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Publication numberUS2839757 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 24, 1958
Filing dateMar 11, 1955
Priority dateMar 11, 1955
Publication numberUS 2839757 A, US 2839757A, US-A-2839757, US2839757 A, US2839757A
InventorsGianola Salvatore V
Original AssigneeGianola Salvatore V
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Head covering garment
US 2839757 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 24, 1958 s. v. GIANOLA HEAD COVERINGGARMENT Filed March 11, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. Jaw/17m: V/craR ,m/vam BY 6 f Tab-.4, ,3. 4 I

June 4, 1 58 s. v. GIANOLA 2,839,757 HEAD covsamc GARMENT Fiied March 11, 1955 s Sheets-Sheet '2 INVENTOR. 5m vnraxz VICTOR 61mm BY fl flTrakus'xs Filed March 11, 1955 June24, 1958 sQv, G|ANQLA 2,839,757 I HEAD' COVERING GARMENT :5 sheets-sheet s INVENTOR. 5m. wlrake V/cro/a @mvaw 4;- ML 6. w

wearer to see United States Patent The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

The present invention pertains to the art of head covering garments, and comprises "a garment which is adapted particularly to be worn in regions where the weather gets extremely cold. The garment of the invention inhibits impairment of the wearers activities, at the same time protecting the wearer from the cold, and it provides adjustment characteristics that enable the garment to be. worn comfortably in accordance with the normally expected changes in weather conditions.

For further understanding of the principles of the invention, and for disclosure of one practical embodiment thereof, attention isdirected 'to the accompanying drawings,inwhich f Fig. 1 presents a frontal view from an angle, illustrating adjustment of the garmentfor one way of wearing it,

Fig. 2 presents a similar frontal view, illustrating a second adjustment of the garment,

Fig. 3 presents a similarfrontal' view, illustrating a third adjustment of the garment,

Fig. 4 presents a similar'frontal view, illustrating a fourth adjustment of the garment,

4, and

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectiontaken on line 66 of Fig. 5. .T-he garment that is disclosed in the drawings comprises fabric tailored to provide-areas 15, 16 and 17,-

which respectively cover. the top, back and sides of the of fabric, 15 to 1 9 inclusive, are tailored to extend continuously, and preferably the garment is tailored to fit the contour of the head, as shown; Y

The garment constitutes a hood which, in the dis closed embodiment, is not attached to a body garment or any other garment,- but is detached, and is adapted to be woruwith other garments: The face of the garment is open, as seen particularly in-Figs. 1 and 2, to enable the out of the garment in the forwardly direction. a r

The primary purpose of the garment is to protect the wearer from the cold, in arctic. climates particularly, and it is provided with various adjustments that enable the garment to be worn comfortably, and. with ample protection from coldand wind, according to weather changes that occur. I, i V U 'A baffle 20 at eachside of the face extends forwardly, and is positioned to project from its corresponding fabric area 17. Each baffle is constructed semi-rigidly, and projects straight forwardly from the front edge 21 of its corresponding fabric area 17 to a position beyond the' face, where it provides a windbreak. -A pocket 22 is pro- Fig. 5 is a profile view of the garmentv as worn in Fig.

vided for each baflle 20, inside the fabric of its corresponding side area 17, as seen in Figs. 5 and 6 particularly. When weather permits, a baffle 20 may be inserted into its corresponding pocket 22, where it is out of use and out of the way.

As seen in Fig. 1, the baflle 20 of the left side of the face is inserted into its pocket 22, and the baffle of the right side of the face is extended out of its pocket in position to protect against wind from the right. The garment canbe worn as seen in Fig. 1 when the weather is comparatively mild but the wind is sharp.

Neck flap 23 extends forwardly from the side area 19 at the right of the neck covering fabric, and a similar,

flap extends forwardly from the side area 19 on the left side of the neck. Neck flaps 23 and 24 extend continuously with the fabric of areas 19, and are of the same flexible material. Gusset 25 of flap 23, and like gusset 26 of flap 24, extend upwardly from along the upper edges of their respective flaps, and each is secured by a seam along the forward edge of its corresponding fabric area 17 of the head covering, at a position inside baflle 20.

