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Publication numberUS2833091 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 6, 1958
Filing dateNov 21, 1955
Priority dateNov 21, 1955
Publication numberUS 2833091 A, US 2833091A, US-A-2833091, US2833091 A, US2833091A
InventorsWilliam E Whitney
Original AssigneeComstock & Wescott
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic insertion of pins, etc., in holes
US 2833091 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 6, 1958 w. E. WHITNEY I I 2,833,091

v lAUTOMATIC INSERTION oF PINS, ETC.; IN HOLES v I Medef WJZMWW/ey May 6, 1958 w. E. wi-n'rNl-:Y 2,833,091

AUTOMATIC INSERTION OF PINS, ETC. IN HOLES `Filed Nov. 2l, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 f :j ooo ooooouoo 0000 O I oo oococooo 0000 oo ooooooooo ooo ooo ooooeoooo oo oo cooooooog o oo oo ooo I uo oo oo Y 2,833,091 AUTOMATIC INSERTION or PINS, ETC., IN HoLEs William E.Y Whitney, Belmont, Mass., assignor to Comstock & Wescott, Inc., Cambridge, Mass., a corporation 4of Massachusetts v ApplieatitmNovember 21, 195s, serial No. 548,020

s Claims.4 (cl. sai-,142).

invention deals with automatic insertion of pins, tacks, rivets, screws, or the like in holes. More specifically, it presents a method of and means for lling a number of spaced holes, as in a plate, with tacks or other small parts having a smaller cross-section than the holes, in such a way `that each hole contains one such p'art.

:"Such-.a'device is particularly useful in the manufacture ofcushioningbumpers of various sizesfor attachment to the ends of furniture legs as glidersQ-to the underside of toilet seats, etc., where the head of the tack or pin is embedded in rubber or other resilientmaterial constituting the bumper. For efficient manufacture, such small articles must be vulcanized in large multiples; and

it has heretofore been usual for operators to insert pins or tacks by hand into each of a largenumber of holes in a plate, after which a -soft rubber-mix is applied with pressure in a suitable multiplex die to the head side of the plate and vulcanized in place, after which the rubbercovered pins are separated and sold. The hand labor required has represented a large fraction of cost of such articles.

The chief purpose of my invention is to accomplish this multiple insertion of pins in holes without the need for hand labor, and therefore at lower cost. A further purpose is to reduce the time required, increasing the output of the equipment.

I find that when tacks, rivets, screws, nails, pegs or the like, hollow or solid, with or without heads, or any other item that is shape-maintaining and ts into a hole herein collectively called pins, are agitated on the top of a perforated plate, as by oscillating the plate up and down, they may occasionally fall point-first into the holes, but such action unaided is very slow and unsatisfactory. However, if I apply suction to the under side of the agitated plate, the entry and retention of the pins n is greatly improved, and particularly in the case of pins with heads if the suction is intermittent.

Air pressure applied above the plate of course has a similar effect, and in special cases a flow of water or other liquid could of course be used. If the pins are ferromagnetic and the perforated plate non-magnetic, magnetic downpull may be substituted for the pneumatic method in several ways, as by magnetizing the pins at random and placing ta soft iron plate under the nonferrous perforated plate, or by magnetizing the pins with a definite polarity and placing under the perforated plate a number of small magnet-poles (preferably one below each hole) of the polarity needed to attract the points of the pins. The magnets may be either electromagnets, or they may be steel or Alnico permanent magnets. If desired intermittency may be obtained by turning olf the current or by motion of the magnets relative to the plate. For example, the magnets may be moved in turn close to the holes and then away from the holes.

I nd that an equally-timed rise and fall of the plate is not always the very best motion that can be given it, although it works well and is convenient to apply, Rather,


a quicker down-drop, ora rapid transition from upward to downward motion, seems in some cases to throw the pins clear of the platefto better ladvantage than a uniform cycle. 4

Intermittency of the suction is very advantageous for allowing the pins which have been caughtby the -suction in wrong position, either head-down or sidewise, to be ,thrown clear and thus unblock the hole to permit a pin to enter it. I have had good results by turning the suction off for several motion-cycles, then on for a number of cycles, but this varies with the size and shape of the pins, as does the best frequency of oscillation to use. Generally, however, with harmonic motion and a one-inch throw, from 30,0 to 350 cycles per minute is very good for a variety of pin sizes and shapes.

The clearance between the pin and the hole can be quite small, of the'order of .002" or less; but the speed of filling the plate is roughly proportional to the square of said clearance, other factors being equal.

While the greatest utility ofA this invention is in connection with headed fasteners such as tacks and screws,

'the device is also applicable to headless rivets and other parts having no heads. In this case, and also where it is desiredto keep heads spaced away from the plate (as for vulcanizing), free passage of a pin through the entire hole may be blocked without'shutting off the air ilow by having the lower portion of the hole smaller than the upper, or by other obstructing means. The pins and/ or holes may be tapered, and may have non-circular cross-sections, which may however, cause slower lling.

It is sometimes helpful to assist the placement of the pins by sweeping the unplaced pins back and forth or around and around on the plate, as by air-blast or sweeping knife; the latter is particularly elfective in removing pins with heads for the head-down position which both blocks the hole and immobilizes the pin. The sweeper may be flexible, as of rubber, to avoid destructive contact with partly-inserted pins. Alternatively, the plate surface may be subdivided by partitions, to prevent segregation of excess pins where the holes are already iilled.

