US 2822462 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 4, 1958 E. A. PRICE l l2,822,462
LIGHTING DEVICE vFiled Feb. 15, 1954 l 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 TMZIZ..
Feb. 4, 1958 E. A. PRICE LIGHTING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 15, 1954 R R wp. mw R v o m m T D A United States Patent fce LIGHTING DEVICE Edison A. Price, New York, N. Y. Application February 15, 1954, Serial No. 410,088 6 Claims. (Cl. 240-138) The present invention relates to an improved lighting device and it relates more particularly to an improved device of the spotlight type for use in connection withk the lighting of window displays, display counters, stage presentations, and in many other similar applications.
In the proper and effective lighting of window displays, counter displays, and other displays requiring an attractive and appealing presentation it is necessary to employ numerous spotlights and lighting fixtures whose arrangements, patterns, intensities and colors depend largely on the particular display. These displays, being frequently changed, necessarily require the frequent changing of the lighting fixture arrangements as well as of their individual characteristics. The lighting fixtures and spotlights conventionally employed are bulky and expensive devices of little versitility or flexibility and" diicult to handle.
Thus the proper and effective lighting of displays with the lighting fixtures and spotlights heretofore available is awkward, highly time consuming and expensive. Furthermore, since the fixtures themselves are expensive and heavy and the support structures are correspondingly heavy and complicated the initial installations are likewise costly.
It is thus a principal object of the present invention to provide an improved lighting device.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved electric spotlight.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved mount for the conventional spotlight type electric bulb which can support the bulb in any desired direction and position in a variety of manners and which is provided with means for removably holding one or more lenses, filters or similar optical elements confronting the face of the bulb.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved simple mount for removably supporting a spotlight type of electric bulb for universal adjustment and having means for holding one or more lenses, light filters, and other optical elements in front of the facepof the electric bulb.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved mount for spotlight bulbs and co-acting optical elements said device being characterized by its ruggedness and high versatility and flexibility as well as its simplicity and inexpensiveness A further object of the present invention is to provide a simple improved mount for spotlight bulbs and co-acting optical elements which permits support of the assembly in various attitudes and positions and by variousvmeans.
The above and further objects of the present invention will become apparent from a reading of the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein:
Figure l is a front embodiment of the on a flat base;
Figure 2 is a side elevational view, partially in section,
perspective view of a preferred present invention shown mounted 2,822,462 Patented F eb. 4, 1958 illustrating the improved device employed with a conway of a pair of prongs horizontal and abutting the lower face of ventional large size projection bulb;
Figure 3 is a side elevational view, partially in section, illustrating the improved device employed with a conventional small size projection bulb;
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of Figure 2; and Y Figure 5 is a side elevational view, partially in section, of another embodiment of the present invention.
Reference is now made to the drawings and more particularly to Figures 1 through 4 thereof which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and wherein the-numeral 10 generally designates the improved device, and the numerals 12 and 14 indicate conventional large size and small size projection bulbs employed with the present device. The bulbs 12 and 14 are of conventional construction including an evacuated envelope having a front or lens portion 16 and an internally coated refiector portion 18 circumferentially joined by a heavy outwardly projecting reinforcing rib 20. Electrical energization ofy the bulb filament is effected by 22 connected to the filament and projecting laterally from the base 24 of the bulb. The prongs 22 are of such configuration and spacing as to accommodate theconventional electric socket employed with thesel bulbs. The bulbs 12 and 14, for present purposes, differ principally in the diameter of their rib portions 20 and in their overall length.
The bulb mount and filter holder 10 includes a shell 26 of roughly tubular configuration having a rear cylindrical wall 28 terminating in a beaded edge and an inwardly curved forward Wall 30 terminating in an inwardly directed fiange 32. A plurality, preferably three, of transversely extending circumferentially regularly spaced horizontal slits 34 are formed in the cylindrical wall 28 the lower borders of the slits 34 being inwardly depressed to permit the vertical passage of a strip therethrough as illustrated.
