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Publication numberUS2825729 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 4, 1958
Filing dateMay 24, 1955
Priority dateMay 24, 1955
Publication numberUS 2825729 A, US 2825729A, US-A-2825729, US2825729 A, US2825729A
InventorsHarry H Fall, Harold G Petering
Original AssigneeUpjohn Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Isoalloxazines
US 2825729 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

U fi S tes Paint;

rsoAriroxArznvns Harold G. Petering, Kalamazoo, and Harry H. Fali, Kalamazoo Township, Kalamazoo County, Mich, assignors to The Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, Mich, a corporation of Michigan No Drawing. Application May 24, 1955 Serial No. 510,87ii

17 Claims. (Cl. 256-2515) atoms. The esters are represented by the following general formula:

R2 l 2)n I 8 wherein n is an integer from two to six inclusive, R is a member selected from the group consisting of (a) an acyloxy radical, the acyl group of which is derived from an organic acid with not more than eighteen carbon atoms; (b) a sulfate radical; and (c) a phosphate radical; R and R are members selected from the group consisting of loWer-alkyl, lower-alkoxy, amino, hydrogen, halo, and a polymethylene group linked to the aromatic ring to form a carbocyclic ring having six carbon atoms; R and R are members selected from the group consisting of h drogen, lower-alkyl, lower-alkoxy, and amino, and wherein R R R and R when taken together, include not more than one amino group.

The terms lower-alkyl and lower-alkoxy as used herein include alkyl and alkoxy groups containing from one to five carbon atoms inclusive.

Sulfate and phosphate are generic terms referring respectively to the radicals obtained by removal of one or two atoms of hydrogen from sulfuric acid and to the radicals obtained by removal of one, two or three atoms of hydrogen from phosphoric aci It is an object of the present invention to provide novel compounds. Another object of this invention is to provide a process for the preparation of these compounds. Other objects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains.

The novel compounds of the invention possess antimetabolite activity; for example, they are competitively active riboflavin antagonists. These compounds also exhibit anti-psittacosis activity. I The [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazine esters of the invention are characterized by unexpectedly superior antiribofiavin activity when compared with the corresponding [w-hydroxyalkyl] isoalloxazines. For example, anti riboflavin activity up to five times the magnitude possessed by the [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazine has been displayed by the corresponding ester compounds.

2,825,729 Patented Mar. 4-, 1958 I l B3 T o=o l NH RP \li/y in ('5 wherein n is an integer from two to six inclusive, and R R R, and R are as defined above, with an esterifying agent to obtain the corresponding isoalloxazinealkyl ester.

Conversion of an [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazine to the corresponding [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazine ester is achieved by a variety of procedures. In one method, the lw-hydroxyalkyll-isoalloxazine is refluxed with an excess of an organic acid in the presence of a catalyst such as hydrogen chloride, sulfuric acid, toluene sulfonic acid, or the like. A preferred procedure for the preparation of an [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazine ester embodies the alcoholysis of either an acid chloride or an acid anhydride'of an inorganic acid such as sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid or an acid chloride or acid anhydride of an organic acid with not more than eighteen carbon atoms. The acid chlorides and acid anhydrides of the organic acid usually react more readily and rapidly with the [w-hydroXyalkyH- isoalloxazine in the presence of a basic material such as sodium carbonate or an organic tertiary amine such as pyridine. Acid chlorides and acid anhydrides which are used to esterify [w-hydroxyalkyll-isoalloxazine include acetic anhydride, acetyl chloride, propionyl chloride, propionic anhydride, benzoyl chloride, lauroyl chloride, succinic anhydride, succinyl chloride, or the like; a phosphoric acid chloride such as chlorophosphoric acid or phosphoryl chloride; or a sulfuric acid chloride such as chlorosulfonic acid or sulfuryl chloride.

The term organic acid as used herein includes both monoand poly-carboxylic acids such as acetic acid, phenylacetic acid, propionic acid, cyclopentanepropionic acid, benzoic acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, p-aminobenzoic acid, salicylic acid, p-aminosalicylic acid, pimelic acid, succinic acid, glutamic acid, phthalic acid, pantoic acid, aspartic acid, adipic acid, glutaric acid, maleic acid, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, aconitic acid, suberic acid, tetradecanedioic acid, azelaic acid, dodecanedioic acid, sebacic acid, brassylic acid, thapsic acid, octadecanedioic acid, tetrapropyl succinic acid, n-tetradecyl succinic acid, a-aminoacetic acid, aaminopropionic acid, ,B-aminopropionic acid; an alkane sulfonic acid such as methane sulfonic acid, ethane sulfonic acid, butane sulfonic acid, and the like; an aryl sulfonic acid such as benzene sulfonic acid, toluene sulfonic acid, naphthalene sulfonic acid, and the like; an alkane phosphonic acid such as methane phosphonic acid, ethane phosphonic acid, butane phosphonic acid, and the like; an aryl phosphonic acid such as benzene phosphonic acid, toluene phosphonic acid, naphthalene phosphonic acid, and the like. When the organic acids are polybasic, it is to be understood that unesterificd acid groups can be neutralized by a base to form salts. The water-soluble salts such as the sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and the like, i. e., alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts, are particularly useful because of their high water-solubility which makes it possible to obtain concentrated preparations in infusion solutions or other suitable vehicles especially useful for parenteral, oral or topical administration. The preferred acids are the hydrocarbon carboxylic acids with not more than eighteen carbon atoms such as acetic acid, propionic acid, benzoic acid, succinic acid, 'lauric acid, myristic acid, and the like.

used as the starting material.

" V v V 2,825,729 M i T The starting [-w-hydroX'yalkyl]-isoalloxazines are obtained by reacting a polyhydroxyalkylisoalloxazine of the formula:

where in R R R and R are as defined above, m is an 7 integer from one to five inclusive; and n' is an integer from one to four inclusive, with not more than 2.5 times n equivalents of an oxidizing agent such as periodic acid, lead-tetraacetate, or the like, per mole of polyhydroxy- -alk-ylisoalloxazine-, to produce the corresponding [toformylalkyl ]-is6alloxazlne of the formula:

wherein R2, R R1; and R are as defined above and R is an w-formylalkyl group containing from two to six carbon atoms inclusive, and then reacting the [w-forrnylarylazo compounds with barbituric acid in an acid medium (U. S. Patent 2,261,608).

Ortho-aminoarylazo compounds can also be condensed with alloxantin or dialuric acid to produce isoalloxam'nes in accordance with the procedure disclosed in U. S. Patent 2,374,661.

The starting aminoazo compounds are conveniently prepared by coupling substituted phenylamines containing alkyl, alkoxy, halo groups,-andthe like, with a diazotized amine in the manner described by'Kar'rer, Helv. Chim. Acta, .18, 1130, 1935,19,.264-[1936 In another method used in the synthesis of isoalloxazines, the need for the above-indicated aminoazo compounds is eliminated siiic'e N-s'ubstituted' aromatic amines such as ribityl or arabityl xylidine, and the like, or mineral salts thereof such asthe hydrochlorides, or the like, can be condensed directly with violuric acid to yield isoalloxazines in a single step. 7

In another method, polyhydroxylated alkyl nitrile's or their acyl derivatives can be'reductively condensed'with an aromatic amine" to form the corresponding N polyhydro'xyla'ted alkylam'ine or the acylated N-polyhydrox'ylated alkylamine, Which compound can then be coupled with a diazonium salt, theresulting compound reduced to form the corresponding diamine'an'd' the diamine thus obtained condensed with alloxan to form an isoalloxazine (U. S.

