|Publication number||US283395 A|
|Publication date||Aug 21, 1883|
|Filing date||Jun 19, 1882|
|Publication number||US 283395 A, US 283395A, US-A-283395, US283395 A, US283395A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
BURNER FOR VAPOR STOVES, &.
N9. 283,395. x Patented Aug. 21, 1883.
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"(110 Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
BURNER FOR VAPOR STOVES, &c. 'No. 283,395. Patented Aug. 21, 1883.
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plied to and used with other devices for other attaining these results of perfect combustion,
to one form of what are known or termed gasbase of the stove, having suitable legs, A, at
UNITED STATES ATENT @rricsw 'wrLLIn M HOLT, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
BURNER FOR vAPoR-sTovEs, 8L0.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 283,395, dated August 21, 1883.
Application filed June 19, nee-2. (No model.)
If 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, WILLIAM HOLT, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, and a citizen of the United States, have invented a new and useful Improvement inBurners, of which the following is a full description, reference being had-to the accompanying drawings, in which- Y Figure 1 is a central vertical section through the stove with the supply-tubes in elevation; Fig. 2, a front elevation of the stove; Fig. 3, a "cross-section, taken on a line just above the burner; and Fig. 4, an enlarged detail of the burner, showing the exterior portion with its supply-tube in section, and the interior portion with its supply-tube in elevation.
This invention relates to burners for burning gasoline, or other light inflammable material of a similar nature, and is primarily designed for use in connection with what are known or termec gas-stoves, but can be appurposes 5 and has for its object to produce a perfect combustion, increase the volume and intensity of the flame, and overcome the diffi culties and objections heretofore existing in heat, and flame i'romgasoline or other vapors of a similar'nature. This I accomplish by the devices hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings the burner is shown applied stoves; but its application is not limited to use with gas-stoves, as it can be applied to and used with other devices; or it can be used simply for illuminating purposes, if Smdesired.
Referring to the drawings, A represents the;
tached thereto in any of the usual and wellknown methods; B, the central or fire-box portion of the stove; O, the reflector, which may be corrugated, as shown, or of some other form 3 D, the upper or heating portion of the stove E, the cap or tube for closing the opening in the section D. These parts represented by the letters A B C D E may be made of sheet metal or other suitable material, as usual, and may be of the form of construction and arrangement shown, or of any other of the well-known forms and arrangements for this class of stoves, the form and arrangement of the stove forming no part of this invention.
a is the exterior casing or tube of the burner, which maybe made of wrought-iron pipe or other suitable material,with an interior of sufficient dimensions to receive the interior tube or casing and leave a space or chamber for the passage of the gasoline or other vapor.
b are the openings in the face or side of the tube or casing a, fronting the stove or the reflector C. These openings are located at suitable distances apart, and are arranged, as shown, in line with each other and the size or dimensions of these openings, as well as the size and dimensions of the tube or casing a,
are to be varied to suit the requirements of the to perform.
0 is the supply-pipe or tube for the casing or tube a. As shown, this pipe or tube 0 is connected with the tube or casing to at or near the center thereof, and the openings 1) are located on each side of the pipe or tube c,- but this pipe .or tube 0 might be connected with one end of the tube or casing a, in which case the openings Zr might be continuous the entire length of the tube or casing a. This tube or pipe 0 is to be of suflicient dimensions to supply the tube or casing a.
d d" are tubes or pipes connecting the tube or pipe 0 with the main supply-pipe. These rangement and location to suit the location of.
the supply-pipe and tube or pipe e is the interior tube or casing of the burner,
also made of metal tubing or other suitable material, with an'interior opening or chamber for the passage of the gasoline or other vapor. This tube or casing is of smaller diameter than the exterior tube or casing in which it is located, its dimensions being such in relation to the exterior tube or casing as to leave the necessary openin g or chamber in the exterior tube or casing. As shown, the tube or casing e is somewhat longer than the tube or casing 01, its ends projecting beyond the ends of a, and the ends of this tube or casing e are closed by means of a suitable cap or other device that will prevent the escape of the gas. The ends of the tube or casing a are closed by means of suitable stuffing-bores or other device through which the tube or casing 6 can pass, and by means of which the ends of the tube or casing a will be effectually closed. A closed stuffingbox having a central opening to receive the ends of thetube or casing 01 could be used, by which means the ends of both tubes could be closed by the same stuffing-box. This tube or casing e is provided with a row or series of perforations or fine openings, f, on theface or side fronting the openings 1), which openings f are arranged in line with each other and also in line or nearly so with the opening I), so that an opening or perforation f will coincide with an opening or hole I).
g is the supply pipe or tube for a, made of wrought-iron pipe or other suitable material and located within the'tube or pipe 0, so as to leave an opening or passage around it of sufficient capacity' to supply the tube or casing to. This tube or pipe 9 is connected with the tube or casing e at or near the center; but it could be connected, like the pipe or tube 0, at-the end, in which case the openings f could be made t xtend the entire length of the tube or casing instead of being on each side of g, as shown.
