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Publication numberUS2829807 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 8, 1958
Filing dateMay 2, 1956
Priority dateMay 2, 1956
Publication numberUS 2829807 A, US 2829807A, US-A-2829807, US2829807 A, US2829807A
InventorsSamuel Kirschenbaum
Original AssigneeSamuel Kirschenbaum
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Capping device
US 2829807 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I A ril s, 195

s. KIRSCHENBA-UM 2,829,807

CAPPING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 2. 1956 United States Patent CAPPING DEVICE Samuel Kirschenbaum, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application May 2, 1956, Serial No. 582,149

4 Claims. 01. 222-421 4 This invention relates generally to the bottle closure art, and more particularly to an improved form of capping device for use in conjunction with liquid drop dispensing. devices. Reference is made to Patent No. 2,411,435, entitled, Liquid Dispensing Device, granted November 19, 1946 to' S; Kirschenbaum whichshows a typicalapplication of the invention;

Liquid dispensing'devices-of the type disclosed in the above mentioned patent are used in connection with bottles for controlling theflow of liquid from the same, and

are adapted to provide for the emptying of liquid conare generally satisfactory, it has been found that capping devices of conventional type are not suitable in those applications where it is necessary to shake the container of 1 liquid to assure a uniform mixture of liquid before dispensing. During the shaking operation, the liquid dispensing passages become filled with liquid so that upon removal of thecapping device and the tilting of the container to'dispense the drops of liquid, the initial flow may be too fast for accurate drop count and control.

It has also been found that the conventionalicap made of-a rigid plastic andrelying only upon pressure to seal is: insuflicient when used in conjunction with a bottle insertor fitment madeof a non-rigid flexible plastic having the properties of polyethylene if'the pressure is ap p'lied to sections of the fitment that are not supported by unyielding surfaces. r

{It is therefore among the principal objectsof the present invention to'provide' an improved capping device for use in conjunctionwith drop dispensing devices of the class'described intwhich the: above mentioned difficulties are substantially eliminated.

Anotherobject of the invention lies in the provision of improved capping construction: which is adapted to seat tightly upon the drop" dispensing device-without damage to" any of the relatively delicate parts thereof.

' Another. object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved capping device adapted; for use in conjunction" with aldrop dispensing device possessed of the above enumeratedadvantages, in which thecost of 'fabrica'tion may be of areasonably low order, with consequent wide sale; distribution and use.

A feature: of th'einvention' lies in thefact that the same may be: formed from a-single molding of synthetic resinou's'material, with a complete absence of sealing gaskets, liners, andth-like.

Another feature of the invention liesin. the pockets of trapped air between interconnecting partst'o provide an sliced-we seal against the new of liquids therethr'ougl'i'.

2,829,807 Patented Apr. 8, 1 958 These objects and features, as well as other incidental ends and advantages, will become more clearly apparent during the course of the following disclosure, and be pointed out in the appended claims.

On the drawing, to which reference will be made in the specification, similar reference characters have been employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing an embodiment of the invention in position upon a drop dispensing device.

Figure 1A is a plan view as seen from the plane 1A-1A on Figure 1.

Figure 2 is a bottom plan view of the embodiment.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, corresponding in mostrespects to that seen on Figure 1, but showing an alternate form of the embodiment.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, corresponding inmost respects to that seen on Figure 1, but showing a second alternate form of the embodiment.

. Figure 5 is a similar fragmentary sectional view showingwa third alternate form of the embodiment.

Figure 6 is a similar fragmentary sectional View showing. a fourth'alternate form of the embodiment.

In accordance with the invention, the device, generally indicated by reference character 10 is shown in conjunction with a" liquid dispensing device 11 disposed within the neck 12 of a liquid container (not shown). The construction and operation of the liquid dispensing device 1 1- is substantially as set forth in Patent No. 2,411,435, and will theiefore not be discussed in great detail herein. In accordance with saidpatent, the device 11 includes a neck engaging annular portion 15, an outer tubular member 16 having aflared portion 17 thereon, a perforated wall18, and an inner tubular member 19 having a lower wall 20 thereon,- the wall 2% having a vent 21 therein. In the device 11 illustrated, the upper edge 22 of the outer tubular member 16 and the upper edge 23 of the inner tubular member 19 are in co-planar relationship, but it is to be understood that such showing is purely exemplary, as the device 16 may be modified to accommodate those cases'where the co-planar relationship does not exist. When in use, air fiows in the direction of the arrow 24 through the vent 21 to permit liquid to flow in the direction indicated by the arrow 25 through the perforated wall 18 to form drops on the flared portion 17. If liquid is brought into the interstice 28 by necessary shaking or inadvertent handling, a quantity of liquid accumulates which is greatly in excess of the normal amount of liquid in the device required for efiicient functioning. In the conventional cap, the whole fitment'becomes filled with liquid which brings about this condition.