Patent 2,261,608).

the corresponding formylalkylisoalloxazine with not more than times n equivalents "of oxidizing agent per mole of polyhydroxyalkylisoalloxazine, as indicated supra, the

term equivalent refers to the molecular weightof the 'oxi-' dizing. agent divided by the valence change of the oxidizing agentinvolved in the reaction. a a e The polyhydroxyalkylisoalloxazines are prepared by known methods. For example, in one method, a polyhydroxyalkylisoalloxazine is obtained by subjecting an N- monosubstituted aromatic ortho-diarnine to condensation with an alloxan compound (Ku hn, Ben, 67, 1939,,1 934; Karrer, Helv. Chim. Acta, 18, 69, 1935). The condensation of the N-monosubstituted aromatic ortho-dia'mine With alloxanf or N-mon'osubstituted products thereo-f to produce the isoalloxazine is. preferably performed in an acid solution, for instance, in the presence of a mineral acid sucli as hydrochloric, hydrobromic, sulfuric, nitric or phosphoric acid; but the condensation can also as carried outin a strong acetic acid solution, preferably by mixing the N-polyhydroxyalkyl; aromatic ortho-diamine' with a suspension of alloxan monohydrate and boric acid in glacial acetic acid,thedesired isoalloxazine thus formed usually precipitating from the reaction mixture in substantially pure form.

Instead of using an N-monosubstituted aromatic orthodiamine in the above-described condensation process, an

N-monosubstituted aromatic ortho-nitroarnine can be The reduction of the orthonitroamine to the corresponding diamine and the subsequent condensation with alloxan can be carried out in a single step if the N urone-substituted aromatic orthonitroamine is reacted with the alloxan compound in the presenceiofa reducing agent.- Reducing' agents which can be usedinclude tin, stannous chloride, iron, trivalent titaniu'm, and the like; A leuco'compound of the isolloxazine compound is formed which is subsequently dehydrog'iiated by treatment witha dehydrogenating' agent. Suit a'ble dehydrogenating agentsflsuc'n as atmospheric oxygen, potassium permanganate, halogens, quinoid dyes'tuflfs, and the'like', can be used. j a

Isoa'lloxa'zines are also prepared by reacting orthoafnitioarylaz'o compounds of ring-substituted ortho-amino- D-ribamine with alloxan to yield riboflavin.

The various 6,7 dialkyl 9 polyhydroxyalkyliso ah loxazines which are used in the preparatio'r'iof 6,7-'

dialkyl-9-[w-formylalkyl]-isoalloxazines canals'o be ob-' tained according to the method of Karrer et' al.,' Helv. Chim. Acta, 17, 1165, 1516, (1 934).

A typical polyhydroxyalkylinoalloxazine, riboflavin, otherwise referred to as 6,7-diniethyl-9=(1'-D-ribityl)-isoalloxazine, Was synthesized by Karrer, Helv. Chim. Acta,

(l) condensation of 4-5-dinitro-o-xylene'with D-ri-baminef followed by catalytic reduction, in" an aqueous alcoliolic solution, of the" product thus" obtained (Kuhn and Weygand, Ben, 68, 1001, 1935); or (2) condensation of 3,4-dimethyl-6-nitroaniline with D-ribose and reduction of the product thus obtained (Kuhn et' a1, Beri, 68, 1765, 1935; 70, 773, 1937); or (3), condensation of 3,4 dimethyl 6 carbetho'xyaminoanilirie (Karrer et a1., Helv. Chim. Acta, 18, 69, 1935;18, 426, 1935) or 3,4 dimethyl 6 acetylaminoa'niline (Kari-er et ah, Ben, 68, 216, 1935) with D-ribose,- reduction and saponification of the resulting compound to obtain the flee amine, N (3,4 dimethyl 6 aminophenyl) D- ribamine; 'or (4), condensation of 3,4-dimethylaniline With D-ribose, catalytic reduction of the resulting riboside to N (3,4 dimethylphenyl) D ribamine', coupling zines, including those containing substituentsin' mes, 6, V

7 and 8 positions, can likewise be prepared. Thus, the [w-formylalkyl]-isoalloxazines media the preparation of the [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoalloxazines can be obtained by any of the procedures described supra or other conventional methods disclosed in the art.

P The following preparations and examples are illustrative of the process and products of this invention but are not to be construed as limiting.

PREPARATION 1.6,7-DIMETHYL-9-LB-HYDROXYETHYL1- IsOALLoxAztNE 28.4 grams (0.10 mole) of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine, obtained by reacting 6,7-dimethyl- 9-(l'-D-ribityl)-isoalloxazine (Karrer at 2.1., Helv. Chin-1. Acta, 17, 1516, 1934) and periodic acid, is suspended in 250 milliliters of 0.4 N sodium hydroxide. (To prevent decomposition, the reaction mixture is shielded from light.) A solution of 3.7 grams (0.10 mole) of sodium borohydride in 25 milliliters of water is added thereto. An immediate reaction occurs as indicated by the formation of a greenish precipitate. After stirring for two hours, the mixture is cooled in an ice bath and the pH adjusted to pH 4.0 to pH 4.5 with glacial acetic acid. The solid material thus obtained is removed by filtration and then washed successively with acidified water, acetone and ether. After drying at a temperature of about sixty degrees centigrade, there is obtained 25.3 grams (88.4 percent yield) of a yellow solid, 6,7-dimethyl 9 [,8 hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine, melting between 299 and 301 degrees centigrade, uncorrected.

PREPARATION 2.6-ETHYL-7METHYL-9-[fi-HYDROXY ETHYL1-ISOALLOXAZINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-forrnylmethylisoalloxazine by 29.0 grams of 6-ethyl-7-methyl- 9-formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6- ethyl 7 methyl 9 (1' D ribityl) isoalloxazine [Karrer and Quibell, Helv. Chim. Acta, 19, 1034, 1936] with periodic acid), 6 ethyl 7 methyl 9 8- hydroxyethyH-isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 3.5,6-D1METHYL-9-[5-HYDROXYETHYL1- ISOALLOXAZINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 xcept for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyi-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 28.4 grams of 5,6-dimethyl-9- formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 5,6-dimethyl 9 (1 D ribityl) isoalloxazine [Tishler et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69, 1488, 1947] with periodic acid), 5,6 dimethyl 9 [5 hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPA ATION .4.-7ME'IHYL-9-[B-HYDROXYETHYL]- ISOALLOXAZINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution Of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 27.0 grams of 7-methyl-9-formy methylisoalloxazinc (obtained by reacting 7-methyl-9- (1-D-ribityl)-isoalloxazine [Karrer and Quibell, Helv. Chim. Acta, 19, 1034, 1936] with periodic acid), 7- methyl 9 [,8 hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine is Obtained.

