|Publication number||US2827164 A|
|Publication date||Mar 18, 1958|
|Filing date||Jul 2, 1951|
|Priority date||Jul 2, 1951|
|Publication number||US 2827164 A, US 2827164A, US-A-2827164, US2827164 A, US2827164A|
|Inventors||Anderson John Wiley|
|Original Assignee||Anderson John Wiley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (4), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 18, 1958 J. W. ANDERSON COSMETIC CAKE EXPELLANT HOLDER Filed July 2; 1951 INVENTOR ATTORNEY United States Patent fine 2,8211% Patented Mar. 18, 1958 COSMETIC CAKE EXPELLANT HOLDER John Wiley Anderson, Newtown, Conn.
Application July 2, 1951, Serial No. 234,719
8 Claims. (Cl. 206-56) The present invention relates to a cosmetic applicative holder particularly of the type designed to contain, project and retract a dispensable cosmetic in cake form to be applied by rubbing the cake against the face.
As distinguished from the lipstick type of cosmetic, which commonly is of relatively slim pencil-like shape, cosmetic cakes for application to the face require a greater area of rubbing surface for contact with the skin, and they are more convenient to use when their face marking surface area is of relatively long and narrow proportions because such shape offers a choice of breadth in the marking stroke. The problem of projecting and retracting a cake of cosmetic whose cross-sectional profile is of such size and proportions, as distinguished from the usually slender, cylindrical and crayon-like lipstick, calls for a new and different kind of operating mechanism for moving the cake carrier successfully between projected and retracted positions.
It is an object of the present improvements to provide an applicative holder for a cosmetic cake of relatively long and relatively narrow cross-sectional shape which shall insure a smooth action of the cake carrier in its sliding movement even when resisted by daubings of the cosmetic that may become lodged between the relatively movable parts of the holder mechanism.
Another object is to decentralize the cake carrier motivating mechanism in order to take advantage of the noncircular and unequal cross-sectional proportions of the carrier for housing in rather widely separated relation plural motivating screws which then may act simultaneously on the cake carrier at points well separated laterally to impel it forcefully in sliding direction while serving also to constrain it against disalignment with its direction of sliding movement that might cause it to cock or jam in the guide well of its casing.
Another object is to enable the shape of the outer casing to follow closely the shape of the cosmetic cake so that the bulk and over all dimensions of the entire holder may be kept to a minimum in comparison with the size of the cosmetic cake held and dispensed thereby.
A further object is to afford combined functions for the roughened surface of a wheel handle so that it may serve both as a motion transmitting gear and as a rotary actuator to be grasped and turned by the fingers of the users hand.
A further object is to arrange such wheel handle coaxially with the line of reciprocative movement of the carrier of the applicative cosmetic cake.
A further object is to provide an assembly comprising plural impelling screws and a train of gears operatively interconnecting them so that all these working parts may be removed from the casing by merely displacing a common thrust affording element that retains them against axial movement when in place.
These and related objects of the improvements will ap pear in greater particular from the following description of a, successful embodiment of the invention having ref-.v erence to the appended sheet of drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is an elevation of the improved cosmetic applicative holder showing its cover cap partially broken away.
Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view looking upward at Fig. 1 showing the retaining plate partially broken away.
Fig. 3 is a view with the cover cap removed taken in section on the plane 33 in Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 4 is a view taken in section on the plane 4--4 in Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 5 is a view taken in section on the plane 55 in Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 6 is a view with the cosmetic cake removed taken in section on the plane 6-6 in Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 7 is an exploded view showing the working parts removed from the casing of Fig. 3.
i Fig. 8 shows a modified form of impelling screw.
Fig. 9 shows a difierently modified form of impelling screw.
Like reference numerals refer to respectively like parts of the structure throughout the drawings.
The casing body 12 of my improved applicative holder has a hollow fully encompassed by said body which provides a guide well 13 extending in an axial direction and open at one axial end to permit. the projection and retraction therethrough of a cake of cosmetic marking substance 14. This cosmetic cake is lodged in a slidable carrier cup 15 which is preferably ovate or of elongate shape along a major axis in transverse profile, as is the cosmetic cake. Thus the top or applicative surface of the cake is of relatively large area and presents a shape which gives a choice of width of marking stroke depending upon the direction and angle at which the cake is applied and wiped against the users face.
