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Publication numberUS2827897 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 25, 1958
Filing dateMay 14, 1956
Priority dateMay 14, 1956
Publication numberUS 2827897 A, US 2827897A, US-A-2827897, US2827897 A, US2827897A
InventorsPawlowski Zygmunt A
Original AssigneePawlowski Zygmunt A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Articulated leg brace
US 2827897 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 25, 1958 z, A. PAwLows'Kl 2,827,897

ARTICULATED LEG BRACE 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 14. 195e March 25, 1958 z. A. l=-AwLowsKl ARTICULATED LEG BRACE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 f Filed May 14, 1956 March 25, 1958 z. A. PAwLowsKl ARTICULATED LEG BRACE s sheets-sheet :s

Filed May 14, 1956 JNVENTOR.

d O Mv d 7 2 /O 4 M /e .M Mo 3 fo. i Y, \\m EL, Q w. t.: it l c BHW w United. States Patent i ARTICULATED LEG BRACE Zygmunt A. Pawlowski, Chicago, Ill. Application May 14, 1956, serial No. 584,610

11 claims. (ci. 12s-so) This invention relates to an articulated leg brace.

One of the objects of this invention is to provide an articulated leg brace for use by persons suffering from injuries caused by polio and other illnesses in which the leg has been crippled by disease or by birth.

Another object of this invention is to provide a leg support provided with a pivotally mounted saddle member which is adapted to support and extend from thehip to the knee of the person and to snugly engage and support the persons thigh as well 'as the knee cap and which thereby distributes the support uniformly over a large area and which 'supports the thigh and leg for both walking and sitting positions.

Another object of this invention is to provide a brace of the foregoing character in which the saddle member is positioned and locked at an inclined angle to support the leg when same is used as a walking support and which is adapted to automatically position the saddle member in a horizontal position when said support is unlocked and moved to a sitting position.

Other objects will become apparent as this description progresses.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the leg support attached to a leg and showing same in walking or upright supporting position. Y

Fig. 2 is la rear elevational view taken onlines 2v2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a side view showing the parts and leg when 1n sitting position.

Fig. 4 is a front elevational view taken on lines 4 4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken on lines 5--5 of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a detailed sectional view taken on lines 6--6 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 7 is a detailed sectional view taken on lines 7-7 of Fig. 2, showing particularly the latching means with the parts locked against pivotal movement as in standing position.

Fig. 8 is a plan view similar to Fig..7 but showingthe part in unlatched position asin sitting position.

The unit comprises a tubular supporting post or leg 10 having a fork or yoke shaped end 12 with the arms 14 thereof curved outwardly and upwardly. The arms 14 are hollow and are flattened to form an oval shape in transverse cross-section and are open at their upper ends to each receive a lug or ear 16 which is permanently secured to the arms `14 by means of cross pins 18. One of the lugs 16 has a radial slot 20 for engagement with the sliding latch member 'as will be subsequently described. l

rice.

Pivotally secured to said lugs or ears 16 are a pair of struts generally indicated at 22 which pivotally support at their upper ends a saddle member generally indicated at 24.

The struts 22 are hollow members substantially oval shaped in cross section similar to the arms 14 of the yoke. The lower ends of the' struts have each secured therein a lug or ear 26 which is permanently secured by suitable cross pins. The lugs 26 of the struts are pivotally secured to the lugs 16 by cross pins 30 so that the struts 22 are pivoted with respect to the yoke. The strut adjacent the radial slot 20 supports a reciprocable latching member generally indicated at 32 best shown in Figs. 7 and 8 which comprises a at plate 34 having a centrally positioned extension 36 at the lower end. The plate 34 `is provided with an inverted L-shaped cutout or slot 38 which is engaged by an actuating member 4t) supported in said slot on a rotatable cross pin 42. The cross pin 42 is supported on the strut and extends outwardly thereof and on which is rigidly secured a finger engaging member 44. t

A pair of .pins 48 are secured to the strut on the opposite sides of the extension 36 of the latching member 32. Rigidly secured in the upper end of each of the struts by a pin 50 is an ear or lug 52.

A coil `spring 54 is supported in the strut which supports the reciprocal latching member 32 with the upper end of the spring engaging the lug 52 and the lower end bearing against the upper end of the latching plate 34 to normally urge it downwardly soV that the extension 36 is. in engagement with the radial notch 20 on the lug 16. By manually rotating the iinger engaging member 44 the actuating member 40 raises the reciprocable plate 34 against the tensionof the spring 54 and withdraws the` extension 36 from the lug 16 to permit the strut members to be pivoted with respect to the supporting post 10. When the linger engaging member 44 is released and the slot 20 is in alignment with the extension 36 the exf tension will be urged to engage the radial slot 20 to lock the struts 22 and supporting post against pivotal movement. Normally the supporting post and struts are locked against pivotal movement as shown in Figs. l and 2.

