US 2841155 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 1, 1958 H. LIGHT HAIR CURLER Filed Jan. 23, 1956 INVENTOR. bar/vex L/'fll'.
BY MW Z fir ems 125.
HAIR CURLER Henri Light, Evansville, Ind.
Application January 23, 1956, Serial No. 560,720
2 Claims. (CI. 13240) 7 This invention relates to a hair curler, and more particularly to a hair molder for use in setting, curling, waving and permanent waving hair.
Heretofore, conventional curlers of both the do-ityourself type adaptable for use with home permanent kits, and of the type used by professional hairdressers have been characterized by the fact that they bend the hair instead of molding it. The disadvantages of such curlers are well known. It is the primary object of this invention to provide a hair curler or hair molder which overcomes the disadvantages of uneven waves and kinky ends, and forms even, wide waves and smooth ends.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a hair curler or molder which is held vertically, i. e. radially relative to the head thereby providing greater accessibility to each individual curler. The conventional device is of such character and construction that it lies substantially parallel to the head, thus making it diflicult to reach and adjust when for example the curler is applied too tightly and the customer says the hair is pulling. In addition to the greater accessibility of applicants substantially vertically disposed curlers, there is the advantage of being able to set them closer together and thereby form more curls.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a device of the character described which e1im inates the step of setting the hair after the permanent wave. This is made possible by reason of the fact that once applicants device is used the hair is molded to the desired style.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a hair molder of such character and construction that bobby pins, hairpins, clips and the like may be omitted and yet have a smooth finished curl when the hair is dry.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a single device that will either set, curl, wave or permanent wave hair, and yet will nonetheless retain all of the advantages of fast drying without at the same time exerting undue pressure on the hair.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a hair curler or molder which is so constructed that the cylindrical curler portion will be retained in place by the clamp portion as long as desired without being inadvertently forced out of clamping engagement. Heretofore in connection with some conventional curlers their construction and the fact that they are disposed parallel to the head has resulted in the curler portion being forced out of clamped position when the hair is rinsed or when a finger touches the portion while another curl is being formed. This disadvantage is overcome by the present invention.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a device wherein the curler portion is adjustable relative to the long arm of the clamp portion so that if the hair is short the curler portion can be moved closer to that arm, and if the hair is longer it can easily be moved further away therefrom. Thus the advantages of having U d t Pam O the curler portion mountable only in one fixed position within the clamp portion are avoided.
The full nature of the invention will be understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claims:
In the drawingsFig. 1 is a perspective view of the invention. a
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section view thereof,
In the drawings the cylindrical curler portion of the invention is shown generally at 10 and the substantially U-shaped clamp portion is shown generally at 11. The curler portion has a plurality of apertures 12 formed in its periphery. The bottom edge 13 is formed in a fiat plane while the top edge is scalloped or notched as at 14.
The clamping portion comprises a pair of substantially parallel prongs 15 upon which may be seated, as shown in the drawings, the bottom edge 13 of the curler portion. Extending at right angles to the prongs is the intermediate portion 16 having a plurality of teeth 17 to aid in retaining the hair in the desired molded position. The intermediate portion terminates in a bifurcated finger clamp portion 18 which may be knurled as at 19 to aiford a better finger grip surface. Pivotally secured at 20 between the upstanding ears of the bifurcated portion is the complementary finger grip portion 21 which is also knurled at 22. Extending at right angles from this latter portion is the arm 23 which is sized to be readily received within the scalloped formation or notches at the upper end of the curler.
In operation a hair waving solution is first applied to the hair. The curler is then detached from the clamp or clip. Thereupon the hair is rolled about the curler from its ends to the scalp in a clockwise or counterclockwise manner according to the style desired. Once the hair is rolled in this fashion the clamp is then applied to the curler so that the curler will be projecting vertically or radially relative to the scalp. The hair is preferably moved downwardly on the curler towards the scalp, and longitudinal grooves may be formed in the curler to facilitate that movement if desired. The teeth formed in x the adjacent arm of the clamp help to retain the hair in a firm position close to the scalp.
in order that the hair may be dried. After this step the clamp and curler are removed and the hair combed out, giving it the style desired.
It will thusbe seen that with this curler or molder the two conventional steps heretofore required, i. e. (1) curling the hair and then after the hair is curled and the curlers removed, (2) styling or setting the hair, can be combined into' one operation. The invention thus enables a person not only to curl the hair but at the same time mold it in the position, manner or style desired, so that the curl will be formed much closer to the scalp than can ordinarily be done by hand with any known pins or clips. And the sculptured curl will be softer and more natural.
While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, the same is to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character, it being understood that only the preferred embodiment has been shown and described and that all changes and modifications that come within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the claims are also desired to be protected.
The invention claimed is:
'I. A hair curler'comprising'a clamping member having a pair of opposed normally parallel arms, one of said arms serving as a base adapted to be disposed next to the scalp and'havinga' right-angular extension adapted to be'di'sposed perpendicularlyrelativ'e to" the scalp,'the otheriof saidarms'beirig movable to andfrom'its' normally parallel clamping" position relative to said one arm; fi'nger grip means connecting said extension and said other arm for moving the latterto and from said clamping position, and a perforated cylindrical member interposed between and clampinglyh'eld byjsaid arms, said perforated cylindrical memberbeing ofuniform' diameter throughout, and said finger gripmeans" being disposed proximate the end of said perforated cylindrical member opposite that en'- gagingthei s'aidone'arm. '2. A' hair curl'ercomprising'a' clamping member having apair of opposed normallyparallel arms, oneof said arms being relatively sho'rf'an'd serving as a base to'be placed next to the 's'calp said one arm having a right-angular extension adaptedto be disposed perpendicularly relative to the scalp, the other of said arms being movable to and'from' it's normally parallel clamping position relative to said one arm, finger-grip clamping means connecting said extension and said other arm for moving the latter to "and from saidcla'mpi'ng position, and a perforated cylin= drical member interposed between and clampingly held by said arms, said finger-grip clamping means being disposed proximate the end of said perforated cylindrical member engaged by said other arm, and said perforated cylindrical member being of uniform diameter throughout and having a plurality of notches formed about the periphery of an end thereof, said notches being sized to receive said movable arm and thereby to' prevent any inadvertent rotation of said perforated cylindrical member.
' References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,107,348 Solomon Feb. 8, 1938 2,534,649 Witschi Dec. 19, 1950 2,657,694 Reed et a1. Nov. 3, 1953 2,682,878 Pisciotta July" 6, -1 954 FOREIGN PATENTS 519,735 Belgium" May 310, 1953 916,667 Germany Aug. 16, 1954