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Publication numberUS2835905 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 27, 1958
Filing dateJun 8, 1954
Priority dateOct 21, 1953
Publication numberUS 2835905 A, US 2835905A, US-A-2835905, US2835905 A, US2835905A
InventorsHelgi Tomasson
Original AssigneeHelgi Tomasson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pillow
US 2835905 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 27, 1958 H. T6MAssoN 2,835,905

PILLOW Filed June 8, 1954 Fig. 7

Fig. 2 13, H 4 IL I J1 6 6% Y *1 g 4% I 4 l/msx Tam/9550M ATTOR NE) Unite PILLOW Helgi Tomasson, Reykjavik, Iceland Application June 8, 1954, Serial No. 435,259

Claims priority, application Denmark October 21, 1953 2 Claims. (Cl. -338) The pillows ordinarily used are not made of a shape paying sufficient attention to the anatomical structure of the individual who is to rest his head on them. This applies more particularly to the proportions between head, neck shoulders, the upper part of the back and the upper arms. With the use of the known pillows the human spine is often bent unnaturally so that many muscles are unable to obtain sufiicient relaxation to provide the necessary recreation when resting.

investigations of the position of sleeping individuals on a bed and their movements while sleeping have disclosed that the reason for many movements and disturbances while they are sleeping is a mechanical disproportion, as a result of which the muscles in head, neck and shoulders are unable to obtain sufiicient relaxation. The said mechanical disproportion is according to the investigations I have made chiefly due to a wrong proportion between the head section of the bed support, that is, bolster or pillow and the parts of the body resting thereon.

it is the object of the invention to provide a pillow without the said disproportions and which renders optimum relaxation of the muscles possible during sleep. An essential feature of the pillow according to the invention is that its various parts are of different thicknesses conforming to the parts of the body to be supported.

An essential feature of a preferred embodiment of a pillow according to the invention is that the central part of the lower edge of the pillow has a recess with a directly overlying thickened section conforming to the nape of an individual and the angle between head, neck and shoulders.

Most individuals when lying on their side rest on their flexed arm, and they therefore need something to support their forearm. in order to provide this support the pillow according to the invention may have suitable thickenings on its side, the said thickenings decreasing towards the lower edge of the pillow. hese thickenings may at the same time have sound-absorbing effects.

in a suitable embodiment according to the invention the upper edge of the pillow may be slightly concave. The advantage obtained is firstly that the pillow does not become too hot, and, secondly, that it will conform to the transversal curvature of the spine if used as a support for a sitting person, the lower edge of the pillot resting against the bed support.

An embodiment of a pillow in accordance with the invention will now be described with reference to the drawing, in which- Figure 1 shows a pillow as seen from below, in a section on the line iI of Figure 3,

Figure 2 is a side view of the pillow, in a section on the line li-ii of Figure 3, I

Figure 3 is a top view of the pillow,

Figure 4 is a section on the line lV-IV of Figure 3,

Figure 5 is a section on the line V-V of Figure 3, and

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the pillow shown in Figures 1 to 5.

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The pillow is substantially of rectangular form, viewed from above, and may consist of a case filled with a suitable material such as feathers, down, air, fibres, sponge rubber, etc. The upper edge 1 of the pillow is provided with an inward curve as shown in Figure 3, and its lower edge 2 is provided with a smaller deep recess 3 placed in the middle of the pillow. The said recess extends over the two central fourths of the pillow length.

As will appear from Figure 4, there is a thickened section 4 directly above the recess 3, and above the said hickening there is a smaller depression 5 above which there is again a thickened section 6 somewhat lower than the thickening t. The thickened section 4 extends right out to the sides where it is connected with two lateral raised sections 7 that extend downwards and decrease in height in that direction so that the pillow is very low at its lower edge 2. The thickened sections '7 are thus the highest points of the pillow and have a sound-absorb ing effect, constituting a wall to the ears of a person resting on the pillow. The thickening 4 fits to the nape, and the side sections 7 form a support for the upper arm of a person resting on the back.

The dimensions of the pillow have to be adapted to the size of the various individuals, and although standard models may be constructed, it will in certain cases be desirable to make the pillow to individual measurements, more particularly for persons of a build deviating much from normal.

What: 1 claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

LA piilow which will support the upper arms, the shoulders, the uppermost part of the back, the neck and the head of a person lying down, said pillow having a substantially flat under side, a smoothly curved, continuous top surface, a substantially straight posterior edge portion of substantial thickness, an anterior edge portion of substantially lesser thickness than said posterior edge portion, two lateral edge portions each having a maximum thickness at a distance from the posterior edge portion and tapering down to substantially less thickness at the anterior edge portion of the pillow, said anterior edge portion of the pillow being interrupted by a central semicircular recess, the pillow edge of the innermost portion of said semicircular recess extending abruptly upwardly and inclining backwardly in the direction of said posterior edge portion and continuing into a broad convex area of thickening of the central half of the portion of the pillow between said anterior edge portion and said posterior edge portion, the top surface extending from said posterior edge portion to said anterior edge portion of the pillow being continuously curved to define a shallow depressed portion in the center of the top surface between the two lateral edge portions, the lateral portions of the top surface of the pillow adjacent said recess and on each side of said center of the top surface tapering in the direction of said anterior edge portion from a maximum thickness corresponding to the thickness at substantially said center to a substantially lesser thickness at. the anterior edge portion.