PREPARATION 5.6,7-DICHLORO-9-[B-HYDROXYETHYL}- ISOALLOXAZINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 32.5 grams of 6,7-dichlorO-9- formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6,7-dichloro 9 (1' D ribityl) isoalloxazine [Weygand et al., Ber., 76, 1044, 1943] with periodic acid), 6,7-dichloro 9 [B hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 6.67-DIMEm0xY-9-LB-HYDROXYETHYL1- ISOALLOXAZiNE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 31.6 grams Of 6,7-dimethoxy-9- formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6,7-dimethoxy 9 (1' L arabityl) isoalloxazine with periodic acid), 6,7 dimethoxy 9 [[3-hydroxyethy11- isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 7.-6,7-TE'I'RAMETHYLENE-9-[B-HYDROXY- nTHYL]-IsOALLoxA2.u-IE

Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoa loxazine by 32.8 grams of 6,7-tetramethylene- 9-formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6,7- tetramethylene 9 (1' D arabityl) isoalloxazine [Kuhrn Ber., 70, 1302, 1937] with periodic acid), 6,7- tetramethylene 9 [,8 hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 8.-6-ME'I'HYL-7-AMINO-9-[fi-HYDROXY- ETHYL]-IsOALLoxAzrNE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7dimethyl-9-forrnyl methylisoalloxazine by 28.5 grams of 6-methyl-7-amino- 9-formylmethylisoalloxazine' (obtained by reacting 6- methyl 7 amino 9 (1' D arabityl) isoalloxazine [Nishida, Rpts. Sci. Res. Inst., Japan, 25, 323, 1949] with periodic acid), 6 methyl 7 amino 9 [B- hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine is Obtained.

PREPARATION 9.-6,7-DIMETHYL9['y-HYDROXYPROPYL] ISOALLOXAZINE PREPARATION 10.-6,7-DMETHYL-9-[5-HYDROXYBUTYL1- IsoALLOxAzINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 31.2 grams of 6,7-dimethyl-9-['y-formylpropyl]-isoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6,7-dimethyl- 9-(4',5'-dihydroxyamyl)-isoalloxazine with periodic acid), 6,7-dimethyl 9 [fi-hydroxybutyl]-isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 1 1.-6,7-DIETHYL-9-[fi-HYDROXYETHYL1- IsoALLoxAzrNE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 31.2 grams of 6,7-diethyl-9- formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6,7-diethyl 9 (1'-D-ribityl) isoalloxazine iLambooy, J. Am. Chem. Soc, 72, 5225, 1950] with periodic acid), 6,7-diethyl-9- [fl-hydroxyethyl] -isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION l2.6-\/.lETHOXY-7-AMIINO-9-[fi-HYDROXY- ETHYLII-ISOALLOXAZINE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 30.1 grams of 6-methoxy-7-amino-9 formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 6-methoxy 7 amino 9 (1 D ribityl)-isoalloxazine with periodic acid), 6-methoxy-7-aminO-9[fi-hydroxyethyll'r isoalloxazine is obtained.

PREPARATION 13.-5,6,7,8-TE'IRAMETHYL-9-[fi-HYDROXY- ETHYL1-ISOALLOXA11NE Following the procedure described in Preparation 1 ex cept for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-formylmethylisoalloxazine by 31.2 grams of 5,6,7,8-tetramethyl-9- formylmethylisoalloxazine (obtained by reacting 5,'6,7,8- tetramethyl-9-(1-L-arabityl)-isoalloxazine with periodic ads-.729

' Example 1.6,7-dimethyl-9-is0all0xazineethyl acetate Fifty milliliters of dry pyridine is mixed with 2.9 grams (0.01 mole) of 6,7-dimethy-9-[fl-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1). An excess, 1.56 grams (0.02 mole), of acetyl chloride is added, with stirring, to the mixture while it is cooled in an ice bath. The mixture is heated under reflux until all of the 6,7-dimethyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine is dissolved, at which time the reaction'is substantially complete. The pyridine solution is cooled, diluted with twenty milliliters of ethanol, and then-stirred vigorously. The solution is concentrated in vacuo to an oil which is dissolved in 25 milliliters of methanol. On adding 200 milliliters of ether, a precipitate is obtained which is then dried. The substantially pure 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate thus obtained melts between 228 and 232 degrees uncorrected.

Analysis.Calculated for c,,H,,N,o,=

Calculated Found 58. 5 58. 4 F 4. 9 4. 9 N 17. 1 16. 7 CHzCO 13. 1 14. 3

Using acetic anhydride as the acylating agent instead of acetyl chloride as described above, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is prepared in the following manner:

A mixture containing 28.6 grams of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[B- hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1), 200 milliliters of acetic anhydride and 400 milliliters of pyridine is heated under reflux for one hour. At the end of this period of time, the dark solution thus obtained is filtered, while hot, through a Buchner funnel thereby removing unacetylated materials. On evaporating the filtrate to dryness, a blackish-green solid is obtained. The crude material is triturated with fifty milliliters of ethanol and the mixture is then filtered. The solid material is triturated again with fifty milliliters of ethanol and the mixture is filtered. The partially purified material is washed with a mixture of fifty milliliters of ethanol and fifty milliliters of ether followed by another wash with 100 milliliters of ether and the product is then dried. Substantially pure 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is thus obtained melting between 228 and 232 degrees centigrade.

. .iExample 2.-6,7-dimethyl-9-isoall0xazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate To 122.6 grams (0.8 mole) of phosphoryl chloride is added slowly, accompanied by stirring and cooling, 28.0 grams (1.6 moles) of water. The mixture is agitated until the evolution of hydrogen chloride appears complete at which time the solution is allowed to stand overnight. Stirring is resumed until the evolution of hydrogen chloride gas ceases.

A mixture of fifteen milliliters of chlorophosphoric acid [(HO) POCl] thus obtained and 5.0 grams of 6,7- dimethyl-Q-[fi-hydroxyethyll isoalloxazine (Preparation 1) is stirred until solution is complete (24 to 40 hours). Protection from light is maintained throughout the reaction. The solution is cooled in an ice-bath and the unreacted-chlorophosphoric acid is destroyed by reacting it with sixty milliliters of methanol. On the addition of a mixture containing eighty milliliters of ether and eighty milliliters of hexane, a blackish, gummy residue is obtained. The mass is dissolved in 200 milliliters of cold methanol and 300 milliliters of ether is added thereto. A brownish-green solid is obtained. The solid is removed by centrifugation and redissolved in 200 milliliters of cold methanol. A brownish precipitate is obtained on the addition of' 3,00 milliliters of ether. The mixture is centrifuged, the solid material is separated, washed thorough ly with'ether and dried at a temperature of sixty degrees centigra'del' T he 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate thus obtained melts between 210 and.

Example 3.6,7-dimethyl-9-is0alloxazineethyl hydrogen sulfate To 135 grams of sulfuryl chloride in a 300 milliliter Erlenmeyer flask cooled in an ice-bath, is added, with stirring, eighteen grams of water; a violent reaction occurs. The mixture is allowed to stand overnight.

