US 2832166 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
JESS/E Prll 2 FIST J, T
ATTACHMENT FOR RIFLE File d June 18 19 This invention relates to firearms, and has reference more particularly to the provision of pistol grip attachments for the ordinary types Vof hunting rifles; it being the principal object of the invention to provide pistol grips which may be applied to rifle stocks, particularly to those of repeating rifles that are equipped with automatic reloading mechanisms, for an easier and steadier holding of the rifle while sighting and firing.
lt is also an object of the invention to provide the pistol grip element with a novel form of mounting frame that is adapted to be fixed to the gun stock in such manner as to give the grip a secure and rigid mounting.
It is a further object to design the grip frame in such manner that it will have an interl'ltting relationship with the trigger guard of the rifle to give additional rigidity to the mounting.
Yet another object is to provide pistol grips that may be applied to already existing rifles after slight alteration of the rifle stock.
Still further objects of the invention reside in the details of construction of the parts comprising the pistol grip, in their assembly and in the mode of application, securement, and use of the device, as will hereinafter be fully described.
In accomplishing these and other objects of the invention, I have provided the improved details of construction, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a side view of a rifle that has been equipped with a pistol grip embodied by the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view of the pistol grip, removed from the rifle, and with a part of one of its face plates broken away to better show the frame member.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken on the line 3 3 in Fig. 2, showing the assembly of face plates with the frame.
Fig. 4 is a detail of the gun stock formation at a point adjacent the tligger guard.
Fig. 5 is a side View of a portion of a rifle equipped with a pistol grip of a form embodied by the present invention, but differing from that of Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged side view of the pistol grip seen in Fig. 5, removed from the rifle and with a part of its near side plate broken away for better showing of the frame portion.
Referring more in detail to the drawings:
In Fig. l, I have illustrated a common type of hunting rifle, designated in its entirety by reference numeral 10. This rifle comprises a frame 12, a barrel 13 that is fixed at its breach end in the frame, and a stock 14 which mounts the frame and barrel. Reciprocally movable in the frame is the usual form of bolt 15, equipped with a hand lever 16 for its actuation. The rifle a-lso is equipped with the usual form of trigger 17, which is here shown as being protectively contained in the usual trigger guard 18 which is formed on a bar 19 that is set countersunk and fixed to the stock in the usual manner as shown.
It is to be observed, more particularly by reference to the detail of Fig. 4, that the stock is recessed at its 2,832,166 Patented Apr. 29, 1958 underside immediately above the rear end of the bar 19, as seen at 20; this recessing being 'for a purpose presently explained. It is also to be noted that the rear end portion of the bar 19 is formed with a threaded screw hole 22 directed upwardly therethrough, which is designed to receive one of the attaching screws of the pistol grip frame.
Pistol grips embodied by this invention may be made' in different forms or types. That type shown in Figs.,1 and 2 is referred to as the Frontier type. It comprises a frame 23 made from a single strip of metal, of uniform width and thickness and shaped to form the outline of the handle or grip. In the grip of Fig. 2, the frame is a substantially U-shaped body, comprising front and rear leg portions 2S and 26, joined across their lower ends by a base portion 27. The upper end portion of leg 26 is curved rearwardly and slightly downwardly and terminates in an attachingend portion 28. The forward leg portion 25 is formed adjacent its upper end with laterally spaced wings, 29-29, extending along its opposite side edges; so spaced as to receive the rear end portion of the trigger guard 18 between them, as has been shown in Fig. l. Also, at its upper end, the leg 25 is directed rearwardly, then upwardly, then forwardly in such manner as to provide a forwardly opening socket, as at 30 in Fig. 2, designed to receive the rear end portion of bar 19 therein when the grip is applied to the stock.
To complete the grip member, it is equipped with opposite face or side plates 36-36, which are shaped to fit the contour of the frame as they are placed against opposite sides thereof, as will be best understood by reference to Figs. 2 and 3. These two plates are drawn tight and held in position by a headed bolt 40 passed through `the parts, as shown in Fig. 3, and secured by a nut 41.
it is to be explained further that if such pistol grips are to be applied to rifles being manufactured, the rifle stock 14 would originally be shaped to receive the grip. If the grip is to be applied to an already existing rifle, it is usually required that the hand grip portion as originally formed on the stock be cut away and properly recessed to make the pistol grip applicable thereto. In either case, the gun stock is formed with the recess 20 at the rear end of bar 19 as shown in Fig. 4. The exact form ofy stock will that its forwardly opening recess 30 at the upper end of the leg portion 25 can receive the rear end of bar 19 therein, and the upper end portion 28 extending from the rear leg 26 is set in the stock channel provided to receive it. Then a screw as at 42 is applied upwardly through the recess forming portion of leg 25 and rear end of bar 19, and into the stock, thus to secure the grip in place.
The grip of Figs. 5 and 6 is substantially like that of Fig. 2 in sofar as its general construction and mode of application is concerned, and corresponding parts are given the `same reference numerals. However, it is given the particular shape that is designated as the Frontier type. This grip device comprises a frame 23R made from a single piece of meta-l bent to provide the front side and back side legs 25 and 26, the leg 25 being formed at its upper end in such manner as to provide the forwardly opening -recess or socket 30 to receive the rear end of bar 19 and the leg 26 being formed with the backturned` attachment portion 2S. In this device the leg 25 is not provided with the wings 29, but has a straight portion 29x that abuts against the rear portion or" the trigger guard.
What I claim is:
1. A rifle or the like having a stock for shoulder engagement and equipped with a trigger guard having a mounting bar set in and fixed to the stock along its under edge, and a pistol grip fixed to the stock immediately in 3 the rear of said trigger guard; said pistol grip having a frame for'n'iedy from ya continuous metal strip, bent to provide front and rear leg portions and a base portion joining said leg portions across-'their lower ends; said strip having one end portionvthereofl continuing rearwardly from the upper end of said rear leg portion and set in the under edgeof the stock and fixed thereto, and having its yopposite end portion. formed into a socket into which the rear end of the trigger guard mounting bar extends, and a securing screw applied through said socket forming portion of said strip and the contained end portion ot said bar. l l l 2'. The rie recited in claim 1 wherein said forward leg hUl www
portion of said pistol *grip frame is formed 'at the forward edge of the upper end portion thereof with laterally spaced wings between which the rearward portion of the trigger guard is contained.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,477,445 Petritsch Dec. 11, 1923 2,435,217 Howeu Feb. 3, 194s FOREIGN PATENTS 106,412 Great Britain May 24, 1917