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Publication numberUS2828762 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1958
Filing dateJun 27, 1955
Priority dateJun 27, 1955
Publication numberUS 2828762 A, US 2828762A, US-A-2828762, US2828762 A, US2828762A
InventorsSwank Rehl W
Original AssigneeErie Meter Systems Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pit box access cover and tool for removing same
US 2828762 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


R. W. SWANK April 1, 1958 PIT BOX ACCESS COVER AND TOOL FOR REMOVING SAME Filed June 2'7, 1955 PIT BOX ACCESS COVER AND TOOL FOR REMOVING SAME Rehl W. Swank, Edinboro, Pa., assignor to Erie Meter Systems, Inc., Erie, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application June 27, 1955, Serial No. 518,259

3 Claims. (Cl. 137-371) This invention is intended to make possible the fueling of automobiles in parking lots. Sub-surface fuel lines from a central pump are run between rows of parked automobiles and at suitable intervals (e. g. every fourth automobile) take off pit boxes are provided housing fuel outlets to which an attendant can attach the inlet hose on a mobile metering unit which also has the usual delivery hose for filling the automobile fuel tanks. The boxes have outer covers substantially flush with the surface of the parking lot and can be driven over without injury. The covers are constructed so as to be readily removed and replaced by a special magnetic lifter and so the covers will not become permanently magnetized and pick up nails and other tramp iron.

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic layout of a parking lot fueling system; Fig. 2 is a section through a pit box; Fig. 3 is a top view of the pit box with its outer cover removed; and Fig. 4 is a section through the magnetic lifter for the outer cover of the pit box.

In Fig. 1 of the drawing is diagrammatically shown a parking lot fueling system where a pump 1 draws fuel from a tank 2 and discharges it to sub-surface fuel lines 3 having feeder lines 4 extending between adjacent rows of parked automobiles 5. At suitable points along the feeder lines 4 are arranged pit boxes 6 containing fuel outlets to which an attendant may connect a coupling 7 on an inlet hose 8 on a mobile metering unit 9 which has the usual fuel delivery hose 10. For large parking lots, the mobile metering unit could be motor driven.

In the enlarged view of Fig. 2, the pit box 6 is shown as having a cast iron casing 11 surrounding the fuel outlet 12 which is provided with one part 13 of a quick detachable shut off coupling which mates with the corresponding coupling 7 on the intake hose 8. The coupling 13 is protected by a removable cover 14 having hinged at its center a latch member 15 which in the locked position fits in a recess 16 on the inner wall of the housing 11. The latch member 15 is locked by a suitable locking member passing through a hole 17 in the latch member 15 and a hole 18 in an car 19 integral with the removable cover 14. Upon removal of the locking member, the latch member 15 can be swung upward after which the cover 14 may be easily removed by rotating it through a small angle so that projections 2'0 register with large notches 21 on the housing 11. The cover 14 permits only authorized use by the parking lot attendant.

The upper end or rim 22a of the pit box housing 11 is substantially flush with the surface of the parking lot and is closed by a removable non-magnetic cover 22 having a sealing gasket 23 which fits against a tapered surface 24 on the inside of the rim 22a. The cover 22, because it is flush with the upper end of the pit box housing 11, cannot be removed without special tools and cannot be injured if run over by automobiles. This is important in a parking lot fueling system. The cover 22 has an insert 25 of magnetic material so that the cover can be easily removed by the lifting tool shown in Fig. 4.

The lifting tool has a handle 26 from which depends a tubular stem 27 terminating in a bell housing 28 at the bottom having a diameter smaller than the cover 22 and larger than the insert 25. Within the stem 27 is a slidable rod 29 having a knob 30 at its upper end and biased downward by a coil spring 31 arranged between the bell housing 28 and a permanent magnet 32 fixed to the lower end of the rod. The spring 31 normally moves the magnet 32 downward so that it is flush with the lower end of the bell housing 28. When this tool is to be used to remove one of the covers 22, the bell housing is placed on the cover around the magnetic insert 25 and the cover is gripped by the permanent magnet 32. Since the cover 22 merely rests in the upper end of the pit box housing 11 by gravity, the cover can be easily removed. After the fueling, the cover which has remained attached to the lifting tool is replaced and the magnetic grip between the permanent magnet 32 and the magnetic insert 25 in the cover is broken by pulling upward on the knob 31 while the bell housing 28 is held down by pressure on the handle 26. This can be done easily with one hand with the palm of the hand resting on the section 26a of the handle and with two fingers straddling the knob 36!. Since the pull of the permanent magnet 32 need only be enough to lift the relatively light cover 22, the release of the cover by an upward pull on the knob 30 is not difficult.

Because the covers 22 may be run over by an automobile, it is important that the covers do not become permanently magnetized so as to pick up nails and other tramp iron which might injure the tires. This is accomplished by making the magnetic insert 25 as a soft iron insert in a non-magnetic cover casting such as brass. The soft iron insert 25 does not become permanently magnetized. If the entire cover 22 were made of iron, it would become permanently magnetized because the cast iron pit box housing 11 would act as a keeper for the magnet. Then, the cover would be very hard to remove because of the necessary close clearance between the cover and the rim 22a. In the present construction, the close fit of the cover and rim does not make the cover hard to remove.