Ten milliliters of chlorosulfonic (HOSO CI) acid thus obtained is mixed with five grams of 6,7-dimethyl- 9- [B-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1) and the resulting mixture is stirred, while protected from light. After standing for a period of 24 hours, the syrupy mass is cooled and 65 milliliters of methanol is added followed by the addition of 200 milliliters of ether to the resulting solution. The precipitate thus formed is removed by centrifugation and the solid material is dissolved in 200 milliliters of cold methanol. Three hundred milliliters of ether is added to the methanolic solution thereby forming a precipitate which is redissolved in milliliters of methanol. On the addition of 200 milliliters of ether to the solution, a yellow-orange solid is obtained. The solid material is removed by centrifugation, washed thoroughly with ether and dried at a temperature of sixty degrees centigrade. The solid 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazine ethyl hydrogen sulfate thus obtained melts between 223 and 225 degrees Centigrade, uncorrected.

Similarly, by reacting sulfuryl chloride With 6,7-dimethyl-9 9 hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine, di [6,7- dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl] sulfate is obtained.

Example 4.6,7-dimethyl-9-is0all0xazineethyl propionate Fifty milliliters of dry pyridine is mixed with 2.9 grams (0.01 mole) of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fl-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1). An excess, 2.3 grams (0.025 mole), of propionyl chloride is added, with stirring, to the mixture, while cooling. The mixture is refluxed until the 6,7-dimethyl-9- ,B-hydroxyethyll isoalloxazine dissolves, at which time the reaction is substantially complete. The pyridine solution is diluted with twenty milliliters of methanol, the solution is stirred vigorously and concentrated in vacuo to an oil. The resulting mass is then dissolved in 25 milliliters of ethanol. On the addition of 200 milliliters of ether, a precipitate is obtained. The solid material is dried and recrystallized to obtain substantially pure 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate.

Example 5 .6,7-dimethyl-9-isoall0xazineethyl hydrogen succinate A mixture of 3.8 grams of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[p-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1), 3.0 grams of succinic anhydride and 100 milliliters of pyridine is refluxed for one hour. The solution is cooled and 200 milliliters of ether is added thereto. The precipitate thus formed is dissolved in fifty milliliters of methanol and, on the addition of 200 milliliters of ether, a precipitate is obtained. The precipitate is redissolved in fifty milliliters of methanol and on the addition of 200 milliliters of ether, a precipitate is once again obtained. The solid material is washed successively with three 100-milliliter portions of hot acetone, fifty milliliters of ether and dried. The substantially pure, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinatethus obtained melts between 227 and 228 degrees Centigrade, uncorrected.

' ethyl] -isoal1oxazine. (Preparation S mflafluy a tin sl f c n l h iis e w h 6,7:di? i' fiy i h' lli a .al le q iie d z fiflidi i i yl 9-isoalloxazineethy1] 'succinate isobt'ained. f". .i' if Mixed suecinatei esters of, 6,7dimethyl- 9;iiiflly'fdroxye'thyll isoalloxa'zine are obtained by treating succinic'an hydride with an 'alkanol such as methanolfethanoli. b11- tanol, or the like, toform the, corresponding alltyl hydrogn succinate' such as methyl hydrogen succinate, ethyl hydrogen, succinate butyl hydrogen succinate, or the lik reacting the resulting-compound with thionyl chloride, and then reacting thec onjpound thus obtained with 6,7-dimetliyI '9 [fl liydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine to obtain he t cx e rw c 2 i ;7- methy1 -isoall xa inee alkyl succinate such as 16,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl' '386 milligrams'of6,7-dimethyl 9-isoalloxazineethyl hydreg n succin'a'te (Example "5 is dissolved in '9.0"-' iniliters of' Oil Nfs'odiiimfhydiroxide and 'the'resultih'g m, tionisfiltered. 'Ihe filtrate is freeze-dried.' There is obtained 400 milligramsof the 's'odium 'salt of 6,7 -di methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl succinate. Anaqueous: solutiloniof hepmaucrpessesses a'pH'of about 'ZO.

Eqcanzpile 7.-'-I? 2 tassiz m 6,7-dimethyl-9:isoalloxazineethylsuccinat e ceptfor the replacement'of soditini'hydroxide hypo"- o 19': m eha e teen r n a om saute-2:99am such as sodium 6,7-dimethyl 9 isoalloxazineethyl phth alate, pota'ssium 6,7-dirnethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl phthalate,. calcium 6,7-dimethylr9-isoalloxazineethyl 'phthalate, sodium 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl glutamate, tassium 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl glutamate,- ital cium 6,7 dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl glutamate, sodium 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl aspartate; potassiunj fifidimethy1-9-isoalloxazineethyl aspartate; calcium 6,7 di methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl 'aspartate, sodium: fifl di methyI-9-isoalloxazineethyl adipate, potassium 6,1-di5' methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl adipateysodium 6,7-diinethyla 9-isoalloxazineethyl itaconate, potassium- 6,7'dimethyl -9 isoalloxazineethyl' itaconate, sodium GJ-dimethyI-Q-iso alloxazineethyl citraconate, potassium 6,'7- dimethyl 9-i3o-' alloxazineethyl' citraconate,and the like;

Example I0.6,7-dimethyl-9 isqallqqcazineegryl. l g gqgte A mixture of 286. milligrams (0.001 mole otim-di, methyl 9-[p-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 1), 141 milligrams (0.001 mole).o:henzoyl chloride-audible milliliters oi y ous. Pyri ine. s. heat d on. esteembath for one hour. A brownishsolution-is formed. pyridine is removed by distillation' andthe r'esidue isl extracted with water and alcohol, On removaltof the. solvents by evaporation, 6,7-dimethyla9-isoalloxazineeg yl benzoate is obtained as. a brown solid 5 34 68 egre s n igrade infill??? a r 7' 3 Following the procedure described in Example 6 ex ta'ssium hydroxide, there is obtained 400 milligrams. of r the" potassium salt of 6,7-dimethyl 9 isoalloxazineethyl succinate.

Example 8.-Calcium 6,7-dimethyl-Q-isoalloxuzineethyl succinate.

' Following the procedure described in Example 6 except for the replacement of sodium hydroxide Bycalcium hydroxidefthere is obtained 400 milligrams of the calcium salt of 6,7-dimethyl-9 isoalloxazinethyl succinate,

The above prepared sodium, potassium and calcium salts; of 6,7-dimethyl-9-istialloxazineethyl succinate are soluble in water and in bufiers of a pH, rangbetween about 7.0 and about 8.0 to the extent of four to ten percentweight by volume. These salts are also readily soluble in five percent, glucose and parenteral infusion Example 9-.6,Z-dimethyl-Q-imdlloxqzineethyl V hydrogen maleate A mixture of 3.8 grams of 6,7-dirnethyl-9- [ti-hydroxy- 1), 3.0 grams of maleic anhydride and 100 milliliters of The's olution iscooled androfn the addition oi 200 milliliters of ether, a precipitate is formed. Ifhe precipitate. is redissolved in fifty milliliters of methanol and on the addition of 2jQ0 milliliters of ethena' precipitate is once again formed. The solid material is washed successively with three 100-milliliter portions of hotacetonejfifty milliliters of etherand dried. There'- is obtained substantially pure 6,7-dimethylf9-isoalloxazineethyl. hydrogen maleate. On reacting the 6,7-dimethy1-9-isoalloxazineethylY hy dliogen malea'te thus obtained with a suitable alkali metal base or'alkaline earth'metal base 'such as, sodium hyd oxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, and the l k (u i q he nr re se forth i E amp e h ir s ii s tis bta d h. d nm fifiiz methyl 9l iso alloxazineethyl maleate, -potassiu'm .6,7 -dithyI-Q-isoaIlQxaZineethyI maleate, calcium 6,7;di-i

