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Publication numberUS2840203 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 24, 1958
Filing dateSep 5, 1956
Priority dateSep 5, 1956
Publication numberUS 2840203 A, US 2840203A, US-A-2840203, US2840203 A, US2840203A
InventorsHehr Elmer T
Original AssigneeHehr Elmer T
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window fastener construction
US 2840203 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 24, 1958 E. T. HEHR 2,840,203

WINDOW FASTENER CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 5, 1956 HMEQ 12 Have,

IN VEN TOR.

United States Patent The present invention relates generally to window frame fastening arrangements, and relates more particularly to such fastening arrangements wherein means are carried by a portion of the window frames or surrounding structure for permanently securing the frames in position in a wall section or the like. i i

When installing window frames, and particularly when fitting prefabricated types of window frames, serious problems have long existed relative to the methods for permanently securing these frames in place. It has been one usual practice to construct the window frames from individual components and to secure each of these cornponents to a wall section as the frame is built up. Such a construction presentsdittle difficulty froma securing standpoint, but is time consuming and expensive. Through use of prefabricated frame sections that are adapted for insertion into opposite sides ofan opening in a wall section, considerable time is saved in the installation thereof. However, in order to secure these prefabricated frames permanently in position in awall opening, it has [heretofore been necessary to employ fastening means, such as nails, screws and the like, that not only required considerable time for the installation, but also detracted from the uninterrupted and smooth exterior appearance of the frame garnish. I I V V j Several attempts have been made heretofore in efforts to solve the fastening problems associated with the installation of prefabricated window frames. These attempts have taken the form of complex mechanical structures, many of whichrequired the use-of specially constructed openings in wall sections. The many components used in prior structures have necessarily made these structures expensive and have increased the possibilities that one or more of the components would be inoperative or poorly constructed. With increasing costs of construction labor,

duced to a minimum commensurate with quality construction and reliable fastening means. I

It is therefore one important object of the present invention to provide an improved fastening means for window frames. g. a

It is 'a further object of the invention to provide a novel window frame fastening arrangement wherein extremely simple, reliable, efficient, and inexpensive fastening means are employed. I

Another object of the invention is to provide improved means for securing a window frame to the wall forming an opening for a window.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a universal window frame fastening arrangement having means for continuously biasing fastening elements into tight engagement with the wall forming the window opening. 7

Other and further important objects of the invention will become apparent from the disclosures in the following detailed specification, appended claims, andaccompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure l is a perspective view showing a typical window frame structure foremploying the fastening arrangement of this invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view showing details of the present fastening arrangement, takensubstantially as indicated by the line 22 of Fig. l; and

Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view showing the fastenin clip employed with the present invention.

- With reference to the drawing, Fig. 1 illustrates a type of window that may include the features of the present invention in regard to the fastening arrangement therefor. As shown in Fig.1, a generally rectangular window frame 10 is adapted for disposition in a suitable, substantially rectangular opening 11 in a wall section 12. The frame 10 has a window 13 hinged thereto as at 14, with the window 13 having the usual binding frame 15 ther'eabout. A moisture-deflecting hood 16 may also be provided over the upper edge of the window and secured to an outer surface 17 of the wall section 12. 0