Companion snap-fastener components 29 and 30, on

' respective neck flaps 23 and 24, are arranged in sets to close the flaps around the front of the neck, and are positioned to close the neck covering closely around the neck. Gussets 25 and 26 extend around the bottom of the jaw to the tip of the chin, and the face opening of the garment extends around the face near to the skin. See 'Fig. 2. v

A similar set of snap-fastener components 31 are companion to components 30, and are adapted to be used alternatively with components 29. Components 31 are located nearer to the end edge of flap 23, and are used when it is desired to close the neck flaps 23 and 24 around the front of the neck more loosely. See Figs. 3, 4 and 5. With the neck flaps 23 and 24 closed with fastener components 31 and 30, the neck covering reaches around the tip of the chin, and somewhat forwardly therefrom. x

Each baflle 20 consists of a bottom panel 32 and a side panel 33, both of them being semi-rigid. The bottom and side panels, 32 and 33, of each bafile 20, are seamed to each other along the edge 34, which forms a fold for the panels to positionthem against each other, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2 A baffle 20 can be folded either in extended position, or when contained in its pocket 21.

Near 'the projecting end of each baffle 28, bottom panels 32 embody companion snap-fastener components 35 and 36, which enable the panels to be secured to each other face-to-face at their ends as seen in Fig. 3. Baffies 20 thereby are brought close to each other around thefront of the face, and the wearer of the garment is able to see over the top edges of panels 33, which are located below the level of the eye. Side panels 33 also are provided with companion snap-fastener components 37 and 38 near their projected ends and the upper corners, by means of which the tWo side panels can be secured to each other, as seen in Fig. 4, to close baffles 20 more closely around the front of the face. See Fig. 5'

also.

Across the front of the forehead, visor 40 extends around to along the sides of the face and outside baffles 20 on each side, and is secured to the front edge 21 of side areas 17 and top area 15 of thehead covering by seam 41, along which visor 40 may be folded up and.

must pass to enter the garment. The eyes and face of the wearer are well inside the garment, and air entering the garment is warmed by the breath of the wearer before the cold can reach the face and eyes to injure them. With the eyes well shaded within the garment, injury to the eyes from the glare of snow blindness is inhibited.

For further protection from cold that is extremely severe, the garment can be worn as seen in Fig. 4.

When the garment is worn as seen in Figs. 3 and 4, it is preferred that companion snap fasteners 30 and 31 be used to close the neck flaps 23 and 24 loosely around the front of the neck. Bafiies 20 thus rest on the gussets 25 and 26 of neck flaps 23 and 24, and are supported by the tube of fabric formed by the neck flaps, as seen in Fig. 5. i

As seen in Figs. and 6,, each pocket 22 is formed between the lining 43 and outer fabric 44, which constitute the lining and outer fabric of the hood, and are extended throughout the fabric areas 15 to 19 inclusive. Pocket 22 consists of the inner fabric piece 45, which is secured to the lining 43 along the front edge 21 by seam 46, and the outer fabric piece 47, which is secured to the outer fabric 44 along the front edge 21 by seam 48. Fabric pieces 45 and 47 extend coextensively away from their front seams 46 and 48 far enough to enclose the corresponding bafiie 20, and are secured to each other and to the lining 43 at the rear by seam 49, which is extended forwardly above and below bafiie 20 to the seams 46 and 48 and the front edge 21 of the hood, seam 49 thereby closes pocket 22 around the baffle on all sides except at the opening between the seams 46 and 48 at the front.

Fabric web 50 of flexible material is secured inside pocket 22 near the rear thereof, by means of seam 51, which secures the fabric web to the inside piece 45 as seen in Fig. 6. The width of web 50 corresponds with side panel 33 of bafile 20, and at its forward edge is secured to the rearward edge of the battle. When a baffle 20 is inserted into its pocket 22, its web 50 folds upon itself in the manner shown, and when the bat-fie is withdrawn from its pocket the web 50 locates its rearward edge at the front edge 21 of the hood and slightly inside the pocket 22. In the disclosed embodiment, bafiies 20 are detachably attached to the garment, whereby they can be removed from the garment when weather conditions render them useless. At its front edge, web 50 comprises the set of snap-fastener components 52, to which companion snap-fastener components at the rear edge of baffle 20 are removably applicable, for attaching or detaching the baffles 20 at will.

