Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2835359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1958
Filing dateMay 9, 1955
Priority dateMay 9, 1955
Publication numberUS 2835359 A, US 2835359A, US-A-2835359, US2835359 A, US2835359A
InventorsBeauregard Frank M, Boldt Frank J
Original AssigneeAmerican Radiator & Standard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door and hinge structure
US 2835359 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 20, 1958 F. .1. BOLDT ETAL DOOR AND HINGE STRUCTURE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 9, 1955 INVENTORS 6M I 41' TORNEYS May 20, 1958 F. J. BOLDT ETAL 2,835,359

DOOR AND HINGE STRUCTURE Filed May 9, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TORS figm ,amd

ATTORNEYS United States Patent DOOR AND HINGE STRUCTURE Frank J. Boldt, Warren, and Frank M. Beauregard,

Application May 9, 1955, Serial No. 506,794

6 Claims. (Cl. 189-46) This invention relates to sheet metal cabinets, and particularly to a cabinet hinge construction utilizing a removable hinge-pin assembly.

Typical composite cabinet units generally employ some form of hinging arrangement to secure the door portion or portions to the basic. cabinet structure; often this hinging arrangement takes the form of a multiplicity of hinges, each hinge having a door leaf and a cabinet leaf which are pivotally interconnected by a rivet or other fastener means. In fabricating a cabinet unit of this type it is the general practice to first secure the hinges to the basic cabinet structure and then secure the door portion or portions to the hinge members. To accomplish this, the hinge cabinet leaf is fastened to the basic cabinet structure by means of screws or other holding devices and the door is then assembled to the hinge door leaf by a like method. Because of the number of sep arate fastening devices required to produce a rigid cabinet unit, this method of assembly requires considerable human eifort, resulting in high assembly costs. In addition, considerable time, and effort must be expendedwhen it is desired to remove the doors for replacement or repair.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a hinge construction for mounting a door to a cabinet body whereby the door may be quickly, easily and removably assembled to the cabinet.

Basically, our novel hinge construction comprises a bracket fastened to the cabinet body and a second bracket fastened to the door. A pin is yieldingly mounted in one of said brackets and an opening is provided in the other of said brackets to receive said pin. The door is mounted by depressing the pin and bringing the pin into engagement with the opening in the door bracket.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet utilizing the novel hinge construction.

Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the hinge construction showing its relationship to the structural components of the cabinet.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 3-3 on Fig. l.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the bracket which is mounted on the cabinet body. a

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the bracket which is mounted on the door.

Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the pin assembly.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of the bracket which'is mounted on the cabinet body.

Referring to Fig. l, a typical cabinet 10 made of sheet Patented May 20, 1958 metal comprises a top panel 11,-bottom panel 12, side panels 13, 14, back panel 15 and shelves 16. Doors 17, 18 are hinged to the cabinet body at the corners. The cabinet body and the doors are formed of sheet metal by welding or riveting, as is well known in the art.

The novel hinge construction may be utilized at each of the front corners of the cabinet shown in Fig. l, and for purposes of clarity only one of the hinges will be described.

As shown in Fig. 2, side panel 13 includes an inwardly projecting flange 20, and top panel 11 includes downwarclly projecting flanges 21, 22. A bracket 23 is mounted on the side panel. As shown in Fig. 4, the bracket 23 is generally L-shaped and includes a vertical leg 24 and a horizontal leg 25, the latter being oflset out of the plane of the vertical leg 24. In addition, the bracket 23 includes a leaf 26 projecting from one side of the vertical leg 24 at substantially right angles thereto. The bracket 23 also includes an offset reinforcing rib 27 in the area connecting the leaf 26 to the vertical leg 24. The upper surface of the leaf 26 (Figs. 2, 4) lies in a plane above the upper edge of the horizontal leg25. Integral weld projections 28 are provided in the vertical leg 24 of the bracket and a hole 29 is provided in the horizontal leg to assist in locating the bracket for assembly to the cabinet body. A circular opening 30 is provided in the leaf 26 and is adapted to engage a pin for forming the pivotal connections between the cabinet body and the door, as presently described.

As shown in Fig. 2, a portion of the flange 20 on the side panel 13 is cut away as at 31 in order that, when the bracket is placed in position with the horizontal leg 25 and vertical leg 24 on the inner surface of the flange 20, the leaf will be set into the cut-away portion 31. The top panel 11, including the flanges 21 and 22, has portions thereof cut away in order that the top panel may be brought into position without interference from the bracket 23, and with the flanges 21, 22 in contact with the inner surfaces of the side panel 13 and flange 20, respectively. The bracket 23 is fastened to the body by welding at the weld projections 28, and the top panel 11 is fastened to the side panel 13 by welding.