A clip member generally indicated by reference numeral 36 registers with each of the slits 34 and is formedY of an elongated band or strip of resilient material. The clip 36 includes a main vertical leg 38 abutting the inner face of the shell 26 and passing vertically through a corresponding slit 34. Depending from the leg 38 is an arm 48 normally substantially tangent to the curved wall 30 and joining an inwardly directed leg 42 normally the ange 32 and extending to a point short of the inner edge of the ange 32 where it joins a downwardly and slightly inwardly directed leg 44 which in turn terminates in an outwardly downwardly directed lug 46. Each of the legs 38 is inwardly and thence outwardly curved approaching its upper end and is there joined by an inwardly and downwardly directed leg 48 forming an acute angle with the leg 38. The leg 48 is followed successively by a rearwardly downwardly directed leg 50 extending by way of a curved joint into a downwardly and inwardly directed leg 52 which terminates in a downwardly and outwardly directed lug 54. It should be noted that the upper end of the clip 36 including the legs 48, 5f) and 52 and the lug 54 constitute the lamp engaging portion of the4 clip136, whereas the lower portion of the clip 36 including the legs 40, 42 and 44 and lug 46 constitute the optical element-engaging portion of the interior directly below the clip lug 54 with which it co-v engaging and supporting. spotf acts to provide means for v lights of .smaller dimensions, as in Figure 3.-
bottom portion of the` clip 36. Each oftheclips 36 is secured in the position shown by means of` A curved supporting arm or bracket 60 is pivoted at its lower end to the shell wall 28 by means of an outwardly projecting screw 62 xed to the wall 28 and passing through an. obeuinsiu the .lower eud of tbe larm 69'. Suitable 'washers 64 and 6 6 register with thescrew 6.2 aud are.. lisposed on: .opposite-sides of .the bracket 69 ausl, the lassembly isV secured .by a self looking uut -68 engaging the screw 62, The bracket-till eXllerlds toa Point. eousitlerably above the .rear aperture of the shell 26 and is provided with an opening 7 0 which Yis coaxial .with the longitudinal axis of the shell 26 when the bfaelsetfiiil is. iu'its toumost position. As illustrated in tbe drawings Vthe entireV assemblytmay be suspended from' au overhead :support 7.2.- by .means oli-A a ser-,ew '14, `Passing. through. the. :bfaeltet opening 70 -iuto the-overbead Sum-ortiz, ortbe assemblyfmay be mounted-on a base rilatefii. wbieb is provided with auuuwardly dirested serew 78., passing 'throushtbe opening 'Till-anti. a `eoouefatius set uut 802 *.Ita is apparent; from tbe-draw iuss aud dese'riutiou that the lamp mount andlter holder is rotatable. about mutually petpeudieular tbus-iier.s mittios universal adjustment in direetiou- The insertion of a spotlisht'bulb 1.2 or 14-into-the mount 1.0 is .simply aeeomp'lished. In the base ofthe. large bulb 112. the bulb 1.2-is tilted aud the lower no sitionedbortiou-of. rib 210V is disposed in tbe erotebes ,be$ tween 'tbe less 5.0. audf5i2. ofytwoofthe clips. .36 and pressed againstthem.y Thereafter, the bulbis, twisted. ifo-ward hoiouial to bruistbe bottom of the upper por. sitionedportiou of the riby 20. tol bearubou the. log-48, to urge Vthe bulb engaging portion of the respective. elio 36 outwastllya therebyI allowing the. rib 2,0 to Vtallinto fue Creteil.' between. the Corresponding-legs 50 and 5.2. @heraus tlisbortiou of tbe elip 3.6 springs outwardly aud. thebulbfl. is firmly engaged and. beki in position, as shownin Figure- 2. 'The bulb may be simply removed by reversing,v the.. above procedure. The insertion of. tbe. bulb 1.4 -wliieb is oli smaller dimensions is simi-Y 1.arly aeeomoljsbed as shown iuV lFigure 3, except. that the ribY 20,` is brought `into registry between the confronting faces of the 4clipfl'ugs 54.,y and the screws 56 which. tleue. stop elemeuts'or. detenta The-bulb engaging portion of the locking clip. 3,6 is urged outwardly by the rib successively I Jea'rii-'igagainst, the npper faces of the corresponding'clip legs '48, Yand 52. I At should be pointed out that in normal u-nstres'sedl condition the bulbengaging portions of tha-ellos. 3dorm-eet radially inwardly av listauefef somewhat greater; than-that; illustrated in Eis ure. of the. drawings.
The optical elembuts,.uor.maliy beine less. rugged. than they bulbs musi bev iusfertedwiih moreteare, tov avoid. breakage However., iu. tuer Present. device-this may be simply aeeomplislied. Bywayfof exampletthereis shownl supported, by Ythe mount: beamj spreadingl lens 82-for producing an. oval bearnand aconventional light filter 8.4.- Tiheleus 82- has. Corrugated "trontsuraoe. andi-a peripheral shoulderlS. Whereas; thellgllblterfl is pros vided with the usual channel shapedimetal: frame 35; In inserting the lens 82,V it isv tilted-auth inserted below two of` theA clip legs 44. andthe4 otheA clipi leg 4.4;. is manually, sprung outwardly and. thelens locatedin the position. illustrated with thel shoulderV 86,- baitillgg against the shell flange 32- The spr-uns 4eliolegis: then releasedfathereby. firmly to engageand retain! thelens 8v32;.in position. Bhe light ffilter may. be similarly/, inserted; The optical-ele-` mentsmaybe kremoved inal reversefrnanner.,
Infthe embodiment of the vpresentiuyoutionillustrated'.
