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Publication numberUS2831540 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1958
Filing dateMay 13, 1955
Priority dateMay 5, 1954
Publication numberUS 2831540 A, US 2831540A, US-A-2831540, US2831540 A, US2831540A
InventorsHuber Theodore A
Original AssigneeExxon Research Engineering Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for permanent well completion
US 2831540 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 22, 1958 T. A. HUBER APPARATUS FOR PERMANENT WELL COMPLETION Original Filed May 5, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l CASING SETTlNG TOOL n :55!- !Fvumial 555:5:-555Ia:55525::5155illavaavivlilrlvuliiiiii'iiia:l'ine-anoini: 1:5 5:5 2": {a i gin Eng! United States PatentQ APPARATUS FOR PERMANENT WELL COMPLETION Theodore A. Huber, Houston, Tex., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Esso Research and Engineering Company, Elizabeth, N. 1., a corporation of Delaware Original application May 5, 1954, Serial No. 427,715; and this application May 13, 55, Serial No.

3 Claims. (Cl. 166-123) This invention is directed to apparatus employed in completing wells. More particularly, the invention concerns surface operable apparatus for plugging off wellbores. This apparatus is especially adaptable for use in permanent well completion operations wherein well completion and servicing operations are conducted through a permanently set tubing.

This applicationis a divisional application of U. S. application Serial No. 427,715, entitled Permanent Well Completion Method filed May 5, 1954, in the name of Theodore A. Huber.

Briefly, this invention comprises a barrier member for use in a well having a tubing and a casing arranged therein comprising, in combination, a mandrel sufliciently small in diameter adapted to be lowered through the tubing; an inflatable member carried by the mandrel; pipe gripping means carried by the mandrel operatively responsive to expansion and retraction of the inflatable packing member; said packing member and said pipe gripping means being adapted to move through the tubing when retracted; a setting tool releasably connected to the mandrel, said setting tool including a body sealingly engaging with the mandrel, said body enclosing first and second spaced apart chambers, said first chamber providing a reservoir for fluid adapted to expand said inflatable packing member, said mandrel'being formed to provide a conduit having one opening fluidly communicating with a space on the exterior of the mandrel enclosed by said inflatable packing member and another opening fluidly communicating with said second chamber; a first valve means in said conduit adapted to prevent and permit fluid flow to and from said second chamber; motor operated second valve means carried by said setting tool fluidly communicating said first chamber and said second chamber when in a first position, fluidly communicating the exterior of said body and said second chamber when in a second position and preventing fluid communication between said first and second chambers and between the exterior of said body and said second chamber when in a third position; releasable latching means arranged in said setting tool for engaging said setting tool with and disengaging said setting tool from said mandrel and motor operated releasing means for releasing said releasable latching means and for actuating said first valve means to permit release of fluid from said inflatable packer to said second chamber.

An object of this invention is to provide a surface operable packing member adapted to be releasably engaged with a setting tool.

A further object of this invention is to provide a surface operable fluid inflatable packing member adapted for movement through tubing when retracted and for sealing off a casing when inflated.

The barrier member employed in the practice of the present invention is suitably a plug or a deformable member which may be lowered through the tubing. For example, the barrier member may be constructed of rubber or other elastic material and lowered in a non-expanded or collapsed condition through the tubing to the level in the casing where it is to be placed and employed to obstruct the casing. Fluid is contained within the barrier member for expansion thereof. It is also contemplated that the barrier member will be provided with means for holding same firmly against the walls of the well bore to resist pressure from below the barrier member and allow the barrier member to be held firmly in place. It is contemplated that a fluid plastic material may be used to inflate the packer or barrier and then allow same to set to form a barrier. In this situation, the barrier would not be movable but remain where placed. Employment of a plastic to inflate the barrier may be desirable where high pressures are to be sealed off.

The barrier member is conveniently lowered through the tubing on an electrical conductor cable and the like which will provide energy for pumping up or pumping out the barrier member to obstruct the casing or to allow the barrier member to be moved vertically in the casing.

