US 283239 A
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-'Sheet l.
A H. H. HAYDEN. STORE SERVICE APPARATUS. No. 283,239. Patented Aug. 14, 1883.
(No Model. 4 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
H. H. HAYDEN. STQRE SERVICE APPARATUS.
No. 283,239 Patented Aug. 14, 1883.
' Jnven tov:
N. PETERs. Pfluhrlilhngnpher Walhingwn. D, c.
YUNITED STATES PATENT "OFFICE.
-HARRIS H. HAYnnmLor NEW-YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 283,239, dated August 14,1883.
Application fiIcd July 12, 1883. N model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, HARRIS H, HAYDEN, a
citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city, cou1'1ty,and State of NewYork, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Store-ServiceApparatus, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to store-service apparatus; and it consists in certain improvements in the arrangement of ways, and in thewaysupports, carriers, and .manipulating appliances, whereby to provide an apparatus specially adapted for small stores, and secure increased efliciency.
Fig. 6 is an edge view of the car.
detached section of a car-wheel and bearing. In adapting storeservice systems to the In the drawings, Figure 1 is a diagram representing a plan of a store and illustrating my invention. Fig. 2is 'a diagram of a store in elevation. Fig. 3 is a detached perspective view illustrating a wire tightening device. Fig. 4 is a side view of a car illustrating my improvements. Fig. 5 is across-section of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is a' needs of a greatvariety of stores, there are some in whichthe volume of business transacted does not make it necessary to employ sents a common ground plan of a store.
the usual system, comprising stops,&c., yet- To put such a series of counters in communication with desks S and P, wires or cables A A A, 850., are stretched in pairs between any desired portion of a counter and the central desk, inclining one wire in one direction and the other in the reverse direction, so that a carrier may pass by gravity down on one and return on, the other. By this means I avoid the necessity of employing stop devices, and secure a much cheaper structure than is possible where carriers pass to different staadvantages result, especially where it is desired toconvey parcels, sometimes of considerable weight, from leaving a certain amount of slackness in the wire, as thereby a carrier, af-
ter passing along the main extent of the wire at a'considerable rate of speed, will gradually be checked by being caused to pass upward to a slight degree before reaching its destination. By this means bumpers at the end of the wire may be dispensed with. all that is.
required being a catch orlock to hold the car employed in-those cases where but a single wireis extended between the main desk and each station.
In adjusting the tension of a wireway it is very desirable to be able to change the degree of tension quickly and by slight gradations. One way of accomplishing this is shown by the device in Fig. 8, which consists of abracket, 1., adapted to be screwed to the wall or shelving, (or it maybe made witha separable grooved back to clamp on an upright rod,) and having ears 2 2, through which passes a pin, a, terminating at one end in a square head, 0. The wire A is passed through a hole, 3, in the pin a, and is wound thereon by turning the pin by a wrench or key to any desired tension, and this tension is preserved by means of the peg w, set in a hole, several of.
which are drilled inthe pin w at angles to each other, so that the position of the pin u can be adjustedtoa part turn and the pinthen held permanently in place, an'dexactly the degree of tension can be secured that may be adapted to the length of each of the wires and the weight of the carriers traveling thereon. g
g It sometimes occurs that detachable cars running upon rails or wires will become derailed accidentally, and cause injury by falling upon the cases in the store, or upon the heads of 7 device for securing this result is shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6.
The body B of the car is shown as consisting of a frame, B, supporting the grooved wheels 0 C; but it may be constructed in any suitable manner. The receptacle D may also be of any suitable construction, the connection between the two being such that the receptacle may be elevated slightly without lifting the body from the way. In the construction shown the receptacle is provided with a central post, E, terminating at the upper end in a pivot, a, which extends through an opening in the frame B, and is provided with a cross-pin, b. 'An enlargement or hub around the opening through which the pivot a passes is provided with two inclined faces, 00 00, upon which the pin 1) rests, and with two lateral notches, 3 into which the pin extends when the parts supported thereby are in their lowest position, in which case the receptacle cannot be turned in dependently of the body of the carrier. In the post is a recess, through which the rail or I way A extends, a projection, d,which may be finshaped, to prevent it from catching on the wire when the car is being placed on the track, extending from the post underneath the way, so that when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 4: any upward movement of the receptacle or lower portion of the carrier will bring the edge e of the fin-shaped retainer against the rail and prevent the further upward movement or the detachment of the carrier.
The projection cl occupies such a position in respect to the post E that when the latter is turned one-fourth of a revolution the projection will be brought to a position parallel to and at one side of the way, so that the receptacle may be elevated to such an extent as to take the wheels from the way and the carrier from the track. The depth of the recesses g is such that the pin is removed therefrom by the time the shoulder 3 of the post is against the body of the frame, when the post may be turned until the projection d is parallel to the way,
. as shown in Fig. 6, when farther motion in post afterthe carrier is removed from the way is prevented by a short pin, 9, which, when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 4, enters a corresponding notch in the post. When the carrier is placed upon the track, the contact of the wheels with the way will limit the downward motion of the body, when the ,pivot a will be supported by the contact of the pin b with the inclined faces at :0. After the wheels are upon the Way the receptacle and post are turned one-fourth of a revolution, when the pin 1) will slide upon the faces 00 0;,
and finally descend into the notches the parts being then lockedin position and the carrier secured in such manner to'the track that derailment is' impossible.