With reference primarily to Fig. 2, the frame 10 may be made from any suitable material, as by extruding aluminum, or the like, and includes an outer. flange portion 18 and an inner flange portion 20 that are integrally interconnected by means of a sill portion 21. The flange portions 18 and 20 are disposed in opposite directions from the sill portion 21, with the flange portion 18 being adapted to overlie the outer surface 17 of the wall section 12. A sealing strip" 22 is positioned between the surface 17 and an innersurface of the flange portion 18, to provide a resilient urging of the flange portion away from the surface 17, for a purpose that will be more fully described hereinafter I As further shown in Fig. 2, a plurality of clips 25 are secured to an outer surface 26 of the sill portion of the frame 10. The clips 25 are made from any suitable resilient material and are positioned at longitudinally spaced intervals, and each is secured to the sill portion 21 by means of a rivet 27, or the like,,that extends through a hole 28 in each of the clips into a hole in the sill portion. Each of the clips 25 isbent outwardly as at 30 to provide a freerend portion thereof that forms an acute angle relative to the surface 26 of the sill' portion '21. The free edge of each clip portion 30 is indicated at and is cut off at substantially a right angle" to the portion 30. Clips are similarly arranged on all sides of the frame member. I Toassernble the present window frame arrangement 1n the opening 11, it is only necessary to insert the side 50 of the frame 10, having the flange portion 20, intothe it is extremely important that installation time be re- 1' opening For this purpose, the opening 11' is made sllghtly larger than the outer dimensions of the frame portions 30: of the clips 25 normally have their outer-edges disposed lbeyond the dimensions of the'opening 11 'in the wall section 12. Thus, when the frame 101's inserted into the opening 11, the portions 30 of theclips 25"a re deformed inwardly toward the surface 26 of the sill portion and bite into the material of the wall section 12 or into the material of any framing structure built to define the opening 11. The resilient force of the clips 25 is such as to cause the edges 31 to be slightly embedded in the material of'thewall section and to deform the same, thus providing a secure retaining means for the frame member and normally preventing removal thereof from the opening 11. The force of the sealing strip 22, when under compression, serves to bias the edges 31 of the several clips into permanent continuous tight deformable engagement with the material of the wall section. This window retaining arrangement is particularly elfective when the surface of the wall engaged by the clips 25 is Ice Patented June 24, 1958 3, formed by wood or other deformable material adapted to yield to the bite of the, clips to provide a deformable engagement therewith and to retain the clips in position.

Thus, there has been provided a reliable, eflicient, and

extremely simple method and apparatus for fastening a window'frame arrangement into a building structure and for providing a permanent installation of the frame. Through use of the present arrangement, it is therefore possible to install window frames in a minimum amount of time and thereby to enable reduced labor costs.

, Although only one particular form of this invention has been specifically described herein in detail, it will be obvious that the invention is not limited thereto, but is capable of a wide variety of mechanical embodiments. Accordinglypvarious changes which will now suggest themselvesto those skilled in the art may be made in the material, form, details of construction, and arrangement of the elements without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

The inventionclaimed is:

1. An. arrangement for permanently securing a window frame within an opening in a wall comprising, in com bination: a generally rectangular frame structure; a wall having a finite thickness and structural components of deformable material arranged to define said opening, peripheral surfaces of said opening being disposed substantially at right angles to inner and outer side surfaces of said wall; an outwardly extending flange forming one integral portion of said frame structure and engageable with one of said side surfaces of said wall; a sill portion in said framestructure, said sill portion being disposed in par allel spaced relationship relative to said surfaces of said opening; and plural clip means carried by said sill portion of said frame structure and adapted for deformable engagement with said material of said structural components and said surfaces of said opening whereby to secure said frame structure in said opening and said flange in permanent engagement with said one side surface of said wall.

2. An arrangement for permanently securing a window frame within an opening in a wall comprising, in combination: a generally rectangular frame structure; a wall having a finite thickness. and structural components of deformable material arranged to define said opening, peripheralsurfaces of said opening being disposed substantially at right angles to inner and outer, side surfaces of said wall; an outwardly extending flange forming one inte gral portion of said frame structure and engageable with one ofsaid side surfaces of said wall; a sill portion in said frame structure,,said sill portion being disposed in parallel spaced relationship relative to said surfaces of said opening; a plurality of clips carried by an outerperipheral surface of said sill portion; and means for securing one end of. each said clip to said sill portion, the free ends of said clips being disposed at an acute angle to said surface of, saidsill portion and adapted for deformable engagement with said material of said structural components at said'surfaces of said opening, thereby to retain said frame structure in said opening and said flange in permanent tight engagement with said one side surface of said wall.