The air pressure or suction may be applied intensively to portions of the plate in succession, rather than spread less strongly over all at once. Indeed the intermittency may consist of alternate application to two or more portions. Alternatively, the suction may advantageously be applied when the pins are to contact the plate, land turned oi when they are to be thrown clear.

The up-and-down motion may have also a sidewise component to assist in the lateral distribution of the pins.

For the purpose of illustration typical embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings in which- Fig. 1 is a plan view of one embodiment;

Fig. 2 is a section on line 2 2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a plan View of another embodiment; and

Fig. 4 is a section on line 4 4 of Fig. 3.

In the particular embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figs. l and 2 a perforated round plate 1, which may be removed, is surmounted by an ample numb-er of pins 2 kept from falling olf by surrounding walls 3 guided by a fitting cylinder 4 and an auxiliary guide-rod 5. The plate is raised at short intervals by a cam 6 on rotating shaft 7, and returned downward by a spring 8.

Suction is applied to the bottom of the plate from a suction-main 9 via a rotating valve 10 and three flexible hose-connections 11, leading to three compartments 12 into which the underside of the plate is divided by partitions 13. The valve is rotated by a gear 14 in synchronism with the cam. A flexible rotating sweeper 15 actuated by rod 16 Iand pulley 17, is located just far enough above the plate to clear the heads of pins such as 18 alread located in holes 19.

,5 Patented May 6, 1958 The operation ofthe device shown in Figs. l yand 2 it as follows: which is raised and lowered by cam 6 and spring 8.

Intermittent suction from main `9 is applied by rota-ting,

valve `ltfthrough..ilexil'le connections 11' consecutively to compartments .12 `.below the plate. This interrnittency,`

In some cases, for example in the case of headless pins, it Imay be `advantageous to dispense with both the intermittent suction and the exible sweeper, using only agitation fand` continuous suction to bring the pins into theholes. Y y

In Figs.` 3 and 4 a Vlarge rectangular plate 2,0 perforated with many holes 22 is surmounted by partitions 24 `forming compartments within which pins 25 are kept localized on the plate, whichis oscillated rapidly up anddown by cranks 26 driven :by shafts 28 and bevel-gears 30. The plate is kept level during raising andlowering `by guide'- rods 31 sliding in bushings 32. Under the plate a suction-chamber 33 is evacuated through suction-pipe 34 and exible connection 35.y The intermittent suction is retained by soft gasket .36 on which the plate rests. Plate and partitions are removably held in place by clamps37.

The pins 2 are placed on the plate 1,1

I claim:

l. vDevice for automatic insertion of pins having heads and a non-head portion which is smaller in circumference than said head into an array of holes, comprising a plate perforated with a multiplicity of holes larger than said non-head portions of said ypins but smaller than said heads, a means for oscillating said plate up and down, and means for intermittently Vapplying afgreater atmosperic pressure above said plate than below it.

V2. Device for automatic insertion of pins into -a battery ot' holes, comprising a plate perforated with holes larger than said pins, a means for oscillating Asaid plate rapidly up and down, and intermittent meanswfor urging said pins downward in said holes.

3. Device for automatic insertion of pins i-nto a battery of holes, comprising a plate perforated with holes larger at top and smaller at bottom than the shanks of said pins, a means for oscillating said plate rapidly up and down, and intermittent means for urging said pins downward in said holes.

Moritz v l Feb. 18, 1913 2,387,661 Holcomb et al. Oct. 23, 1945 2,682,973

Ballard July 6, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1053227 *Oct 30, 1911Feb 18, 1913Charles Sandoz MoritzShaking device for suction-machines.
US2387661 *Dec 15, 1943Oct 23, 1945Remington Arms Co IncPrimer cup racking device
US2682973 *Dec 3, 1952Jul 6, 1954Gkn Group Services LtdMachine for delivering predetermined quantities of screws or other headed rod-like articles
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3027694 *Jun 15, 1959Apr 3, 1962B H HadleyPackaging rectangular objects and embedding them in a matrix
US3279143 *Jul 22, 1963Oct 18, 1966Nat Transistor CompanyArticle handling method
US3417856 *Aug 9, 1966Dec 24, 1968John C. O'brienMethod of and apparatus for orienting small articles
US3722087 *Oct 15, 1971Mar 27, 1973Berg Electronics IncMethod and apparatus for mounting terminals on a circuit board
US4210243 *Dec 26, 1978Jul 1, 1980Gte Automatic Electric Laboratories, Inc.Tray for holding components with preformed leads
US5577315 *Jun 6, 1995Nov 26, 1996The Boeing CompanyMethod of upsetting rivets
US5621963 *Jun 6, 1995Apr 22, 1997The Boeing CompanyDifferential capacitance in an electromagnetic riveter
US5685058 *Jun 6, 1995Nov 11, 1997The Boeing CompanyMethod for direct insertion of a headed rivet into a countersunk hole
US5724792 *Mar 12, 1996Mar 10, 1998Robert Bosch GmbhApparatus for producing bag packages
US5752306 *Jun 6, 1995May 19, 1998The Boeing CompanyMethod for upsetting a headed rivet by differential initiation of opposed electromagnetic rivet drivers
US6490845Apr 1, 1998Dec 10, 2002Coca-Cola Enterprises LimitedPackaging and packaging machines therefor
US6494022Dec 10, 1999Dec 17, 2002Aylward Enterprises, Inc.Orbital motion pill packaging device and associated method
U.S. Classification53/142, 53/525, 29/DIG.440
International ClassificationB65B15/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S29/044, B65B15/00
European ClassificationB65B15/00