As further shown in Fig. 2, the door 17 comprises an inner panel 32 and an outer panel 33. The inner panel 32 includes flanges 34, 35 and the outer panel includes flanges 36, 37. A bracket 38 is mounted on the inner panel 32 as presently described. As shown in Fig. 5, the bracket 38 comprises a triangular plate 39 and a flange 40 projecting from one side of the plate 39 at substantially right angles thereto. As further shown in Fig. 5, the flange 40 includes portions 41 and 42, the portion 42 lying in a different plane than the portion 41. The plate 38 is also provided with integral weld projections 43 for mounting the plate to the inner panel of the door. In addition, locating openings 44, which have the peripheral edges 45 thereof oflset, are provided.

An opening 46 is provided in the portion 41 of flange 40 and is adapted to receive pin assembly 47 (Fig. 3). Referring to Fig. 6, the pin assembly 47 includes a plunger 48, ashell 49 and a helical coil spring 50. The plunger 48 includes an upper end portion or pin 51 having a diameter substantially the same as the opening 30 in the leaf 26 of the cabinet body bracket 23. The plunger 48 also includes an intermediate portion 52 of greater diameter and a lower portion 53 of less diameter. The shell 49 is of substantially the same diameter as the intermediate portion 52 of the plunger 48 except at the lower end where it is restricted to the diameter of the lower portion 53 of the pin. The spring 50 acts between the intermediate portion 52 and the lower end 54 of the shell 49. The end of the plunger 48 protrudes beyond the shell and is staked as at 55, thereby limiting themovement of the plunger 48 under the action of the spring 50. As shown in Fig. 6, the shell 49 includes a shoulder 56 at the upper end thereof which is adapted to engage the area surrounding the opening 46 in the flange 40 of the door bracket 38, when the pin assembly 47 is placed in position by inserting the shell 49 in the opening 46.

As shown in Fig. 2, the portion 41 of the flange 48 projects beyond the edge of the plate 39 in order to overlie the flange 34 of the inner door panel 32, the flanges 34, 35 being cut away to accommodate the flange of thebracket. The outer door panel 33 has a portion thereof and of the peripheral flanges 36, 37 cut away.

The portion 41 of the flange 40 extends outwardly from the plate 39 a greater distance than the portion 42 and overlies the upper edge 57 of the notched or cut-out portion on the outer panel 33 (Fig. 2).

The bracket 38 is welded to the interior of the inner panel 32, the plate 39 contacting the panel 32 and abutting against flange 34 while the portion 42 of flange 40 abuts against flange 35. The outer panel 33 is then brought into position and welded with the flange 37 overlying and contacting flange 35 and flange 36 overlying and contacting flange 34. With the pin assembly 47 inserted in position, the door is assembled to the cabinet body by depressing the plunger 48 and sliding door and pin assembly 47 into alignment with the opening 30 of the leaf 26 on the cabinet body bracket 23. When the cabinet body and door are in proper alignment, the end or pin 51 of plunger 48 will snap into opening 30 (Fig. 3). In order to disassemble and remove the door from the cabinet body, the plunger 48 is depressed and the door is removed from its alignment with the cabinet body.

A modified form of the cabinet body bracket is shown in Fig. 7 and includes a base plate 60 having an offset portion 61 and integral weld projections 62. The bracket includes a leaf 26 projecting from the plate 60, in the same manner as in the previous form of the bracket. The leaf 26 is provided with opening 30 adapted to receive the pin 51 of the plunger 48.

It can thus be seen that there has been provided a novel hinge construction whereby the door may be readily mounted on and removed from the cabinet body with a minimum of eflort and time. The hinge construction comprises a pair of brackets which are easily made from metal stampings and a pin assembly. The components of the hinge are mounted on the cabinet body and door during the manufacture thereof by the same methods as are used in the manufacture of the body and the door.

We claim:

1. In a cabinet assembly including a cabinet body and a door, the combination comprising a first bracket secured to the cabinet body, a second bracket secured to the door, said brackets being provided with overlapping flanges, each said flange being provided with an opening, said openings being in alignment, a removable pin assembly mounted in the opening in said flange on said second bracket, said pin assembly comprising a generally tubular body including a peripheral flange for mounting said tubular body in said opening in the flange of said second bracket with the axis thereof in alignment with the axis of said opening, said peripheral flange on said tubular body contacting the flange of the second bracket at the periphery of the opening in the flange and thereby preventing said tubular body from moving axially in said second flange in a direction away from said first flange, a plunger slidably mounted within said body, one end of said plunger being in the form of a pin engaging the opening in the flange on said first bracket, means for yieldingly urging said plunger in one direction toward the opening in said flange of the first bracket, and means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction.

