|Publication number||US282164 A|
|Publication date||Jul 31, 1883|
|Filing date||Jul 13, 1882|
|Publication number||US 282164 A, US 282164A, US-A-282164, US282164 A, US282164A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) A CHASE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
' TILE FASTENING. No. 282,164. Patented July 31, 1883.
I 4 ill;
\AATNEEfiEfi Ink/ENTER (No Model.) 2 Sheet$-Sheet 2.
' I TILE -FA$TENING. No. 282,164. Patented July 31, 1883.
WITNEESES 1 1 INVENTUR CM v N. PETERS. M-umo ra mr, wamin m. u. c
UNITED STATES ALBERT PATENT cam WELLINGTON, OF LEXINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
TILE-FASTENING- SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 282,164., dated July 31,1883.
Application filed July 13, 1882. (N0, model.) I v r To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT CHASE, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Tile Fastenings, of which the following is a full, clear, and'exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming apart of this specification, in explaining its nature, in which-- Figure lis aperspective view of an inverted section of a ceiling or support, a tile in place,
and fastenings therefor and for another tile.
Fig; 2 is a cross-section upon the line as w of Fig. 1, representing the correct position of suspended tiles in relation to their support. Fig. 3 represents a perspectiveof a modified form of the invention in an inverted position. Fig. is a perspective view of one form. of fastening-strip. Fig. 5 is a plan view of a blank.
from which the form shown in perspective in Fig. 6 is made. Fig. 7 shows in section another form of the invention.
Heretofore it has been customary to fasten tiles to, upon, or in walls, ceilings, or in other vertical, horizontal, or suspended positions by means of plaster or cement, in which the tiles are set or embedded, or by means of bolts or screws whose heads project upon the surface of the tiles, and shanks pass through holes or recesses in the tiles and through orinto the supportbehind. The plaster or cement fastening is expensive, not easily used, not well adapted for providing a uniformlevel or plane to the tiles, permanently secures the tile in place, so that their removal is very likely to injury them, while at the same time dampness or moisture destroys its holding-power. .The screw and bolt fastcnings demand that the tile be practically mutilated, in order that they may be used, as it is necessary to form thereon disfiguring holes or recesses at considerable expense and trouble for the reception of their shanks. V This invention overcomes the objections and defects above named, and has other advan tages which are mentioned in describing its construction and application.
It consists of thin metal pieces or strips arranged to project from'the surface to which the tiles, as shown in said figures.
having flanges which enter grooves. in the sides of the tiles, or which lap upon their surface.
These metal holdingstrips may be secured to their support, wall, or ceiling in such away as to permit the expansion and contraction thereof, if desired. They may also have por j tions adapted to be' turned from the body of the strip upon the backs of the tiles, to serve as stops or as clamps in holding the tiles at a given height or level or against the flanges.
In the drawings, A represents the tiles; B, the frame or support or backing in, to, or up-. on which the tiles are adapted to besecured. O are the fastening or holding strips. They are preferably made of thin metal, and with the flanges or projections c upon the outer edge,which project upon the surface of abutting tiles or into grooves 64 cut therein. The. holding-strips also have the arms 0 integral, therewith and bent at right angles thereto, which rest upon and are fastened to the support or'backing by means of screws passed through holes therein, or by means. of the cross pieces or plates 0 which are shaped to receive the arms 0, as represented, and are fastened to the supports or backing by screws. When this last-named construction is employed, pro-' vision for the creep of the backing or support in relation to the tiles upon expansion or contraction is permitted, as the arms of the holding-st'rips are not rigidly fastened to the cross plates, but are, simply supported thereby. Of course a limited extent of creep, and perhaps a sufficient extent, would be obtained by pro viding the .arms with slots 0 and screws. The arms 0 may project from one or both sides of the fastening strip, as desired. When the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2 isemployed, it is desirable that the tiles be held against the flanges, in order that they may befirmly supported and at a uniform level or plane; and I have furnishedthe strips for this purpose withthe clamping or holding lugs or projections 0 which are formed from the strip itself, and .which are bent upon the back of As many of these holding-lugs or clamping-projections may be used as are necessary, and they may be arranged to befolded in opposite directions,
5the tiles are secured, between the tiles, and so that one set shall fold under a tile upon one and of the same color as the tiles, and in such case they would not be distinguished from the tiles.
It will'be observed that the holdingstrips are adapted to fasten in place tiles of average thickness, and to place them or set them so that their upper ornamental surfaces shall be on the same plane or level, because the holding-strips are of the same height and the flanges of the same thickness, and that the strips are made of sufficient height to take in the thickest tiles of ordinary make, and the clamps or projections are of a length to fasten the thickest or thinnest tiles upon the flanges.
It will be noticed, also, that by fasten ing the holding strip by cross straps the strips may be moved upon the support for the purpose of adjustment to the size of the tile, and that, therefore, less exactness in placing the strip is required; also, that the tiles can be readily removed without damage and others substituted, and the design easily and cheaply varied; also, that the holdingstrip may be made as shown in Fig. 7that is, folded at or near the center of the length and the end or ends passed through holes in the support or backing and turned in or clinched on the other side; and the flange in such cases is provided either by flattening the folded edge or by inserting a wire or rod and spreading it; also, that each of the holdingstrips, excepting those upon the outer edge of the outer tile, may serve to hold the tiles on both sides thereof, also, that this method of fastening does away with the necessity that otherwise exists of carefully preparing the tilesupporting surface,- also, that the holdings'trips form substantially a metal joint between the undivided tiles, in that it locks or fastens their contiguous edges together, while it also serves to support the united tiles in position; also, that the fastening is applicable to all kinds of tile-work, and that when used as a floor or otherwise plaster and cement can be used additionally.
I am aware that the Patent N o. 239, 846, granted Jacob Ring for a portable floor, describes a device for uniting pieces of wood to each otherand to a suitable support, and that Patents No. 129,826, dated July 23', 1872, and No. 115,471, dated May 30,1871, granted Hodson and Brown, describe in an improvement in fire-proof roofs a metallic lathe or fastening of peculiar construction; but I consider that neither patent-shows or describes the subjectmatter of my invention, as they do not describe a fastening-strip adapted to be used for ornamental purposes and struck up or formed from sheet metal, having a fastening-arm, c, integral with the web of the fastening and bent at right angles thereto, and a stop or clampingspur, 0, also integral with the web and adapted'to be bent out from the web at an angle, and, ifdesired, of a length to render it adaptable for tiles, panels, 810., of varying thicknesses.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States I 1. A device for holding and supporting tiles and other like articles, having the flange c at or near the outer edge of a thin. metallic plate or web, and the arms a, integral with the web or plate and bent at an angle thereto, all substantially as and for the purposes described.
2. The metallic holding strip 0, having flange c, and the clamps or stops cflintegral therewith, all substantially as and for the purposes described.
3. A tile or panel holding device adapted to hold a tile or panel by means of the flange 0, having arms 0 integral therewith, and adapted to be fastened to a wall, ceiling, or other support in a manner to permit of the movement of the holding device thereon, all substantially as and for the purposes described.
4.. The combination of the tile or panel holding strip 0, having a flange, c, and the arms 0, integral therewith, with the cross plate or plates 0", fastened to the ceiling, wall, or other support, all substantially as and for the purposes described.
5. The combination of the tiles or panels A with metallic supporting-strips, fastened at their inner edges by arms 0 to a suitable sup port, and extended between and about the tiles or panels, and having flanges which lap upon the outer edge of the tiles or panels and serve to hold them together and to the support, and to provide a continuous ornamental border thereto, all substantially as and for the purposes described.
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