What is claimed as new is:

1. In a multiple outlet vehicle fueling system having a pit box for each fuel outlet and having an access rim of magnetic material substantially flush with the surface of the area, a substantially flush cover of non-magnetic material seated within the rim, an insert of magnetic material in the cover spaced a substantial distance from said rim, and a lifter for the cover having at its lower end a magnet for gripping the magnetic insert in the cover.

2. In a multiple outlet vehicle fueling system having a pit box for each fuel outlet and having anaccess rim of magnetic material substantially flush with the surface of the area, a substantially flush cover of non-magnetic material seated within the rim, a soft iron insert at the center of the cover spaced a substantial distance from said rim, a lifting tool having a frame provided at its upper end with a handle and having its lower end engaging the cover around the insert, a rod slidable in the frame having a magnet at its lower end for gripping the soft iron insert, and means for retracting the rod to break the grip of the magnet on the soft iron insert.

3. In a multiple outlet vehicle fueling system having an iron pit box for each fuel outlet and having a rim substantially flush with the surface of the area, a substantially flush cover of non-magnetic material seated within the rim, an insert of magnetic material in the cover spaced inward a substantial distance from the rim of the pit box whereby the insert will not become permanently magnetized when the cover is lifted from the pit box by a References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Keyes Jan. 9, 1894 Lofton Nov. 14, 1916 4 Keedy Sept. 25, 1928 Mayo Oct. 10, 1933 Kaiser June 9, 1942 Miller May 31, 1949 Holdridge May 16, 1950 Jauch June 17, 1952 Rowell Oct. 9, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US512381 *Apr 12, 1893Jan 9, 1894 James t
US1204464 *May 25, 1914Nov 14, 1916Herbert M LoftonMeter-box.
US1685707 *Sep 15, 1927Sep 25, 1928Edward J KeedyToy magnetic crane
US1929986 *May 5, 1931Oct 10, 1933Frank V MayoService dispensing system for parked automobiles
US2285440 *Jan 22, 1941Jun 9, 1942Herman F KaiserDevice for handling capsules containing radioactive substances
US2471764 *Jan 31, 1946May 31, 1949Miller Carl HMagnetic hand pickup tool
US2507597 *Jan 22, 1945May 16, 1950Erie Meter Systems IncAirport fueling system
US2600876 *May 14, 1945Jun 17, 1952Wayne Pump CoAirport fueling mechanism
US2765802 *Dec 31, 1949Oct 9, 1956Scully Signal CoMagnet controlled shut-off valve
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US2931383 *Feb 13, 1957Apr 5, 1960Handley Brown Heater CompanyCurb box having locating magnet therein
US2963629 *Aug 6, 1956Dec 6, 1960Swing A Way Mfg CompanyMagnetic lid lifter
US3702072 *May 18, 1970Nov 7, 1972Martin Marietta CorpApparatus for contouring a honeycomb core
US3767163 *Apr 14, 1971Oct 23, 1973Mueller P CoSanitary butterfly valve with locking dust cap
US3920347 *Oct 29, 1973Nov 18, 1975Roby Ind IncManhole cover
US4325405 *Jan 24, 1980Apr 20, 1982Christo C LouisValve box assembly
US4659251 *Sep 23, 1985Apr 21, 1987Dover CorporationLiquid spill container and method of making and installing same
US4694619 *Apr 8, 1986Sep 22, 1987Dabich Kathyleen APit cover assembly with flood protection
US4706718 *Jun 17, 1986Nov 17, 1987Universal Valve Co., Inc.Containment manhole having spillage sealing means
US5195554 *Jul 3, 1990Mar 23, 1993Cutore GaetanoShielded assembly for the delivery of fuel entirely disappearing into the ground and directly connected to the fuel tank through a manhole
US5265887 *Sep 28, 1992Nov 30, 1993Stelmach John JMagnetic pickup tool
US5327925 *Dec 14, 1993Jul 12, 1994Ortel Thomas LValve service box and method of making
US5430945 *Aug 10, 1993Jul 11, 1995Huang; Xiang-DongManually pivotable magnetic unit on a can opener for holding and releasing the cut lid of a can
US5722204 *Feb 7, 1996Mar 3, 1998Alcatel Kabel Ag & Co.Device for housing the active and passive junction assemblies of telecommunications installations
US5882576 *Jun 13, 1994Mar 16, 1999M.S.S.I., Inc.Insulating cover for torpedo cars
US5956230 *Feb 11, 1997Sep 21, 1999Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'electiciteDevice for housing the active and passive nodal point modules of telecommunication installations
US6056339 *Jan 14, 1999May 2, 2000Berger; Leon M.Magnetic retrieving device
US6533638 *Sep 6, 2000Mar 18, 2003Webb NelsonSystem and method for engaging a finger board
US6540577 *Sep 11, 2000Apr 1, 2003Webb NelsonFinger board assembly and amusement system
US9308608 *Mar 8, 2012Apr 12, 2016Fourth Dimension Designs, Ltd.Magnetic installation and retrieval tool for fluid lift plungers
US20050210938 *May 17, 2004Sep 29, 2005David DoyleDevelopments for magnetic latches
US20150020381 *Mar 8, 2012Jan 22, 2015Fourth Dimension Designs, Ltd.Magnetic Installation and Retrieval Tool for Fluid Lift Plungers
U.S. Classification137/371, 52/20, 137/385, 335/285, 294/65.5, 292/251.5, 336/66, 220/298
International ClassificationE03B9/10, E03B9/00
Cooperative ClassificationE03B9/10
European ClassificationE03B9/10