The device lii is preferably formed by molding a suitable synthetic resin having the desired properties of strength and a limited degree of flexibility. Where the device 11 is formed from a relatively soft synthetic resin having the properties of polyethylene, the device 10 may be formed of a relatively harder synthetic resin, preferably of the phenol or styrene tpes. The device 10 includesabody 29 having an outer annular surface 30, an upper surface 31, a threaded surface 32 selectively engageable with threads 33 on the neck 12 and a first planar inwardly dispo's'edsur'face 34 adapted to rest upon the flange 14 when in engaged position.

Adjacent to and disposed inwardly of the surface 34 is a first annular" groove 35 of suitable cross section to permit the sametoclear the flared portion 17 of thembul'a'rme'm'b'er 16'. in the embodiment shown on Figure l, the groove of'generallyrectangular cross section including oute'r's'urface' 42, a bottom 43 and a partial inner surface 44. The depth of the groove is adapted to slide within the interstice 28, while the rounded bottom surface 48 assures a smooth sliding fit. A

similarly cylindrical inner surface 49 contacts the outer surface of the inner tubular member 19. a

A second annular groove 37 is disposed adjacent to and inwardly of the first annular projection 36 andrincludes a bottom surface 50 and an inner annular surface 51. The surface 51 merges with the outer cylindrical surface 52 of the axially or centrally disposed projection 38 which is provided with an end surface 53 adapted to penetrate the opening within the inner tubular member 19. As may be seen on Figure 1, thesurface 50 is positioned so as to clear the upper edge 23 whereby a pocket of trapped air provides a seal similar to that provided by the annular groove 35. The above mentioned pocket may be eliminated, if desired, provided an ef- :3

fective seal is made at the upper end of the inner tubular member 19.

When the device 10 is engaged with the device 11 owing to a differential resilience between the component parts of the two devices a slight distortionoccurs to provide an hermetic seal between the planar surface of the flange 14 and the surface 34. A second seal is made at the contact of the cylindrical surface 46 with the reinforced junction between the flared portion 17 and the planar flange 14. A third seal is made by the engagement of the surface 51 with the outer surface of the inner tubular member 19. Still another seal is formed by the engagement of the centrally disposed projection 38 with the inner tubular member. Air trapped within the groove 35 contributes to this effect in thatno liq- 1 uid can enter the groove without displacing the air, and the pressure of the air is such as to force liquid in the opposite direction. Thus, in closed condition, the container of liquid may be shaken vigorously without substantial accumulation of liquid, that is to say'the liquid which accumulates is within the normal range for proper operation. Accordingly, it is possible to remove the device 10 from the device 11 and commence controlled flow of drops from the container of liquid-in such a manner that drops are immediately formed.

Turning now to the alternate form of the invention as shown on Figure 3 of the drawing, the same differs from the principal form only in the omission of the centrally disposed projection 38. This form is particularly useful where the centrally disposed opening in the drop dispensing device is so small as to make the centrally disposed projection diflicult to mold. In such cases, an adequate seal will be obtained without the presence of the centrally disposed projection. The elimination of the centrally disposed projection also saves the material which would normally be used to form the same, with a consequent simplification and reduction in molding costs.

In this form of the embodiment, owing to the close fitting of parts, upon the removal of the device 10 a suction is created in the inner tubular member which tends to empty some of the liquid lodged between the inner and outer tubular members. This action occurs to an even greater degree in the principal form.

