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Publication numberUS2829006 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1958
Filing dateJun 10, 1954
Priority dateJun 10, 1954
Publication numberUS 2829006 A, US 2829006A, US-A-2829006, US2829006 A, US2829006A
InventorsJohansson Ingvar O
Original AssigneeBinks Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spray coating means
US 2829006 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1, 1958 l. o. JoHANssoN SPRAY coATING MEANS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed May 14, 195A] ww @n April 1, 1958 l. o. JoHANssoN SPRAY coATING MEANS Original Filed May 14, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 MW.. MW.

.I g m /\%|Wv Nv lvm. Y m. uw m, QQ LIP I April 1, 1958 l. o. JoHANssoN SPRAY coATING MEANS original iled May 14, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 In Je??? fr.' Z7zj1/ar1 0.3277072550@ States PatentO SPRAY COATING MEANS 1951. This application June 10, 1954, Serial No. 435,901

.-4 claims. (Cl. 299-440.112)

The present invention relates to the spraying of nonpremixable materials for coating, and is a continuation of Y my copending application for patent Serial No. 226,257, tiled May 14, 1951, and now abandoned.

There are some substances, such as an enamel type of coating material, which when applied has or needs a rapid curing, and it has been found, that may be effected, as by way `of example, by a substance generally known as a catalyst, which acts rapidly.

The invention comprehends'the spraying of a coating material, such as an enamel type of coating material as referred :to above, and the projecting, in such spray, the curing material, such as a catalyst as mentioned above, whereby the two mix yor unite .and react together during the spraying action to be in proper condition for coating the surface being coated.

Other objects, advantages, capabilities, features, and the like are comprehended by the invention as will later appear, or as are inherently possessed -by the invention.

Referring briefly to the drawings:

Fig. l is part sectional and part elevational view `of the invention; Y l

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of parts on an enlarged scale and as taken in Ia plane represented as line 2 2 of Fig. 1 of the drawings;

Fig. 3 is a view in elevation of the means shown in Fig. 2 and as in a plane represented by l-ine 3-3 in Fig. 2 and showing a part -in section;

Fig. 4 is aview in elevation of a part shown in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is Ia sectional view as taken in a plane represented by line 5-5 in Fig. 2 of the drawings and looking in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. v6 is a sectional view as taken -in a plane represented by line f6-6 in Fig. 2 of lthe drawings and looking in the direction-of the arrows;and

Fig. 7 is a sectional view as-taken in a plane represented 'by the line 7--7 -inV Fig. 2' ofthe drawings and looking in the directions of the arrows. f

Referring now more in detail to the drawings, the embodiment selected to illustrate the invention is shown as comprising asprayY gun 10 having a body portion 11,

ahead portion 12, atnozzle portion 1-3 connected to the head portion 12 by a suitable coupling'means or the like 14, and a handle portion 15.

-On the body portion 11 is pivotally mounted by way of pivots means 16 a hand operated control means, or trigger 17. The handle 15 has an air entry passage 18 leading to a valve-chamberj19 having 'a valve `20 controlling passage yof air under pressure toY the forward chamber portion 21j having a passage portion 22, 23, leading to .an .air..passage 24 leading to an .air passage ZSfwhich inlturn leads tothe air .chamber or passage 26 providedin.themupperpartof. thebody 11, as shown in Fignlr ...g n

` yTh'evalve 20 is normally held closed vby a spring 27 and this valvet 2 0 haslafyalve stem 28 slidable in part 29Vofftl`1jehodyif1f1 and having its outer end 'portion 30 in operative'engagementwith they hand operated trigger17,

Vleading ,fromV and in communication'by a passage r66 'with 2,829,006 Patented Apr.v 1, 1958,


, 2 f which when pulled back by the hand of the operator moves the rod 28 and opens the valve 20 and lets `air-V under pressure to -pass by Way of passages 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 to the passage 26. f

The air then passes from the air passage or chamber'r 26 to passage or chamber 31 provided inv a connecting piece or coupling member 32 between the'body portion 11 and the heady portion 12. This passage 31 leads toa"A chamber 33 providedin the head portion 12. l'

