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Publication numberUS2841666 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1958
Filing dateJul 29, 1957
Priority dateJul 29, 1957
Publication numberUS 2841666 A, US 2841666A, US-A-2841666, US2841666 A, US2841666A
InventorsArnold N Anderson
Original AssigneeArnold N Anderson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic transfer switch
US 2841666 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 1, 1958 A. N. ANDERSON 2,841,666 AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH Filed Jul 29, 1957 O 25 6 46 NGRMAL, 39 7 AUX/AMP) Pam/m POWER 5 Hw 9 INVENTOR.

AUTOIQIVEY trad Patented duly "i, 1358:

AUTUMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH Arnold N. Anderson, Palm Springs, fjalif. Application July 29, 1957, Serial No. 674,651

12 Claims. (Cl. 200-50) This invention relates to a transfer switch means and has for an object to provide simple and positive means for automatically cutting in auxiliary or emergency power to maintain a load circuit in the event of failure of the normal power supply for said circuit.

Another object of the invention is to provide an hydraulically-operated transfer switch that by controlling two circuit breakers-one in a normal power operating circuit and the other in an emergency power operating circuit-effects a change to the emergency power operating circuit upon failure of the normal power and a return back to normal power upon restoration thereof.

A further object of the invention is to provide reversing means responsive to a relay in the device being controlled, for instituting automatic transfer between normal and emergency power serving said means.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a transfer switch of the character referred to that cannot effect connecting of both normal and emergency power sources simultaneously.

A yet further object of the invention is to provide means insuring moving one of the power switches from on to off position before a switch that is off is moved to on position.

The invention also has for its objects to provide such means that are positive in operation, convenient in use, easily installed in a working position and easily disconnected therefrom, economical of manufacture, relatively simple, and of general superiority and serviceability.

The invention also comprises novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, which will more fully appear in the course of the following description. However, the drawing merely shows and the following description merely describes, one embodiment of the present invention, which is given by way of illustration or example only.

-In the drawing, like reference characters designate similar parts in the several views.

The figure is a semi-diagrammatic view of an automatic transfer switch according to the present invention.

The present mechanism is based on two circuit breakers or comparable switch devices and 6, each being provided with a switch arm 7. The arm of breaker 5 is connected to a normal power line 8 and the arm of the breaker 6 to an auxiliary or emergency power line 9. The former arm controls a switch it and the latter a switch 11. Line 8, through switch it when closed, provides normal power to a load line 12, and line 9, through switch 1-1, when closed, provides emergency power to said load line. It will be clear that the power or current to a load is maintained by that circuit breaker 5 or 6 that has its switch arm '7 in switch-closing position. In addition, and in a conventional manner, circuit breaker 5 is provided with auxiliary switches 14 and 13, the former normally open and the latter closed when switch is closed. Similarly, circuit breaker 6 is provided with a normally open switchlS and a normally closed switch 16.

The above-described circuit breakers are cont-roiled by the present automatic means, the same comprising, generally, an hydraulic actuator 17 for circuit breaker and a similar actuator for circuit breaker 6; pump means 19 to operate theactuators l7 and 18; a controlling hydraulic circuit Zli interconnecting said pump means 19 and said actuators i7 and 18; and interlocking means 21 preventing operation to switch-closed position of one arm 7 before the other arm has moved from its closed position to an open position.

As shown in the drawing, the actuators i7 and 18 are mounted on a standard or pedestal 22 that is preferably located between the circuit breakers 5 and 6 and which is provided with a bearing 23 on which is pivotally mounted said actuators l7 and 18, the same being individually pivotal so that one may be actuated independently of the other.

Each actuator 17 and 18 comprises an extension on the switch arm '7 of each respective circuit breaker, a piston rod 25 pivotally connected to said extension and provided with a piston 26, and a cylinder 27 in which each respective piston is slidingly fitted and which, as above indicated, is pivotally carried by the pedestal 22. It will be clear that the arcuate movement of arms '7 between switch-closed and switch-open positions causes arcuate oscillation of the actuators around the bearings 23. The rods 25, at their pivotal connections to the arm xtensions 24, are each provided with a boss or like lateral projection 28.

The pump means 1? is shown as an hydraulic pump 29 that is operated by a reversing motor 3" the same thereby pumping in either direction depending on the direction of drive rotation of said motor. The mentioned auxiliary switches and 15 are connected in the circuit of the reversing motor 3% in the usual way, switch is, when closed, causing rotation of said motor and the pump in one directioncounter-clockwise in this case-and switch 15, when closed, causing reverse rotation of said motor and pump.

The hydraulic circuit 2% is shown as a reservoir 31 for fluid, flow connections 32 and 33 constituting inlets to the pump from said reservoir, each said inlet being provided with a check valve 34 to prevent back flow the reservoir. Said pump has outlets 35 and 36, the former, by branch connections 37 and 33, supplying pressure fluid to the chambers m in cylinders 27; and the latter, by branch connections and 4- 1, supplying pressure fluid to the chambers 4 2 at the opposite ends of the cylin ders 27.

it will be noted that the circuit 28 is a closed circuit in that chambers 39 and 42, as the case may be, are evacuated asthe other is being supplied with fiuid. Thus, connection 35 or 36 becomes an inlet only when the pump rotation is such as to provide the same with pres sure. The reservoir supplies such additional fluid as may be needed to keep the circuit full of liquid.

