|Publication number||US2836167 A|
|Publication date||May 27, 1958|
|Filing date||Oct 8, 1956|
|Priority date||Oct 8, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2836167 A, US 2836167A, US-A-2836167, US2836167 A, US2836167A|
|Original Assignee||Astra Merchandise Company Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 27, 1953 HARUZO SAlTO 2,836,167
NOVELTY GUN Filed Oct. 8, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 KC) 40 Q CX 14 A J J J Q Q) 24 INVENTOR.
HARZ/ZO 5,4/7'0 J7 gigj A TTORA/E Y United rates NOVELTY GUN This invention relates to a novelty gun for the more particular purpose of dispensing or discharging candy globules or pellets and for the general purpose of harmlessly propelling pellets of various materials and/ or consistency.
An object of this invention is to provide a child-pleasing toy gun for the purpose above referred to and which is of such inexpensive construction as to be discardable when emptied of pellets.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novelty item of the character referred to that, in a simple manner, may produce a rapid-fire propulsion of pellets and yet is safe in the hands of children.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in such an item, novel and inexpensive operating means.
The invention also has for its objects to provide such means that are positive in operation, convenient in use, easily installed in a working position and easily disconnected therefrom, economical of manufacture, relatively simple, andof general superiority and serviceability.
The invention also comprises novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, which will more fully appear in the course of the following description. However, the drawings merely show and the following description merely describes one embodiment of the present invention, which is given by way of illustration or example only.
In the drawings, like reference characters designate similar parts in the several views.
Fig. 1 is a partly broken side elevational view of a novelty gun according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view, partly in section, of one side or section of said gun and exposing the interior thereof.
Fig. 3 is a front end view of said gun.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary side view in the plane of Fig. 2 and showing the parts in another operative position.
Figs. 5, 6 and 7 are enlarged cross-sectional views as taken on the planes of the respective lines 5-5, 6-6 and 77 of Fig. 2.
The present novelty gun comprises a body it) formed in general simulation of a rapid-fire or machine gun, and manually-operable mechanism 11 embodied in said body for one-by-one propulsion therefrom of pellets 12 stored therein.
The body is preferably formed of complementary halves or parts 13 and 14 joined or abutted along an edge seam 15, the same being held in assembly, as by a plurality of posts 16 formed with one half or part and cemented or otherwise affixed to the complementary part.
The parts 13 and 14 are opposite and preferably similar with little differences that will later appear. Said parts are advantageously molded of plastic material and one or both may be transparent so that the supply of pellets 12 may be visible from the outside. Generally, the parts 13 and 14 are formed to provide the body with a handle 17, a barrel 18, and magazine 19, all, of course, simulated.
! atent 2,836,167 Patented May 27, 1958' Each part 13 and 14 is formed to have marginal walls 20 that cooperate to form seam 15, a chamber 21 for storing pellets 12 and defined between an upper portion of each of said walls 20 and partitions 22 and 23 interiorly of the magazine 19, a narrower chamber 24 generally defined between said partitions and the portions of the lower portions of marginal walls 20, a passage 25 in the barrel 18, and a firing chamber 26 defined by elongated lands 27 and 28 extending longitudinally through the lower chamber 24. Said firing chamber 26 and the barrel passage 25 are aligned.
Between the adjacent portions of the partitions 22 and 23 there is defined a pellet-passing throat 29 which is restricted by opposite lands 30, formed on the body parts, to pass one pellet at a time downward from the chamber 21 into the rearmost portion of the barrel passage 25. One of the parts 13 or 14 is provided with a filler opening 31 and the same may be closed by a metal or comparable plug 32. Further, one part may have a trunnion bearing 33 formed therein, while the other part may have an aligned bearing hole 34, said bearing and hole being located above firing chamber 26 and rearward of the feed throat 29. It will be noted that the partitions 22 are curved to effect separation of chamber 21 and the area 35 in which said bearing and hole enter. While the opposite lands 27 and 28 touch for most of their longitudinal extent, as shown in Figs. 2, 4 and 5, the upper lands 28 are reduced in height to define a space The pellet-propelling mechanism 11 comprises a firing pin 37 disposed in and longitudinally movable in firing chamber 26, a spring 38 normally biasing said pin forwardly and largely housed in the handle 17, a pin-operating member 39 disposed in the mentioned area 35 and provided with an operating handle 40.
The forward end 41 of the firing pin 37 normally extends through an opening 42 in an extension of partition 22 and the same comprises a flat tongue adapted to intercept pellets moving downwardly in throat 29, as shown in Fig. 2. Intermediate the ends of pin 37, the same is provided with an upper extension or block 43 that slides along space 36. The spring 33 engages against the rear end of pin 37 and is carried and located by projections 44 formed in one body part and extending toward the other. A similar projection 45 limits the active movement of the spring.
The pin-operating member 39 is formed as a wheel or hub 46 that is provided with generally radial lugs or teeth 47 that are designed to engage extension block 43 and has a trunnion 48 engaged in bearing 33 and a boss 49 engaged in hole 34. The handle 40 is formed as a crank extension of said boss 49.