2. The combination set forth in claim 1 wherein said plunger includes an intermediate portion of substantially the same internal configuration as the internal configuration of the tubular body and an enlarged portion on the other end of said plunger opposite said pin, said means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction comprising a restricted portion of said tubular body adjacent the enlarged portion of said plunger, said means for yieldingly urging said plunger in one direction toward the opening in the first said bracket comprising a coil spring surrounding said plunger and compressed between said intermediate portion of the plunger and said restricted portion of the tubular body.

3. In a cabinet assembly including a cabinet body and a door, the combination comprising a first bracket secured to the cabinet body, a second bracket secured to the door, each of said brackets being provided with an opening, said openings being in alignment, and a removable pin assembly mounted in the opening in one of said brackets and including a pin adapted to engage the opening in the other of said brackets, said pin assembly comprising a generally tubular body, a plunger slidably mounted within said body, one end of said plunger forming the pin, means for yieldingly urging said plunger in one direction toward the opening in the other said bracket, means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction, and means for supporting said tubular body in one of said openings with the axis thereofin alignment with the axis of said aligned openings in said brackets, said means for limitingthe movement of said plunger in said one direction comprising an enlarged portion of said plunger, said tubular body being constricted in an area adjacent said enlarged portion whereby said enlarged portion contacts said constricted portion and limits the movement of said plunger in said one direction in which the plunger is yieldingly urged.

4. In a cabinet assembly including a cabinet body and a door, the combination comprising a first bracket secured to the cabinet body, a second bracket secured to the door, each of said brackets being provided with an opening, said openings being in alignment, and a removable pin assembly mounted in the opening on the second bracket and including a pin adapted to engage the opening in the other of said brackets, said pin assembly comprising a generally tubular body, a plunger slidably mounted Within said body, one end of said plunger forming the pin, means for yieldingly urging said plunger in one direction toward the opening in the other said bracket, means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction, and means for supporting said tubular body in one of said openings with the axis thereof in alignment with the axis of said aligned openings in said brackets.

5. In a cabinet assembly, the combination comprising a cabinet body and a door, said body and said door each having an opening therein, said openings being in alignment, and a removable pin assembly mounted in one of said openings and including a pin adapted to engage the other of said openings, said pin assembly comprising a generally tubular body, a plunger slidably mounted within said body, one end of said plunger forming the pin, means for yieldably urging said plunger in one direction toward the other opening, means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction, and means for supporting said tubular body with the axis thereof in alignment with the axis of said aligned openings, said means for limiting the movement of said plunger in said one direction comprising an enlarged portion of said plunger, said tubular body being constricted in an area adjacent said enlarged portion whereby said enlarged 5 portion contacts said constricted portion and limits the movement of said plunger in said one direction in which the plunger is yieldingly urged.

6. In a cabinet assembly, the combination comprising a cabinet body and a door, said body and said door each having an opening therein, said openings being in alignment, and a removable pin assembly mounted in the opening in said door and including a pin adapted to engage the other of said openings, said pin assembly comprising a generally tubular body, a plunger slidably 10- References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Rockwell June 15, 1948

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1425995 *Jan 5, 1922Aug 15, 1922John McgiveneySnap hinge
US1564668 *May 2, 1924Dec 8, 1925 Herman hagema
US2254755 *Sep 23, 1939Sep 2, 1941Gemex CompanyBracelet construction
US2443515 *May 22, 1944Jun 15, 1948Acme Visible Records IncSheet metal cabinet construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2999269 *Apr 28, 1958Sep 12, 1961Meilinger Fixtures Company IncCabinet hinge
US3162890 *Jan 23, 1961Dec 29, 1964Acme Appliance Mfg CompanySurface mounted folding door hardware
US3179214 *Nov 16, 1961Apr 20, 1965Therma AgHinge connection for doors
US3378954 *Dec 27, 1966Apr 23, 1968Gen ElectricReversibly mounted cabinet door
US3712697 *Jun 2, 1971Jan 23, 1973Miller H IncLocker
US4665464 *Dec 23, 1985May 12, 1987U.S. Philips CorporationAdjustable electromechanical device
US6837003 *Jan 13, 2003Jan 4, 2005Nien Made Enterprise Co., Ltd.Wooden shutter
US8776439 *Jun 9, 2010Jul 15, 2014Hill Phoenix, Inc.Modular door system for refrigerated case
US20110302944 *Jun 9, 2010Dec 15, 2011Hill Phoenix, Inc.Modular door system for refrigerated case
WO2002057577A2 *Jan 15, 2002Jul 25, 2002Bsh Bosch Siemens HausgeraeteDoor bearing and method for mounting a door
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/402, 16/262, 312/324
International ClassificationE05D7/08
Cooperative ClassificationE05D7/08
European ClassificationE05D7/08