The present pump 29 is designed to bleed itself after an operation so as to equalize the pressures in all of the chambers 39 and 12. The pressures in the mentioned chambers are affected by the fact that chamber 39 of actuator 18 has the total pressure effective on piston 25 reduced because of the piston rod 25 with relation to the pressure in chamber 39 of actuator 17 wh rein there is no piston rod. Thus, pressure in outlet 35 will act first to move the arm of circuit breaker 5 and the switch to open position, and then move the arm of circuit breaker 6 and the switch ii to closed position. The of the above holds true when the outlet 36 is orovided with pressure. Switch 11 will. open before switch wiil close.

The interlocking means 22 is shown a that is mounted on the mentioned bearing or pivot .23.

same is in the form of a walking beam having opposite ends 44 and 4-5 directed toward the respective switch arms of the two circuit breakers. Each end 44- and 45 is provided with a cam face as that has engagement with the mentioned bosses 28 of said respective arms. The engagement is of such nature that the boss of one arm must move in a direction away from its related cam fac before the beam is enabled to tilt or teeter in a direction to allow the boss of the other arm freedom to nove in the same direction that the first arm moved.

The auxiliary switches 13 and 16 may control signals, such as tell-tale lights, to indicate which power source S or 9 is connected to the load.

The apparatus is shown in its normal power position with circuit breaker holding switch 10 closed to provide a normal supply of power to the load Since the directions of rotation of the motor 29 may be controlled by relays that are retained in actuated position by the incoming power source, the same causes that power source to be connected to the load. Also, since switches and 3 are limit switches in the reversing wiring of the motor, when the latter is operating in a clockwise direction, the w ing is connected so that switch 15' opens at the limit of travel of the circuit breaker 6, thereby lim ing rotation of the motor, accordingly. When the motor is operating in a counter-clockwise direction, the motor wiring is reversed so that switch 14 opens at the limit of travel of circuit breaker 5 and limiting rotation of the motor accordingly.

it will be seen that,.when the normal power fails or is some way interrupted, the pump 29 will operate in a clockwise direction to supply pressure fluid to chamhers 39, largely drawing the fluid from chambers 42. The piston 26 of actuator 17 will move toward the left since there is no obstruction to boss 28 of arm '7 of said actuator. Piston 26 of actuator l8 will also seek to move toward the left but will be unable to do so because the boss 28 of the arm 7 of the latter actuator is engaged with the cam face Only after the left arm 7 has moved to allow adjusting teeter of the beam 43, can the t arm move the same direction under pressure t the piston in the right actuator 13. T .us, the arms 7 do not move in unison, but rather alternately, the arm opening switch to controlling movement of the arm closing switch 111 by means of the mentioned interlock. Since, at the limit of movement of the right arm the switch opens, the motor 39 stops operating. Now the load is being supplied by auxiliary or emergency power through closed switch ll. Z'hereafter, the pump bleeds itself so that the arms of the ircuit breal rs may be manually moved. While both arm ay be moved to switch-open positions opening b ches 1e and 11, they cannot both be moved to the mechanical interbe noted that the circuit breakers require a greater total force or pressure to throw on than elf. Reference to the differential pressures above described is made in this connection. The areas of the pistons are so designed as to provide hydraulic force that is greater against the piston controlling the breaker being moved to off position than against the piston controlling the breaker being moved to on position. Thus, as explained, the breaker which is on will always be moved to off first. Since at the end of the travel of the latter piston, the pressure in the system it) will increase to increase the force on to piston that had not yet been moved, the initially-open switch 10 or 11, as the case may be, will close. Thus, a sequential operation is provided to insure a full open circuit before power is provided on the load.

While the foregoing has illustrated and described what i now contemplate to be the best mode of carrying out my invention, the construction is, of course, subject to modification without departing from the spirit and scope in, of my invention. Therefore, I do not desire to restrict the invention to the particular form of construction illustrated and described, but to cover all modifications that may fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. Transfer switching means comprising two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a pistoncylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump, and pressureuid connections between said pump and the opposite ends of the cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one circuit breaker while closing the other.

2. Transfer switching means comprising two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a piston-cylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump, pressure-fluid connections between said pump and the opposite ends of the cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one circuit breaker while closing the other, and means provided in said connections to produce a greater hydraulic force in the piston-cylinder unit that is connected to actuate the circuit breaker that is closed.

3. Transfer switching means comprising two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a piston-cylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump, pressure-fluid connections between said pump and'the opposite ends of the cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one circuit breaker while closing the other, and means to control the actuation of the pistoncylinder units to first open the closed circuit breaker and then close the open one.

