|Publication number||US2823671 A|
|Publication date||Feb 18, 1958|
|Filing date||Mar 29, 1954|
|Priority date||Mar 29, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2823671 A, US 2823671A, US-A-2823671, US2823671 A, US2823671A|
|Inventors||Garelick Judith J|
|Original Assignee||Pulmosan Safety Equipment Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (50), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 18, 1958 J. J. GAREI .ICK
RESPIRATOR 2 She ets-Sheet 1 Filed Mafch 29, 1-954 INVENTOR douw 16310192104 A ORNEY Feb. 18, 1958 J. J. GARELICK 2,823,671
' RESPIRATOR I Filed March 29, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent RESPIRATOR Judith L, Garelieljr, Brook y N. Y-, assignor to Pulmosan S t n Equ Corpora ion, Bro k y a corporation; of New York Application March 29, 1954,'Serial No. 419,251 4 Cln ms- (C 3- The present-invention relates to a novel and improved air-filtering device of the respirator type. V
The particular embodiment of the present invention,
which is illustrated in the drawings and which will be described hereinafter in greater detail, comprises generally a hollow open-endedbody having one end adapted to be positioned over-the nose and mouth of'jthe user, an inlet filter means onthe remote body end; and outlet means arranged intermediate the ends of the body.
There are, of course, many respirator type filtering devices onthe market and in the prior art, but such devices haveproved subjectto various serious-disadvantages under practical conditions ofuse. o. have been foundextremel-y uncomfortable after relatively shortperiods of use. Further,'previous devices have been ill-fitting, so as to require frequent adjustment, resulting in work stoppages and other delays.
An important- -feature of the present invention is the provision, in a. respirator, of) a metal insert for retaining the-rubber exhalation valve. This ;is accomplished by the unusual shaping of the aluminum holder and the useof only one lip on the rubber valve seat. In addition, the
byforrningahead or ridge whichpresses against the edge of the-valve seat,
ltfis-a further object of the present invention, to providea'respirator ofthe type describedhaying novel and improved face-engaging means, which are adapted t 'be c'iency ofa given quantity of adsorbent is higher when the-adsorbent is used in a single cartridge rather than divided andused-intwo smaller cartridges as in comparative, competitive models. 'Hence, it is a further object of the invention to provide a respirator utilizing asingle replaceable-cartridge or canister of'adsorbent material.
lt-isa further: object of the present invention to, provide a respirator having the characteristics mentioned in the foregoing-paragraphs,which is simple inconstructionand durable inuse, which is effective for its intended Purposes; and which can be manufactured and sold at .a reasonablecost.
(Dther objects-of the present invention. will become apparent upon reading thefollowing specification and'referring tattle-accompanying drawings, which form a, ma-
terialpart of this disclosure. I
The-invention accordingly consists in the featuresaof construction, combinationsof' elements, and arrangements of arts, which will be exemplified in the, construction For example, such devices 2,823,671 tanned Feb. 18, 195.8
hereinafter described, and of which the scope will be indicated by the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Fig. ,1 is a side elevational view showing a respirator constructed in accordance with the .present invention, the face-engaging .means being illustrated in solid lines as removed from the mask, and shown in assembled condition in .dot-and-dash outline.
Fig. 2 is a rearelevational view showing the respirator of the present invention with. the face-engaging means detached therefrom.
Fig. 3 is a rear elevational view of the face-engaging means.
Fig. 4 is a'frontelevational view of the face-engaging means.
Fig.5 is a sectional view, taken. substantially along the =valve-is held-securelyin place and a perfect seal obtained Fig. 6 is. a partial, bottom plan view of the mask assembled with the face-engaging member. I
Fig. 7' is a partial top plan view, partly in section,,;illustrating the mask in assembled relation with the facee aging ember. s 7
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the embodiment of the invention illustrated therein comprises a hollow aluminum or other metal body 10 converging from its rearwardend 11 to its forward end1 2 The body is provided ,on its upper, .exterior surface with one mating element 16 of a snap fastener, and is provided; on its opposite side, exterior -s urfaces with a pair of lugs 14', .14, all for a purpose appearing presently. The. b-Qttom side oi -the, bod'yll) is formed intermediate its ends with an aperture 15'(, Fig. 5
Arranged across the front end. 12 .of'the body 10 1s, a in-let filter cup 19 disposed eccentrieall'y withrespeet'to the -front1body, end 12' and formed with an. opening, .20 communicating with the interior ofthe body. The, walls of t-he cup 19 are preferably threadedor corrugatedlas, at 21;. In Fig. 5", it will" be noted" that an .annular portion 18- of'the cup- 1915 upset through the front end 12 ,ofthe 'body'10' and spread about the inieriprthe fquf' to fixedly secure the cup to thebody.
