|Publication number||US2831661 A|
|Publication date||Apr 22, 1958|
|Filing date||Dec 29, 1953|
|Priority date||Aug 26, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2831661 A, US 2831661A, US-A-2831661, US2831661 A, US2831661A|
|Inventors||Russell Brown George|
|Original Assignee||Security Rock Bits Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (11), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 22, 1958 e, R. BROWN 2,831,651
ROCK DRILLING BITS Filed Dec. 29, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 A ril 22, 1958 e. R. BROWN 2,831,651
ROCK DRILLING BITS Filed Dec. 29, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 lzvfi'ei-qroa Georq Eu n B I 0441mm;
April 22, 1958 e. R. BROWN 2,831,651
ROCK DRILLING BITS Filed Dec. 29, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Ciao! e b Mum April 22, 1958 owN 2,831,661
Uite fates ate ROCK DRILLING BlTS George Russell Brown, Gatley, England, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Security Rock Bits Limited, Manchester, England This invention relates to rock drilling bits of the type comprising a plurality of segmental elements (such as three) which have rotary cutters mounted on projecting bearings and which enclose flushing liquid conduits delivering flushing liquid to the cutters.
In the drilling bits of the above type at present available, the conduits for the flushing liquid are contained in a tubular branched unit separate from the drill bit and housed in recesses or cavities in the cast or forged segmental elements of which the bit is composed.
An aim of the present invention is to simplify the construction and reduce the number of parts comprising the bit, eliminating the separate unit conveying flushing liquid.
A further aim of the invention is to improve the sturdiness of construction, including that part concerned with the mounting of the liquid outlet nozzle.
The invention boadly consists in a rock drill bit which possesses self-contained flushing liquid passages formed integrally in the bit segmental elements, such that the flow circulation directly contacts the metal of the bit segments.
According to the invention the circulating liquid is conveyed to the nozzles through passageways composed of a plurality of arcuate grooves which are formed in the bit segmental elements and which when mated together complete said passages. In the preferred form, each of three segmental elements has a coaxial arcuate groove, subtending an angle of 120, in the shank of the element and dividing into two nozzle feeding branch grooves, and one of such pair of grooves terminates in a boss adapted to constitute an integral seating for the delivery nozzle.
A feature of the invention lies in. the provision of a nozzle seating boss as above characterised, projecting laterally to overlap the opposing branch groove of the next adjacent segment and constitute a bridging bond welded to such segment.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a front elevation of one of the segmental elements for a bit according to the invention; the elevation presents the inward surfaces of such elements.
Figure 2 is a rear or outside elevation of the segmental element and Figures 3 and 4 are respectively a right and left hand side elevation of the segmental element seen in Figure 1,
Figure 5 is a plan view according to Figure 3.
Figure 6 is a right hand side elevation (partly in section) of a segmental element, machined ready for assembly and welding.
Figure 7 is a plan according to Figure 6.
Figure 8 is a fragmental front elevation of a segmental element as seen in Figures 6 and 7,
Figure 9 is a fragmentary sectional view of the nozzle mounting, taken on the line 99 of Figure 7,
Figure 10 is an outside elevation of a pair of segmental elements assembled together to illustrate the overlapping Patented Apr. 2 2, 1958 In carrying the invention into effect according to one mode described by way of example, dies are made for drop forging identical segmental elements of the shape and character described below. 7 Each segmental element is forced integrally (subtending an angle of and comprises a shank portion 1, a body or head 2, neck projections 3 carrying cutter bearing cones St: on the head, and a nozzle mounting boss4 projecting laterally from one side of the head portion of the segmental element, the boss being located in the region intended for the circulation outlet. In the present instance each drill bit consists of three segmental elements which are adapted to fit together to constitute a bit which exteriorly (Figure 2) in rear view is similar in general appearance to drill bits of known type.
As the segmental elements are identical one with another, it will suffice to describe one such element in detail and the manner in which the several segmental elemental elements fit together and are assembled and welded to comprise an integral bit unit.
Each segmental element has right and left segmental faces 5a, 5b and these faces mate with corresponding faces of the segments on either side when assembled.
The shank 1 at the segmental angle is mutilated in the forging by an arcuate coaxial groove'o adapted to constitute one third of the boundary wall of an axial fluid passage of circular cross section. At the region where the shank merges into the body or head 2, the arcuate groove 6 divides into a pair of branch arcuate grooves 6a, 6b inclined outwardly awayfrom the bit axis. The branch grooves are separated at the upper portion of the head by a central body of metal terminating inwardly in fragmental segmental faces 5c and 5d which are spaced away from the longitudinally extending faces 5a and 5b respectively by the said branch grooves. The arcuate grooves 6a and 6b are completed into liquid distributing branch passages when the three like segmental elements are assembled together, the groove tin being completed by the juxtaposition of the groove 6b of the circumferentially adjacent segmental element. The groove 6b is correspondingly completed by the juxtaposition of the groove 6a of the next segmental element.