4. Transfer switching means comprising two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a piston-cylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump, pressure-fluid connections between said pump and the opposite ends of the cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one circuit breaker while closing the other, means to control the actuation of the pistoncylinder units to first open the closed circuit breaker and then close the open one, and means provided in said connections to produce a greater hydraulic force in the piston-cylinder unit that is connected to actuate the circuit breaker that is closed.

5. In transfer switching means having two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, the improvement that comprises a piston-cylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump, and means interconnecting said pump and the opposite ends of the cylinder of each said unit to extend and contract each unit according to the direction of rotation of the pump and flow of pressure fluid from the pump, whereby the circuit breakers are opened and closed and one is opened during closing of the other.

6. In transfer switching means according to claim 5, means being provided to produce a greater total operating pressure in the unit that controls the circuit breaker that is being opened than in the circuit breaker that is being closed.

7. In a transfer switching means according to claim 5, interlocking means to control the retraction of one pistoncylinder unit in response to extension of the other and thereby cause sequential actuation of the circuit breakers.

8. Ina transfer switching means according to claim 7, means being provided to produce a greater total operating pressure in the unit that controls the circuit aseneee breaker that is being opened than in the circuit breaker that is being closed.

9. In a transfer switching means according to claim 5, interlocking means to control the retraction of one pistoncylinder unit in response to extension of the other and thereby cause sequential actuation of the circuit breakers, the retracting unit being connected to the circuit breaker that is being closed and thereby closing after actuation of the circuit breaker that is being opened.

10. Transfer switching means comprising first and second circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a first piston cylinder unit connected to the first circuit breaker to open and close the same, a second piston cylinder unit connected to the second circuit break er to close and open the same, each piston cylinder unit including a piston having greater effective area on the side against which pressure is efiectivefor opening the circuit breaker than on the opposite side, a reversible hydraulic pump, pressure-fluid connections between said pump and the opposite ends of the cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one circuit breaker while closing the other whereby greater hydraulic force acts to open either circuit breaker than to close the other and simultaneous connection of the load to both current sources is avoided.

11. Transfer switching means comprising, first and second circuit breakers connected to a common load and each breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, first and second piston cylinder units connected to the first and second circuit breakers respectively to open and close the same, a reversible hydraulic pump having first and second output connections at which fluid is delivered according to the direction of rotation of the pump, branch lines from the first outlet connected to the breaker closing end of the first piston cylinder unit and to the breaker opening end of the second piston cylinder unit, the second outlet connection having branch lines to the circuit opening end of the first piston cylinder unit and the breaker closing end of the second piston cylinder unit, each piston cylinder unit including a piston having greater efiective area on the breaker opening side than on the breaker closing side, whereby the fluid pressure causes the breaker opening piston cylinder unit to act first for disconnecting one source of power from the load before connecting the other.

12. Transfer switching means comprising two circuit breakers connected to a common load and each circuit breaker connecting said load to a separate current source, a piston cylinder unit connected to each circuit breaker to open and close the same, the units being pivoted to a common pivot and extending in opposite directions from the common pivot, an interlock walking beam pivotally connected to said common pivot having opposite ends with cam faces thereon, each breaker having an operating arm carrying a boss for cooperation with one of said cam faces, the cam faces being so spaced that when one breaker is in the closed position, its boss moves against the cooperating cam face to tilt the interlocking walking beam to a position in which the opposite cam face prevents movement of the other breaker boss to the breaker closed position, a reversible hydraulic pump, pressure fluid connections between said pump and the opposite ends oftre cylinders of said units to actuate the latter to open one said circuit breaker While closing the other, whereby the closing of either breaker is delayed until opening of the other has been efi'ected.

References Qited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,729,755 Williams Oct. 1, 1929 2,084,877 Uhde June 22, 1937 2,512,295 Baston June 20, 1950 2,667,554 Shores Ian. 26, 1954 2,722,135 Taylor Nov. 1, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1729755 *Mar 25, 1926Oct 1, 1929G & W Electric Speciality CoSystem of electrical distribution and control means therefor
US2084877 *Jan 24, 1936Jun 22, 1937Gen ElectricCircuit controlling system
US2512295 *Nov 20, 1947Jun 20, 1950Westinghouse Electric CorpControl apparatus
US2667554 *Jun 26, 1951Jan 26, 1954Gen ElectricOperating mechanism for electric circuit breakers
US2722135 *Oct 25, 1951Nov 1, 1955Westinghouse Electric CorpMechanical interlock
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3198898 *Jun 7, 1963Aug 3, 1965Gen ElectricMultiple circuit breaker assembly
US4115677 *Jan 18, 1978Sep 19, 1978Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd.Induction heating apparatus
US6180897 *May 5, 2000Jan 30, 2001General Electric CompanyCircuit breaker assembly with inhibitor assembly
US6861596May 28, 2003Mar 1, 2005Gen-Tran CorporationSwitch interlock apparatus
US7737864Jul 31, 2007Jun 15, 2010Gen-Tran CorporationTraffic signal transfer switch with interlock constructions
US8222548Jul 30, 2009Jul 17, 2012Generac Power Systems, Inc.Automatic transfer switch
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/50.33
Cooperative ClassificationH01H9/26