infFlignre, 5 ot the drawing` the s hell; Zdand.. olipssf aud, their. arrausement aud.- assembly are similar tot that of. tbe. embodiment earlier. -Cles.e.r;i.bel. However, 'the mounting andY adjusting argangement areV somewhat' modi-` ad. arid., iu additioma sbasle'is provided: The-shade is in the shape-of a5 sleeve memben- 911 having.` formed? iu. its unser inner fase; ,ai itsrinherak depressionen. 1211eof the screws 56 slideably engage the depression, thus permitting the rotation of the Shell 26 relative to the sleeve about their longitudinal axes. In order to facilitate the rotational adjustment between the shell 26 and the sleeve 90 they are each provided with outwardly directed handles 96 and 98 respectively. Each of the handles has an inwardly directed threaded shank which passes through an opening in the corresponding wall of the Shelli-26 or .sleeve 90,.the threaded shank being engaged by a matching nutto lock the handles 96 and 98 in position. In orderto permit'the support of the rassemblyrand the 'further adjustmcntfthereof, a bracket or saddle 100 isV provided with depending legs 102 which straddles the shell 26and sleeve 90. The lower ends of the legs 102 are pivoted to opposite sides of the lower portion of the sleeve 90 by any suitable screw and washer arrangement which permits the rotationalfadillstment and setting .0f .the assemblyY about a transverse axis.v The crotch of the saddle Nilis-.disposcdlsomewhat above the shell '26 yand is provided-with au opening Co-axial withpthe'longitudinal axis ofthe sleeve J9i) whenthe saddle 100 is in uprightiposition. The saddle -100 may ibe adjustably suspended from an overheadsupport 72 by means of .a suitable yscrew 74 passing through' the crotch opening into the overhead support`72. The: manipulation of this lastl embodimenttof the presentwinvention is. Similar tothat earlier'described and requires no further explanation.
While there has been described and illustrated pre.- ferred embodiments of the present invention, it is apparent-that' :numerous alterations and omissions may be made without. departing irorn the spint thereof. VHaving described myt'liuyentonpwhat-I claim anddesire tosccure by Letters Patentis `l. `The combination comprising an electric light bulb, a circular leusv element,Lv a shell memberhaving front and reali apertures and-:a plurality .of lperipherally spaced openings formed' in its-wall, a cl'ipelement formed of resilient material-passing through each of said openings-andpextending rearwardly within saidtshell-aud@ forwardly external to Saidflshell, each-0f; said cl'i-prelementsibeingprovided at its rear portion with a section engaging said electric bulb and atits. forward portions-with-a section vengaging said lens element. Y
V2. .Thecoml'yna-tioncomprising an electric light bulb, a circularflensrelement, a shell -mcmber of substantially tiibul'arfcon-figura-ti'on having front'and rear apertures and a- 1 plurality ofI circumferentially spaced openings. formed in-the-wall thereof, a' plurality' ofclip elements formed offresilientmaterialfeach of said 'clip` elements having an intermediate section passing through each ofl said openings arida; back sectionl substantiall,I along 'the inner face of said shellmember-anda trout section extending forwardly from'sa-id-'intermediate section external to said shell member, saijd clipback sections having rear reentrance, sections including/forwardly directedV legs which are successively inwardly andl outwardly directed,v saidv reentrance` sections engagingjsaid electric bulband said front sections engaging said-'lens element.
3.A The combination in accordance with claim 2, wherein said/'clips are formed of resilient strip material; andr said openings in s aid shell member are in the shape. ofv circumferentially vextending slits having lower edges radially inwardly depressed-"to permit` the intermediate sections of saidlclipstospassv through saidopenings in a direction substantia'lly; parallelty tothe wallof ysaid shell member.
4*. 'lihocombi'na-tion in Vaccordance with claim. 2, in whichv eaclrtofssaid' rear resentrant sections forwardly directedaflegsvcomprise arst/ inwardly directed leg, a second outwardly directed leg, a third .inwardly directed leg; andfou-rthoutwardly"directed legI and; stop members aremounted onsaid shell' and project inwardly to. points. `forward the termini of said fourth legs.4
"S'lhei combination 'in accordance with claim' 2,` includ ing stop members mounted on said shell and projecting inwardly to points forward of the termini of the front legs of said re-entrant portions said electric bulb having an edge disposed between said stop members and said front leg termini. 5 6. The combination in accordance with claim S, wherein said stop members are defined by fastening elements securing said clips to the wall of said shell member and projecting radially inwardly substantially beyond the inner 10 face of said shell wall.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Richards Aug. 27, 1901 Bowlin Mar. 1, 1904 Powell Feb. 18, 1941 Hardman 2---- Aug. 19, 1947 Handler Mar. 9, 1948 Price Nov. 14, 1950 Lundquist Sept. 11, 1951 Liberman Feb. 17, 1953