2. A pillow which will support the upper arms, the shoulders, the uppermost part of the back, the neck and the head of a person lying down, said pillow having a substantially flat underside, a smoothly curved, continuous top surface, a substantially straight posterior edge portion of substantial thickness, an anterior edge portion of substantially lesser thickness than said posterior edge portion, two lateral edge portions each having a maximum thickness at a distance from the posterior edge portion and tapering down to substantially less thickness at the anterior edge portion of the pillow, said anterior edge portion of the pillow being interrupted by a central semicircular recess having a length along the anterior edge substantially equal to one-half the length of the anterior edge, the depth of said semicircular recess in the direction of said posterior edge portion being about half of its length, the pillow edge of the innermost portion of said semicircular recess extending abruptly upwardly and inclining backwardly in the direction of said posterior edge portion and continuing into a broad convex area of thickening of the central half of the portion of the pillow between said anterior edge portion and said posterior edge portion, said area of thickening having a thickness less than the length of said recess, the top surface extending from said posterior edge portion to said anterior edge portion of the pillow being continuously curved to define a shallow depressed portion in the center of the top surface between the two lateral edge portions, the lateral portions of the top surface of the pillow adjacent said recess and on each side of said 4 center of the top surface tapering in the direction of said anterior edge portion from a maximum thickness corresponding to the thickness at substantially said center to a substantially lesser thickness at the anterior edge portion.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,167,622 Bentivoglio Aug. 1, 1939 2,522,123 Kaskey ct al. Sept. 12, 1950 2,700,779 Tollcowsky Feb. 1, 1955 2,769,185 Biederrnan Nov. 6, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 414,131 Great Britain Aug. 2, 1934 1,GZ3,666 France Mar. 23, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2167622 *Jan 22, 1937Aug 1, 1939Marle BentivoglioPillow or the like
US2522120 *Sep 22, 1948Sep 12, 1950Kaskey Louis GContoured pillow
US2700779 *Sep 13, 1952Feb 1, 1955Tolkowsky CharlesTherapeutic pillow
US2769185 *May 11, 1953Nov 6, 1956Biederman William FMuscular support
FR1023666A * Title not available
GB414131A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2940088 *Feb 6, 1959Jun 14, 1960Boos Howard MPosture pillow
US3139631 *Jun 8, 1961Jul 7, 1964Kiefer Augustine JohnPillow contouring base
US3224809 *Aug 26, 1964Dec 21, 1965Thompson Elbert ODental neck rest
US3312987 *Apr 21, 1965Apr 11, 1967Emery William MSmall wrinkle-free face pillows
US3574397 *Sep 11, 1968Apr 13, 1971Norriss JanOrthopedic pillow
US3757364 *Mar 31, 1972Sep 11, 1973Downing JSleeping pillow
US4218792 *Jan 3, 1979Aug 26, 1980CondorOrthopaedic pillow
US5237714 *Jun 26, 1990Aug 24, 1993Baron Martial COrthopedic pillow
US5781947 *Nov 12, 1996Jul 21, 1998Sramek; RogerAdjustable cervical pillow with depressions for a user's ears
US6006380 *Jun 17, 1998Dec 28, 1999Les Nuages, LlcAdjustable cervical pillow with depressions for a user's ear
US6081948 *Apr 5, 1999Jul 4, 2000Isopedic CorporationBreast orthotics pillow
US6523199Feb 8, 2001Feb 25, 2003Raymond Noel GrossSelf adjusting support for sleeping
US6622325 *Mar 1, 2002Sep 23, 2003Jesse GarzaFacial fatigue reducing pillow construction
US6668404 *Dec 29, 2000Dec 30, 2003Jean-Bernard LanteriAnatomic pillow
US6704957 *Jul 31, 2002Mar 16, 2004Steven L. RhodesPatient support pad for medical imaging equipment
US7013171Feb 12, 2004Mar 14, 2006Rhodes Steven LMedical imaging using patient support pads
US7100227Dec 18, 2003Sep 5, 2006First Impressions Home Marketing, Inc.Anti-snoring pillow
US7316041 *Sep 16, 2003Jan 8, 2008Gerard GuezOsteopathic pillow
US7516504Dec 14, 2007Apr 14, 2009Gerard GuezOsteopathic pillow
US7530127Apr 20, 2006May 12, 2009Dan-Foam ApsPillow and method of manufacturing a pillow
US7735169Aug 26, 2008Jun 15, 2010Tempur-Pedic Management, Inc.Comfort pillow
US8176586Sep 22, 2008May 15, 2012Berke Joseph JArm-positioning cushion and pillow
US8656537Apr 20, 2006Feb 25, 2014Dan Foam ApsMulti-component pillow and method of manufacturing and assembling same
US8713732 *Jan 25, 2013May 6, 2014Adrian DennewaldOrthotic device
US20090222989 *May 19, 2009Sep 10, 2009Adrian DennewaldOrthotic device
US20130312190 *May 25, 2012Nov 28, 2013Christopher BieniekOrthopedic shoulder pillow
EP0880925A1May 25, 1998Dec 2, 1998Robert PlastreMultiposition anatomic pillow
WO1990006708A1 *Dec 11, 1989Jun 28, 1990Nat Res DevContour pillow
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/632, 5/636
International ClassificationA47G9/10, A47G9/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47G9/10
European ClassificationA47G9/10