|Publication number||US2842696 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1958|
|Filing date||Oct 6, 1955|
|Priority date||Oct 6, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2842696 A, US 2842696A, US-A-2842696, US2842696 A, US2842696A|
|Inventors||Erwin P Fischer-Colbrie|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (34), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 8, 1958 E. P. FISCHER-coLBRlE 2,842,696
l coLoR CATHODE: RAY IMAGE REPRODUCING TUBE AND METHOD Filed oct. e, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENToR: ERw|N PAUL FISCHER-coLBRiE,
July 8, 1958 E. P. FISCHER-CQLBRIE 2,842,695
COLOR OATHODE RAY IMAGE REPEOOUOINO TUBE AND METHOD Filed Oct. 6, 1955 y 2 Sheets-Sheen'l 2 FIGA. 5 W
INVENTORI ERWIN PAUL FISCHER-COLBRIE BYf) HIS A TORNEY.
.secured to the frame.
United States Patent -O COLOR CATHODE RAY IMAGE REPRODUCING TUBE AND METHOD Erwin P. Fischer-Collane, North Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York f Application october 6, 195s, serial No. 538,940 16 claims. (ci. 31a-7s) My invention relates to cathode ray tubes and pertains more particularly to a new and improved color cathode ray tube structure andmethods of producing same.
Some color cathode ray tubes, such as those generally referred to in the industry as post-acceleration type tubes,
comprise an image reproducing structure including a pair of electrodes adapted for being maintained at different potentials and arranged in adjacent relation to the phosphorescent screen of the tube and in parallel spaced relation to each other, thereby to define an inter-electrode region for determining the trajectory and forces of impact of charged particles or electrons directed toward the screen for impinging upon and lighting up the screen. Generally, the image reproducing structure comprises a sandwich arrangement including a transparent or otherwise light-permeable face plate supporting a screen made up of a plurality of triads of different color phosphorescent materials and bearing a conductive coating, a frame suitably mounted in spaced relation to the plate and an apertured mask or grill extending across the screen and This structure is customarily separately fabricated land then mounted and sealed in an envelope behind a transparent .face plate or viewing panel thereof.
- Now, the above-described type of tube construction has been found costly and to result in considerable shrinkage in production owing, to the number of elements involved, the necessity of accurately forming each element to provide the required accurate relative positioning of the electrodes and different phosphorescent materials and the sensitivity of the frame construction to temperature changes with resultant electrode inaccuracies.
Additionally, the described tube constructionrequires the location of a considerable amount of material in the tube envelope.- This material tends to release occluded gases during tube life and thereby adversely affect the tube vacuum and shorten tube life. Further, this material is generally massive relative to the tube venvelope and thus tends to increase tube susceptibility to damage resulting from shock. This makes it necessary to provide reinforced envelope constructions and to provide special means for mounting the electrode structure in the tube envelope, all of which results in increased efortfand cost of production.
Still further, in tubes including the described separately fabricated sandwich electrode structure the viewing area obtained is necessarily less than that which would be available if the screen was supported by the face plate of the tube envelope, as in monochrome tubes.
Accordingly, a primary object of my invention is to provide a new and improved color cathode ray tube.
Another object of my invention is to provide a new .f
Another object of my invention is to provide a new i and improved image reproducing electrode including a minimum of separate parts and aifording a high degree Vand bonding it to the ledges.
Patented July 8, 1958 'ice 2 of accuracy in the relative positioning and alignment of parts.
Another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved electrode structure adapted for increasing tube life and for minimizing tube susceptibility to shockcaused damage.
Another object of my invention is to provide anew and improved image reproducing electrode structure adapted for constituting the viewing end of a color cathode ray tube.
Another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved image reproducing electrode structure adapted for being an integral part of a color cathode ray tube envelope and for increasing the available viewing area of color cathode ray tubes.
Still another object of my invention is to provide new and improved methods for producing color cathode ray tubes and minimizing the cost of production thereof.
Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming part of this specication.
