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Publication numberUS2833548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 6, 1958
Filing dateJul 19, 1956
Priority dateJul 19, 1956
Publication numberUS 2833548 A, US 2833548A, US-A-2833548, US2833548 A, US2833548A
InventorsFrederick G Clark
Original AssigneeWade Stevenson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Implement driving device
US 2833548 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 6. 1958 F. 6.. CLARK 2,833,548 v IMPLEMENT DRIVING DEVICE Filed July 19. 1956 A INVENTOR.- v

2,833,548 IMPLEMENT DRIVING DEVICE Frederick G. Clark, Buffalo, N. Y., assignor of one-half to. Wade Stevenson This invention relates to an implement driving device such as is used with power driven drivers and hand braces.

In recent years the use of recesed head screws and bolts has grown, The great number of instances and large quantities of recessed head screws and boltswhich are used has led to the Widespreadu'se of electric power drivers as well as to the use of these bits with hand screw drivers and braces. One bit of the type referred to is the well known Phillips bit. The Phillips bit, in the past, has been made of a single piece of a special shock resisting steel treated to have a high degree of toughness and hardness. Despite the use of these bits of'very carefully selected and treated alloys, they tend to wear out rapidly under normal conditions. Theirinitial cost is substantial, because of the special alloys'and' the machine operations necessary in their manufacture. In order to avoid the expense of reconditioning or replacement of the entire assembly, there has been developed a small bit for use with a separate driving part or bit holder. In the twopart construction the actual bit is readily'removable so that insertion of bits of a desired size and configuration will give flexibility between the drive or holder and bit part, in addition to affording economy in replacing the bit when worn.

One of the inherent problems in the two-part bit construction is retaining the bit in the drive part with reasonable security so that it will not be removed in ordinary operations, but which is removable for replacement. One way this has been accomplished in the past is illustrated in the patent to Fischer No. 2,522,217. As illustrated in the Fischer patent the drive part or bit holder is provided with a socket recess having a snap ring therein adapted to engage grooves formed in the shank of a bit.

Use of a snap ring provides the difiiculty of maintain ing a uniform spring tension. In some cases'the ring is so tight that it is diflicult to insert the bit and diflicult to remove it, and in other instances it has just about the right grip on the ring to start the operation, but after a short period of use fails to retain the bit. Also, where a snap ring is employed in the socket of a bit holder, the bit holder is larger in diameter than is necessary if it is eliminated, which, in some instances, results in problems of clearance.

It is, therefore, an object of the invention to provide an implement driving device of such design and construction that the above difficulties are substantially overcome.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a twopart construction in which the actual bit portion may be readily removed and replaced.

It is yet a further object of the invention to provide an implement driving device in which not all the parts need to be replaced when a new hit is substituted.

It is another object of the invention to provide a bit holder which is inexpensively manufactured.

Further objects and advantages of this invention will become evident as the description proceeds and from an examination of the accompanying drawing which illustrates one embodiment of the invention and in which 2,833,548 Patented May 6, 1958 similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is an enlarged view in elevation partly broken away to illustrate the implement driving device embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of the device shown in Fig. l with the bit-removed from the bit holder.

- Fig. 3 is a view in section taken substantially along line 33 of Fig. 1. p

Fig. 4 is a view in section taken substantially along line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Fig. Sis a view in section taken substantially along line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

Referring now to the drawings, the driving implement of the present invention has a bit holder 10 provided with a polygonal driven portion 11 at one end adapted to fit in the chuck of a driving tool such as a brace or power driven machine. An annular portion 12 at the other end is provided with a socket 14 to receive a bit 20.

'The socket 14 in the bit holder is of a polygonal shape in cross section, such as hexagonal, in order to receive the shank 21 of bit 20. As shown, the hexagonal shank 21 is removably received in the socket 14 of the bit holder 10. The bit is provided with driving wings 23 that are tapered and grooved to the dimensions and inclinations to fit the recess of the particular screw or bolt with which it is intended to be used.

