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Publication numberUS2829591 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 8, 1958
Filing dateMay 10, 1956
Priority dateMay 10, 1956
Publication numberUS 2829591 A, US 2829591A, US-A-2829591, US2829591 A, US2829591A
InventorsRouan Francis J
Original AssigneePitney Bowes Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Postage printing die protection
US 2829591 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 8, 1958 F. J. ROUAN 2,829,591

POSTAGE PRINTING DIE PROTECTION Filed May 10, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 V INVENTOR.

April 8, 1958 F. J. ROUAN 2,829,591

POSTAGE PRINTING DIE PROTECTION Filed May 10, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY April s, 1958 ROUAN 2,829,591

POSTAGE PRINTING DIE PROTECTION Filed May 10, 1956 s Sheets-Sheet a United States Patent POSTAGE PRINTING DIE PROTECTION Francis J. Rouan, Darien, Conn., assignor to Pitney- Bowes, Inc., Stamford, Conn., a corporation of Delaware Application May 10, 1956, Serial No. 584,090"

7 Claims. (Cl. 101-91) This invention relates to printing die protection, in as sociation with postage or other value printing, and is primarily concerned with the prevention of the taking of unauthorized or fraudulent impressions from the printing die.

In a rotary postage printing device, postage impressions are adapted to be printed on letters or tape passed between a printing element and a platen roller, and inasmuch as each impression is of predetermined value, the said value is registered within suitable registering mechanism. It is important therefore to prevent taking more than the one legitimate impression from the printing die surface at the printing position during a printing cycle of operation. i

There have been various means suggested for the protection of printing dies which are well adapted for the purpose. However, as the development of postage meters has progressed, efforts have been directed towards reduction in size of all parts including the printing assembly. Reduction in size of the latter, however, has met some resistance by reason of the necessity for the presence of the die protection means and the nature of their operation as heretofore constructed. According to the present invention it has been discovered that by arranging a projectable die protection device within the value printing area it is possible to effect substantial space economies with equal protection effectiveness, which is the primary object of this invention.

Another object of the present invention is the arrangement of projectable printing die protection means in a position intermediate the value printing wheels of a settable value printing mechanism.

Another object of the invention is the provision in a rotary printing device of novel simplified mechanism for controlling the positioning of a projectable die protection means.

Still another object of the invention is the provision in connection with a settable value printing die wheel of a die protection means having projectable elements serving also as detent means for determining the position of a value printing wheel.

In the drawings a preferred form of the invention is shown wherein:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a postage printer having a printing head according to the invention, with a portion of the casing broken away to show the printing die in home position.

Fig. 2 is a transaxial section through the printing drum and housing of Fig. 1. i t

Fig. 3 is a detail section substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are fragmentary detail sections similar to Fig. 2 but with most of the printing drum shown in phantom for purposes of clarity, and showing the parts in successive positions during a printing cycle.

Fig. 7 is a detail perspective view showing a die protection element and the moving means therefor.

Referring to the drawings in detail a printing member t tion. exerted on the actuating arms 58, however, will oppose or drum 11 is mounted on a shaft 13 which may be cyclically driven in one direction as indicated by arrows C in any suitable manner, and is always prevented from rotation in the opposite direction. On the surface of the printing drum is a postage printing die 15 which includes a value printing portion 17.

Beneath the printing drum for cooperation with the printing dies thereon is an impression roller 19.

A casing 21 envelops the front, back and top of the printing drum, the bottom portion being left open so that printing on passing tape, envelopes or other articles can be effected. The shaft 13 passes through an opening 23 in the back of the casing 21 for supporting and rotating the drum 11 within the casing. A pivoted die guard element 25 at the approach side of the opening 23 and a lip 27 at the retreat side serve to close off the bottom of the casing as much as practical to provide minimum access to the printing die while it is in the lower or printing position.

The value printing portion 17 of the postage printing die 15 is made up of settable type wheels 29, 31 and 33 rotatable on a common shaft 35 mounted in the printing drum 11. The type wheels have attached thereto driving gears, i. e. gears 37, 39 and 41 respectively. The gears 37, 39 and 41 are driven by racks 43, 45 and 47 respectively connected to slide bars 49, 51 and 53 respectively mounted slidably in suitable longitudinal grooves in the shaft 13. The type wheels 29, 31 and 33 are so mounted that the portion of their peripheries which are in printing position are flush with the surface of the rest of printing die 15. By operating the slide bars 49, 51 and 53 in a known manner, the wheels 29, 31 and 33 can be set for any desired value to be printed, and the postage meter mechanism. is arranged, as is known in the prior art, in a manner to register the amount printed at each printing operation.

It can be seen that the drive gears and racks compel the presence of narrow spaces between the type wheels.