Disposed within the cup opening ztl and'the fiont .liody opening 12 is an apertured plate or. spider 12,,wliich. has aflexible resilient-sheet; 23 arranged closely adjacent-to and interiorly of the spider, andfixedly. secured. thereto by a centrally disposed rivet 2'4. Hence, the spider. 22 and sheet; 23' combine, to provide a one way, inlet valve communicating between the interiorof the cup. ,19fand the body-1'0;
A gasket-27'is-seatedjin the bottom walllof'the-.cup:19 and a filter element or eartridge .28. pneferably cylindrical in configuration, is threadedly andremovably securedin the cup in abutting engagement withthegasket. Itwill be' noted that the cup 1j9 and filter element. 2 8 are. arranged eccentrically of. the inlet valve. defined. by, plate 22and shee t*2'3. so that the cup and. filter element. depend substantially-beyond the lower side. of'the body. 10;
Arranged exteriorly of" andadjacent to. the. opening: 15 in the bottom side of body 10; is.a hollow, funnehlike metal mounting member or enhala ioninsert 30,, which converges upwardly-toward the elongatedopening 15.. and isfi'xedly secured thereto by the upset edge portion. .31. The mountingmember or shell ,30 diverges downwardly, being. formed with a 1 radially extending web. 32fconstituting a downwardly facing shoulder with'a circumjacent aHuDlarfiange-34; and an inter nah bead 33 intermediate the shoulder: 32: and lower-open endof flange- 34; It-will e no d that-the lowerend' 34 0fthemounting-menrber is; spaced, substantially above the lower end of the cup 19 ndzfilml' element 28, and is: of less transverse dimensiQn. than the latter, .sotastto be effectively shielded thcrev by. An apertured plug or spider 35 is seated in the lower end of the mounting member 38 in abutting engagement with the shoulder 32 and retained therein by the bead 33. Closely adjacent to and underlying the plug 35 is a flexible, resilient valve sheet 36, preferably fabricated of rubber, and having an upwardly oflfset marginal edge portion 37. In the particular embodiment illustrated (see Fig. the sheet 36 is formed with an integral, central extension 38 which is fixedly secured within the plug 35 and retains the valve in its closely underlying position. It will be noted that the upturned marginal edge portion 37 is in abutting engagement with the plug 35 and effectively seals the apertures of the plug against exterior fluid pressure. However, the sheet 36 and its marginal edge portion 37 are readily displaceable downwardly under increased fluid pressure within the body to permit escape of fluid therefrom.
It has been found, in practice, that by locating the outlet means, namely the exhalation insert member 30, spider 35 and valve sheet 36 closely beneath the body 10 so as to be shielded by the cup 19 and filter element 28, the
outlet means has been located out of the path of the dust or otherwise impure gases, so as to operate substantially trouble-free.
Extending about the periphery of the rear body edge 11 is a face-engaging member, generally designated 40. The face-engaging member is preferably fabricated of flexible, resilient material, such as rubber or the like, and includes a bead 41 extending about the rear body edge 11 and snugly embracing the latter. Although the face-engaging member 40 is substantially self-retaining on the body 10 by reason of the snug engagement of the bead 41 with the body edge 11, a complementary fastener element 42 is provided for securement to the element 13 in order to assure proper circumferential relation between the parts, and facilitate assembly. A flange 43 is offset inwardly from the head 41 and extends circumferentially thereabout and rearwardly therefrom. The inward offsetting of the flange 43 serves to provide additional resiliency for the latter, for reasons which will soon become apparent. It will be noted that the upper and lower flange portion, 44 and 45, respectively, diverge from each other, while the opposite side flange portions 46, 46 extend substantially parallel in the rearward direction. Extending circumferentially along the rearward edge of the flange 43, is formed an outwardly extending lip 47.