The end 29 of bit holder 10 has in tandem arrangement a frictional sleeve 30 encompassing the mouth of the socket 14. The friction sleeve is formed with an opening coincident to the longitudinal axis of socket 14, the inside dimensions of which are somewhat smaller than the socket when the bit is removed. However, the friction sleeve is capable of being deformed to approximately the same dimensions as the shank of the bit when the latter is inserted in the socket. The friction sleeve may have one end engage the end 29 of holder 10. The friction sleeve may be chamfered at 31 to receive the shank of the bit.

The composition of the frictional sleeve is of a suitable material having a high coeflicient of friction with the shank of the bit, usually an organic composition such as a plastic, for example, rubber, neoprene, and the like.

A tubular holder sleeve 34 has a portion 35 adapted to be mounted on the annular portion of bit holder 10 with a portion 36 projecting over the end of the bit holder containing the friction sleeve 30. The outside end of the holder sleeve has a stop 37 which may be formed by bend ing the ends of the holder sleeve inwardly to contain a friction sleeve 30.

The friction sleeve 30 may be cemented in the portion 36 of the holder sleeve. Alternatively it may be molded directly therein.

The friction sleeve is normally maintained only lightly against the end 29 of the holder 10. However, if a greater gripping action is desired on the bit, the only adjustment necessary is to press the sleeve holder slightly farther on the bit holder which will compress the resilient friction sleeve against the end 29 of the holder and tighten the grip on the shank of the bit.

In the drawing and specification there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention, and al though specific terms are employed, these are used in a generic and descriptive sense only, and not for purposes of limitation. Changes in form and the proportion of parts, as well as the substitution of equivalents are contemplated, as circumstances may suggest or render expedient, without departing from the spirit or scope of this invention as further defined in the following claims.

I claim:

1. A driving implement comprising a bit holderformed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section complementary tosaid sockethfor removable reception therein, an annular member of a material having ahi-gh coeificient of friction with the shank of the bit member atrthe end of said bit holder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit is inserted in said socket, and a holder member for said annular member removably mounted on said bit holder.

- 2. A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member :having a ,shank ot-polygonal cross section complementary to said-socket for removable reception therein, an annular member of a plastic material having a high coefficientoftriction with the shank of the bit member at the end of said bitholder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted-when the bit is inserted in said socket, and aholdermember rforsaid annular member remova'bly mounted on said bit holder.

- 3. 'A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed atsone end 'for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal crosssection, said socket portion adapted-to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section com- 'plem'entary to said socket for removable reception therein, an annular member of a material having a high coefficient of friction with the shank of said bit member at the end of said bit holder adjacent said socket portion for retaining the bit therein, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socket of polygonal cross-section when the bit is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit is inserted in said socket, and a holder member in the form of a tubular annular member for said sleeve removably mounted on said bit holder. 7, l V

4. A driving implement comprising a bit holder formed at one end for engagement with a driving member and having at the opposite end a socket portion of polygonal cross section, said socket portion adapted to receive a bit member having a shank of polygonal cross section complementary to said socket for removable reception therein, an annular friction member mounted at the end of said socket portion zof polygonal cross section for trictionally engaging the shank of the bit member, said annular member having an inside dimension smaller than said socketwhen th: bill is removed, capable of being distorted when the bit ;is inserted in said socket, and a holder member removably mounted on said bit holder with a portion extending over the end of said bit holder containing said friction annular member.

Referencesicited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,366,778 Feichter Jan. 9, 1945 2,484,027 Hafiey L. Oct. 11, 1949 2,522;2l7 Fischer et a1. Sept. 12, 1950 2,641,478 Sigg June 9, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No, 2,833,548 May 6, 1958 Frederick Ga Clark It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 1, line 17, for "rec'eeed read me recessed column 4, lines 9 and 10, for "annular member" read sleeve line 10, for "sleeve" read annular member e o Signed and sealed this 21st day of October 1958.