`Within the nozzle Vportion 13 and in the forward p'or-,. tion of the head portion 12 is located a material and i air passage member 34 having a forward contactingporf tion 35 seated against the nozzle portion 13, and a rearward contacting portion 36 with a portion 37 ofl'the head portion 12. The head portion 12 has a material inlet portion 38 having a material passage 39 leading to a nia-y terial chamber or passage 40 provided inthe member 34 andileading to. a tapered portion 41 having a material projecting nozzle 42 Vextending in a central opening 43 provided inthe front 44 of the nozzle part 13, andthe projecting of the coating material through said nozzle 42 being controlled by a tapered valve part 45 carried at the forward end portion of a valve stem 46 extending rearwardlyzin the material chamber 40 and intothe gunV body portion llzrearwardly of the hand trigger member 17, and also carrying a sleeve-likev member 47 sldable in the gunV body 11 as shown in Fig. l, the sleeve-like member 47 having a head 48 at the rear of the hand trig ger 17 to rbecontacted Vby and moved rearwardly Vwhenv the hand trigger member 17 is pulled back by the user: or operators hand so asto likewisemove the rvalve stern 46 rearwardly and hencethe valve 45 is opened toL cause the material in thechamber 40 to be projected out asa liquid stream 49.l See Fig. 2.' Y Y 'i' The member 34 has an intermediate portion 50 making sealing contact? with the' nozzle portion 13 and the headv portion 12, andhas or is provided withair passag`es.51,"- 52leading from air chamber 33- by way of ducts 53, 54," respectively, and air ducts 51leadftoair chamber `55 5 provided in the nozzle portion 13, andar ducts 52 lead to air chamber the front portion of Vthe nozzle 'porl2 tion 13. The portion 13 also has air passages 59 leading from the air-chamber 55 to side ports or jet orifices 57,* 58, for projecting Aof airjets or streams107, 106, for" acting on theY central stream 49 off-material projected? from the nozzle 42. Thus, from the y'chamber 55 lead air passages 59 (see Fig. 2) for supplying the airto the side orifices 57, 58.y See Fig. 7. The ducts or air passages# 52 lead to the chamber 56 which chamber has airf'projecting orices 60, 60, 61, 61,and also an annular open-u ing 60a, for projectingair 'around or against the` liquid stream projected from the Amaterial nozzle 42. See'Fig.Y 6. The air 107, 106 projected from the o'rices 57,558, and all the air projected from the orifices 60, 61, and also the air projected from the annular orifice 60a will-unite as shown in` Fig. 6 to enshroud, so to speak, the main liquid strearn49. V

The means for projecting the curing the material, `such as r`a catalystior ythe like', is shown lmore particularly-@iii Figs. 2 and 3. It comprises a body portion 62'ha'vin'ga part 63 at' aside ofthe bodyp'o'rtionr62and this part 63,l is connected 'to' the 'nozzle portion 13 bya'connectingor coupling Amemberor element l,64 which. has a passage 6 5 an air passage 59 y"pro'vidediin'the nozzleportionA v13.

" suitable packing ,means orbuier 67 is providedbetweenj the iside part or extension 63and` the nozzley portion :13,

The real` porfionof the side part`6/3has a suitable'mov rAble" head orplug 68|. The side part '63 rhasl acharnberor passage 69Yop'en Vto and communicating with a passage 70 I provided in the connecting portion 64 andalso laterallyl connecting and communicating with a passage 71 provided inthe body portion 62.

At the rear of the body portion 62 is suitably connected a piston chamber member 72 in which is contained a movable piston member 73 normally urged forward by a spring or the like 74 reacting against a cap or head 75 suitably connected to the rear end of the chamber 72. The member 72 has a wall 76 provided with openings 77 communicating with a chamber 78 and a piston chamber 79 in the member 72 and forwardly of the piston 73.

Connected to the piston 73 is a valve stem 80 which is slidable in the wall 76 and packing means or the like 81, 82, through which the valve stem 80 is slidable, the packing means 81, 82 being held in place in the rear portion of the body portion 62. The packing member 82 has a suitable relief chamber 83 leading to a relief passage 84 provided in the body portion 62.

The rear end portion 85 of the stem 80 may be suitably engaged, as by threads, to holding members 86, 87,

located in the spring 74, the member 86 pressing against a piece 88 in the piston 73 as clearly shown in Fig. 2.

The body portion 62 has a chamber 89 through which extends the valve rod 80, and the chamber 89 at its forward portion communicates with a passage 90 provided in a nozzle member 91 secured at its rear portion to the body portion 62.

`At the lower portion of the body portion 62 is connected a duct 92 for conducting the catalyst or the like to the chamber 89 by way of a suitable passage 93 in the body portion 62 and leading to the chamber 89.