3. An arrangement for permanently securing a window frame within an opening in a wall comprising, in combination: a generally rectangular frame structure; a wall having a finite thickness and structural components of deformable material arranged to define said opening, peripheral surfaces of said opening being disposed substantially at right angles to inner and outer side surfaces of said wall; an outwardly extending flange forming one 3 integral portion of said frame structure and engageable with one of said side surfaces of said wall; an integral sill portion in said frame structure, said sill portion being disposed in parallel spaced relationship relative to said surfaces of said opening; a plurality of clips disposed about the outer periphery of said sill portion; rivet means for securing one of the ends of each said clip to said sill portion; and an outwardly bent portion on the free end of each said clip, said bent portions forming an acute angle with said sill portion and having an outer edge disposed normallybeyond the dimensional limits of said opening whereby to permit deformable engagement thereof with the material surrounding said opening upon insertion of said frame structure therein to permanently retain said frame structure in said opening and said flange in tight permanent engagement with said one side surface of said wall.

4. An arrangement for permanently securing a window frame within an opening in a wall comprising, in combination: a generally rectangular frame structure; a wall having a finite thickness and structural components of deformable material arranged to define said opening, peripheral surfaces of said opening'being disposed substantially at right angles to inner and outer side surfaces t of said wall; an outwardly extending flange forming one integral portion of said frame structure and engageable with one of said surfaces of said wall; a sill portion in said frame structure, said sill portion being disposed in parallel spaced relationship relative to said surfaces of said opening; asealing strip disposed between said flange and said one of said side surfaces of said wall; a plurality of resilient clips disposed about an outer periphery of said sill portion; rivet means for securing one of the ends of each said clip to said sill porton; and an outwardly bent portion on the free end of each said clip, said bent portionsbeing generally directed toward said flange and forming an acute angle relative to said sill portion, the outer edges of said free ends being disposed normally beyond the dimensional limits of said opening whereby to permit deformable engagement thereof with the structural material surrounding said opening upon insertion of said frame structure into said opening to permanently retain said frame structure in said opening and said flange in tight permanent engagement with said one side surface of said wall.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 Germany May 3, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1570351 *Sep 16, 1924Jan 19, 1926Konstantin Hultin ValterMethod and arrangement for fastening window and door frames
DE910589C *May 9, 1951May 3, 1954Svenska Flaektfabriken AbAnordnung zur Befestigung von Schutzgittern u. dgl.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3152369 *Feb 28, 1962Oct 13, 1964Twin Pane CorpWindow construction
US4488391 *Dec 17, 1980Dec 18, 1984Joseph PavnicaCentering clips for window frames
US4601144 *Oct 9, 1984Jul 22, 1986Jerome TintiBuilding insulating and trimming system
US6895718 *Feb 10, 2003May 24, 2005Andrew Mark MoffattConstruction unit mounting system
US7490442 *Jul 27, 2004Feb 17, 2009Feather Lite Innovations, Inc.Window system for concrete walls and associated method
US7814716Aug 10, 2005Oct 19, 2010Moffatt Andrew MConstruction unit mounting system
US7980032Oct 14, 2010Jul 19, 2011Moffatt Andrew MConstruction unit mounting system
US8245462May 29, 2008Aug 21, 2012Milgard Manufacturing IncorporatedSnap clip retainer for window fixed sash
US8448394Jul 20, 2012May 28, 2013Ralf MietheSnap clip retainer for window fixed sash
US8607514 *Apr 20, 2011Dec 17, 2013Andersen CorporationWindow trim system
US20090193728 *Jan 16, 2009Aug 6, 2009Simonton Building Products, Inc.Window Casing
US20110258962 *Apr 20, 2011Oct 27, 2011Peterson Steven GWindow Trim System and Method
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/204.53, 52/214
International ClassificationE06B1/56, E06B1/60
Cooperative ClassificationE06B1/6053
European ClassificationE06B1/60C1