Carrier cup 15 is equipped with two follower lugs 16 which project laterally therefrom. Each of these lugs tracks axially in impellable engagement with only the nearest sides of equally pitched helically winding threads of impelling screws 17 when the latter turn in unison. Each of these screws is in outboard relation to and substantially isolated from the guide well 13. The threads of screws 17 comprise helical tracks so engaged by follower lugs 16, respectively, that the lugs are kept on a common level to prevent cocking or jamming of cup 15 in well 13. To help insure this the impelling screws are spaced laterally apart as far as is permitted by the transverse dimensions of the casing.
Each impelling screw 17 substantially fills the girth of or rotatably fits, and is axially retained within, a full length bearing hole or transmission chamber 18 in casing body 12. Each of these bearing holes communicates laterally withguide well 13 through narrow vertical slots 19 in a partition intervening between the guide well and each of screws 17. The partitions comprise walls spanning and dividing the hollow of the casing body into the guide well 13 and the transmission chambers 18. Follower lugs 16 are free to slide up and down in slot 19 but are restrained thereby against turning movement about the central axis of the casing. Thus the carrier cup 15 is kept from turning about its vertical axis and does not depend for this constraint upon its ovate profile nor the fit thereof within the guide well 13, wherefore the carrier and well might, if preferred, be round instead of ovate.
On the bottom end of each impelling screw 17 there are fixed pinion teeth 22 which are located rotatably in mesh with corresponding gear teeth 23 on the periphery of a rotary actuator'which as here shown is in the nature of a wheel handle 24 having a multiple ridged periphery afiording gear teeth 23. The small pitch of gear teeth 23 and the absence of .sharp edges thereon adapt the square? threads or helically; winding finsz V lieved' unnecessary to mention or illustrate- -the= many 'other'lvarieties oflconstruction by which a worn'i' like turned by the fingers of a users hand applied to di-' ametrically opposite segmental portions of the handle which are exposed for manipulationoutside the confines of the base1portion of casing'body 12asi'showrr in Figs. 1; 2; 4; 5 and 6; Other portions' ofithe wheel-handle are concealed Within the confines of easing body 12; the latter being circularlyirecessed at 25. to accommodate the central concealed portions ofthe wheel handler,
Recess 25 communicates with the bearing holes 18. to permit the meeting and i'nterme'shing of'gear and pinion teethr22, 23. Trunnion 23 is a fixed. part of and projects co-axially'upward; from handlewheel-24and has rotarybearingfcentrally in the base portion of casing lzgprojecting upward therethrough into guide well 131' flts top end acts .asja stop ,tolimitdoWnW-aIditraveloflcarrie'r, cup 15", in,;well' 13 m the position'shown' injFigfs. 3f1and' 4 where the cosmetic cake is retracted asrfargasj possiblev into, thelguide. well ofl thelcasing. j The tops of bearing holes 18' and slots 19 may: be bl'ocked permanently by the plugs.r29 which serve: as mp;- endhthrustlfor thejimpellin'glscre'w 17.. l
VA bottom end' thrust for these same impelling screws is affordedby the retainer plate 30..whichl slides edgewise into and snuglyfitsa.shallowdovetailed'recess. 31 atvthe.
extreme bottomof casing 1-2... Plate 30 spans-the wheel containingrecess. and completely closes the otherwise: open bottom end of: the casing, If gearing isprovided which turns screws 17' in opposite directions, one screw will be, furnished with a right hand thread and therother with aleft hand thread. 7 v 7 When in place, plate 'serves as an. axial thrust .rea tainer in. cbmtnonfor. the wheel: manual 24 and for the impeller screws. 17.. Since the latter are thus unable to move'endwise, they impel the lugs 16 of carrier cup 15.