In carrying out the objects of my invention, I provide a cathode ray tube including a separately formed viewingend cap sealed to the transitional portion of `the tube envelope. The cap includes a viewing area supporting a phosphorescent screen adapted for being impinged by charged particles directed toward the screen, beam producing means in the envelope, land a first electrode extending over the screen. Also included in the cap are inwardly extending ledges disposed on opposite margins of the screen. Extending across the ledges in spaced relation to the screen and having opposite edges thereof bonded to the ledges is a second electrode permeable to charged particles. The second electrode may be-secured in predeterminedly spaced relation to the screen by holding it in a desired spaced relation thereto andto the ledges Alternatively, the upper surfaces of the ledges may be adapted for being accurately predeterminedly spaced from the screen and the second electrode may be placed thereon and secured thereto. a f
For a better `understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. l is a partially broken-away elevational view of a color cathode ray tube constructed Vin accordance with my invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective partially broken-away View of a Vcolor 4cathode ray image reproducing electrode structure constructed in accordance with one aspect of my invention;
Fig. 3 is an enlargedfragmentary perspective view illustrating a manner in which the second electrode may be secured in accordance with my invention;
Fig. 4 is a plan View illustrating the method of positioning grill wires .in accordance with an aspect of my invention;
Fig; 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5 5 in Fig. 4 and looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 6 is anenlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along the line t-in Figq4 and looking in the direction of the arrows; Y y
Fig. 7 isv a fragmentary sectional view illustrating a modified method of positioning and securing the grill wires. Y "A Referring to Fig. ,1, I have shown a tri-color cathode ray image reproducing or picture tube 1 of the :postacceleration type embodying my invention. understood from the outset, however, that I have shown my invention Vin a post-acceleration type structure vonly for purposes of illustration and rthat .my invention is It is to bel equally applicable to other color image reproducing tube constructions. It is to be understood further, that my invention is not limited to color cathode ray tubes but is applicable to any image reproducing electrode structure wherein electrode elements are arranged in adjacent relation to`a screen and in spaced relation Vto each other whether the electrode elements are maintained at relatively different potentials or not.
The tube 1 includes an envelope 2 formed of a material which is sufficiently insulative to avoid electrical short circuits between elements of different potentials separated by portions of the envelope; however, preferably the inside surface, at least, of this material is adapted for being conductive with a very high resistivity thereby to provide for dissipation of static charges and avoid adverse effects on the desired electrical field patterns in the tube. Some types of glass, such as lead glass, have been found suitable for forming the envelope 2 and hereinafter the material used for the envelope will be referred to as being insulative The envelope 2 includes a cylindrical neck portion 3. Located in the neck portion 3 is charged-particle or electron beam producing means generally designated 4 and which may comprise three electron guns 5 arranged horizontally or in any desired array with each adapted for emitting an electron beam intended to impinge and light up particular color` phosphorescent materials, i. e. red, green and blue.
By means not shown, the beams emitted by the electron guns 5 are focused into relatively sharp beams, one of which is indicated at 6. The focused beams are deilected vertically and horizontally by suitable deflecting means generally designated 7. Thus, the beams are caused to scan over the opposite or-viewing end ofthe envelope 2 which comprises a screen made up of different color phosphorescent materials and will be described in more detail hereinafter.
Provided for making suitable electrical connections with the electron guns 5 and other electrode elements in the tube is a plurality of conductive pins carried in an insulative base member 11 fitted on the end of the neck 3.
The tube envelope 2 further includes a transitional portion 12 having a metal flange 13 suitably sealed thereto. The flange 1'3 is adapted for use in vacuum sealing to the transitional portion 12 a color cathode ray image reproducing electrode structure generally designated 14 and adapted for completing the envelope 2 and constituting the viewing end of the tube 1 wherein the above-referredto phosphorescent screen is located.
As better seen in Fig. 2, the color cathode ray image reproducing electrode structure 14, which hereinafter shall simply be referred to as the electrode structure 14, comprises a tube envelope viewing-end cap or dish-like member 15 formed of the same type of material as that described above in reference to the envelope 2 as a whole. Additionally, the material of the member 15 is transparent or otherwise suitably permeable to light. The member 15 includes a face plate or viewing panel 16 which is suitably formed so as to have a predetermined radii of curvature, and in some cases the radius may be such as to provide a perceptibly arcuate cross-sectional configuration While, if preferred, the radius of curvature may be substantially infinite so that the viewingcpanel 16 will be substantially planar. Additionally, it is to be understood that the curvature of the face plate may be such as to define a cylindrical segment, a spherical segment or a segment of any irregular configuration.
Additionally, the member 15 as illustrated includes substantially high side walls 17 to the edge of which is suitably secured a metal fiange 20. The metal flange 20 is substantially identical to the flange 13 on the transitional portion of the tube envelope and these anges are adapted for being sealed together, as by welding, for making the member 15 an integral portion of and completing the tube envelope 2. As will be seen hereinafter the side walls 17 may in different constructions have different heights, and in some, together with the flanges 13 and 20, may be eliminated completely in order to enable direct sealing between portions of the member 15 and the transitional portion 12 of the envelope.
