US 2827636 A
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V. T. HOEFLICH PAPER HAT WITH INTEGRAL VISOR March 25, 1958 2 Sheets-.Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 18, 1953 INVENTOR 1 1010 72 f/OEF'ZICH ATTOR EYs March 1958 v. T. HOEFILICH PAPER HAT wn'n INTEGRAL VISOR Filed Nov. 18, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENITO'R I I. Hoe-F2101 I AT'roRnZYs United States Patent PAPER HAT WITH INTEGRAL VISOR Victor T. Hoeflich, Forest Hills, N. Y. Application November 18, 1953, Serial No. 392,867 4 Claims. (Cl. 2-195) This invention relates to paper novelties and party goods, and more particularly to a paper hat.
Hats made of paper for use at parties are already known, and one object of the present invention is to generally improve such hats. A more particular object is to provide a hat having a visor which is made integrally with the crown. In accordance with a further feature and object of the invention the entire hat may be made of a single flat blank of sheet material, usually heavy paper or light carboard.
Another object of the invention is to provide a hat as previously described in which the visor projects from the crown at a desired angle differing from the angle of the crown. A still further object is to provide the hat with a visor which is raised at the middle and which curves down at the sides to the bottom edge of the crown without, however, having to make the visor separately from the crown.
A still further object is to make the crown in frustoconical shape simulating a military hat, and to provide such a crown with a visor as above described.
To accomplish the foregoing general objects, and other more specific objects which will hereinafter appear, my invention resides in the paper hat elements, and their relation one to another, as are hereinafter more particularly described in the following specification. The specification is accompanied by drawings, in which:
Fig. l'is a plan view of a fiat blank of sheet material which may be used to form the crown and visor of the present hat;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the hat;
Fig. 3 is a section drawn to enlarged scale, taken approximately in the plane of the line 33 of Fig.
Fig. 4 is a section taken approximately in the plane of the line 44 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the hat;
Fig. 6 is a front elevation of the same;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary section drawn to enlarged scale and taken approximately in the plane of the line 77 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is a similar fragmentary section taken approximately in the plane of the line 8-8 of Fig. 5; and
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary horizontal section taken approximately in the plane of the line 99 of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to Fig. l, I there show a blank of sheet material, the upper parts 12 and 14 of which are so designed as to form a crown, and the part 16 of which is suitably shaped to form a visor. These parts are connected along the rear edge of the visor by an elongated portion 18 of the blank, the said portion being of maximum width in the middle and tapering to a point at each end, as is indicated by the broken lines 20 and 22, between which the portion 18 is defined. The cardboard preferably is weakened on the lines 20 and 22, so that they will act as definite fold lines. This weakening may be obtained by indentmg or scoring the material on the lines 20 and 22, or by 2 intermittently incising the material, or by a combination of both.
The connecting portion 18 is slightly crescent-shaped. To be more specific, the lower line 22 which is adjacent the visor 16 is curved and convexed toward the visor. The upper line 2 which is adjacent the crown may be relatively straight. In the specific case here illustrated it is downwardly convex, but by so slight an amount that for most purposes it may be considered a substantially straight line.
Referring now to Fig. 2 it will be seen that the resulting visor 24 projects at a substantial angle to the wall 26 of the crown. The visor is curved upward at the center portion 28. Its rear edge 30 hugs the crown throughout its length, and terminates at the lower edge 32 of the crown substantially as though the visor were made of a separate piece of material subsequently secured to the crown. The way this result is obtained will be clear from Fig. 3, in which it will be seen that the elongated or crescent-shaped portion 18 is folded upwardly outside the wall 26 of the crown and lies beneath the rear edge 30 of the visor 24. The parts are so patterned that the portion 18 lies closely against the crown, and is held in that position by the shape of the parts, and without necessitating special securing means such as glue, staples or the like. In other words, the circular shape of the crown draws the corners of the visor rearward and at the same time draws the elongated or slightly crescent-shaped portion 18, and the rear edge 30 of the visor, back against the crown. This will be clear from Fig. 4, showing the part 18 against the part 26.
In the specific case here shown the forward part of the visor is wavy in outline, as will be seen at 34, but this is not essential, and the visor may be given a simple curved outline, or other desired outline.
The crown is of frusto-conical configuration, and is closed at the top by a substantially circular piece of material 14. The part 12 is defined between a lower curved edge 40 (Fig. 1) and an upper curved edge 42. The end edges 44 and 46 are designed to fit together, and may be appropriately matingly shaped for that purpose. In the present case the edge 44 has a dovetail-shaped projection 48, while the edge 46 has a dovetail-shaped notch 59 to receive the projection 48. In addition the resulting overlapping portions at the back of the head may be secured by means of a staple or adhesive tape or an adhesive, if desired.
The top 14 has tabs 52 and 54 which may be ornamentally indented to simulate a button or like ornament, and the part 12 of the blank is similarly indented or ornamented at 56. The arrangement then is such that the crown appears to have three such ornaments, two spaced apart at the front, and one directly at the back where it overlaps the joined ends 44 and 46. A staple or adhesive may be applied at 54, and if a staple is used, as shown in Figs. 2, 5 and 6, the same staple may serve to hold the ends together, in addition to holding the button in place. A staple or adhesive may also be used for the button 52. I prefer to employ a staple, as shown in the drawing in Figs. 5, 6 and 7, because no drying time is needed.
The assembly operation preferably is performed at the factory of the hat manufacturer. The problem of bulk in shipment and storage is taken care of by designing the hats to nest closely together, and it is largely for this reason that a conical shape is preferred for the crown. The conical shape also better adapts the hat for wear on heads of different size.