The present invention will be further illustrated by ref- 7 erence to the drawing in which:

Fig. 1 shows an arrangement of a barrier member to obstruct the casing to terminate flow of well fluid from the first hydrocarbon stratum;

Fig. 2 shows the barrier member and a gun perforator lowered through the tubing to form perforations in a sec-' I merals will be employed to designate identical parts, numetal 11 designates a well which has been drilled in the earth to penetrate hydrocarbon productive intervals,

zones or stratum A, B, C and D which are separated by nonproductive intervals E, F and G. These nonproductive intervals may be shale, and the like, and may separate productive zones from nonproductive zones in the same. stratum. Likewise, it is contemplated that a higher intervalin the sarne'stratum may be hydrocarbon productive after a lower interval or level in the same stratum has become commercially unattractive as to hydrocarbon production or hydrocarbon production may have declined or become reduced in amount. The present invention may be employed in all such instances.

is lowered. The casing is provided with a conduit 20 con-. trolled by valve 21 for flow through the annulus 22 as may" be desired under some circumstances.

The well 11 has initially been completed in the interval or stratum D by forming perforations 213 through the. casing 12 and cement 13 and hydrocarbon production,'

such as oil and gas, has been secured from the stratum D until the production of hydrocarbons has declined or be-' come noncommercial due, for example to invasion of' water or to production of excessive quantities of gas when oil is the principal hydrocarbon productive fluid." Under these conditions, a barrier member, such as 24, is

lowered through the tubing l5 by means of electrical cable 25. The barrier member 24 is attached to the cable 25 by means 26.

The barrier member 24 comprises a deformable or expandablemember 28 which is designed to be expanded by fluids to obstruct the casing 12.

Referring now to Fig. 2, it is to be noted that e rier member 24 has obstructed the casing 12 and .the setting tool '30 has'been disengaged from the mandrel 29. Thereafter, a gun per'forator, such as it), which may be a bullet gun or a shaped charge perforator is lowered on the conductor cable 25 adjacent the stratum B or C as maybe desired. For purposes of this illustration, the gun perforator 49 has been lowered adjacent the stratum B and perforations 41 have been made in the stratum or interval B by firing the bullets or shaped charges as the case may be. Such gun perforators are commercially available and their use is well known in the art. After forming the perforations 41, the gun perforator ii-i is retrieved through the tubing 15 and production is then had through the perforations ll. and up the tubing.

It is contemplated that after production from the stratum B has declined or become noncommercial for the aforementioned reasons, it .may be desirable to place a barrier in the casing adjacent the nonproductive stratum or interval E and this may conveniently be done by lowering another barrier member, such as 24, through the tub ing and placing same adjacent the stratum E following which the casing would be perforated in the stratum A. If desired not to provide a second barrier member, the deformable member 23 may be re-engaged by lowering the setting tool 3% connected to fishing tool 26 connected to cable 25 to engage with a suitable locking device, not shown, connected to the mandrel 29. The dogs or gripping means Sll are disengaged by collapsing the deformable member 28 by releasing the inflating fluid from the packer member which allows springs 46 to move the dogs 31 upwardly. An upward pull then serves to move the barrier 24 upwardly in the casing to a level adjacent the stratum E for obstructing the casing at that level.

It is to be noted that the gripping means for the barrier member 24 has been illustrated by dogs 31 provided with pipe engaging teeth 45. Also it is to be noted that the dogs 31 are biased outwardly by means of the packer 28 overcoming springs 46 which serves to urge the dogs 31 into engagement with the casing 12.