Provided on the inner surface of the viewing panel 16 is a coating or screen 21 comprising phosphors capable of producing light of different colors in response to impingement thereon by charged particles. The screen 21 preferably comprises red, green, and blue light-producing phosphors deposited or arranged on the panel in repeated triads of vertical red, green and blue phosphor stripes in the manner illustrated exaggeratedly in Fig. 3. In other types of color image reproducing tubes, the phosphors may be formed as dots, squares or other geometrical shapes and arranged symmetrically in triangular arrays, or the phosphors may be arrayed as horizontal stripes or some other pattern. Formed over the screen 21 is an electron-permeable conductive layer 22 which may be of aluminum or other suitable metal and constitutes the first electrode in the structure 14. The layer 22 hereinafter shall be referred to simply as the first electrode 22.
Provided for cooperating with the first electrode 22 is a second electrode generally designated 23 comprising a plurality of closely spaced wires 24 extending substantially parallel to each other and to the stripes of phosphorescent material comprising the screen 21. The wires 24 are maintained in desired spaced relation to the electrode 22 by having the opposite end portions thereof directly secured as by glass-to-metal bonds 25 to ledges 26 integrally formed in the member 15 marginally on opposite sides of the phosphorescent screen 21 and so as to extend transverse the ends of the color phosphor stripes. If desired the ledges may be suitably metallized in a well-known manner in which case the bonds 25 can be metallic or metal-to-metal. For a purpose which will be seen hereinafter, the ledges 26 are separated from the side walls 17 by an elongated channel or groove 27. Additionally, the -surfaces of the ledges 26 to which the wires 24 are bonded may be ground or otherwise suitably formed to conform substantially to the curvature of the pannel 16 so as to provide substantially uniform spacing between the first and second electrodes 22 and 23, respectively, across the member 15. It will be seen, however, that the surfaces of the ledges may be formed in any desired manner and to any desired degree of accuracy for obtaining any desired predetermined spacing between the various corresponding portions of the first and second electrodes.
In order that the wires constituting the second electrodo 23 may all be maintained at the same predetermined 'electric potential, the wires can be secured or bonded to the ledges 26 by means 'of a conductive cement such as the cement consisting of a mixture of powdered aluminum silicate and aluminum phosphate in a paste-forming medium of a dilute Water solution of phosphoric acid described and claimed in copending U. S. application Serial No. 538,872 of Ralph I. Bondley and Marvin E. Knoll entitled Cement andCemented Structures and assigned to the same assignee as the present application; and the bond effected may extend `between and electrically interconnect the adjacent ends of the wires. Alternatively, the wires can be secured to the ledges 26 by insulative means such as a cement which can be obtained by admixing two parts vof powdered glass frit, two parts of ferro-silicon alloy powder and three parts flint with a suitable amount of sodium silicate diluted 1:1 in water for obtaining a mixture' of any desired consistency. lf such an insulative cement or bonding material is employed, the ends of the Wires' 24 must be somehow suitable electrically connected. This may be accomplished by bunching groups of wire ends extending outwardly of the bonds and electrically interconnecting such bunches by means of an interconnecting wire.' Alternatively, the wire ends maybe electrically interconnected by painting them down on theledge with a conductive lacquer or the like; A suitable conductive lacquer can be obtained by mixing 'suitable amounts of silver powder with sodium silicate in water to obtain 'a consistency suitable `for painting or applying with a brush. Subsequent toapplicationlthe lacquer should be baked to drive olf volatile constituents.
As brought out above, the just-described electrode structure 14 is adapted for being sealed in place to constitute the viewing end of the tube 1 in the manner illustrated in Fig. l. When so assembled in a tube structure the first electrode 22 is adapted for being -maintained at a potential higher than that yof the second electrode 23, thereby to set up and maintain an electric field in the inter-electrode region defined by the electrodes. By virtue of its construction, the `second electrode 23 is permeable to charged particles Ior electrons and during the operation of the tube 1, the electrons comprising the beams emitted from the guns 5, including the beam 6, are admitted into the inter-electrode region through the spaces between the wires 24 and travel through this region for striking or impinging upon the phosphor material or .screen 21. In
`the inter-electrode region the higher potential of the conductive layer `or first electrode 22 -is effective for attracting and thereby accelerating the movement of the electrons comprising the beams toward the screen thereby to increase the striking `force lof the electronsy on the phosphorescent screen 21 whereby the color brightness is increased. Additionally, the `second electrode 23 yserves properly to focus the electron beams entering the inter-electrode region and to direct them -onto the stripes of different color phosphorescent material. It is this last aspect of the electrode structure which requires the above-referred-to accurate predetemined relative positioning of the wires 24 and the diffeent color phosphor stripes. And, it will be clear that in my electrode structure this accurate `dimenframe member 35 is moved into engagement with the described array of wires 24 the wires will each become positioned or seated in corresponding teeth or serrations in the oppositely positioned comb members 37 and thereby will be held in a desired predetermined spaced relation to each other. Thereafter, the frame 35 may be moved downwardly into the member 17 for moving the comb members 37 into Channels 27 in the manner illustrated in Fig. 5, thereby to position the wires 24 for being secured to the upper surfaces of the ledges 25.