As best seen in Fig. 3, the lower and side flange portions, 45 and 46, 46, along with their adjacent rim portions, combine to define a substantially arcuate lower segment. It will be further observed that the upper flange portion 44, the flange portions adjacent thereto, and the adjacent rim portions, all combine to define a substantially g inverted, V-shaped peripheral upper segment, continuous with the lower, arcuate segment.
The above-described face-engaging member configuration has been found to be ideally suited for conforming engagement with the large majority of facial contours. That is, the arcuate lower circumferential segment is conformably engageable with the chin and cheeks of the user, while the upper, inverted V-shaped circumferential segment is extremely well suited for conforming engagement with the nose of the wearer.
In addition to its other functions, the aluminum body 10 acts as a frame for the rubber cushion and thus eliminates the need for additional metal or rubber supports which are necessary to minimize mushrooming of rubber parts. Hence the combination rubber-aluminum body is shape-retaining.
It will be further noted that the cross-sectional thickness of the lower arcuate segment, both the flange and rim, is substantially greater than that of the inverted V-shaped segment, as seen in Fig. 5. It has been found that the jaw and cheeks are capable of comfortably withstanding greater pressures than is the nose, so that the increased section of the lower circumferential segment will serve to transmit greater pressure than the relatively thin section of the upper circumferential segment. As the lower circumferential segment transmits the greater proportion of force necessary to hold the respirator on the face in conforming engagement therewith, it has been found desirable to ofiset the flange 45 a greater amount than the flange portion 44, to thereby afford greater yieldability to the former. This difference in offset distance will be readily perceived in Fig. 5. Further, it will be observed that the rim portion adjacent to the upper circumferential segment is reduced both in thickness and lateral extent, so that it is now possible to comfortably wear a conventional pair of spectacles at the same time as one is wearing the respirator of the present invention.
In order to put on the respirator, it is only necessary to place the mask in position on the face and slip the headbands over the head. One of the headbands is worn over the ears on the back of the head and the other around the back of the neck. Of course, removal of the mask may be effected by reversing this procedure. Hence,
. frequent removal and replacement of the mask without inconvenience or discomfort is permitted.
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the present invention provides a respirator which fully accomplishes its intended objects, and which is well adapted to meet 7 practical conditions of use.
Although the present invention has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example for purposes of clarity of understanding, it is understood that certain changes and modifications may be made within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as i new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A respirator comprising a hollow, open-ended body, engaging means on one end of said body extending about 'the periphery thereof and adapted to conform with the facial contours of a wearer, an inlet valve on the other end of said body, an inlet filter means secured to said body eccentrically of said inlet valve and depending substantially beyond said body, and outlet means intermediate the ends of said body and shielded by the depending portion of said inlet filter, said outlet means constituting an exhalation unit and comprising a metal mounting member or holder, an exhalation valve and valve seat plug, said mounting member being secured to and in communication with the body and having a web circumjacent the mounting member and an annular flange extending outwardly from said web, said valve seat plug being apertured and being located within said mounting member and abutting against said web, its circumference fitting within said v flange, an annular head in said flange extending inwardly against the valve seat plug to securely retain said plug 1n said member, said exhalation valve comprising a flexible resilient sheet exteriorly of and closely underlying said plug, said sheet having an upturned marginal edge portion outstanding flange fabricated of flexible, resilient material and extending along said bead, said flange having an arcuate circumferential portion adapted to engage with the 'chin and cheeks of a wearer and an inverted V-shaped circumferential portion adapted to engage over the nose of the wearer, said V-shaped portion being of relatively thin cross-section to apply a minimum of pressure to the nose.
3. A respirator according to claim 2, in combination with a flexible, resilient lip extending along the edge of said flange to afford substantial surface contact with the wearers face and effect sealing of said contact.
, 5 4. A respirator according to claim 3, said lip being of 2,619,085 lesser dimensions in 'the region of said V-shaped portion 2,668,532 to permit normal resting of spectacles on the wearers nose. 2,695,020
References Cited in the file of this patent 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 736,268 1,710,160 Gibbs Apr. 23, 1929 773,129
6 Bradley Nov. 25, 1942 Evans Feb. 9, 1954 Glidden Nov. 23, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS Germany June 10, 1943 France Aug. 27, 1934
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|U.S. Classification||128/206.15, 128/206.24, 128/206.17|
|International Classification||A62B18/00, A62B18/02|