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Publication numberUS2821841 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1958
Filing dateNov 30, 1956
Priority dateDec 10, 1955
Publication numberUS 2821841 A, US 2821841A, US-A-2821841, US2821841 A, US2821841A
InventorsErich Bartha, Ferdinand Jung
Original AssigneeKloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Internal combustion engine installation
US 2821841 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 4, 1958 I 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 30, 1956 Fig. I

E. BARTHA ET AL 2,821,841

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INSTALLATION Filed Nov. 30, 1956 Feb. 4, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN r01 a cur/4a,

Fin/irranp/ 7- E. BARTHA ET AL INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INSTALLATION Feb. 4, 1958 3 sheets-sheet 3 Filed Nov. 30, 1956 INVENTOF? United States Patent V *INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INSTALLATION I ErichLBartl a, Bergisch Gladbach, and Ferdinand Jung,

14 Claims. (Cl. 60-97) I tion relates toj an internal combusst anon, especiallyan installation for deep j ships; such installation comprises a c ledfi'riternal combustion engines with er ro ws arranged in. V -shape with r t ther'j anda supporting frame common is If Il nes ar arranged one above the other u ports ofsaid supporting frame, said supinfected to a frame part extending upwardace of the engines. 7 V

' ""lZVit 1 V ions, the cooling air normally passes ih iciii h' t e cooling bones of the cylinders of theinte rpal c ombustion engines in a direction transverse to the lbhgitficlinal xi s" oat s engine and out of the V-shaped chfi v) d e putside'. If the heated-up cooling 'kep away/mm the operator, the'cooling r'ged through separate channels while hfcliannellsithe respective design and g f em oyment iofthe power plant have to deration; [For instance, the'dischargiii n' it or manifolds must under no circumstances aife th ccessibility of the individual engines nor must im the arrangement of a plurality of installations in c1: arrangementto each other as it is customary parfieni'afly in rilli ng fields, Furthermore, with such instal lat ions tol'b'e borne in mind that when moving theinsta tions e dismantling and reassembly of the air on jdluits must not require much time in spite 'f t complicated design.

therefore, a'primary object of the present invenprovide' an arrangement of the above mentioned which the discharge conduit for the cooling air eet' all requirements 'as to structure and design and n impede'the accessibility to the individual engines. i s still'another object of this invention to'provide angement as set forth in the preceding paragraph, interference of the discharge of. air from the ischarge of an from the other engine l A; l ject'of 'this invention. soto design an a rggsgrnent. Of 'the above mentioned type that undue heat emanation toward the outside from the supporting frame will be avoided.

Tli'eiseand othe'r'objects and advantages of the inven- I appear more clearly from the following specifica 'connectioirwith the accompanying drawings, in

iIItist'rates'in isometric manner a supporting frame aeco'rdin'g'fto the invention for two superimposed nternal'combustionengines withrows of cylina d arrangement.

is a de viewiof the supportingframe accordtion alongi-ihe line rnqn of Fig. 2 M 'Geiterql arrangement 'l lie primary'feature; ofthe present invention consists in thiitheheated-up cooling air of the superimposed air ice 2 cooled V-engines is discharged through the supporting frame. More specifically, the heated-up cooling air is passed into hollow bodies forming the supports for the engines and is passed through said hollow bodies into further hollow bodies with one or more discharge openings of the supporting frame.

With an arrangement according to the invention, a single air discharge conduit will sufiice which is preferably connected to the top of the engine supports. That portion of this conduit which branches off to the individual engines is arranged within the supporting frame so that a minimum of piping is required while on the otherhand the installation is streamlined and can easily beinspected and observed. Due to the fact that the heated up cooling air is passed from the engines downwardly into the supports, the servicing personnel approaching the'engines from the side are not impeded in their work. Furthermore, a plurality of installations of the type according to the invention can be arranged so closely to each other that there will remain just space enough for an operator or servicing person to pass therebetween.

In conformity with a further development of the invention, also the exhaust gases may be discharged to gether with the heated-up air. An interference of the discharged airstream of one engine by the discharged air stream of theother engine can be avoided by separately guiding the heated-up air streams of each engine along a separate path up to the point Where they leave the supporting frame. If desired the heated-up air streams may be mixed with exhaust gases. Engines or engine parts arranged within the interior of the supporting frame portion carrying the engine supports or engine parts passing through the supporting frame may be protected against hot air by convenient linings or the like. Thus, to prevent too strong a heat emanation from supporting frame surfaces, such surfaces may be provided with a protective layer impeding the heat emanation or heat absorption. If the output shafts of the engines have to pass through the supporting frame, it is suggested according to the present invention that the passages for said output shafts be designed as tunnels and that if necessary blower wheels or the like be mounted on said shafts to produce a cooling air stream around said shafts. If it is not intended to discharge the hot air into the atmosphere but to employ the same for heating purposes, the supportingframe portions carrying the engines may be provided with corresponding connections for connection with conduits leading to the place of consumption of said hot air.