XSEAL) ttest:

KARL H, AXLINE ROBERT C. WATSON Attesting Oflicer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2366778 *Jun 18, 1942Jan 9, 1945Us Quarry Tile CompanyArbor chuck
US2484027 *Apr 4, 1946Oct 11, 1949Bernard A HerrenToolholder
US2522217 *Nov 6, 1946Sep 12, 1950Apex Machine & Tool CompanyComposite bit device for screw drivers and the like
US2641478 *Oct 18, 1947Jun 9, 1953Sigg Joseph AScrew driver
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2917829 *Feb 24, 1958Dec 22, 1959Chayes Dental Instr CorpDrilling instrument
US2931661 *Feb 7, 1958Apr 5, 1960Joseph N HarrisApparatus for cleaning brushes
US2989317 *Apr 28, 1960Jun 20, 1961Martin StauntChucks for dental handpieces
US3117797 *May 2, 1962Jan 14, 1964Buck Tool CoExpandable or contractible workpiece holder
US3153434 *Jan 16, 1962Oct 20, 1964Kiyoshi ShimokawaScrewdriver with releasable blade
US3288002 *Nov 4, 1964Nov 29, 1966Robert MankovitzCombination polygonal wrench with adjustably positioned socket and ratchet wrench
US3312260 *Apr 2, 1965Apr 4, 1967Macneill Arden BSocket type adapter for torquetransmitting tools
US3356117 *Oct 19, 1964Dec 5, 1967Wagner Theodore RTorque-applying tool device
US3631837 *Nov 24, 1969Jan 4, 1972Owens Illinois IncDevice for masking the closable area of a container during the coating of the container
US3911722 *Jul 1, 1974Oct 14, 1975Levine BarryDevice for fastening ornamentation to flexible material
US4127063 *May 25, 1977Nov 28, 1978R.D.R. CompanyLeather marking tool
US4290328 *Feb 15, 1980Sep 22, 1981Vermont American Corp.Ratchet handle
US4404874 *Feb 9, 1981Sep 20, 1983Firma Hermann Werner Gmbh & Co.Screwdriver with replaceable blade
US4509887 *Nov 10, 1981Apr 9, 1985Santrade Ltd.Means for connecting a male part to a female part
US4661009 *Mar 12, 1986Apr 28, 1987Grentek, Inc.Quick change coupling for machine tool arbors and the like
US5182973 *Feb 28, 1991Feb 2, 1993Martindell J RichardDepth locator apparatus for insert bit holders
US5360304 *May 11, 1993Nov 1, 1994Mcgard, Inc.Fastener construction
US6634261 *Aug 24, 2001Oct 21, 2003Wendell GriffinSocket magazine
US6739226 *Dec 31, 2001May 25, 2004Fern BeauchampStationary bit holder
US6761095 *Oct 25, 2001Jul 13, 2004Fern BeauchampBit holder
US7073417 *Feb 19, 2002Jul 11, 2006Fern BeauchampCombination screw driver and bit holder
US7243579 *Jan 12, 2005Jul 17, 2007Gas Technology InstituteUniversal cap tool/tool holder
US7331262 *Aug 30, 2005Feb 19, 2008Sk Hand Tool CorporationDrive bit holder and method of manufacturing
US8172236 *Feb 27, 2008May 8, 2012Makita CorporationBit mounting devices
US8418587Nov 6, 2009Apr 16, 2013Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
US8800407Feb 5, 2013Aug 12, 2014Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationMethod of manufacturing a tool bit
DE3016932A1 *May 2, 1980Nov 5, 1981Werner Gmbh & Co HermannSchraubendreher mit auswechselbarer klinge
DE3538675A1 *Oct 31, 1985May 7, 1987Werner Hermann Wera WerkeSchraubendrehereinsatz
EP1424166A1 *Nov 28, 2002Jun 2, 2004Ho-Tien ChenSocket bit holder
Classifications
U.S. Classification279/102, 81/125, 279/906, 81/438
International ClassificationB25B23/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/0035, Y10S279/906
European ClassificationB25B23/00A4