Diamond drill and well sinking or boring safety-machine
US 284067 A
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I G. MGM. ROSS &-D. GRANT. DIAMOND DRILL AND WELL SINKING 0R BORING SAFETY MACHINE. No. 28'4,067.
Patented Aug. 28, 1883..
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GILBERT MOM; ROSS AND DANIEL GRANT, OF VIRGINIAOITY, NEVADA.
DIAMOND DRILL AND WELL S INKING R BORING SAFETY-MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 284,067, dated August 28, 1883.
' Application filed May 8, 1883. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that we. GILBERT MoM. Ross and DANIEL GRANT, citizens of the United States, residing at Virginia City, county of Storey, and State of Nevada, have invented a new and useful Diamond Drill and Well Sinking or Boring Safetyddachine; and we do hereby declare the same .h as not been patented to us, or either of us, or to others with our knowledge and consent in any country whatsoever.
Our invention relates to an attachment to a diamond drill in mines, and to well sinking or boring machines for gas, oil, or water from the surface of the earth or elsewhere, by the use of which a sudden and sometimes dangerous influx or wasteful discharge of the mate- .--rial sought to be discovered is controlled by the operator of said machines when found, so that the same can be restrained within the limits desired, or conducted, should its force be sufficient, to any desired point, thereby insuring absolute safety from or control of the water encountered in the running of diamond drills in mines and the boring for water, gas, or oil from the surface or elsewhere, and securing protection to the life of the person or persons drilling under ground, with an avoidance of the flooding of the mine, with security from waste or firing of the material found in boring from the surface or elsewhere for oils and gas. WVithout the use of said machine it now often happens that the lives of those engaged in drilling in mines are endangered by a sudden flow of water from the hole thus run, and work at least temporarily suspended by reason thereof, or a waste or firing, with loss of life and property, in the boring for coal oil or gas, as aforesaid, when the same reaches the surface, all for the want of means or appliances to properly restrain or control the same, the objects of our invention being to furnish a proper appliance or machine to restrain or control such liquids so encountered. We attain these objects by means of the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, similar letters referring to similar parts. A A is a pipe inserted in a hole prepared for the drill rope or borer V V, and also rep- 5o resents the casing of a well. B B is a collar or flange shrunk 011 the pipe A A for the pur- A in place.
pose of driving the pipe A A ihto position, and as a point to brace from to keep pipe A O G is a peet-valve screwed onto pipe A A. D D is a nipple screwed in valve O 0. EE E is a T screwed onto nipple D D. F F F F is a stuffing-box screwed in T E E E. G G is a wrench on stuffing-box F F F F for tightening packing H H on diamond-drill rod, rope, or borer V V. H H is the packing in stuffing-box F FF F. I I is a nipple screwed in T E E E. J J J is a reduced T screwed 011 nipple I I. K K is a nipple screwed on reduced T J J J. L L is a service-cock screwed 011 nipple K K. M M is a nipple screwed in service-cock L L. N N is a wrench on service-cock L L. O O is a nipple screwed in reduced T J J J. P P P is a reduced T screwed on nipple O O. Q Q is a nipple screwed in reduced T P P P. R R is a valve or service cockscrewed on nipple Q Q. S S is a wrench 011 valve or service-cock R 1%. T T is avalve or service-cock screwed in reduced T P P P. U is a pressure-gage. V V shows diamonddrill rod, rope, or borer in place.
When the pipe A A has been properly secured in the ground, the machine, as hereinbefore specified, is attached to pipe A A, the gate of the valve 0 C is then opened, and the rod, rope, or borer V V inserted through stuffing-box F F F F, T E E E, nipple D D, valve G G, and pipe A A. The packing H H in stuffing-box F F F F being loose, drilling or boring is then commenced, while service-cock L L remains open and valves or service-cocks R R and T T are closed. I11 the event of strikingthe water, gas, or oil, or other liquid sought to be controlled, the drilling or boring machine, to which the parts hereinbefore specified are attached, is stopped, and the wrench G G on stuifing-box F F F F is turned so as to tighten the packing H H on the diamonddrill rod, rope, or borer V V, and the wrench N N on service-cock L L is turned off, closing the service-cock L L. The water, gas, oil, or other liquid being thus and now under control, service-cock or valve T T is then opened, and the pressure of the water, gas, oil, or other liquid is ascertained by the indicator U. If further drilling or boring is desired, and the pressure of water, gas, oil, or other fluid, as shown by the indicator U, is found to be sand or other heavy particles, which in the case of drilling by the diamond drill can be used as samples of the material passed through. When the diamond-drill rope or borer has reached the desired point, and if apressure of water, gas, oil, or other liquid is present, wrench G G is turned, loosening the packing H H in stuffing-box F F F F sufficiently to admit of the withdrawal of the diamond-drill rod, rope, or borerVV. The rod, rope, or borerV Vis then withdrawn until the bit of the diamond drill or point of the rope or borer reaches T E E E. The gate of valve 0 O is then closed and the diamond-drill rope or borer V V withdrawn, and all of the machine herein specified with the exception of pipe A A and collar or flange B B and valve 0 O is withdrawn, and pipes can then be connected with valve 0 G, and the water, gas, or oil may be conducted to any desired point, as hereinbefore described. Then the balance of the machine, with the addition of a new pipe A A and collar or flange B B and valve 0 O, can be used for further or other drilling, boring, or well-sinking operations.
What we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
1. The combination, in a diamonddrill and well sinking or boring safety-machine, of the stuffing-box F F F F with the packing H H and the wrench G G, for the purpose of tightening the. packing H H upon the diamonddrill rope or borer V V, with the diamonddrill rod, rope, or borer VV placed and work- 0 ing within the pipe A A, to which is shrunk the collar or flange B B, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, in a diamond drill and Well sinking or boring safety-machine, of the valve G G with the rod, rope, or borer V V, inserted through stuffing-box F F F F, T EE E, (which is provided with nipple I 1,) nipple D D, Valve 0 O, and pipe A A, to which is shrunk the collar B B, substantially .as described. I
3. The combination, in a diamond drill and well sinking or boring safety-machine, of the service-cock L L with the nipple K K and reducedTJ J J, and the nipple O O, screwed in reduced T J J J, and thenipple M M, in combination with the wrench N N, to which that is, nipples K K and M Mthe several discharge-pipes may be attached, with the service-cock or valve R B, provided with the wrench S S,'and service-cock or valve T T, substantially as described.
4. The combination, in a diamond drill and well sinking or boring safety-machine, of the reduced T P P P with service-cock T T and pressure-gage U, nipple Q Q, and service-cock or valve R R, provided with wrench S S, in combination with service-cock L L and wrench N N, for the purpose of regulating the flow of water, gas, oil, or other liquid and ascertain- 7o ing the pressure of the same, substantially as described, all said parts being arranged and adapted to operate essentially as set forth.
GILBERT MGM. ROSS, DANIEL GRANT. Witnesses: E. S. FARRINGTON,
T. B. GRAY.