However, even while using the same basic conical shape of crown, different model hats may be given substantial differences in appearance, for the crown may be Patented Mar. 25, 1958 m x fty im ro snea eds made low in one model, and high in another. The top h of 'th' erawemay' b'e'iiia'de" horizontal in' on 'model and" sloping as here shown, in anii'ther model. In addition, ei t baate mar h e; ifitetentt iexsa e shesewe; may becoate'd with metal foil, or flintpaper, or chrome- 1 5 e-sl e 5 Penman were nellas arta are n e-Jase n t ee 1:- ns I 9 mamm l an l, Jther being lines alt fig toisimnla J ulatedly held'against the crown by sir hulatedg bnttgns ig @26 awed t mwne nd 6. n.t etbn of te i ate-knit! or ther suchrientat h-1 h i d i iaae p m ee hewir nf e-li l f -t-b eY e hwh a nest qn endment-a a li s't heemany e. J K ill et aa snt immtt e tf re in t I av i h and'deee bed myr yei qnl l p f edform, ch gesv may be rnade in th e structnreshown withid ne -fi e p hesq n o vei t q a as so h to be efii e i ie l ewin t a ne-i at e l m he. terni Fsco ed fold lines is intended to include the use,ofi; 5 1 3; r! t m ttent. nci pne r, istn a rfi ch:v means to weakenfthe ,blank; or to otherwise facilitate; l n ni n -t .e mea ti e I clairnz f, p
A atom isin a-s ownt nda 0r-,- de; f ne, 7 piece of fiat sheetmaterial blankedputto deeiredontlin,, said c rownbeing defined in ,the blank by;a generally con; A cave top, a generally convex bottom and l two, upwardly.
' convergent ends,,whereby the resulting crownis; frustog ica i fi ar i na nd ed a t tude-by a gen:
a l! iu tat i e ie t ale ne Pa o aid=-1 1a k beifig i a y peie e mlhet i qrt a d p p aw and'visdr being a hi aidipaxts.beinascm est dabna, therear edge; of the vispr by an elongated portion pf the; blank h hei end lqnat er ax of the v so -hem. end to am ll this9 .ma mmn[ dtht e i ew i ni i I a Mia ah nd ai. l onea tp r tion being folded upwardly otit'side of the lo wer, front portion of the frnsto-conical crown and beneath-the rear edge of a the visor at. the middle and th ere flying against thecrowni e earcdge fl ev s t a r eend p s d.
m Pin r wns.
A P' 'n rh t m n i aa em n e so tma e visor, and said elongated portion being located atthe bot;
d h he. middle. 991v Janet-s 5Q. t gimn tt aeh, pad.
saidpofti onbeing defined by scored fold lines to facili tate folding, said elongated portion being folded upwardly outside of the lower front portion of the frusto-conical crown and beneath the'rear edge of the visor at the mid die and there lying against the crown, the rear edge of the visor at the ends of saidyisqigand said elongated portion being located at thetbottoni of the crown.
3. A papenhaticompri'si'ngv alcrown Aand;a.yisor.-made of one piece of fiat page; blanked tonn tondesired outline, said crown being defined "intlfe bfank'b y'a generally con cave tQn t fl gklalbt:QOQXGZEQbfiflqmefind twtonupwardly convergent ends, whereby the resnlting crown is frusto- 7 conical in configuration, and t': osed" atthe top by a generally circular piece of material, one part of said blank being suitably shaped to form the crown, another part of said blank being suitably shaped to form the visor,
' said '1 tQP,; ,crown; and wiser, being integral said-parts be ing connected along .the reareedgeeofthe visor .hyieslightyQ QD t h l2d;.pp1ti011:;0f the blank 'whichuextends V alongl thegrear of thervisonfror n end. to.iend,iwh.ich is= efinedi w eered folddines htorfacilitate. foldin said 7 ssz nkshape pqttionbeing,foldedtnpwardlycutside of y hedqwex ontnpottionofathe frusto-conical crownand ne tht ejear,.edgenoi the visor, and being appropriatelx shaped, relative, ,tto,.the tcrown, sotthat it lies closely against the crown.
r tpepett aty comprising a.crown andayisonmade feonetpiecetotiiat paper 'blanked'nut to desired outline, saidg rown being .fmstmconicalinmconfiguration, and Qsed-- at; it etto ma generally ,cireular. .pie'ce 10f. paper, said. im lan liop beingiormed. integrally .withthe aforesaid blank; and .h'avingtabs projecting therefrom adapted to be s med-toetheirnstmconical. wall, of. the .crownl to hold the top in position, one part of said blank. .beingi. suitablvshaped 10, formethe. crown anotherepart. of. said blank,being;snitably shaped, to, forrn theevisor said parts .1 being conhectednalong thereareedge of thevisorbyam elongatedeportion,ofnthe blank; which extends, along the rear tof-theyisor from end .to end "and which is tofnmaxi-e um'Midtth in lhenmiddle and tapers. to ,a I point; at. each e de a lwtt iionnbeing definedbytscoredtfold lines to ,t facilitate jolding, ,sa id elongatedportion being efolded .up-.,
wardly outside-oi thehlower front? portion of; theffrusto-t ni al crown-land beneath the .zrearl edge. of; the visor at th middleandthere;lying'againsttheerown, thetrear edge of the visor at the ends of said visor and said elonh gated portion being locatedat .the...hottomwof1 thelcrown,
ReterencesGitedin the vineof an; patent UNITED STATES PATENTS