' The supporting frame according to the invention may be I adapted to the respective conditions of operation. Thus,

the lowermost engine support or engine supports may be provided with skid-like structures so that the supporting frame could be dragged over the ground if this should be necessary thereby facilitating the placing of the supporting "frame.

Furthermore, the lower chambers of the lowermost engine .supports'which are not required for conducting air may be designed as container for operating elements, tools and the like.' The supporting frame carrying'the engine supports may be built up as a single box or may form a pluralityof boxes or pipes open at the top.

. Structural arrangement .Referring now to the drawings in detail, the supporting frame shown therein comprises' a box-shaped part 1 which isbpen at theto'p and extends substantially in vertical directionalong one end face of the internal combustion engines 2, 3 (shown in dot-dash lines in Fig. 2 and in solid linesin'jFigQ 3) when the engines are supported bythe sap orts 4,:15 and 7 rspectively. Thesupports 4, 5 and'li, 7 are connected to the box-shapedpart 1 in any convenient manner as for instance by welding or they may be integral therewith. The lower supports 6 and 7 are designed in a skid-like manner so that the entire supporting frame can be dragged over the ground whenever desired and expedient. Furthermore, the lower supports 6, 7 are interconnected by means of a transport rod 8.

As will be evident from the drawing, the supports 4, 5, 6 and 7 are designed as hollow bodies the interior of which communicates with the interior of the frame part 1. All supports 4, 5, 6 and 7 are provided with openings S 19, 11 and 12 respectively at the top. As has been indicated in the drawing by arrows, the cooling air heated up by the engines and leaving the latter along the sides thereof (see Fig. 3) pass through connections 29, 36, 31 and 32 respectively into the supports 4, 5, 6 and 7 and from there flow into the interior of the box-shaped frame part 1. Although not necessarily, the frame part 1 is preferably subdivided by a wall 28 so as to be partitioned into two passages 33 and 34. In such an instance the heated-up cooling air of the motor 2 is conveyed along the wall or guiding metal sheet 13 (see Fig. 2) into the passage 33. The guiding metal sheet 13 is inserted in the support 4 as is clearly shown in Fig. 2. A similar guiding wall or guiding metal sheet (not shown) will be provided in the support 5.

Similarly, the cooling air heated up by the motor 3 passes along a guiding wall or metal sheet 14 inserted into the support 6 and is conveyed along said wall 14 below the partition 28 into the passage 34. The bottom of the passage 33 is, of course, closed with regard to the hollow body 6. it is, of course, understood that the support 7 is provid d with a building wall (not shown) similar to the guiding wall 14, and the bottom of the passage 33 is also closed with regard to the hollow body 7. Thus, it will be clear that the stream of heated-up cooling air from the lower engine 3 will not mix with and will not be interfered by the heated-up cooling air from engine 2 while the heated-up cooling air from both engines passes through the frame part 1. The hot air flowing up the passages 33 and 34 will then be discharged into a manifold (not shown) which is common to both passages 33 and 34 and may be connected to the top of the frame part 1.

Where the output shafts 16 and 17 of the internal combustion engines extend through the frame part 1, the latter is provided with protective walls forming tunnels or passages 18 and 19. Fan or blower blades 22 are connected to the output shafts 16 and 17 and are located within the passages 18 and 19 so as to produce a stream of cooling air around the shaft during operation of the engine to thereby protect the output shafts against any undue accumulation of heat. Preferably, each of the two tunnels or passages 18, 19 are provided with a heat protective layer 36, 35 in order to prevent heating up of the passage walls as far as possible.

According to Fig. 2, the output shafts 16 and 17 lead into a common transmission 20 to which they are drivingly connected and through which they drive a common output shaft 21.

In order to prevent the frame part 1 from being heated up to an undesired extent, or in other words to prevent too great a heat emanation from the frame part 1, the walls of the latter may be lined on the inside with poor heat conducting material such as asbestos or the outside of the frame part 1 may be covered with poor heat condoctors such as asbestos.

Figs. 2 and 3 also show in dot-dash lines the exhaust manifolds 26 and 27 respectively pertaining to the engines 2 and 3. While it is not necessary, it is advantageous to cause the exhaust manifold 26 to discharge its exhaust gases into the passage 33, while similarly the exhaust manifold 27 discharges its exhaust gases into the passage 34.