In operation, the holder will be carried or stored with its cover-cap"' in place; Foruse; the cap is merely pulled off the casing 12, and the Wheel handle 23 is I cake to its retracted full. line position The leverage and friction conditions of thecombined gear and" screw transmission, are such that norpressure; downward on the cake 14 will cause, screws 17 'to turn Hence, the cake remains, in effect; locked against retraction by direct'pressure thereon in whatever protruding; position it is purposely set. V V
The folowing claims are directed to and intended to cover all variations of the exact shapes and arrangements of partsherein chosen to illustrate theinventiou'which would be obvious equivalents thereof or come-Withinthe broadest meaning of the language employed in the, claims,
I claim: 7 a l v 1. In a cosmeticsapplicative holder or -the like,,the
, combinationwof; a hollow casing eontainingf an axially directed guide 'wellfa. plurality of threaded impellingt screws in laterally. 'outhoardlrelation thereto. extending parallel with/the axi's. ther'eo,,.a.fcosmetic carrier constrained'torslide. axially of; saidQWeII equipped .With thread" r followers extending laterallylfromisaidwell into operable engagementlwith said;screwsrespectively, la ,Wheelhandle rotatably. mountedinrs'aid casing,having gear teeth on 7 its periphery, exposed for, finger. manipulation externally oflsaid casing, and. pinions QfiX'ed. to said screws respec- V tively, eachLofusaidlpinionshaving:teeth meshing with upward and downward inthe slots19 whenever :they are s aidigearteeth otzsaidrwheelthandle in.a. manner'to cause said" screws to turn simultaneously thereby to maintain saidJcarrier in nonsgrahbingv alignment. with said well as saidracarrierlis.impelledvaxially thereof; through the meaxisthereof, acosmetic carrier constrained to slideaxially adjoining ledge: 32; makejslidingirictional contactwith the otherwise smooth surfaces of;the'. ca'singzandlcapl-wallsa Thus theLtroubles,are;avoided,hoth; ofrbinding'land of-too, much loosenes s which otherwise might result from. ex
' cessiye warpingqor, shrinkage of rtherplastic materialsof which cap,,35- andZorcasin'gjZfmay: bezrmade. Thecap walls arezresilientland will;spring;a; little;outward in whata i ever;localtregionstare:necessanyto enablerzall of ridges.- 37 andlbosses 38 to participatezin takinglup any looseness in; Fig 9'a.serpentine- Wire 39 may be twisted 'about; a
core wire 40 and fixed thereon tor produce an impelling rather than aroundwire-'andthiswould resultin a screw track defined byrelatively sharp cornered .so' called It is 'beimpellingscrewmay be'pr'oduc'ed to-perform the intended work of screwsl'l} 17tz andl17b. 1' i Q Said quipped with; thread followers extendingv laterally from; said well-. into; operable engagement with said screws respeetively; a I partition. intervening between. said well. and each-gob said; screws separating the. latter. from; the; former. iwith; sufi'icient. completeness; to. inhibit cloggin of said: screws; hy; fcslsmetic;v escaped; from; said:
carrier, each of s'aidrpartitions having. a: narrow;axially directed slot in which said thread;followers areyslidable,
a; wheels-handle; rotatably mounted; inlsaid l casing; having gear; teethomitszperiphery: exposed'for. fingenmanipulaetion.-externally: of Z said: casing; and pinions; 'fixed to; said screws respectively: each; having; teeth meshing, with said gearateethoi said wheelphandle inra mannerl tot cause; 7 a
' said screws to sturirsirnnltaneously, thereby to maintain said: carrier in. nongrabhing,.alignmentzwith said well :as
said; carrier isimpelledaitially: thereoflthrongh theime- I diumlzof saidi followers..: 1
3. A cosmetic expellant holder or ahcasinglbody :having' a hollow itherein :fullyl encompassed V scre'wi such as 17b; Of course, the serpentine wire 39 7 may be a wire of square or ribbon shaped cross section be'rs; separated from saidlwell; byisaid. 'walls, each-of said walls Jhavingi la: narrowiv elongate guide slot extending therethrough. lengthwisecofrthe transmission chamber and affording highly restricted communication of: the latter with said well, a cosmetic carrierslidable within said well,
turnable impellings crews locatedrespectivelyinand substantially filling the'girth's 'of said transmissionchambers presenting helical thread's closely flanking said new in the partition wallsya pinion fixed on ,one -end ofeach a the like comprising,
of said impelling screws, screw follower lugs projecting laterally from said carrier extending respectively through said slots into tracking engagement with said threads at only the sides of said threads nearest said slot, and an operating wheel pivotally mounted on said casing body between said pinions having gear teeth on its periphery meshing with both of said pinions, said wheel periphery extending sufficiently to the exterior of said casing body to be accessible thereat for being grasped as a handle thereby manually to turn said wheel and simultaneously to turn said impelling screws.
4. A cosmetic expellant holder or the like as defined in claim 3, in which the said threaded impelling screws have the peripheries of their threads journaled in rotary bearing contact respectively with the said partition walls.