The structure that is disclosed presents one practical embodiment of the invention, the scope of which is determined by the accompanying claims.

I claim:

1. A head covering garment comprising a hood member including top and side portions defining a face opening, a pocket in each side portion of said hood having a mouth proximate such face opening, and a bafile flap extending outwardly from each pocket through the mouth thereof, the dimensions of each of said flaps relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such month and a substantial portion of said flap can be positioned extending outside said pocket, and means to secure each of said flaps in its pocket.

2. Ahead covering garment comprising a hood member including top and side portions defining a face opening, a pocket in each side portion of said hood having a'mouth proximate such face opening, a baffle flap extending outwardly from each pocket throughthe mouth thereof, the dimensions of said flap relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such month and a substantial portion of each of said fia-ps can be positioned extended outside said pocket, and means to secure each of said flaps in its pocket, said means comprising a web, means to secure one end of said web to the interior of said pocket, and means to secure the other end of said-web to said baffle flap.

3. A head covering garment comprising a hood member including top and side portions defining a face opening, a pocket in each side portion of said hood having a mouth proximate such face opening, a baffle flap extending outwardly from each pocket through the mouth thereof, the dimensions of said flap relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such mouth and a substantial portion of each of said flaps can be positioned extended outside its pocket, and meansto secure each of said flaps in its pocket, said means comprising a web, means to secure one end of said web to the interior of said pocket, and means to removably secure the other end of said web to said baffle flap.

4. A head covering garment comprising a hood member including top and side portions defining a face opening, a pocket in each side portion of said hood having a mouth proximate such face opening, a semi-rigid bafile flap extending outwardly from each pocket through the mouth thereof, the dimensions of each of said flaps relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such month and a substantial portion of said flap can be positioned extended outside said pocket, and means to secure each of said flaps in its pocket, said means comprising a web, means to secure oneend of said web to the interior of said pocket, and means to secure the other end of said web to said 5. A head covering garment comprising a hood member including an outer fabric providing top and side portions defining a face opening, a lining fabric coextensive with said outer fabric, a pocket in each side portion of said hood betweensaid outer fabric and said lining fabric, each pocket having a mouth proximate such face opening, a semi-rigid baffle flap extending outwardly from each pocket through the mouth thereof, the dimensions of each of said flaps relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such month and a substantial portion of each flap can be positioned extended outside its pocket, and means to secure each of said flaps in its pocket, said means comprising a web, means to secure one end of said web to the interior of said pocket, and mating snap fastener elements secured to the other end of said web and to one end of said baffle flap for removably connecting said web and said bafiie flap.

6. A head covering garment comprising a hood member including an outer fabric providing top and side portions defining a face opening, a lining'fabric coextensive with said outer fabric, a pocket in each side portion of said hood between'said outer fabric and said lining fabric, each pocket having a mouth proximatesuch face opening, a semi-rigid baffie flap' extending outwardly from each pocket through'the mouth thereof, the dimensions of each of said flaps relative the dimensions of its pocket being such that a substantial portion of each of said flaps is retractible into its pocket through such mouth and a substantial portion of each flap can be positioned extended outside its pocket, and means to secure each of said flaps in its pocket, said means comprising a web, means to secure oneend of said web to the interior of said pocket, mating snap fastener elements secured to the other end of saidweb and to one end of said baffle flap for removably connecting said web and 5 6 said bafiie flap, and mating snap fastener elements se- 1,167,379 Buckman Jan. 11, 1916 cured to the other ends of said bafiie flaps. 2,007,353 Tarantous July 9, 1935 r 2,500,982 Fligel Mar. 21, 1950 References Cited in the file of this patent 2,686,317 Michaelis Aug. 17, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 FOREIGN PATENTS 214,326 Troelicht Apr. 15, 1879 861,132 France Oct. 22, 1940