If it should be desired not to discharge the heated-up cooling air with or without the exhaust gases into the atmosphere but to make use of the heat energy thereof,

the passages 33 and 34 may be provided with connections 24 (the connection for the passage 34 only being shown) through which the heated-up gases will be withdrawn and conveyed to the point of consumption.

The hollow space confined by the lower side of the sheet metal insert 14 and the adjacent portion of the hollow supports 6 and 7 may be used as storage place for tools, oil cans and similar servicing parts. To this end, the hollow supports 6 and 7 are provided with a door (one only being shown in connection with the hollow support 6).

It is, of course, to be understood that the present invention is, by no means, limited to the particular construction shown in the drawings but also comprises any modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

What we claim is:

1. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from and connected to said hollow body in a direction substantially perpendicular to the upwardly extending hollow body, said pairs of supporting arms being arranged above each other in spaced relationship to each other for respectively receiving and support- I ing said engines, said supporting arms being arranged for connection with said engines to receive heated-up cooling air therefrom and having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body.

2. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: an upwardly extending hollow body having a major upwardly extending wall, and a plurality of superimposed pairs of hollow supporting arms connected to said major upwardly extending wall and projecting therefrom in cantilever fashion, the hollow arms of each of said pairs being spaced from each other for receiving and supporting one of said engines and the arms of each pair being-spaced from the arms of the other pair, the interior of said arms communicating with the interior of said upwardly extend ing hollow body for conveying heated-up cooling air from said engines to and through said hollow body.

3. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: an upwardly extending hollow body having a major upwardly extending wall, a partition extending through said hollow body in a direction substantially parallel to said major upwardly extending wall thereby partitioning said hollow body into a first passage and a second passage, and two pairs of superimposed hollow supporting arms connected to said major upwardly extending wall and projecting therefrom in cantilever fashion, the hollow arms of each of said pairs being spaced from each other for receiving and supporting one of said engines and the arms of each pair being spaced from the arms of the other pair, the interior of one of said pairs of hollow arms communicating with said first passage only and the interior of the hollow arms of the other pair communicating with said second passage only.

4. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: an upwardly extending hollow body having a major upwardly extending wall, a plurality of superimposed pairs of hollow supporting arms connected to said major upwardly extending wall and projecting therefrom in cantilever fashion, the hollow arms of each of said pairs being spaced from each other for receiving and supporting one of said engines and the arms of each pair being spaced from the arms of the other pair, the interior of said arms communicating with the interior of saidupwardly extending hollow body for conveying heated-up cooling air from said engines to and through said hollow body, and a plurality of superimposed spaced channel means extending substantially parallel to said hollow s v ti arms and ih i s .esaisla rnar lnaext nding hollow body, each of-saidchapnel means-being open atboth ends toward the outside and forming a passage for the output shaft of one of said engines. I j

5. An arrangement according to claim4, in whichsaid channel means are provided with a lining of poor heat conductive material. v j j l r 6. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: a supporting frame comprising; an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality-of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from and connected to said hollow body in a direction substantially;perpendicular to' the upwardly extending hollow body, said pairs of supporting arms being arranged'above each other in spaced relationship to each other for respectively receiving and supporting said engines, said supporting arms being arranged for connection with said engines to receive heated-up cooling air therefrom and having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, said hollow body also being provided with inlet ports for respectively receiving the exhaust gases from said engines.

7. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from and connected to said hollow body in a direction substantially perpendicular to the upwardly extending hollow body, said pairs of supporting arms being arranged above each other in spaced relationship to each other for respectively receiving and supporting said engines, said supporting arms being arranged for connection with said engines to receive heated-up cooling air therefrom and having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, and a covering of poor heat conducting material connected to at least portions of said supporting frame for preventing undue heat emanation therefrom.

8. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: an upwardly extending hollow body, and a plurality of superimposed pairs of hollow supporting arms connected to said upwardly extending hollow body so as to project therefrom in cantilever fashion, the hollow supporting arms of each of said pairs being spaced from each other and provided with a substantially horizontal upper surface for receiving and supporting one of said engines, the arms of each pair being spaced from the arms of the other pair, the interior of said arms communicating with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body for conveying heated-up cooling air from said engines to said hollow body, said hollow body being provided with an outlet port for connection with a place of consumption of said heated-up cooling air.

9. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from and connected to said hollow body in a direction substantially perpendicular to the upwardly extending hollow body, said pairs of supporting arms being arranged above each other in spaced relationship to each other for respectively receiving and supporting said engines, said supporting arms being arranged for connection with said engines to receive heated-up cooling air therefrom and having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, the lowermost pair of supporting arms having their bottom surface designed in a skid-like manner to allow dragging of the supporting frame over the ground.

10. For use in connection with a plurality of air cooled V-type internal combustion engines, the combination of: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending h low, bodyg n a p u a y of p h low su por ing arms projecting from and connected to said: hollow body in a direction substantiallyperpendiculanto the upwardly extending hollow body,- said pairs of supporting arms being arranged above each other in spaced relationship to each other for respectively receiving and supporting said engines, said supportingarms being arranged for connection with said' engines to receive heatedup cooling air therefrom and having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, and guiding wall means arranged in the lowermost supporting arms for guiding the heatedup air received thereby into said upwardly extending hollow body, said guiding wall means partitionin'g oif a portion ofwsaid lowermost arms from communication with said upwardly extending hollow body to thereby form a closed chamber for storing tools and the like, said chamber being provided with an opening to allow access from the outside.

11. In combination in a power plant: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from said hollow body in cantilever fashion and connected thereto, the supporting arms of each pair being spaced from each other in horizontal direction and the pairs of supporting arms being spaced in vertical direction from each other, and a plurality of air cooled internal combustion engines provided with lateral flanges resting on said hollow supporting arms, said flanges confining a passage for receiving heated-up cooling air from the respective engine and conveying the same into said supporting arms, said pairs of supporting arms having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, said upwardly extending hollow body being provided with a discharge opening for discharging the heated-up air received from said engines.

12. In combination in a power plant: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from said hollow body in cantilever fashion and connected thereto, the supporting arms of each pair being spaced from each other in horizontal direction and the pairs of supporting arms being spaced in vertical direction from each other, a plurality of air cooled internal combustion engines provided with lateral flanges resting on said hollow supporting arms, said flanges confining a passage for receiving heated-up cooling air from the respective engine and conveying the same into said supporting arms, said pairs of supporting arms having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, said upwardly extending hollow body being provided with a discharge opening for discharging the heated-up air received from said engines, and exhaust manifold means respectively connected to said engines and communicating with said upwardly extending hollow body.

13. In combination in a power plant: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from said hollow body in cantilever fashion and connected thereto, upwardly extending partition means partitioning said upwardly extending hollow body into a plurality of upwardly extending conduit means, the supporting arms of each pair being spaced from each other in horizontal direction and the pairs of supporting arms being spaced in vertical direction from each other, a plurality of air cooled internal combustion engines provided with lateral flanges resting on said hollow supporting arms, said flanges confining a passage for receiving heated-up cooling air from the respective engine and conveying the same into said supporting arms, and passage means arranged inside said supporting frame and respectively establishing communication of the interior of each pair of said supporting arms with a different one of said conduit means.

14. In combination in a power plant: a supporting frame comprising an upwardly extending hollow body and a plurality of pairs of hollow supporting arms projecting from said hollow body in cantilever fashion and connected thereto, the supporting arms of each pair being spaced from each other in horizontal direction and the pairs of supporting arms being spaced in vertical direction from each other, a plurality of air cooled internal combustion engines provided with lateral flanges rest ing on said hollow supporting arms, said flanges confining a passage for receiving heated-up cooling air from the respective engine and conveying the same into said supporting arms, said pairs of supporting 8 arms having their interior in communication with the interior of said upwardly extending hollow body, said upwardly extending hollow body being provided with a discharge opening for discharging the heated-up air received from said engines and also being provided with transverse conduit means, each of said engines being provided with an output shaft respectively extending through said conduit means, the inner wall surface of said conduit means being spaced from the adjacent output shaft so as to provide an air passage therebetween, and blower means respectively mounted on said output shafts within said conduit means for creating a flow of cooling air around said shafts.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6892697Jan 22, 2004May 17, 2005The Boeing CompanyFail-operational internal combustion engine
US6935316Sep 21, 2004Aug 30, 2005The Boeing CompanyFail-operational internal combustion engine
US7040295Aug 9, 2005May 9, 2006The Boeing CompanyFail-operational internal combustion engine systems and methods
US7165474May 28, 2004Jan 23, 2007The Boeing CompanyTorque dividing gear drive system and method of driving an output gear
Classifications
U.S. Classification60/316, 60/317, 60/720, 137/338, 454/63, 123/195.00R, 123/41.56, 60/714
International ClassificationF01P1/00, F01P1/02
Cooperative ClassificationF01P1/02
European ClassificationF01P1/02