The saddle member generally indicated at 24 com.`

prises an elongated saddle plate member 54 formed preferably of aluminum which is substantially U shaped in transverse section and of a shape and size to receive the hip and thigh of a person to the knee. It -may beperfo-` rated and is covered with a soft flannel or like material.

The saddle plate 54 has bosses 56 secured to the opposite sides thereof which are pivotally secured as at S8 to the lugs 52 in the struts 22 to permit pivoting of thel saddle member with respect to said struts.

The saddle plate 54 has an extension 60 at the `lower end thereof to which is pivotally secured as at 62 a `link 63 whose opposite end is pivotally secured to a slideable rod 64.

The rod 64 telescopes into thehollow supporting -post` 10 and its lower end is supported in a guide`block66 in` said tubular post (Fig. 6).

A coil spring 68 surrounds sa'id rod with the bottom of the coil spring resting against the guide block and the upper end of the spring resting against a washer 69 fixed to the rod to normally urge the rod upwardly. The upper `end of rod 64 has aclevis Y70V to which is pivotally secured by. a cross pin 72 the lower end of the link 63 previously described. Each ofthe struts 22l1as `a 'rear `extension 74 to which is pivotally" retreated Mar. 25,1958

secured as at 75 va link 76.

the -clevis 70 by the cross pin 72.

When the strut members 22 are latched to the arms 14 of the yoke of the post 1t) so that they are rigid with the post 10 as shown in Figs. l and 2 the telescoping rod 64 is in its uppermost position and the spring 68 is not compressed. The saddle member will be positioned on an inclined plane as shown in Fig. 1 which is the persons standing position with the use, of this unit. When the latch member 32 is disengaged from the slot 2G and the struts 22 are pivoted rearwardly about pivots 30 the rod 64 will be urged downwardly in the post 10 and the saddle member 52 will be pivoted on pivots 58 and the front end of the saddle member will be elevated through the link 63 so that the saddle member assumed a substantially horizontal position as shown in Fig. 3, which is the persons sitting position.

Extending from the lower end of the saddle plate Se are a pair of extensions 78 to each of which is pivotally secured as at '79 a brace member 80 which brace members are positioned on the opposite sides of thepersons leg. The brace members 80 are inclined as shown in Figs. 2, 4 and 6 so that the lower. ends of same are positioned adjacent the side of the post 10. A transverse rod 81 is secured to the lower end of the brace member 8l) and said rod pivotally supports an ankle joint stirrup plate 82 which has a flexible band 83 to receive therebetween a persons foot. The transverse rod 81 is secured to a ring 84 which is slideable on the post 10. TheV brace member 80 as well as the stirrup 82 move with the pivoting of the saddle member 54. The lower end. of the post 10 has secured to it a cushioning member 85 Ymade of rubber or like material.

Secured to the saddle plate 54 is a exible covering member 86 having straps 87 for engagement with the buckles 88 secured to the saddle plate 54. The lower end of the covering member 86 is shaped to form a kneeY cap covering 89 which likewise has a strap 9) engaging a buckle 91 secured to the saddle plate 54.

The flexible covering member 86 yand knee cap covering 89 may be formed of the same flexible material and may be a continuation of the material used to cover the outside of the saddle plate 54. The inside of the saddle plate 54 may be padded as desired.

It will be understood that vvarious changes .and modifications may be made from the foregoing'without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a post, struts pivotally secured to said post, a' saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, said saddle formed of a rigid material and shaped to conform to the size and shape of the thigh. and extendingsubstantially from the hip to the knee, a rod telescopically secured to said post and pivotally connected to said struts andV to said saddle, and a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member.

2. In a leg brace of the character described comprising Va post, struts pivotally secured to said post, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, said saddle member formed of a rigid material and shaped to conform to the thigh and extending substantiallyjrom the hip to the knee, a rod telescopically secured to said post and pivotally connected to said struts and tosaid saddle member, a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member, and an ankle joint support pivotally secured to said brace members. i

3. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a post, struts pivotally secured-to saidr post, a saddle pivotally secured to said struts, said saddle formed of a rigid material and extending substantially from the hip tothe knee, a rod telescopically secured to said-post and pivotally connected to said. saddle, a pair of bracefmembers pivotally secured to said saddle, and locking-means The links 76 are turned in-l Wardly and are pivotally secured at their lower ends to for preventing Vmovement between said struts and said post.

4. In a leg brace ofv the character described comprising a post, struts pivotally secured to said post, locking means for preventing pivotal movement of said struts with respect to said post, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a rod telescopically secured to said post and pivotally connected to said saddle member, and a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member.

5. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a post having a fork-shaped end, a pair of struts pivotally secured to said forked end, manually operated locking means for locking said struts against pivotal movement wtih respect to said forked end, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, said saddle member being formed of a rigid material and substantially U- shaped in transverse section and of a length-to extend from the hip to the knee of the person, and brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member.

6. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a hollow post, a pair of struts pivotally secured to said post, locking means for immovably locking said struts with respect to said post, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a rod telescopically secured in said hollow post and pivotally connected to said saddle member, a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member, a covering member secured to said saddle'member and adapted to cover and embrace the kneecap of the person. Y

7. In a leg brace of the character'described'comprising a hollow post, a pair of struts pivotally secured to said post, locking means for locking said struts against pivotal movement with respect to said post, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a rod telescopically secured in said post and pivotally connected to said saddle member, a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member, a covering vmember secured to said saddle member and adapted to cover and embrace the kneecap of the person, and an ankle joint support pivotally secured to the lower end of said brace members.

8. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a post, struts pivotally secured to said post, a reciprocable locking member supported on said struts and engaging said post to prevent a pivotal movement-between said struts and said post,v a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a rod telescopically securedto said post and having a pivotal connection with the lower end of said Vsaddle member so as. to elevate said saddle member to a substantially horizontal position when said struts are pivoted rearwardly with respect to said post.

9. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a hollow post having a pair of upwardly extending arms, a strut pivotally secured to Veach of said arms, one of said struts having means for locking said struts against pivotal movement, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a telescopic rod secured to said posa-springV means engaging said rod for'no'rmally urging said rod upwardly, a link member pivotally securing said rod'to said saddle member and so constructed and arranged that when said struts are pivoted rearwardly said saddle member will be elevated to a substantially horizontal position.

l0. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a hollow post having a pairof upwardly extending arms, a strut pivotallysecured to Veach of said arms, one of said struts having Vmeans for locking said struts against pivotal movement, a saddle member. pivotallysecured to said struts, a telescopic member secured to said post, spring means engaging said telescopic member for Ynormally urgingY said telescopic member upwardly, a

link pivotally securing said` telescopic `member to saidY saddle member and so constructed and arranged that when said struts are Ypivoted rearwardlysaid, saddle member will be elevated Vto a substantially horizontal position;

5 and a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said sad-V dle member.

11. In a leg brace of the character described comprising a hollow post having a pair of upwardly extending arms, a. strut pivotally secured to each of said arms, one of said struts having means for locking said struts against pivotal movement, a saddle member pivotally secured to said struts, a slideable rod secured to said post, spring means engaging said rod for normally urging said rod upwardly, a link member pivotally securing said rod to said saddle member and so constructed and arranged that when said struts are pivoted rearwardly said saddle meniber will be elevated to a substantially horizontal position, a pair of brace members pivotally secured to said saddle member, and an yankle joint support pivotally secured to said brace members.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Yagn July 2, 1889

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US406328 *Jul 2, 1889 Peters
US1185906 *Dec 22, 1915Jun 6, 1916Weldon A L HoffWalking-staff.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2915760 *Dec 24, 1956Dec 8, 1959Bair Milford MProsthetic device
US3451064 *Mar 8, 1968Jun 24, 1969Dolan Robert NTrousers type garment with seat and ground engaging support
US3750659 *May 1, 1972Aug 7, 1973Loomans DOrthopedic apparatus for legs to enable standing
US4100918 *Mar 25, 1977Jul 18, 1978Indiana University FoundationDynamic orthotic knee extension assist device
US4256097 *Dec 29, 1978Mar 17, 1981Willis Robert EOrthopedic apparatus for protecting and supporting a bone joint
US4456003 *Mar 3, 1982Jun 26, 1984The Muscular Dystrophy Association Of CanadaKnee joint orthosis
US4603687 *Aug 8, 1983Aug 5, 1986Greenwood Eugene CContinuous passive motion orthopedic device
US5178595 *Feb 13, 1992Jan 12, 1993Macgregor DouglasWalking device to assist those with an injury to a lower limb
US5292302 *Dec 5, 1991Mar 8, 1994Gianferante Mark LArticulating splint
US5300016 *Apr 14, 1992Apr 5, 1994Marlatt William WLower leg shelf with foldable weight-bearing strut and stabilizer frame
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US8403872 *Jul 14, 2009Mar 26, 2013Toad CorporationWeight-bearing lower extremity brace
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US8672865Sep 28, 2011Mar 18, 2014Toad Medical CorporationWeight-bearing lower extremity brace
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EP2299962A1 *Jun 11, 2009Mar 30, 2011The Regents of the University of CaliforniaExternal walking assist device for those with lower leg injuries
EP2299962A4 *Jun 11, 2009Mar 21, 2012Univ CaliforniaExternal walking assist device for those with lower leg injuries
WO2009152386A1Jun 11, 2009Dec 17, 2009The Regents Of The University Of CaliforniaExternal walking assist device for those with lower leg injuries
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/16, 623/28, 602/23
International ClassificationA61F5/01
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/0102
European ClassificationA61F5/01D