 *May 10, 1971Sep 19, 1972Hoffman Diamond Products IncRotary diamond core bit
US3709308 *Dec 2, 1970Jan 9, 1973Christensen Diamond Prod CoDiamond drill bits
US3747699 *Mar 29, 1972Jul 24, 1973Shell Oil CoDiamond bit
US3938599 *Mar 27, 1974Feb 17, 1976Hycalog, Inc.Rotary drill bit
US4515226 *Mar 7, 1983May 7, 1985Norton Christensen, Inc.Tooth design to avoid shearing stresses
US4529047 *Feb 24, 1983Jul 16, 1985Norton Christensen, Inc.Cutting tooth and a rotating bit having a fully exposed polycrystalline diamond element
US5823276 *Dec 24, 1996Oct 20, 1998Beck, Iii; August H.Diamond-tipped core barrel and method of using same
DE2327379A1 *May 29, 1973Jan 2, 1975Shell Int ResearchDiamantbohrkrone
EP0117506A2 *Feb 21, 1984Sep 5, 1984Eastman Christensen CompanyA cutting tooth and a rotating bit having a fully exposed polycrystalline diamond element
EP0118127A2 *Mar 3, 1984Sep 12, 1984Eastman Christensen CompanyAn improved tooth design to avoid shearing stresses
EP0121802A2 *Mar 11, 1984Oct 17, 1984Eastman Christensen CompanyTooth configuration for an earth boring bit
EP0487355A1 *Nov 22, 1991May 27, 1992De Beers Industrial Diamond Division (Proprietary) LimitedDrill bit
EP0846537A2 *Dec 4, 1997Jun 10, 1998Ofra StruhallaDiamond tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/405.1, 175/397, 125/39
International ClassificationE21B10/48, E21B10/46
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/48
European ClassificationE21B10/48