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Publication numberUS2825150 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 4, 1958
Filing dateApr 30, 1954
Priority dateApr 30, 1954
Publication numberUS 2825150 A, US 2825150A, US-A-2825150, US2825150 A, US2825150A
InventorsSteiner Albert M
Original AssigneeSteiner Albert M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Production of water color pictures
US 2825150 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 4,1958 A. M. STEINER 2,825,150



United States Patent PRODUCTION OF WATER COLOR PICTURES Albert M. Steiner, Cincinnati, Ohio Application April 30, 1954, Serial No. 426,749

2 Claims. (Cl. 35-26) This invention relates to an improvement in the production of water color pictures and is particularly concerned with a combination of structural elements utilized 21c: produce such pictures and the method of producing It has been conventional in the past to provide paint books for children containing picture specimens in which the various areas to be colored are indicated in outline. In some instances, duplicate color reproductions have been supplied so that the child can fill in the areas of a black and white outline with colors corresponding generally to those in the color reproduction. The last has been a generally unsatisfactory expedient, because in the first place the color reproductions add substantially to the cost of the book or package, and in the second place it is difficult or impossible for a small child acting without direction to combine two or more colors to provide the particular shades required in all but the very simplest pictures.

The present improvement is concerned with a means and method for enabling children and interested adults to reproduce exactly in water colors a specimen colored picture in which the areas are indicated in outline only. There is no necessity for providing a colored duplicate to serve as a guide and the technique is so simple that even a small child can obtain excellent results. In fact, the results are so good that the method is entertaining and instructive, even to adults.

In the drawings appended hereto there is disclosed in Figure 1 as A a representation of a typical picture which it is desired to reproduce in water color. As illustrated, this is what might be termed the master specimen. The copy specimen to which the water colors will be applied is not illustrated but is identical in all respects except that the individual numbers and number combinations shown in A are omitted.

In Figure 2 there is illustrated as B a series of brushes designed to dispense liquid water color paint in five of the principal colors. The construction of these dispensing brushes is disclosed and claimed in a co-pending application, Serial No. 379,987, filed September 14, 1953 but forms no part of the present invention. As indicated, the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are keyed to an individual brush adapted to dispense a particular color of paint and these same numbers are utilized in the master specimen A to designate the colors to be applied to the particular areas in the picture.

In the practice of the method where a single color is to be applied, for example on the cows illustrated in the lower left hand corner of the master specimen, the child first observes the cows and notes that the number 4 appears 2 on its side. This indicates, of course, that the cow outline is to be painted with the number 4 brush. The child then takes the picture to be painted on which no numbers or number combinations appear and applies the number 4 brush to the cow outline.

A particular problem arises in connection with the provision of off shades, or in other words shades which are not primary colors. These shades are indicated on the master specimen with combination numbers such as 1+4, 1+3, etc. As an illustration, to obtain the shade corresponding to the upper half of the barn roof which is designated as 1+5, the child first applies to the corresponding portion on the duplicate copy specimen the color contained in the number 1 brush which in this case is red. The color is then permitted to dry and the orange color in the number 4 brush is superimposed over it. The result is a shade of brown. In the same way 1+3 on the lower half of the barn roof provides a shade of purple.

The drying of the first color and the superimposing of the second color over it form a particular feature of the invention, in that this technique acts as a gauge for the quantity of paint to be used to obtain the exact shade desired. If the child were to mix the two paints together in advance of applying them there would be no way in which he could be certain that he had mixed equal quantities, and the resultant shade would in almost every instance be different. Additionally the technique is neater because the colors are mixed right on the picture instead of on another piece of paper or a board or palette.

The invention has been illustrated in its simplest aspect only and it will be apparent that combinations of three or more colors may be utilized to provide a much greater range of shades. This range can be further increased by supplying additional brushes containing still further colors and utilizing these colors in the combination.

The value of the invention, for children particularly, resides in its extreme simplicity. Any child who can count will readily understand the technique to be employed in obtaining the desired tints from the color combinations. A further advantage is that even though water colors are relatively transparent there are no unsightly indicia of any kind on the completed copy specimen as there would be if, for example, the child simply colored the master specimen in the manner indicated.