It will be clear that, as the handle 40 is continuously rotated, the teeth 47 will successively engage projection block 43 to efiect repeated retraction of the firing pin 37 alternately with forward projection of said pin by spring 38, as each successive tooth 47 loses contact with block 43, as shown in Fig. 4. Thus, there is a rapid retraction and spring-projection of the tongue end 41 of the firing pin, the range of reciprocative movement thereof being indicated in Figs. 2 and 4. When retracted, a pellet 12 falls from the tongue into barrel passage 25 and, when spring-actuated, the end of said tongue imparts an ejecting force to the pellet thus dislodged from the tongue 41.
The operating mechanism 11 further includes a lightweight cylindrical member 50 that is held captive by a projection 51 formed on one of the body parts and extending transversely across the upper part of the passage 25 immediately forward of the throat 29, as may be seen in Figs. 2, 4 and 6.
Since said member 50 is freely suspended from said refilled, if desired, through opening 31.
the, tongue 41 when the firing pin 37 is in projected posi- 7 tion. Thus, as seen in Fig. 2, the member is displaced from encroachment of the throat 29 and a pellet 12 may easilymove onto tongue $1.- When pin 37 is retracted,
as in Fig. 4, said pellet 12 may fallinto barrel passage 25, but the pendent member now released by the pellet in position upon the tongue.
It will be noted from the foregoing that pellets may not becomednadvertently lost or falltfrom the gun, since the pellet that is to be next propelled is efiectively trapped by member 51} and can reach the barrel char-n5 her ,only upon retraction of firing pin 37 immediately before spring projection thereof. t Although the present gun is of such low cost that the same may be discarded when emptied, the same may be While the foregoing has illustrated anddes'cribed what is now contemplated to be the best mode of carrying out the invention, the construction is, of course, subject to projection 51, thesame' is readily displaced forwardly by 3 2,836,167 V V 1 s,
her p endently' hung on'said projection and, when/pendent, partly encroaching on the throat to restrict :the
size of the same against egress of pellets from the throat and partly encroaching onthe barrel passage to restrict the same against egress of a pellet discharged through the bet to thrcato,pening and barrel passage-opening po'si modification without departingfrom the spirit'and scope V tary halves joined at an edge seam, said halves between them defining a pellet-storing magazine charnltler, an exit throat for said chamber of a size to allow passage therethrough of pellets from the chamberone'at' a time and a barrel passage for pellets leaving said throat, a
rigidrlateral'projection extending from one body half across said seam and terminating in spaced'relation to 'the other body half, said projection. being disposed adjacent to said throatwithin said barrel passage, a mem- .tion, means to retract said ele'ment-whilea pellet is supported thereon to'release the pellet to fall into the men-,
tioned portion of the barrel passage, and rapid-acting means to projecttthe element to propel the pelletthus released outwardly from the barrel passage while the; depending member is swung out of its normally pendent position. a V 2. In a toygun according to claim 1, the pendently hung member being tubular and having an enddigected toward the body half toward which the projection isdirected and retained in'swinging position on the, projection by said body half. V I
3. In a toy gun according to claim 1, the pendently hung member-being tubular and having an end directed toward the ,body half toward Which'the projection is directed and-retainedin swinging position on the. pro,-
'jection by said body half, said end'of the tubular mem-,
ber being'closed and disposed between and'spaced from the end of said projection and the body half toward which the projection is directed.
References Cited in the file of this patent Q UNlTEDSTATES PATENTS I V 2,681,055 Gowland June 15, 1954 Amateur. -V Apr, 26; 1-892
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|US1480344 *||Dec 16, 1922||Jan 8, 1924||Otto H Lang||Toy pistol|
|US1789206 *||Feb 19, 1930||Jan 13, 1931||Whatley Walter V||Machine-gun toy|
|US1927424 *||Dec 21, 1931||Sep 19, 1933||Frank Warholick||Toy rapid-fire gun|
|US2371249 *||Apr 24, 1943||Mar 13, 1945||Toy machine gun|
|US2437727 *||Jun 4, 1946||Mar 16, 1948||Drumheller Edward L||Toy gun|
|US2437728 *||Jun 4, 1946||Mar 16, 1948||Drumheller Edward L||Rotary magazine for toy guns|
|US2681055 *||Feb 5, 1952||Jun 15, 1954||Gowland & Gowland||Magazine blow shooter|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2983070 *||Aug 10, 1959||May 9, 1961||Giannotti Joseph||Ball bouncer toy|
|US3094110 *||Jan 16, 1961||Jun 18, 1963||Mattel Inc||Vibrator toy gun|
|US3168849 *||Feb 2, 1961||Feb 9, 1965||Singer Co||Toy punch machine|
|US3348531 *||Mar 6, 1964||Oct 24, 1967||Sekiden Kagaku Kogyo Co Ltd||Toy gun having a divided magazine|
|US4241716 *||Feb 12, 1979||Dec 30, 1980||Arco Industries Ltd.||Automatic toy gun for ping pong balls|
|US4694815 *||Aug 23, 1985||Sep 22, 1987||Longreen Limited||Toy guns for firing pellets|
|DE1211093B *||Apr 19, 1963||Feb 17, 1966||Hiroshi Yano||Zufuehrungsvorrichtung von Kugeln bei einer Spielzeugpistole|
|EP0306557A2 *||Nov 3, 1987||Mar 15, 1989||Atari Games Corporation||Gattling-like gun|
|U.S. Classification||124/27, 124/50, 124/39, 124/44.7|