Turning now to the second alternate form of the embodiment as illustrated on Figure 4, parts corresponding to those of the principal form are designated with similar reference characters with the additional sutfix a. v The second alternate form of the invention dilfers from the principal form principally in that it is particularly adapted forv use in liquid containers having relatively narrow neck portions. Accordingly, the outer tubular member 16a engages the inner surface of the neck 12a and the interstice 28 is sufficiently narrow that the major portion of the seal is effected by contact between the tapered surfaces 58 and 59. Here contact as shown is permissible without damage to the device 10a, owing to the fact that the flared portion 17a is directly supported by the upper edge 60 of the neck 12a.

Turning now to the third alternate form of the embodiment as illustrated on Figure 5, of the drawing, parts corresponding to those of the principal form have been designated by similar reference characters with the additional sufix b. In this form, the inner tubular member 19b is lowered, to permit the device 10b to be inwardly recesscd with a consequent saving of material comprising the cap. An additional air seal is formed within the groove 63, the annular projection 64 contacting a portion of the device 10b which is supported by the neck 12b of the liquid container.

Turning now to the fourth alternate form of the embodiment as illustrated on Figure 6 of the drawing, parts corresponding to those of the principal form of the embodiment have been designated by similar reference characters with the additional suflix c. In this form of the embodiment, the seal between the flared portion 17c and the first annular projection 360 is partial as compared with a more complete seal as seen on Figure 4, and correspondingly, the flared portion is only partially reinforced by additional material indicated by reference character 70.

It may thus be seen that I have invented novel and highly useful improvements in capping devices of a type adapted to be used in conjunction with a drop dispensing device. Provision is made for the exclusion of undesirable accumulations of liquid within the drop dispensing device during such time as the container of liquid with which the drop dispensing device is used, is shaken or otherwise moved so as to cause liquid to otherwise lodge within the drop dispensing device. The capping device may be formed from a wide variety of suitable'materials, and by resort-to injection molding techniques the cost of thesameflmay be maintained at a very low order. 1 i

I wish it to be understood that I do not consider'the invention limited to the precise details of structurelshown and set forth in this specification, for obvious modifications will occur to those skilled in the art to which'the present invention relates. '1 I I claim: I

1. A capping device for use with a liquid container as a closure therefor comprising: a generally annularbody having a principal axis; said body having a planar surface disposed substantially perpendicularly with respect to said axis, a first annular groove disposed inwardly'of said surface and substantially concentrically with respect to said principal axis, an annular projection disposed inwardly of said groove and substantially concentrically with respect to said principal axis; and a second annular groove disposed inwardly and concentrically with respect to said annular projection.

'2. A capping device for use with a liquid container as a closure therefor comprising: a generally annular body having a principal axis; said body having a planar surface disposed substantially perpendicularly with respect to said axis, a first annular groove disposed inwardly of said 7 surface and substantially concentrically withv respect to said principal axis, an annular projection disposed inwardly of'said groove and substantially concentrically with respect to said principal axis; and a second annular groove disposed inwardly and concentrically with respect to said annular projection; and a second centrally disposed projection disposed inwardly of said second groove.

3. In combination, a liquid dispensing device and a capping device therefor; said liquid dispensing device comprising: a body having a principal axis, a planar surface disposed substantially perpendicularly with-respect to said axis, first and second cylindrical tubes disposed concentrically with respect to said axis and forming a cylindrically shaped interstice therebetween; said capping device comprising a generally annular body having a principal axis, said body having a first planar surface disposed substantially perpendicular with respect to said axis, a first annular groove disposed inwardly of said surface and substantially coaxially with respect to said principal axis, a first annular projection disposed inwardly of said groove and concentrically with respect thereto, a second annular groove disposed inwardly and concentrically with respect to said first annular projection, and a second centrally disposed projection disposed inwardly of said second groove; said capping device being selectively engageable with said dispensing device in such a manner that said planar surfaces are in contact, in which position said first annular projection on said capping device is adapted to enter the interstice between said first and second cylindrical tubes.