'l-9 "and: zinlhill maleaifandl'the like.

i alklijm'et lfanid lk line. e artlifme'tal'salts of isoalloxa'zi'rie'alliyl' esters eriyed'from polyb i pyridine is refluxed for brown solid material. Th e solid'materialisiwashed with 2+iei esszieeti f itilielitlialea;' y ih ke Example 11.-6 7-dimethyl-9 isoizlloxazir eethy1 laurate A mixture oi 500 milligrams of v6,71-dim rh str,sgh r drpxyethyll isoalloxazine (Preparation 1 and 5,0.m liters of lau'royl chloride is stirred for two hours and w allowed to stand for an additional period of ftwo ho On the addition of an excess quantity of ether, a p cipitate is formed. The solid material isfremovedj-by centrifuging, redissolved in cold methanolyreprecipitatedl V by the addition of ether, centrifuged and 'air dried, 6, r dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl laurate' islobtaine d me between 7223 and 225 degrees centigrade, uncorrected; Etdmlfl .-6 7- im thyla s t z n e hyl dmit ye A mixture of 5.0 milliliters of palmitoyl chloridean'd 500 milligrams of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[B-hydroiyethylldsm alloxazine (Preparation 1) is :stirred for'nineteerr hours while protected from light. Eighty millilitersofizmethahnk is added to the mixture. The insoluble, unreacted 6,7-dimethyl-9: lfirhydroxyethyll -isoalloxazine' is removedfrom the solution by filtration. An excess quantity of etherisadded to the, motherliquor thereby forming ayellpwisb V Exa p degrees centigrade,"uncorrected.

' Similarly, other esters of- 6,7-dimethyl-9-[p-hydroxyethyll isoallo'xazine. are prepared such. as'6,7-dimethyl-9-e.-. isoalloxazineethyl salicylate, 6,7-dimethyl-9risoalloxazinez ethyl-hydrogen phthalate, di [6,7 dimethyl9;- isoal; loxazineethyl] phthalate, mixed phthalate im @11 a y r ethy s a1l9Xe i9 h.-. e methyl-9Tisoalloxaaineethyl methyl plithalate,

13 Example 14.7-methyl-9-is0alloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[,B-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 2.7 grams of 7-methyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxaziue (Preparation 4), 7-methyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 15.7-methyl-9-is0all0xazineethyl hydrogen succinate Following the procedure described in Example 5 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 3.0 grams of 7-methyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 4), 7-methyl-9- [,B-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate is obtained.

Similarly, by reacting succinyl chloride with 7-methyl- 9-[,8-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine, di-[7-methyl-9 isoaloxazineethyll -succinate is obtained.

Mixed succinate esters of 7-methyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyl]- isoalloxazine are obtained by treating succinic anhydride with an alkanol such as methanol, ethanol, butanol, and the like, to form the corresponding alkyl hydrogen succinate such as methyl hydrogen succinate, ethyl hydrogen succinate, butyl hydrogen succinate, and the like, reacting the resulting compound with thionyl chloride, and then reacting the compound thus obtained with 7-methyl-9- Ldhydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine to obtain the corresponding 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl alkyl succinate such as 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl methyl succinate, 7-methyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl ethyl succinate, 7-methyl-9-isoal loxazineethyl butyl succinate, and the like.

Following the procedure described in Example 6 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate by 372 milligrams of 7-methyl-9- isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, there is obtained sodium 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl succinate.

Similiarly, on reacting 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate with potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, or the like, the corresponding salt is obtained such as potassium 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl succinate, calcium 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl succinate, and the like.

Example 16.7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate Following the procedure described in Example 2 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fi hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 5.0 grams of 7-methyl-9-[j3-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 4), 7-methyl-9- isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate is obtained.

Similarly, by reacting 7-methyl-9- [fl-hydroxyethylJ-isoalloxazine with dichlorophosphoric acid, the corresponding di-[7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl] hydrogen phosphate is obtained.

By reacting phosphoryl chloride with 7-methyl-9-[fihydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine, tri [7 methyl 9 isoalloxazineethyl] phosphate is obtained.

Similarly, other esters of 7-methyl-9-ifl-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine are prepared such as 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazine hydrogen sulfate, di-[7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethy1l sulfate, 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl benzoate, 7-methyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate, 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazine1 ethyl hydrogen maleate, 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen phthalate, 7-methyl-9 isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen glutamate, 7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen aspartate, 7-rnethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen glutarate, 7- methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen adipate, 7-methyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen itaconate, and the like, in-' cluding the alkali metal and'alkaline'earth metal salts thereof.

Example 1 7.6-ethyl-7-methy'l-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in. Example l vexcept for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[p-hydroxyethyllaaaaae 14 isoalloxaz ine by 3.0 grams of 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-[ S-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 2), 6-ethy1-7- methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 1 8.-6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate Following the procedure described in Example 2 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyl]- isoalloxazine by 5.0 grams of 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-[,6-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 2), 6-ethyl-7- methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate is obtained.

By reacting dichlorophosphoric acid with 6-ethyl-7- methyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyl]isoalloxazine, the corresponding di-i6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineetl1yl] hydrogen phosphate is obtained.

Similarly, by reacting phosphoryl chloride with 6-ethyl- 7-methyl-9- fi-hydroxyethyl -isoalloxazine, tri- [6-ethy1-7- methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyll phosphate is obtained.

Example 19.6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-is0alloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate Following the procedure described in Example 5 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyuisoalloxazine by 4.0 grams of 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 2), 6-ethyl-7- methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate is obtained.

By reacting succinyl chloride with 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9- ifi-hydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine, di-[6-ethyl 7-methyl-9- isoalloxazineethyl] succinate is obtained.

Mixed succinate esters of 6-ethyl-7-rnethyl-9-[p-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine are obtained by treating succinic anhydride with an alkanol such as methanol, ethanol, butanol, and the like, to form the corresponding alkyl hydrogen succinate such as methyl hydrogen succinate, ethyl hydrogen succinate, butyl hydrogen succinate, and the like, reacting the resulting compound with thionyl chloride, and then reacting the compound thus obtained with 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyl]-isoall0xazine to obtain the corresponding 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl methyl succinate, 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-is0- alloxazineethyl ethyl succinate, 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl butyl succinate, and the like.

Following the procedure described in Example 6 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate by 400 milligrams of 6-ethyl-7-tnethyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, there is obtained the sodium salt of 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate.

In a similar manner, the potassium and calcium salts of 6-ethyl-7-met'nyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl succinate are obtained by reacting 6-ethyl-7methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl alloxazineethyl hydrogen aspartate, 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-is0- alloxazineethyl hydrogen glutarate, 6-ethyl-7-methyl 9-is0- alloxazineethyl hydrogen adipate, 6-ethyl-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen itaconate, and the like, including the alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts thereof.