Referring now to Figs. 3 and 3a, apparatus is illustrated which allows the mandrel 29 and the deformable member 28 to be re-engaged and/or released. In this apparatus a setting tool, such as 56, is provided with an internal chamber 51 in which a body of hydraulic fluid is indicated by the shaded portion 52 which is arranged below a body of gas, such as 53, which serves to pressure the fluid in the chamber 51. The reservoir 51 may be filled at the earths surface with a suitable hydraulic fluid such as oil, aqueous fluid and the like by way of plugged opening Stla in the upper end of body 50. Arranged within the chamber 51 is a valve operating motor 54 which is energized by electrical connecting means 55 which extends preferably to the earths surface through cable 25 and is connected to a source of electrical energy. The valve motor 54 is connected by a reduction gear unit 56 to a three-way valve 57 which connects by way of conduit 58 to the chamber 51 and by conduit 59 to the exterior of the tool 543. Also a conduit 60 communicates with a chamber 6?. in the lower portion of the setting tool 59. Arranged in the chamber 61 is a second motor 052. which operates to cause the tool 50 to disengage and ire-engage with the mandrel 29 and to cause relief of fluid contained in packer 29. The motor 62 is provided with electrical connecting means 63 for energizing same, the electrical connecting means being carried to a source of electrical energy preferably at the earths surface through electrical cable The latching-on motor 62 has a reduction gear unit 64 which is connected to a driving screw 65. Driving screw 65 is provided with left-hand threads on its upper portion and right-hand threads on its lower portion.

Operably mounted on the upper portion of driving screw 65 is a latching dog yoke 66. Yoke 66 is confined to vertical motion in body 9 by keyways 67'. Yoke do is also provided with ports 63 at its upper end.

Yoke .66 defines adjacent its upper end a cylindrical splined cavity 69. Slidably arranged in cavity 69 and threadably connected to the lower end of driving screw 65 is a valve actuating plunger 70, which protrudes from the lower end of splined cavity 69. Upon turning of driving screw 65 to the right the yoke 66 is forced down and the valve actuating rod 70 is forced up. Upon turning the screw 65 to the left the yoke 66 is forced up and the actuating rod 7 t is forced down. I

A plurality of spring-biased latching dogs 75 are pivotally mounted on pins 74, which latter are connected to the inner wall of body 50. A running or retrieving head '79 is attached to the upper end of casing plug 29 and extends through opening 77. Head 79 is formed to provide a shoulder 72 and body is formed to provide a shouldered recess 76 on its inner wall. Springs 73 bias the ends 75 of dogs 75 inwardly. Thus, recess 76 holds the outer ends of dogs 75 against upward movement and the inner ends 75' of dogs 75 are adapted to engage with shoulder 72- upon upward movement of body 50.

Downward movement of yoke 66 engages the outer ends of dogs 75 causing the dogs to pivot in an outwardly direction against the bias of spring 73. In this manner, the inner ends 75' of dogs 75 are moved outwardly until they are positioned to clear shoulder 72 upon upward movement of body 51).

Body 50 defines in its lower end an opening 77, having a circular groove containing a sealing means such as O-ring 78.

Head 79 defines a valve cavity 80 which is in fluid communication with an opening 81 in the upper end of head 79. A ball valve 82, arranged in cavity 80 and biased upwardly by spring 83 normally closes the opening 81. Cavity 80 is in fluid communication with passageway 34 and deformable sleeve 28 of plug assembly 29. The device of Figs. 3 and 3a operates in the following manner.

The device is lowered into the casing with parts in the position shown to the depth the plug 29 is to be set.

Motor 54 is activated therefore opening valve 57 and allowing the fluid in chamber 51 to be forced down through conduit 60, chamber 61, opening 81 in head 79, passageway 34 of plug 29 and inflating sleeve 28.

When plug 29 is suitably set, valve 57 is again turned by motor 54 so as to close off the passage of fluid through conduit 58, therefore allowing ball valve 82 to close off opening passage 81 in head 79.

Body 50 is then ready to be withdrawn from the well. Motor 62 is then activated so as to rotate driving screw 65 to the right. This forces the yoke 66 down therefore unlatching the dogs 75 from the head 79, and allowing body 50 to be disconnected from plug 29. I

If it is desired to remove plug 29 from the casing, the device 50 is again lowered until the body 50 is again latched to head 79 as shown. Valve 57 is rotated so as to place conduit in fluid communication with conduit 59. Motor 62 is then activated so as to turn drive screw to the left. This rotation of screw 65 forces the plunger down so as to push ball valve 82 off its seat and allowing fluid in plug to escape by way of conduits 60 and 59 therefore deflating the sleeve 28.