These spaces, already required by the wheel setting elewiched between the type wheels and have actuating arms 58 projecting to one side of the type wheels where they are rockably mounted on a pin 59 affixed to the printing drum 11. Each of the levers has a tooth 61 formed thereon like that seen in Fig. 3, arranged to engage between the teeth of'the adjacent drive gear 39 or 41 to act as a detent thereagainst. The levers are urged into detent position by springs 63 one of which is seen in Fig. 3.' When the levers 55 and 57 are in detent or solid line position as seen in Fig. 3, their protecting portions are disposed betweenthe type wheels and below the printing surfaces thereof so as to be out of operative posi- A pressure radially inwardly of the drum 11 the force of springs 63 and cause the protective portions of the levers. 55 and 57 to be projected from between the type wheels into operative position as shown in broken lines in Fig. 3. The expression below the printing surface is selected herein to indicate a withdrawn position of the protecting means where it fails to interfere with the printing operation, and is used as a convenience to describe this relationship regardless of the particular horizontal or vertical relationships which may be involved in any particular situation.

An operating lever 65 is carried by one face of the printing drum 11 and is pivoted thereon by a pin 67. The lever 65 has a contact portion 69 adjacent and-outwardly of the operating end portions 58 of the die protection levers 55 and 57, and an outer cam edge 71 disposed to encounter and move along a roller 73 mounted on a fixed axis in the housing 21 as the printing drum rotates. A slight rocking movement is imparted to the lever by the engagement of its cam edge 71 with the roller 73 during the period of their contact which represents about onehalf rotation of the drum 11. A torsion spring 75 (Fig. 2) is arranged at the pivot location 67 and is disposed so as to urge the operating lever 65 outwardly against the roller 73 when in position to touch the same, or otherwise against a suitable stop 77 aifixed to the surface of the drum 11.

In operation a letter, tape or other article identified by reference character A will be advanced in the direction indicated by arrow B in Fig. 1, the printing drum being in the home or Fig. 2 position. At the appropriate time the drive for drum 11 will be automatically tripped in a known mannerlto start drum rotation in the direction of arrows C, whereupon the drum 11 will make contact with the article A and start to feed it forward against the impression roller 19. As the leading edge of the printing die 15 moves down into contact with the article A the trailing end is still protected by guard 25 from unauthorized access. When the parts reach the Fig. 4 position, the value printing section 17 is making its impression. It can be seen that the lever 65 has made contact with the roller 73, but the cam edge 71 has a long leading con centric portion which produces no lever movement other than initial displacement from the stop 77. In Fig. 4 the parts are shown with the roller 73 at the end of said concentric portion with a slightly bulged portion 71a of the cam edge extending therebeyond.

As the printing continues (Fig. the value portion 17 of the die begins to be exposed beyond the impression roller 19 and substantially the whole die 15 is accessible between guard and lip 27, rendering the die 15, except for the protective mechanism, in a sense susceptible to the taking of fraudulent impressions. However, at this position the protective mechanism comes into operation, for the bulged portion 71a of lever 65 is then in contact with roller 73 so that the lever 65 is moved inwardly against the force of its spring 75. The contact portion 69 engages the actuating arms 58 of die protection levers and 57 causing the protective end portions thereof to be projected beyond the printing surface. Thus the only printing which can be performed is the continued progressive printing of the already initiated impression on article A, any attempt to take another complete or substantially complete impression at this drum position being defeated by the projecting protective portions of levers 55, 57. The bulged portion 71a of the cam edge of lever 65 is of suflicient length that the protecting portions of levers 55 and 57 will remain projected until the value printing portion 17 has progressed far enough to be fully guarded by the lip 27 (Fig. 6), at which point the lever 65 ends and drops ed the roller 73 to be held against its stop 77 until the next revolution.

As seen in Figs. 3 and 7 the teeth 61 on levers 55 and 57 are urged by springs 63 into firm engagement between the teeth of gears 39 and 41 and serve to position the printing wheels 31 and 33 accurately in their selected position during printing, thus avoiding the inclusion of separate detent means. The wheel 29 may, of course, be held by detent means of the usual form (not shown), or an additional blade similar to the blades 55, 57 may be associated with it and with its gear 37 if desired.

While the foregoing description sets out specifically a rotary postage printer, it will be readily understood that certain aspects of the invention pertain with equal force to other types of printing such as reciprocatory printing, and that the subjoined claims are to be understood as in cluding the latter except when so worded as to expressly excludethem.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination in a value printing device, a printing die including settable value printing wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; and protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die at the precise position of the value to be printed to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom.

2. In combination in a value printing device, a printing member and an impression member having relative printing movement therebetween; a printing die on the printing member and including settable value printing wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die at the precise position of the value to be printed to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropriate times; and means responsive to said relative movement for automatically effecting the projection and retraction of said protective blade portion.