The use of the technique enables the supplier of paint sets to reduce its cost materially, because there is no necessity for furnishing colored pictures for copying and the master specimens furnished corresponding to A may be greatly reduced in size. At the same time the results are much better as under the guidance of the key numbers the child can, without difficulty, reproduce the exact shades and tints desired.

While the invention has been disclosed with particular reference to liquid dispensing brushes it is applicable also to practically any type of water coloring medium including the conventional solid paints and hair brushes.

Having fully described my invention, 1 claim:

1. Apparatus for producing water color pictures comprising, in combination. a master specimen having outline areas delineated thereon, indicia in certain of said areas indicating the application of primary colors thereto and in others of said areas indicating the separate application of principal colors in sequence, a copy specimen Patented Mar. 4, 1958- 3 identical with the master specimen but with the indicia omitted, a plurality of water color applying instruments for applying primary colors and indicia associated with the instruments keyed to the indicia on the master specimen.

2. A method of producing water color pictures which comprises utilizing a series of instruments each of which is adapted to apply a single principal shade only to apply to a copy specimen having outline areas thereon identical with the outline areas on a master specimen, sequential color shades specified by indicia' positioned in the outline areas on the master specimen, said indicia being keyed to corresponding indicia associated with the instruments with which the colors are applied, the shade first applied being permitted to dry in each case before a second shade is superimposed on it.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,698,739 Shulman Jan. 15, 1929 1,957,816 Braeg May 8, 1934 2,712,189 Grossman July 5, 1955 2,744,349 Grossman May 8, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1698739 *Nov 19, 1927Jan 15, 1929Isidor ShulmanColoring book
US1957816 *Jun 25, 1932May 8, 1934St Mary S CollegeCombined natural color kit and chart
US2712189 *Feb 12, 1954Jul 5, 1955Emery Grossman RalphPainting kit
US2744349 *Jan 28, 1954May 8, 1956Grossman Ralph EMethod of painting in the reproduction of paintings
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2964858 *Jan 11, 1960Dec 20, 1960Rutherford Kathleen AEducational game
US3269032 *Jun 10, 1964Aug 30, 1966Jason SumnerTextile design kit and method of making textiles therefrom
US3492143 *Oct 14, 1965Jan 27, 1970Oberg Charles GTransfer method of producing artistically variegated multicolored flock pictures
US3548552 *Jul 14, 1969Dec 22, 1970Mcbride Darvil DavidColorbook playhouse
US3701207 *Jul 21, 1970Oct 31, 1972Conrad Erich HenrySchiffli-embroidered panel and kit containing the same
US3704531 *Oct 23, 1970Dec 5, 1972Seals Calvin LNature art wood grain painting kit
US4169323 *Nov 3, 1977Oct 2, 1979Engel Robert WMeans for producing multi-colored hobby craft designs
US4416632 *Apr 2, 1981Nov 22, 1983Avalon Industries, Inc.Paint-by-numbers kit
US5860518 *Mar 27, 1997Jan 19, 1999Axelrod; DaleArtist's pastel case and color arrangement
US6343934Nov 21, 1997Feb 5, 2002Theodore David Johnson, Jr.Method and apparatus for transferring or applying a drawing to a surface
US6926527Jan 15, 2002Aug 9, 2005Theodore David Johnson, Jr.Method and apparatus for transferring or applying a drawing to a surface
US7180524Sep 30, 2002Feb 20, 2007Dale AxelrodArtists' color display system
US7547211 *Mar 16, 2005Jun 16, 2009Darren Michael SwanickApparatus for blending base pigments into composite colors and method for making same
US8191895 *Aug 4, 2009Jun 5, 2012Anita Jane GeartyColor by symbol picture puzzle kit
US8413988 *Jan 23, 2012Apr 9, 2013Anita Jane GeartyColor by symbol picture puzzle kit
US20050208456 *Mar 16, 2005Sep 22, 2005Swanick Darren MApparatus for blending base pigments into composite colors and method for making same
US20060110417 *Nov 24, 2004May 25, 2006Lori HamlinBeauty products and methods
US20100032899 *Aug 4, 2009Feb 11, 2010Anita Jane GeartyColor By Symbol Picture Puzzle Kit
U.S. Classification434/84, 206/1.8, D11/133, D11/135, 427/260
International ClassificationG09B11/00, G09B11/10
Cooperative ClassificationG09B11/10
European ClassificationG09B11/10