4. In combination, a liquid dispensing device and a capping device therefor; said liquid dispensing device comprising: a body having a principal axis, a planar surface disposed substantially perpendicularly with respect to said axis, first and second cylindrical tubes disposed concentrically with respect to said axis and forming a cylindrically 6 shaped interstice therebetween; said capping device comprising: a generally annular body having a principal axis, said body having a first planar surface disposed substantially perpendicular with respect to said axis, a first annular groove disposed inwardly of said surface and substantially coaxially with respect to said principal axis, a first annular projection disposed inwardly of said groove and concentrically with respect thereto, a second annular groove disposed inwardly and concentrically with respect to said first annular projection; said capping device being selectively engageable with said dispensing device in such a manner that said planar surfaces are in contact, in which position said first annular projection on said capping device is adapted to enter the interstice between said first and second cylindrical tubes.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,714,211 Brownlee et a1 May 21, 1929 1,854,451 Cooney Apr. 19, 1932 2,411,435 Kirschenbaum Nov. 19, 1946 2,690,861 Tupper Oct. 5, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1714211 *Nov 19, 1927May 21, 1929BrownleeSquirt gun
US1854451 *Dec 13, 1928Apr 19, 1932American Crayon CompanyClosure for collapsible tubes
US2411435 *Jan 8, 1943Nov 19, 1946Samuel KirschenbaumLiquid dispensing device
US2690861 *May 8, 1950Oct 5, 1954Earl S TupperDispensing closure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3091373 *Apr 25, 1961May 28, 1963Samuel KirschenbaumWhiskey pourer or similar device
US3124281 *Jun 8, 1961Mar 10, 1964 stull
US3133310 *Sep 3, 1959May 19, 1964Yorker & Sons IncSpouted cap and closure therefor
US3168969 *Jun 19, 1963Feb 9, 1965Container CorpOff-center dispensing closure arrangement
US3297211 *Apr 5, 1965Jan 10, 1967Seagram & Sons IncLiquid dispenser having plural discharge guides
US3307752 *Mar 15, 1965Mar 7, 1967Johnson & Son Inc S CCaptive plastic closure for container with integral container handle
US3319842 *Oct 23, 1965May 16, 1967Owens Illinois IncAnti-splash liquid pourout fitment and closure therefor
US3323693 *Oct 23, 1965Jun 6, 1967Owens Illinois IncAnti-splash liquid pourout fitment
US3693847 *Jan 6, 1971Sep 26, 1972Royal H GibsonBottle cap and pouring fitment assembly
US4036413 *Apr 23, 1976Jul 19, 1977Perticamps S.A.EmbalagensContainer closure construction
US4187964 *Aug 1, 1978Feb 12, 1980Anchor Hocking CorporationCombined closure cap and pour-out fitment
US4493427 *Jun 8, 1983Jan 15, 1985Stericric SaFlask for sterile liquids
US4802610 *May 16, 1988Feb 7, 1989The Dow Chemical CompanyPour spout
US5025942 *Aug 1, 1989Jun 25, 1991Societe De Conseils Et D'etudes Des Emballages S.C.E.E.Device for hanging various accessories on a screw ring or endpiece of a container
US5454489 *Jan 13, 1995Oct 3, 1995Colgate-Palmolive CompanyPouring member having self sealing venting closure
US5609276 *Nov 30, 1993Mar 11, 1997S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Adjustable spray dispensing closure for containers
US8459513 *Aug 9, 2007Jun 11, 2013Obrist Closures Switzerland GmbhBottle fitments
US20100000961 *Aug 9, 2007Jan 7, 2010Obrist Closures Switzerland GmbhBottle Fitments
US20120152884 *Nov 5, 2009Jun 21, 2012Jin Hwan Hwan LeeBottle cover assembly
DE1164864B *Jun 20, 1958Mar 5, 1964Metallwerke Adolf Hopf K GFlaschenverschluss
DE19525988C2 *Jul 17, 1995Dec 6, 2001Johnson & Son Inc S CBehälter für fließfähiges Reinigungsmittel, insbesondere elastische Flasche für flüssigen thixotropen WC-Reiniger
DE29511520U1 *Jul 17, 1995Sep 21, 1995Yankee Polish Lueth Gmbh & CoBehälter für fließfähiges Reinigungsmittel, insbesondere elastische Flasche für flüssigen thixotropen WC-Reiniger
WO1994012426A1 *Nov 30, 1993Jun 9, 1994Johnson & Son Inc S CA dispensing closure for containers
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/421, 222/484, 222/546
International ClassificationB65D47/12
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/123
European ClassificationB65D47/12B1