The valve stem 80 extends through the chamber 90 of the nozzle member 91 and has at its forward end portion a valve part 94 normally seated on and closing the nozzle seatportion 95 of the nozzle member 91.

The forward portion of the nozzle member 91 has an orifice portion 96 having a chamber 97 and an orifice 98 and the valve part 94 extends in the chamber 97 and has a valve tip 99, this tip normally` being of smaller size or diameter than that of the orifice 98.

In operation, when the hand trigger 17 is pulled back it first opens the valve to let the air under pressure to pass along passages 18, 26, 31, 52, to chamber 56 and orifices 60, 61, and also by way of the ducts 53, 51 to chamber and thence to the passages 59, 57, 58 and at the same time air under pressure flows by way of the passage 59 by way of the passages 66, 70, 69, 71, 78, 77 to piston chamber to move the piston 73 and the valve stem 80 and valve 94 for the curing material to pass up by way of the duct 92, chamber 89, passage 90 and nozzle orifice 96, while at the same time the further pull on the hand trigger'17 causes it to contact the head 48 and hence the opening of the valve 45 for the coating material to be sprayed` beyond the orifice 43, the air from the `air orifices 60, 61 dressing the liquid spray from the orifice 43` and the side nozzles 57, 58 applying further dressing to the spray liquid, and at the time the curing spray from the nozzle 96 will be projected into the material and air being sprayed from the nozzle portion 13, so that the curing spray from the nozzle 96 will be turned and be carried with the spray from the nozzle portion 13 and do itscuring effect in the transit of the combining spraysso that theicoating material from the nozzle portion 1,3 will arrive in mixed condition on the surface to be or being coated.

Looking more particularly to Fig. 2, the coating material 49 astit isprojectedfrom the opening or central orifice 43 is first in a liquid stream 49, and from the air orifices 60, 61, are proojected air streams 60, 100, 101, which `move-along with the liquid stream 49 and mixes with it, and from the orifice98 is projected al stream of the curing or Vlike material 102 transversely of the stream or fstrea`rn`s'49, 60, 100, 101, from the nozzle 13, the stream-102 as it enters stream or streams 49, 60a, 100, 101, turns at the locus 103 to then proceed with the stream or streams 49, 60, 100,101, in a resultant stream 104 and 105, the part 105 indicating in general the turned and the proceeding portion of the stream 102 beyond the turn 103 and blending or mixing and acting on the resultant stream portion 104. Thus, by the time the materials have reached the surface to be coated the curing or like coating portion of the stream 104 shall have so united or combined and acted upon as to effect the coating material as to be coated on the surface (not shown) to be coated with desired coating material. At the same time where it is desired to spread the stream, as in a more or less flattened form, as usual from spray guns generally, then air streams 106, 107, will be projected from the side ports or jet orifices 57, 58, to connect with or impact the stream 49, 100, 101, at or near the locus 103 (see Fig. 2) the air streams 106, 107 on one side, nearest the nozzle 96, engage the stream 102 to bend it as it moves to the surface to be coated and mixes with the stream or streams 49, 100, `101.

Referring now to `Figs. 6 and 7, these show in a general way the composition of the resultant streams and are marked to indicate the naturc of thc composition, as for exemple the catalyst comportent is generally shown as dot and dash lines; the air component as full or long lines; and the coating component as dotted lines.

While i have disclosed i1 form of spray gun with a form of laterally projecting means and a way of causing the streams from ,both to contact and unite, I do not want to be limited to particular forms shown by way of illustration nor to the particular process or method chosen to illustrate the invention.

Having thus disclosed the invention, l claim as my invention: Y

l. In a spray device for spraying coating material intimately commingled with a liquid curing agent, the com bination with a primary spray gun for dispersing thc coating material provided with a longitudinally disposed aperture, and valve stem means for normally closing said aperture, of means associated with said stem for imparting reciprocatory movement of said stem relative to said aperture, said means including means for controlling admission of pressure fluid and coating material to said spray gun, a plurality of orifices disposed in a plane intersecting said aperture with their openings in parallel alignment with the axis of said aperture, and a plurality of jet ports coplanar with said aperture and said orifices, and having their axes arranged to substantially radially converge and intersect a line extending axially of said aperture, and a secondary spray gun associated with said primary spray gun and serving to emit a curing agent into the path of coating material dispersed from said primary spray gun and having the aperture of its nozzle positioned with its axis substantially at right angles to the axis of the aperture of said primary spray gun.