3. In combination in a value printing device, a printing member and an impression member having relative printing movement therebetween; a printing die on the print ing member and including settable value printing wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the print ing surface of the printing die to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropre ate times, and a portion extending to One side of said wheels constituting a mounting section and an actuating arm; means rockably mounting said blade on said printing member at said mounting section; and means responsive to said relative movement for moving said actuating arm to elfect the projection and retraction of said protective blade portion.

4. In combination in a value printing device, a frame; a printing drum rotatable on the frame; a printing die on the drum including settable value printing wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropriate times, and a portion extending to one side of said wheels constituting a mounting section and an actuating arm; means rockably mounting said blade on said drum at said mounting section; and means responsive to rotation of said drum on said frame for moving said actuating arm to effect projection and retraction of said protective blade portion.

5. In combination in a value printing device, a frame; a printing drum rotatable .on the frame; a printing die on the drum including settable value printing Wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropriate times, and a portion extending to one side of said wheels constituting a mounting section and an actuating arm; means rockably mounting said blade on said drum at said mounting section; a lever rockable on said drum having a portion engaging said actuating arm and a peripherally directed cam surface; and a lever deflecting element on said frame in a position to engage said cam surface and rock said lever to compel projection of said protective blade portion during certain positions of said drum.

6. In combination in a value printing device, a frame; a printing drum rotatable on the frame; a housing enclosing said drum, but having an opening adjacent the printing position; a printing die on the drum including settable value printing Wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die at the precise position of the value to be printed to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropriate times; andmeans responsive to rotation of said drum on said frame for automatically effecting projection of said protective blade portion while the printing die is traveling through a portion of its exposed rotation adjacent said housing opening.

7. In combination in a value printing device, a printing die including settable value printing wheels in spaced side-by-side relation; a toothed wheel of smaller diameter than said wheels secured to one of said wheels and located between them; protection means for said die including a blade positioned between the printing Wheels and having a portion projectable beyond the printing surface of the printing die to prevent the taking of unauthorized impressions therefrom and retractable below said surface to permit printing therefrom at appropriate times; a tooth on said blade engageable with the teeth of said toothed wheel when the blade is retracted; and spring means urging said blade towards retracted position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,874,073 Wheeler et al. Aug. 30, 1932 1,904,638 Wheeler et al. Apr. 18, 1933 2,568,624 Hanson .a Sept. 18, 1951 2,743,668 Hanson et a1 May 1, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1874073 *Mar 8, 1929Aug 30, 1932 Postage meter machine
US1904638 *Nov 6, 1930Apr 18, 1933 Means for preventing taking of fraudulent impressions from postage
US2568624 *Oct 12, 1949Sep 18, 1951 Postage printing die protection means
US2743668 *Sep 4, 1952May 1, 1956PitneyPostage printing die protection means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3869986 *Jan 16, 1974Mar 11, 1975Pitney Bowes IncInk jet postage printing apparatus
US4043262 *Jul 14, 1975Aug 23, 1977Morii Chokoku Co., Ltd.Apparatus for imprinting markings on cylindrical vessels for compressed gases or the like
US4321867 *Jan 14, 1981Mar 30, 1982Pitney Bowes Inc.Electro-mechanical latch apparatus
US4345521 *Jan 14, 1981Aug 24, 1982Pitney Bowes Inc.Inhibiting means for postage register parcel identification system
US4472625 *Dec 8, 1982Sep 18, 1984Pitney Bowes Inc.Selectable decimal point for printing device
US4559444 *Feb 14, 1985Dec 17, 1985Pitney Bowes Inc.Postage meter
US4796527 *Aug 15, 1983Jan 10, 1989Pitney Bowes Inc.Value printing die protection mechanism in a postage meter machine
US5020429 *Dec 15, 1989Jun 4, 1991Pitney Bowes Inc.Die protection assembly for preventing fraudulent printing by an electronic postage meter
DE2646204A1 *Oct 13, 1976Apr 21, 1977Pitney Bowes LtdDruckwerk fuer eine frankiermaschine, einen scheckschreiber o.dgl.
DE3040533A1 *Oct 28, 1980May 14, 1981Pitney Bowes IncDrucker-steuersystem
DE3423687A1 *Jun 27, 1984Jan 3, 1985Pitney Bowes IncDruckwertstempelschutzvorrichtung in einer elektronischen frankiermaschine
DE3423687C2 *Jun 27, 1984Mar 26, 1998Pitney Bowes IncDruckwertstempelschutzvorrichtung in einer elektronischen Frankiermaschine
DE3427471A1 *Jul 25, 1984Mar 7, 1985Pitney Bowes IncGebuehrenwertdruckstempel-schutzmechanismus in einer frankiermaschine
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/91
International ClassificationB41K3/12, B41K3/00, G07B17/00
Cooperative ClassificationB41K3/123, G07B2017/00233, G07B2017/00548, G07B17/00508
European ClassificationG07B17/00F2, B41K3/12B4