It is a stuffing-box through which the pipe or tube 9 passes, and by means of which the end of the tube or pipe 0 is effectually closed but some other means could be used for this purose. t z" are curved elbow-couplings for connecting the pipe or tube 9, and the sections (1 d of the branch pipe supplying the tube or pipe 0 with the main supply-pipe.
j is a T-coupling connecting the section (1 of the branch and the main supply-pipe.
7c is the main supply-pipe running from the carburetor or other source of supply.
Z is a shut-off cock for regulatingthe supply to the exterior chamber or passage ofthe burner through the pipe 0, which cock may be located as shown in the branch section at, or at such other point as may be found desirable. Q M is a shut-off cock for regulating the supply to the interior passage or chamber of the burner through the pipe g. r
The form, construction, and arrangement of the several parts just described may be varied to suit the location where the burner is to be used, or to suit the requirements which it is desired that the burner shall fulfill.
vapor is admitted to the interior chamber or passage in the tube or casing 0 through the supply-pipe g from the main supply-pipe or other source of supply, and passes out through the perforations or fine openings f, and the quantity or amount and the degree of pressure is regulated through the shut-off cock m. The openings or perforations f being very fine, it follows, as a matter of course, that the gasoline orother vapor will escape or passout with increased force, producing a strong blast, and force the gasoline or other vapor to pass through the openings 1) under increased pressure, producing a forced blast at the point of combustion, thereby insuring perfect combustion and also an increase in the volume and intensity of the flame. v
Although the burner is 'shown as made up of straight tubes or casings, it is evident that it might be formed of semicircular tubes or casings; or such tubes or casings might be in the form of an entire circle. Gasoline at first is very light and volatile, so that it burns readily; but as it remains standing and continues to evaporate it gradually becomes less and less volatile until it, in time, becomes so heavy as not to burn readily and freely,
By using a burner such as described it will be readily seen that the burning of gasoline and other light vapors is effectually attained during all stages from the time when first placed into the carburetor until entirely exhausted.
Gasoline and other light, vapors, when first supplied to a receiver or receptacle, are very light and volatile, and the gases to be burned flow readily to the point of combustion, and when the supply is fresh the inner supplychamber or tube of the burner can be entirely or nearly shut off from the supply of the gasoline or vapor, as the gases will pass through the opening of the outer chamber or tube sufficiently for illuminating purposes; but as the gasoline stands it loses its light and volatile properties, and the vapor arising therefrom becomes too heavy to burn freely, and when this is the case, the gas or vapor is admitted to the inner chamber or tube of the burner and is forced out by the pressure thereof.
WVhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A gasoline-burner combining in its structure an exterior tube or casing, a, provided with a line of perforations,'a supply-pipe, 0, connecting at one end with the tube or casing and at its other end provided with a tube for connecting with a supply of gasoline, an interior tube or casing, 6, located in the exterior tube or casing and having a line of perforations, and a supply-pipe, 9, extending through the supply-pipe c and connecting at one end with the interior tube or casing and at its other end connected with the source of supply to the supply-pipe of the exterior tube or casing, substantially as described.
2. The combination of the exterior tube or casing a, provided with a line of perforations, b, and a supply-pipe, a, connecting with the exterior tube or casing at or near the center of its length and at its other end provided with a pipe, d, for connecting with a sourceof sup.- ply, with the interior tube or casing, e, having a line of perforations, f, and located within the exterior tube or casing, and the supplypipe '9, extending through the supply-pipe c and connecting with the interior tube or cas ing at 01: near the center of its length and at iv, with the tubes or casings, and the. pipes 10 its other end provided with means to connect for connecting the supply-pipes with the main .it with the source of supply to the pipe of the supply 70, and each provided with a cut-off exterior tube or casing, substantially as devalve, as at Z m, substantially as described. 5 scribed. I v
3. The combination of the exterior and in- WILLIAM HOLT terior tubes or casings, a and 2, each having W'itnesses: a line of perforations, the exterior and interior ALBERT H. ADAMS, supply pipes, c and ,7, connecting, respective l EDGAR T. BOND.
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