5. A cosmetic expellant holder or the like as defined in claim 4, in which the said transmission chambers have ends opening through an outer surface of the said casing body, together with a lipped groove in said outer surface of the casing body extending across said ends of said chambers, and a retainer plate covering the open ends of said chambers having edges slidably fitting said lipped groove in a manner to hold said plate secured to said outer surface of the casing body, whereby to retain the said impelling screws in their said chambers while permitting free removal of said screws endwise from said chambers when said plate is displaced edgewise along said groove.
6. A cosmetic expellant holder or the like as defined in claim 3, in which the said casing body has a cross wall recessed inward from an outermost end surface of said casing body and forming a floor at the bottom of said well, said cross wall containing a bore extending through suflicient thickness thereof to afford an elongate rotor bearing and said operating wheel having a trunnion journaled solely in said bore.
7. A cosmetic expellant holder or the like as defined in claim 6, together with a lipped groove in the said outermost end surface of the said casing body wider than the expanse of the said cross wall, and a retainer plate covering the said operating wheel having edges slidably fitting said lipped groove in a manner to hold said plate secured to said outermost end surface of the casing body, whereby to retain the said wheel rotatably mounted in said cross wall While permitting tree removal of the said wheel trunnion from the said rotor bearing when said plate is displaced edgewise along said groove.
8. A readily cleanable cosmetic expellant holder or the like, including an assembly of easily taken apart integral pieces, one of said pieces comprising an integral hollow casing body having an applicative end and an opposite handle end with a crosswall of substantial thickness intermediate said ends containing a rotary bearing hole, the handle end of said body being cupped to form a recess having lateral Walls at least one of which walls is'notched to provide a lateral opening from said recess to the exterior of said casing body, said body containing a relatively broad guide well opening outward of said body through said applicative end thereof and dead ended by said cross wall, said body containing two transmission chambers adjacent said Well extending through said cross wall and opening outward of said casing body through said handle end thereof, said chambers having restricted communication with said guide well through a narrow slot, there being a transverse groove across said handle end of the casing body wider than the expanse of said recess lipped to form a slide bearing; two others of said pieces comprising impelling rotors having helical screw threads journaled in and filling the girths of said chambers respectively, each of said rotors extending from its said transmission chamber into said recess and thereat carrying pinion teeth; another of said pieces comprising a manually rotatably handle wheel occupying said recess and whose periphery in part projects through said notch to the outside of the casing body and is provided with gear teeth meshing with said pinion teeth on both of said impelling rotors, said wheel having a trunnion journaled in said bore; together with a plate slidable in said groove transversely of said handle end of the casing from a position to cover and retain said wheel in said recess and to cover and retain said screws in said chambers to a position exposing and releasing said wheel and screws for withdrawal from said casing body; a cosmetic carrier slidably fitting said guide well having lateral projections riding slidably in said slots and impellably engaged with said threads of said impelling rotors respectively; and means to close the ends of said transmission chambers at said applicative end of said casing body.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,675,365 McAtree July 3, 1928 2,159,872 Younghusband May 23, 1939 2,491,724 Gelardin Dec. 20, 1949 2,626,047 Crane Jan. 20, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 33,943 France Oct. 16, 1928 636,919 France Feb. 23, 1948 381,786 Great Britain Oct. 13, 1932
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1675365 *||Jul 30, 1926||Jul 3, 1928||Scovill Manufacturing Co||Lip stick|
|US2159872 *||May 27, 1938||May 23, 1939||Younghusband James L||Lipstick device|
|US2491724 *||Oct 15, 1948||Dec 20, 1949||Gelardin Albert||Lipstick case|
|US2626047 *||May 3, 1948||Jan 20, 1953||Max Factor & Co||Cosmetic holder|
|FR33943E *||Title not available|
|FR636919A *||Title not available|
|GB381786A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4545696 *||Jul 28, 1983||Oct 8, 1985||Carluccio John F||Cosmetic container|
|US5076720 *||Feb 13, 1990||Dec 31, 1991||Carine Roger||Dispensing casings for solidified products|
|US8901067||Aug 20, 2012||Dec 2, 2014||G. Buford II Keith||Fragrance composition|
|EP1258571A2 *||Apr 30, 2002||Nov 20, 2002||Buck-Chemie GmbH .||Dispensing device|