Example 20.-6,7-dichlor0-9-is0alloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 3.3 grams of 6,7-dichloro-9-[B-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 5),. 6,7-dichloro9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

, drogen succinateg, V

V l lgcgzmpl'e 21.:6,7-dichlbror9aisoalloxazineethyl" dihydrogen phosphate l 4 Following theprocedure described in Example 2 except for the substitution of 6,7-dirnethyl-9-[fl-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 5.0 grams of 6,7-dichloro-9-[fl-hyclroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 5), 6,7-dichloro-9-isoalloxazine'ethyl dihydrogen phosphate is obtained. By reacting dichlorophosphoric acid with 6,'7-dichloro- 9-.[B-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine, the corresponding di- [6,7;dichloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl] hydrogen phosphate is obtained.- Q I a a Similarly. by reacting phosphoryl chloride with 6,7-dichloro-9- p hydroxyethyll -isoalloxazine, tri [6,7-dichlor0- 9-isoalloxaz'ineethyl1 phosphate is obtained.

Example 22 .6,7-dich[oroQ-isoallqxazinerhyl hydrogen succinate Followingthe procedure described'in Examplei except for the substitution .of 6,7-dir'nethyle9![pehydroxyethyl] isoalloxazine. .by-4.4- grams of 6,7-dichloro-9- [phhydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine. (Preparation 5.),- 6,7- dichl0'ro-9-'iso al loxazineethyl hydrogen succinate is obtained. 'Similarly, by-reacting succinyl' chloride with 6,7-dichloro-9; lfp-hydroxyethyll isoalloxazine; di:[6,7-dichlor0e 9, -isoalloxazineethyl1' succinate is obtained; V

vMixed succina te' esters of 6,7-dichloro-9-[prhydroxythyll isoalloxazine are obtained by treating succinic an h drid with. n. kau such eth noh ethano b anQ1ran -th. i to f rm he c r sponding alkyl hydrogen su ccinate' such as; methyl hydrogen succinate, ethyl hydrogen succinate, 'butylf hydrogen succinate, and theililge, reacting the resulting compound with thionyl' V chloride, and then reacting the compound thus obtained with V 6,7 dichloro-9-[B-hydroxyethyl]5isoalloxazine to obtain the corresponding; 6,7-dichloro-9-isoalloxazine-. ethyl alkyl su'ccinate such as 6,7-dichloro9-isoalloxazine:' ethyl" methyl 'succinate', 6,7 -dichloro-9risoalloxaiineethyl ethyl .succinate, 6,7-dichloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl 'butyl snccinate, and the like I a Following. the procedure'described in Example except for" the replacement of .6,7:dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate by 427 milligrams of 6,7 -ciichloro-9-v gen glutar'ate, 6,7-dichloro-9 isoalloxaziueethyl hydrogen P E; 6,7-dichl0ro-9-isoalloxazineethyl h dro e coma; and the like including the alkali: metafand, alkaline earth metal-salts thereof: a

Example 23 .t i ritethyl-7- amino-9-isballqacazifiee thyi acetate .Eollowing theprocedure-described .Example. .1 ex; cept fprthejsubs-titution of pyridine by; acetic acid and,

alloxazine. by 2.9. grams .of fi-methyl-7-amino-9-[p hydroxyethylJ-isoalloxazine hydrochloride (obtained byfreacting 6-methyl-7 amino-9- ['fi-hydroxyethyl] -isoalloxazine [Preparation -8] with alcoholic hydrogen chloride), 6 methyl-7-amiuo-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate hydrochloride is obtained. This is converted to 6-methyl-7-an1ino-9- isoalloxazineethyl acetate by treatment with an alkali.

or amine base.

Example 24.6-methyl-7-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate Following the procedure described in Example 4 except for the substitution of pyridine by propionic' acid and the replacement of 6,7-dimethyl-9- [fi-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine' by 5.0 grams of 6-rr1ethyl-7-amino-9.-[fi3 hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine hydrochloride (obtained by reacting 6 -methyle7-amino-9- [,8-hydroxyethyl]isoalloxa-' zine [Preparation 8] with alcoholic hydrogen chloride),

6-methyl-7-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl proprionate hydro-- chloride is obtained. This is converted to 6-methyl-7- amino-9-isoalloxa'zineethyl propionate by treatment with an alkali or' amine baser V Example25. 5,7-diethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Following theprocedure described in. Example 1 except for the, substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-EB-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 3.1 grams of 6,7-diethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyllrisoalloxazine (Preparation 11), 6,7-diethyl-9-isoalloxazineethylacetateis obtained.

Exzmiple' 26. 6,7-dietiiyI-9 isoallaxazineethyl propion ate Following. the procedure described in Example'4 ex-' cept for thessubstitution' of 6,7-dimethyl-9- [fi-hydroxyethyH-isoalloxazirie. by. 3.1 grams of 6,7-diethyl -9-[B- hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 11), 6,7 -di-' ethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate is obtained;

' Similarly, other esters of 6,7-diethyl-9-[B-hydroxyethyll-isoa lloxazine are prepared such as 6,7.-diethyl-9-i soalloxazineethyl hydrogen sulfate, di-[6,7-diethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl] sulfate, 6,7-diethyl-9-isoalloxaaineethyl benzoate, 6,7 diethyl+9-isoalloxazineethyl laurate, 6,7-diethyl-9-is oalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate, di- [6,75

diethyl-9aisoalloxazineethyl] hydrogen phosphate;v tri-v.

[6,7 diethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl1 phosphate,"and the like; Example, 27.-6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate Following the procedure describedin Example l except-for:the-substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9 [fi-hydroxyethyl l-isoall'oxazine by- 320' grams of 6,7-dirnethyla9-I' -hy droxypropyll' isoalloxazine (Preparation 9), 6,7-dimethyl- 9 is'oalloxazinepropyl acetate is obtained. i

Example.- 28.6,-7 -dimethyl-9-is0alloxuzinepropyl di hydrogen phosphate j V Following theprocedure describedjin Example 2L'ex-. cept'for the'sub'stitution of 6,7-dimethy1 '9 [fi-hydroxy ethyll-isoalloxazine by 5.0 grams of 6 ,7-dimethyl-9eP hydroxypropyl'l-isoalloxazine (Preparation 9.) 6,7 di= methyl-9.-isoalloxazinepropyl dihydrogen phosphate is obtained.

By reacting.dichlorophosphoric acid with yl-9-[ry-hydroxypropyl]-isoalloxazine, the corresponding" di [6,7 dimethyl9-isoalloxazinepropyl1i hydrogen 1 phosphate i'sobtained. a 'Similarly, by reacting phosphoryl chloride with 6,7-. dime.thyl-9-.['y-hydroxypropyll isoalloxazine,v tri--[6,7-dimethyl-9-iso-alloxazinepropyl] phosphate is. obtained.