2. In a spray device as claimed in claim l, wherein said secondary spray gun includes valve rod means and means remote from said nozzle for maintaining said valve rod means normally in closed position, duct means interposed between said nozzle means and said valve closing means, and communicating chambers between said primary and secondary spray guns, whereby upon actuation of said means for imparting reciprocatory movement t0 said valve stem, pressure fluid may be admitted in succession to the primary spray gun and thence to the secondary spray gun to thereby move said normally closed valve rod means to open position to substantially simultaneously intermingle and disperse the materials from the said primary and secondary spray guns.

3. ln a spray device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the means for imparting reciprocatory movement of said valve stem includes means associated therewith for successively actuating means controlling the pressure fluid supply and thence the means for reciprocating said valve stem means relative to said aperture.

4. In a spray device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the means for maintaining said valve rod means normally in la `e'lfosed position on said secondary spray gun means includesl a resilient element interposed |between a' rigid wall and a pist-on associated with said valve rod means.

References Citved in the le of this patent G Schweitzer an. 26, 1937 Thompson Dec. 9, 1941 Hansen Nov. 23, 1943 Drummond Oct. 5, 1948 Bodle etal. Mar. 28, 1950 Junge Oct. 9, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2068892 *Jun 6, 1932Jan 26, 1937Us Quarry Tile CompanyMethod of coating surfaces
US2265209 *Apr 3, 1934Dec 9, 1941Spray Engineering CoTool or apparatus for applying protective coating
US2335116 *Nov 15, 1940Nov 23, 1943American Anode IncApparatus for spraying a plurality of fluids
US2450503 *Mar 8, 1947Oct 5, 1948Chemical Developments CorpMethod of forming plastic coating compositions on surfaces
US2501839 *Aug 24, 1944Mar 28, 1950Mishawaka Rubber & Woolen MfgSprayed rubber surfacing
US2570245 *Apr 2, 1948Oct 9, 1951Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoMethod of spraying transparent coatings
USRE20117 *Sep 29, 1926Sep 22, 1936AllenCoating
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3037900 *Mar 12, 1956Jun 5, 1962Donald L HingsMethod and machine for applying thermosetting resin
US3123307 *Aug 29, 1961Mar 3, 1964 Apparatus for spray depositing reinforced synthetic resins
US3633828 *Jan 19, 1970Jan 11, 1972Graco IncSpray gun
US3687368 *Apr 19, 1971Aug 29, 1972ElectrogasdynamicsValve unit for air type electrostatic spray gun
US3883077 *Feb 13, 1974May 13, 1975Brehm William LSprayer
US4358264 *Mar 18, 1981Nov 9, 1982Hitachi Shipbuilding & Engineering Company LimitedCentrifugal molding apparatus for manufacturing composite material pipes
US4713257 *Feb 19, 1986Dec 15, 1987Kopperschmidt-Muller GmbH & Co. KGSpraying method and device for applying a film to a workpiece
US4934603 *Mar 29, 1989Jun 19, 1990The Devilbiss CompanyHand held electrostatic spray gun
US5088903 *Mar 29, 1991Feb 18, 1992Pilot Ink Co., Ltd.Compressor, spray apparatus using the compressor, and air brush for the spray apparatus
US5183207 *Nov 14, 1991Feb 2, 1993Wagner Spray Tech CorporationAir seal for paint guns
US5297733 *Jun 2, 1993Mar 29, 1994Plastic Flamecoat Systems, Inc.Flame spray gun
US5303865 *Jul 26, 1990Apr 19, 1994Binks Manufacturing CompanyPlural component external mix spray gun and method
US5400971 *Dec 20, 1993Mar 28, 1995Binks Manufacturing CompanySide injected plural component spray gun
US5419491 *May 23, 1994May 30, 1995Mattson Spray Equipment, Inc.Two component fluid spray gun and method
US5713519 *Jul 21, 1995Feb 3, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFluid spraying system
US6264113Jul 19, 1999Jul 24, 2001Steelcase Inc.Fluid spraying system
US20140264126 *Mar 13, 2013Sep 18, 2014Gssc, Inc.Reduced Wear Valve
U.S. Classification239/294, 118/315, 239/415, 239/412, 427/426, 239/526, 239/428
International ClassificationB05B7/24
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/2429
European ClassificationB05B7/24A3S