The branch groove 6b opens inwardly into a recess 7 formed in the upper surface of the head, but the branch groove 6a is closed at its upper end by the transverse boss 4 which projects laterally beyond theface 5a such that it overlaps the end of the groove 6b of the next adjacent segmental element and is accommodated in the recess 7 thereof.
The boss is such that it can be machined and drilled as described hereinafter to provide seating sockets for outlet nozzle inserts for discharging the circulating liquid. Each boss, due to its overlapping relation with the next segmental element, constitutesa bonding bridge between adjacent elements. I
The drop forging dies are designed to produce a forging which is slightly oversizein respect to those parts Which require machining for producing a snug fit in the assembly of the segments.
After forging the segmental elements are machined as for the faces 5a, 5b, 5c and 5d to afford accurately mating surfaces when the elements 'are assembled together. In preparing three segmental elements for assembly and welding, the margins which represent the meeting of the groove 6 and the faces 5a, 5b of each segment and coextensive with the shank part 1 are given a chamfer 1a & (Figure 8) for providing a weld groove internally of the completed passageway 6, While the external margins of said faces at the head portion 2 and the upper margins of the faces 5c,'5d are similarly chamfered as at 2a (Figures 7 and 8) for external welding. The outer margins 7a of the recesses 7 and the corresponding lower margins 4a (Figures 1, 8 and 10) of the boss 4 are machined for welding, or, in the forging operation, a suit able weld clearance may be provided (see Figures 10 and 11), the weld being seen at 41) (Figures 9, l0 and 11).
Each boss 4 is drilled and reamed to form a seating 42 for a tungsten or other nozzle assembly 8. The conical projections 3a are machined to afiord cutter bearings as seen in Figures 6 and 7. These bearings may have roller bearing races 3!; and ball bearing races 30. A transverse bore 3d may be provided extending from the outermost surface of the neck projection 3 t0 the ball bearing race 30 for inserting balls into such race after a cutter is in position around the bearing. This arrangement of races and passage for inserting balls into the ball race is conventional.
After assembly of the three segmental elements in a jig, welding is carried out at the parts indicated above and a weld may also be made around the nozzle inserts at 8:1.
in order to ensure exact registration of the segmental elements one with another in the assembly, the faces 5a and 5b are provided with dowel holes 9 (Figures 6 and 8) and dowels in suitable positions. After the welding operation has united the three segmental elements into an integral bit unit, any circumferential or other machining including the formation of a tapered thread on the shank as indicated at 115 (Figures 6 and 8) is effected.
The completed bit constitutes a very sturdy unit, the segmental elements of which are not only united by the longitudinal and transverse welds but are bonded by the bridging bosses welded in overlapping relation to the next adjacent segmental element.
This arrangement provides conducting passages with which the circulating legend directly contacts and eliminates the usual separate piping unit for the circulating liquid housed within cavities specially formed to receive it. In the improved bits the axial and branch grooves form passages integral with the metal of the segmental elements and terminate in nozzles directly seated in the metal of the bridging bosses.
1. In a rock drill bit, a bit head comprising a plurality of segments secured together and cutters attached to the end of the head, each or" the segments having longitudinally extending parting faces respectively in abutment with the corresponding parting face of an adjacent segment, each segment having an annular upper cross hat the segments together provide a fluid pasnt tie upper end of the bit head, pairs of branch grooves respectively in the adjacent part- 1 faces of each segment and extending downwardly fr in said passage toward the lower end of the bit head, pads bridging between adjacent segments and extending laterally across the parting faces of such adjacent segments and respectively lying across the lower ends or" the pair of branch grooves in such adjacent segments, said pairs of matching grooves extending to and terminating at the respective nozzle pads, each pad having a bore thercthrough communicating with the pair of grooves across which it extends.
2. The bit of claim 1 wherein each of said pads is integral with one segment and is welded to an adjacent segment.
3. The bit of claim 2 wherein said adjacent segment has a recess into which the pad on said one segment extends.
4. The bit of claim 1 wherein a nozzle of wear resistant material is secured in the bore of each pad.
and nozz References Cited in the file of this patent UNlTED STATES PATENTS 1,238,407 Hughes Aug. 28, 1917 1,747,907 Reed Feb. 18, 1930 1,749,344 Hild Mar. 4, 1930 2,104,823 Sherman Jan. 11, 1938 2,192,693 Payne Mar. 5, 1940 2,201,570 Zublin May 21, 1940 2,351,357 Miller June 13, 1944 2,626,533 Huckshold Jan. 27, 1953 2,661,636 Spang Dec. 8, 1953
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|DE2814622A1 *||Apr 5, 1978||Oct 18, 1979||Sciaky Bros||Locating, sizing and clamping drill bit segments for welding - on a fixture having a three jaw chuck and registration plate|
|U.S. Classification||175/340, 175/375|
|International Classification||E21B10/08, E21B10/18, E21B10/20|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B10/20, E21B10/18|
|European Classification||E21B10/20, E21B10/18|