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US214326 *Feb 10, 1879Apr 15, 1879 Improvement in head-mufflers
US1167379 *Jan 30, 1915Jan 11, 1916Jacob BuckmanHood.
US2007353 *Dec 28, 1932Jul 9, 1935Tarantous Martha CDevice for covering lips
US2500982 *Mar 9, 1948Mar 21, 1950 Fligel
US2686317 *Dec 26, 1951Aug 17, 1954Michaelis Harold OHead wearing apparel
FR861132A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3031673 *Nov 8, 1960May 1, 1962Samuel R KorolickDraft bars for helmet hoods
US3287737 *May 7, 1965Nov 29, 1966Schuessler Richard DKnitted cap construction
US3292182 *Mar 17, 1965Dec 20, 1966Schuessler Walter EInband visor cap
US3909849 *Aug 27, 1973Oct 7, 1975Raymond Lee Organization IncJump-suit style covering garment
US4593417 *Sep 12, 1984Jun 10, 1986Brown Jr William CConvertible survival cap
US4823407 *May 22, 1987Apr 25, 1989Burlington Industries, Inc.Headwear with face tunnel for cold weather environment
US4979236 *Jun 16, 1989Dec 25, 1990Merrill Janice LVariably sized
US4998296 *Nov 28, 1989Mar 12, 1991Stames Rebecca MHypothermia protection suit collapsible into compact package for storage
US5007115 *Feb 13, 1990Apr 16, 1991Denbow Nancy AAdjustable head and neck garment
US5220699 *Jul 27, 1992Jun 22, 1993Farris R DavidSurgical face mask support apparatus and method
US5251336 *Feb 28, 1992Oct 12, 1993Nevins Michael AHead protector for inclement weather
US5339466 *Jan 9, 1992Aug 23, 1994Mcmullen Donald JCold weather sleeping hood
US5704068 *Aug 29, 1996Jan 6, 1998Martin; LeeCold weather cowl
US6023787 *Jan 5, 1999Feb 15, 2000French; Katherina GraceHood with faceguard
US6425138 *Aug 11, 2000Jul 30, 2002Cheryl E JohnsonHood with shoulder support
US6499141 *Oct 17, 2001Dec 31, 2002Shelter-Pro, LlcMultidimensional camouflage outer wear garment system
US6742191 *Jun 27, 2002Jun 1, 2004Man Ho YangHead mounted umbrella and method of manufacturing the same
US7137150Aug 20, 2004Nov 21, 2006Van LarsonDickey with head cover
US7240372Aug 20, 2004Jul 10, 2007Van LarsonMulti-purpose hat
US7296302 *Jun 27, 2005Nov 20, 2007Delorenzo Tim LouisHooded garment with built-in skull cap, gloves, and lower face covering with mouth opening
US7374071 *Jul 28, 2004May 20, 2008Lavelle Robert EBackpack, pouch or clothing with integral raingear
US7559168 *Feb 24, 2006Jul 14, 2009Middlepoint Trading Company, LlcScope and action cover for hand guns and rifles
US8161575 *May 11, 2005Apr 24, 2012Debrick E PatriciaAdjustable winter garment
US8516619 *Nov 4, 2009Aug 27, 2013Mohammad Mubde AbsiReady to wear headscarf
US8621668 *May 17, 2012Jan 7, 2014Splitzgear, L.L.C.Convertible garment
US20120291181 *Nov 4, 2009Nov 22, 2012Mohammad Mubde AbsiReady To Wear Headscarf
WO1991007887A1 *Nov 27, 1990Jun 13, 1991Rebecca M StamesHypothermia protection suit collapsible into a compact package for storage
WO1993013682A1 *Jan 8, 1993Jul 22, 1993Donald James McmullenCold weather sleeping hood
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/205, 2/84, 2/173, D02/880
International ClassificationA42B1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/045
European ClassificationA42B1/04C