The faces as as may be beveled,'so that the weight of the lower frame and receptacle, or both, will cause the body to turn with a cam motion and lock itself automatically without being turned by the attendant.
I do not limit myself to the precise construction of locking device herein set forth, as various arrangements may be devised whereby the descent of the receptacle, or part towhieh the latter is secured, retains the shoulder-or edge or other device holding the carrier to the way in its place, and whereby the lifting of ed to notches L, in a part of the frame surrounding a pin, g,adapted to thesocket v. The pin 9 serves to center and guide the handle F, the contact of the end of which with the frame lifts thelatter and the post, and the entrance of the projection 0 into the notches i-insures the turning of the receptacle when the handle F is turned. The use of a handle F also facilitates the application of the carrier to the way; and to insure the ready placing of the wheels in proper position upon the way, curved I have shown a turning de- Ice fingers h extend below and outwardly from the lower edges of the wheels at one side, while a curved yoke, G, extends downward past the opposite side, beneath the wheels, toward and beyond fingers h, as shown, this arrangement of fingers serving, when the yoke G is brought against the rail, to guide the latter exactly to its position below the grooved wheels, the yoke preventing any turning of the carrier after the contact of the yoke with the rail. Barbs p 10, under the edges of the wheels, prevent the wire from slipping between the wheel and frame.
' When the receptacle is rigid, the pin 9 and notched hub or portion is at the lower part of the same. \Vhen, however, the receptacle consists of two parts, one flexibly connected to the other, the pin gand notched portion is [O the car; or a bag or basket may be placed 1nupon a superior part, and the lower portion-is so connectedto theupper that it may be swung to; one side and permit the handle F to be applied. As shown, the upper portion consists of a bar, k, bent at the ends to form hooks or eyes 1, upon which is hung a wire-frame, I, having an open ring, m, at the center, into which may be introduced thecrowns of hats or the bodies of other articles to be carried by theopening m of the frame to receive the cashbook or other articles.
To avoid the rapid wear of the pins 0, upon which the wheels 0 turn, as well as to reduce friction, I reduce the central portion of the pin, so as to leave two enlarged ends, 8 s, and I insert in the center of each wheel a box, 12, consisting of a steel tube adapted to the ends 8'.
By this means I secure a very hard bearingsurface'of limited extent,- with a central cham-. her for the reception of oil, which serves to keep the bearing surfaces constantly lubricated.
'Without limiting myself to the precise construction and arrangement of parts shown and described, and reserving for subsequent applications for Letters Patent such features as are not herein specifically claimed, a
I claim- 1. The combination, with the stations and desk of a store and terminal supports, of ways suspended between the terminal supports, inclined in opposite directions, and extending in pairs between each stat-ion and the desk, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with the counters and desk or desks of a store, of pairs of inclined wireways extending betweenthe counters and desk, and adapted to support carriers traveling between these points, substantially as set forth. i
3, The combination, with the stations and desk of astore, of flexible ways suspendedat the ends, and each longer than the distance between the points of suspension, and carriers moving on the ways, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
4. A- car for store-service apparatus, provided with a device for looking it to the way, andwith means, substantially as described, whereby the locking device isheld in its locked position by the weight of the carrier or receptacle, substantially as set forth.
5. A carrier for store service apparatus, provided with a body and a portion suspended from and'movable in respect to the body, and
a locking device constructed to be released when the movableportion of the car is raised, substantially as set forth.
. 6. The combination, with the carrier-body, of a detent constructed to berotated. to carry it beneath or from the way,and appliances whereby the revolution of the detent is prevented until the receptacle-is lifted, substantially as set forth.
7. The combination of the carrier-body, receptacle pivoted to the body, so as to turn and slide vertically independently thereof, crosspins b, adapted to notchesin the body, and projection d upon the receptacle portion of the carrier, substantially as setforth.
8. A carrier provided with the frame, with wheels resting upon the way, a suspended portion connected movably to the body portion, and a device constructed to lock the carrier to the rail and to release it therefrom, and a detachable key or handle, adapted to engage with the movable portion, to move the latter inde pendently of thewhee'l frame, substantially as set forth. i
9. A storeservicecarrier provided with guides and fingers, arranged, when applied to the wayyto direct thelatter to a position beneath the wheels, substantially as set forth.
10. The combination, in a store-servicecan rier, of wheels provided with hardened tubular boxes 15, and journal -pins G, extending through said boxes and reduced in diameter at the centers, substantially as specified.
- 11. A store-servicecarrier having a recep tacle portion with a central open ring, substantially as set forth: i 12. A store-service carrier having a basket orother receptacle pivoted to the carrierframe.
13. A tightening device for a wire used as r a store-service way, consisting of a bracket, a
perforated revolving pin supported thereby,
and cross-pins for holding the same in place,
as and for the purpose set forth.
Intestimony whereof Ihave signed my name to this specification in the presence of two sub scribing witnesses.
HARRIS I-I. HAYDEN.
W TRUsLoW, WM. B. DE LACY.