'Example 29.'6,7-iiimethyl-9-isoullcxizzinepropyl'hy V '7 arogen succinate Following-the procedure described in Example iexcept for the substitution of'6i7-d methyl-9-[fl-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine, by ..4.0,-. grams. of; 6,7:din1ethyl-9- ['-hydroxypropyll isoalloxaziue (Preparation 9),; 6,7-

dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen succinate is obtained.

Similarly, by reacting succinyl chloride with 6,7-dimethyl-9 ['y-hydroxypropyl] isoalloxazine, di-[6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyll succinate is obtained.

Mixed succinate esters of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[ -hydroxypropylJ-isoalloxazine are obtained by treating succinic anhydride with an alkanol such as methanol, ethanol, butanol, and the like, to form the corresponding alkyl hydrogen succinate, such as methyl hydrogen succinate, ethyl hydrogen succinate, butyl hydrogen succinate, and the like, reacting the resulting compound with thionyl chloride, and then reacting the compound thus obtained with 6,7-dimethyl-9-['y-hydroxypropyl]-isoalloxazine to obtain the corresponding 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl alkyl succinate such as 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazine propyl methyl succinate, 6,7-din'1ethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl ethyl succinate, 6,7-dirnethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl butyl succinate, and the like.

Following the procedure described in Example 6 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate by 400 milligrams of 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen succinate, there is obtained the sodium salt of 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl succinate.

In a similar manner, on reacting 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoallox-azinepropyl hydrogen succinate with potassium hydroxide or calcium hydroxide, there is obtained the corresponding potassium or calcium salt of 6,7-dimethyl-9- isoalloxazinepropyl succinate.

In the same manner, other esters of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[vhydroxypropyl]-isoalloxazine are prepared such as 6,7- dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl propionate, 6,7-dimethyl- 9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen sulfate, di-[6,7-dimethyl- 9-isoalloxam'nepropyl] sulfate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxa- 9 zinepropyl benzoate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl myristate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen maleate, 6,7 dimethyl 9 isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen glutamate, 6,7 dimethyl 9 isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen aspartate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen glutarate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen adipate, 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl hydrogen itaconate, and the like, including alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts thereof.

Example 30.-6,7-dimethoxy-Q-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[pl-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 31.8 grams of 6,7-dimethoxy-9- [fl-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 6), 6,7-dimethoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 31.6,7-tetramethylene-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate Example 32.-6,7-dibrom-9-is0all0xazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 41.6 grams of 6.7-dibrorno9 [fi-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 14), 6,7- dibromo-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 33.-5-meth0xy-6-amina-9-is0alloxazineethyl propionate Following the procedure described in Example 4 except for the substitution of pyridine by propionic acid and the replacement of 6,7-dimethyl-9- [fi-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 30.3 grams of 5-methoxy-6-arnino-9-[B-' hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine' hydrochloride" (obtained by reacting 5-methoxy-6-amino-9-[fi-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine [Preparation 15] with alcoholic hydrogen chloride), 5-methoxy-6-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate hydrochloride is obtained. This is converted to S-methoxy-6-amino 9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate by treatment with an alkali or amine base.

Example 34.-5,6-dimethyl-9-is0all0xazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 28.6 grams of 5,6-dimethyl-9-[B-hydroxyethylJ-isoalloxazine (Preparation 3), 5,6-dimethyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 35 .6,7-alimethyl-Q-isoalloxazinebutyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 ex cept for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[,B-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 31.4 grams of 6,7-dimethyl-9- [B-hydroxybutyl]-isoalloxazine (Preparation 10), 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazinebutyl acetate is obtained.

Example 36.-6-methoxy-7-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of pyridine by acetic acid and the replacement of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[p-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine by 30.3 grams of 6-methoxy-7-amino-9-[B-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine hydrochloride (obtained by reacting 6 methoxy 7 amino 9 [f3 hydroxyethylJ- isoalloxazine [Preparation 12] with alcoholic hydrogen chloride), 6-methoxy-7-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate hydrochloride is obtained. This is converted to 6- methoxy-7-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate by treatment with an alkali or amine base.

Example 37.5,6,7,8-tetramezhyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[,B-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 31.4 grams of 5,6,7,8-tetramethyl-9-[B- hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 13), 5,6,7,8- tetramethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained.

Example 38.5-amin0-6-methoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate Example 39.6-methoxy-8-amin0-9-is0all0xazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of pyridine by acetic acid and the replacement of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[fl-hydroxyethyl]-isoalloxazine by 30.3 grams of 6-methoxy-8-amino-9-[,e-hydroxyethyll-isoalloxazine hydrochloride (obtained by reacting 6 methoxy 8 amino 9 [,8 hydroxylethyl] isoalloxazine [Preparation 17] with alcoholic hydrogen chloride), 6-methoxy-8-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate hydrochloride is obtained. This is converted to 6-methoxy- 8-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate by treatment with an alkali or amine base. 7

Example 40.6-amin0-8-meth0xy-9-is0all0xazineethyl acetate Following the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of pyridine by acetic acid and azineamyl acetate,

1 9-isoalloxazinebutyl dihydrogen 5,7- dimethyl gen succinate,

' "19 the replacement of 6,7 -dirnethyl 9 [p-hydroxyethyll- [p-hydroxyethyll isoalloxazine hydrochloride. (obtained by reacting- G-amino-S-methoxy-9- [fi-hydroxyethylJ-isowalloxaaine {Preparation 18] ,with alcoholic hydrogen chloride), 6 -amino-8-methoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate hydrochloride is obtained. This is'converted toot-amino- 8-methoxye9-isoalloxazineethyl. acetate by treatment with an alkali or amine base.

7 .isoalloxyazine by 30,3 gramsof- 6 -amino-8i-methoxy-9- 1 Example 41 9-z'soalloxozineethyl. acetate Followingthe procedure described in Example 1 except for the, substitution of" 6,7-dimethyl'[,B-hydroxyethyl] -isalloxazine by 25.8 grams of 9-[B-hydroxyethyl]isoalloxazine (Preparation -19) 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate is obtained. V p 7 Example 42 ..-6,7-dimethyl-Q-isoalloxazinehexyl acetate =Followin'g the procedure described in Example 1 except for the substitution of 6,7dimethyl-9-[fi-hydroxyethyllisoalloxazine by 34.2 grams-of 6,7-dimethyl-9-[{-hydroxyhexyll-isoalloxazine (Preparation 20), 6,7-dimethyl-9- isoalloxazinehexyl acetate is obtained.

Similarly, other. esters of [w-hydroxyalkyl]-isoallox azines are, prepared such as 9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate, '9-isoalloxazine propyl benzoate, laurate, 9-isoalloxazinehexyl propionate, 9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, 9=isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen 7 'maleate,'6-chloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-chloro9- *isoalloxaz ineethyl dihydrogen phosphate, 6-chloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen" succinate, 6-chloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen glutamate, -methyl 7-chloro-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-rnethyl-7-chloro-9 isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen .succinate, 6,8-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6,8-dimethyl 9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, 6,8 -dimethyl;-9-isoalloxazinebutyl acetate, fi-methyl-7-ethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen .phos, phate, 6-methyl-7-propyl-9-is0alloxazincethyl hydrogen succinate, 6,7-dimethyl-9 isoalloxazineamyl acetate, .6,7-

'dimethyl-9 isoalloxazineamyl hydrogen succinate, 6,7-diethyl-94soalloxazinepropyl acetate, 6,7-diethyl-9-isoallox- 6,7 diethoxy 9 isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, 6,7 dipropyl 9 isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6,7 dipropoxy 9 isoalloxazineethyl acetate,

6-amino-7-methoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-methyl-.