The entire assembly is then ready to be withdrawn from the well or, if desired, to be set at another depth.

The nature and objects of the present invention having been completely described and illustrated, What I wish to claim as new and useful and to secure by Letters Patent is:

-1. A packer apparatus for use in a well having a tubing and casing arranged therein which comprises, in combination, a mandrel adapted to be lowered through said tubing, an inflatable member carried by said mandrel, pipe gripping means carried by said mandrel operativcly responsive to expansion and retraction of said inflatable packing member, said packing member and said pipe gripping means being adapted to move through said tub+ ing when retracted, a setting tool releasably connected to said mandrel, said setting tool including a body seal,

5 ingly engaging with said mandrel, said body enclosing first and second spaced-apart chambers, said first chamber providing a reservoir for fluid adapted to expand said inflatable packing member, said mandrel being formed to provide a conduit having one end fluidly communicating with a space on the exterior of the mandrel enclosed by said inflatable packing member and another end fluidly communicating with said second chamber, a check valve arranged in said conduit adapted to permit and prevent fluid flow to and from said second chamber, motor operated valve means carried by said setting tool fluidly communicating said first chamber and said second chamber when in a first position, fluidly communicating the exterior of said body and said second chamber when in a second position and prevailing fluid communication between said first and second chambers and between the exterior of said body and said second chamber when in a third position, releasable latching means arranged in said setting tool having a first position adapted to engage said setting tool with said mandrel and a second position adapted to disengage said setting tool from said mandrel and motor operated releasing means having first and second positions adapted to release said releasable latching means and to actuate said checkvalve to release fluid from said inflatable packing member when said releasing means is in said second position.

2. A device as recited in claim 1 wherein said releasable latching means includes spring-biased dogs pivotally arranged on said setting tool and said motor operated releasing means includes a rotatable screw member provided with spaced apart left and right-handed screw threads, dog engaging means threadedly connected to one of said screw member threads and check valve actuating means threadedly connected to said other screw member threads.

3. A device as recited in claim 2 wherein said motor operated releasing means and said motor operated valve means are provided with electrical means operable from the earths surface.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,549,168 Townsend Aug. 11, 1925 2,187,007 Barnes Jan. 16, 1940 2,552,433 Kirby May 8, 1951 2,618,344 Turcchek et al. Nov. 18, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1549168 *Feb 18, 1924Aug 11, 1925Townsend Elvin ESealing device for wells
US2187007 *Mar 29, 1938Jan 16, 1940Lane Wells CoReleasable cable head
US2552433 *May 7, 1946May 8, 1951Kirby John HFormation testing tool
US2618344 *Apr 20, 1946Nov 18, 1952Lane Wells CoBridging plug
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3064734 *Oct 13, 1958Nov 20, 1962Great Lakes Carbon CorpBridge plug
US3353622 *Aug 20, 1962Nov 21, 1967Continental Oil CoNear-surface velocity logger
US3447605 *Sep 5, 1967Jun 3, 1969Mineralimpex Magyar Olaj Es BaMethod of sealing boreholes and apparatus therefor
US3762470 *Apr 26, 1971Oct 2, 1973Tenneco Oil CoInflatable packer device and method
US4493374 *Mar 24, 1983Jan 15, 1985Arlington Automatics, Inc.Hydraulic setting tool
US4665992 *Jan 22, 1985May 19, 1987Schlumberger Technology CorporationMethod and apparatus for installing packers in a well
US5749419 *Nov 9, 1995May 12, 1998Baker Hughes IncorporatedCompletion apparatus and method
US6145593 *Aug 18, 1998Nov 14, 2000Baker Hughes IncorporatedMain bore isolation assembly for multi-lateral use
WO2012160380A2 *May 24, 2012Nov 29, 2012Smjm LimitedSupport device for use in a wellbore and a method for deploying a barrier in a wellbore
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/123, 166/122, 166/187
International ClassificationE21B23/00, E21B33/12, E21B33/127, E21B23/06
Cooperative ClassificationE21B33/1275, E21B23/06
European ClassificationE21B33/127D, E21B23/06