7-amino-9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate, 6-methyl-7-amino- 9-isoallo'xazinepropyl hydrogen succinate, 6,7-dimethoxyphosphate, 6-propyl-7- methyl -9 isoalloxazineethyl' acetate, 6-propyl-7-methyl- 9- isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen .succinate, 6-methyl-7-pr0- pyl-9-i'soalloxazinepropyl dihydrogen phosphate, 6,7-diamyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6 methoxy-7-chloro-9- isoalloxazineethyl 'acetate, 6-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl 9-isoalloxazinebutyl benzoate, fi methyl-9j-isoalloxazineamyl acetate, 7-ethyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 7-ethyI 9-isoalloxazineethyl 'hydrogen glutarate, 7-ethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate, 7-ethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, 8-metl1yl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-methoxy-7-chloro- 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-methyl-S-isopropyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen. phosphate, 6-methyl-8-isopropyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen succinate, 6,7 -dibuty1- V 9-isoalloxazine dihydrogen phosphate, 6,7-trimethylene- 9,-isoalloxazineethyl 'dihydrogen phosphate, 7, 8-dimethyl- 9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 7,8-dimethyl 9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate, 7,8 dimethyl 9-isoalloxazine V ethyl hydrogen .succinate, 6,8-dimethoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, S-methyl-8isopropyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl ,dihydrogen phosphate, 6-'chloro -7',8 dimethyl-9-isoalloxazincethyl propionate, 5,6,7-trimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 5,6,7-trimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen 'succinate, 5, 6,7-trirnethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate,

6,7,8-trimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl dihydrogen phosphate, 6,7,8-trimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen .succinate,

6 methoxy 9 -isoalloxazineethyl hydro- '5,7,8-trimethyl-6-amino-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 5,6,8-trimethyl-7-amino-Sisoalloxazineethyl acetate, 5,6,7,8-tetramethyl-9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate, 5,6,7,8-tetramethyl-9-isoalloxazine cinate, 5,6,7 trimethyl 8 methoxy 9- isoalloxazine ethyl acetate, 6,8-dimethoxy-7-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, v6-r11ethcxy-7',tlrdimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyi acetate, 5,7-dimethyl 6-methoxy-9-isoalloxazineethyl propionate, 5,8-dimethyl-6,7diethoxy-9 isoalloxazineethyl benzoate, 5,6,8-trimethylJ-amino-9-isoalloxazinepropyl acetate, 7-isobutyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 7-isobutyl-9- isoalloxazineethyl hydrogen 'succinate, 6-isobutyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 8-isobutyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 6-isopropyl-8-methyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, 5-isopropyl-8-metl1yl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate, and the like, including alkali metal and alkaline earth metalsalts thereof. 7

It is to beunderstoodthat the invention is not to be limited to the exact details of operation or compounds shown and described herein, as obvious modifications and equivalents will be apparent to one skilled in the art. The invention is therefore to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

We claim; I p 7 7 1. Compounds represented by the formula:

carbon atoms; (b) a sulfate radical; and; (c) a phosphate.

radical; R and R are members selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, loWe'r-alkyl, loWer-alkoxy, halo other than fluoro, amino, and a polymethylene group linked to the aromatic ring to forina carbocyclic ring having six carbon atoms, R and R are members selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower-alkyl,

lower-alkoxy and amino, and wherein R R5, R and R when taken together include not more than one amino group.

2. Compounds represented by the formula:

wit-max array are lower-alkyl and hear an ortho rela- -wherein Ri flild'Rg are lower-alkyl, n is an'integer from two to six inclusive and R j is an'acyloxy radical wherein the acyl group isthat offa hydrocarbon carboxylic acid with notmore than eighteen carbon atoms.

propyl hydrogen 'sucmanages 4. Compounds represented by the formula:

wherein n is an integer from two to six inclusive and R is an acyloxy radical wherein the acyl group is that of a hydrocarbon carboxylic acid with not more than eighteen carbon atoms.

5. Compounds represented by the formula:

N N Br- NI NE E 5 wherein R, and R are lower-alkyl, n is an integer from two to six inclusive and R is acetoxy.

6. Compounds represented by the formula:

I N N (I I NH H1O N/ E/ wherein n is an integer from two to six inclusive and R is acetoxy.

7. 6,7-dimethyl-9-isoalloxazineethyl acetate.

8. An alkali metal salt of a compound represented by the formula:

( nRl wherein X and Y are lower-alkyl and bear an ortho relationship to each other, n is an integer from two to six inclusive, and R is an acyloxy radical, that of a hydrocarbon polycarboxylic acid containing not more than eighteen carbon atoms.

9. An alkali metal salt of a compound represented by the formula:

wherein X and Y are lower-alkyl and hear an ortho relationship to each other, n is an integer from two to six inclusive, and R is the acyloxy radical formed by removal of one of the replaceable hydrogen atoms of succinic acid.

10. An alkali metal salt of a compound represented by the formula:

wherein R and R are lower-alkyl, n is an integer from two to six inclusive, and R is the acyloxy radical formed by removal of one of the replaceable hydrogen atoms of succinic acid.

11. An alkali metal salt of a compound represented by the formula:

SUC-

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,111,441 Kuhn et a1. Mar. 15, 1938 Patent Noa 2,825,729

UNITED STATES PATENT oTTTcT CERTIHQATE Q1 @UHREQTHUN Harold GO Petering et ale It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below,

Column 4, line 34, for "polyhydroxyalkylinoalloxazine" read polyhydroxyalkylieoalloxazine column 8, line 71, for "8=isobutyl" read 6=isobutyl (SEAL Attest? KARL no AKLINE RQBTJTTT c. WATsoN Commissioner of Patents Attesting Oficer

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2111441 *Jul 26, 1935Mar 15, 1938Thrush Homer ACirculator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3189598 *Apr 10, 1962Jun 15, 1965Yagi KunioFatty acid esters of riboflavin
US4173631 *Jun 1, 1978Nov 6, 1979Merck & Co., Inc.7-Methyl-8-methylamino-10-(1'-D-ribityl)isoalloxazine
US6268120 *Oct 19, 1999Jul 31, 2001Gambro, Inc.Isoalloxazine derivatives to neutralize biological contaminants
US6828323 *Feb 5, 2001Dec 7, 2004Gambro, Inc.Isoalloxazine derivatives to neutralize biological contaminants
US7094378Jun 15, 2000Aug 22, 2006Gambro, Inc.Method and apparatus for inactivation of biological contaminants using photosensitizers
US7220747May 6, 2003May 22, 2007Gambro, Inc.Selected from the group consisting of alloxazines and photosensitizers
Classifications
U.S. Classification544/251, 544/244, 544/247
International ClassificationC07D475/14
Cooperative ClassificationC07D475/14
European ClassificationC07D475/14