In order to insure predetermined uniform spacing between the individual wires and the inner surface of the sioning is obtained relatively simply and without the Y necessity of accurately dimensioning a plurality of individual electrode Vsupport elements or .of providing a grill frame construction. i
In Figs. 4-6 I have schematically illustrated equipment and a method whereby the wires 24 constituting the Isecond electrode 23 may be suitably accurately .positioned and secured in place .on the ledges 26 of the member 15. As seen, the wires 24 may be secured in place before the phosphorescent material or screen 21 and the conductive layer 22 are formed on the face plate of the member 15.
in securing the wires 24 in place by means of the equipment illustrated in Figs. 4-6, the member 15 is positioned with the open or flanged side up beneath an array of substantially parallel coplanar wires. This array may be obtained by securing the ends of the wires in a stationany anchoring device 30 and running them over `a pair of spaced pulleys 3.1.l The wires may be fed over the pulleys from a suitable reel `structure 32 to which a suitable tensioning force may be applied as by a weight designated 33, thereby .to provide a' predetermined tensioning .of all of -the wires 24. Additionally, from the reel 32 the wires may pass through any desired cleaning orsurface processing equipment indicated 'generally at 34.
Provided for cooperating with the Wires 24 is a frame construction 35 comprising a plurality of cross pieces 36 provided'for securing la pair of comb members 37 in dcsired spaced relation. The comb members 37 are shaped and spaced to be received in the above-mentioned channels 27 formed Vbetween the ledges 26 and the sidewalls 17. Additionally, and as perhaps best seen in Fig. v6, the lower edges of the comb members 37 are suitably serrated or formed lwith 'accurately predeterminedly spaced teeth 38 -for receiving and determining the spacing between the wire 24. Additionally, the teeth are set to define lines conforming substantially to the curvature `of the ledges. The teeth 38 -are illustrated exaggeratedly and in actual practice are'such as to insure against cutting orbreaking ofthe wires 24. TIhus',4 it will be seen that when the viewing panel or face plate 16, which is adapted for `supporting the above-referred-to phosphorescent screen 21, Ijhave provided three adjustment screws or legs 39 suitably threadedly fitted in thetou'ter ones of the crosspieces 36. As perhaps best seen in Fig. 6, these screws kmay be turned down into. positions wherein they engage the inner surface of the face plate 16 and position the frame 35 so that the wires 24 are all predeterminedly spaced from the face plate or viewing panel 16. Alternatively, the frame 35 may be constructed so that the adjustment screws 39 engage a reference surface other than the face plate. For example, 'the upper surface of the flange 20 may be formed as to be located a predetermined distance from the face plate and in vwhich case `the flange 20 may serve satisfactorily as a reference surface to be engaged by the adjustment screws. The predetermined spacing of the wires from the face plate also ldepends Vupon the degree of conformance of the serrated -edges of the combs 37 to the curvature of the face plate and, thus;\the spacing may be uniform across the face plate or may vary in any desired manner depending upon the configurations of theledges and the toothed edges of the combs. Additionally, the wires 24 are disposed immediately above but do not rest upon the upper surface of the ledges 26. This adjusted positioning of the `frame and wires may beretained by turning lock nuts y is .curedor dried. Y By this method I obtain a permanent accurate positioning of the wires relative lto the face plate .without resorting to `accurate grinding of the upper surface of the ledges 26, That is, the cement 25, in addition .to bonding the wires directly to the glass ledges acts as filler material or shimming material between the wires and the upper surfaces of the ledges `26. Thus, the amount of cement lilling the spaces between different wires and the ledges may vary in accordance with any .irregularities of lthe upper surfaces of the ledges but the Yarrangement of the wire `array will be predeterminedly highly accurate.
After the wires are `secured inV place in the just-described manner the frame 35 may be moved out of the wire-securing position of Fig. 5 and the wires may be trimmed adjacent the outer edges of the ledges 26. If 'the `cement 25 is conductive it will be effective for electrically interconnecting the individual wires `constituting the second electrode 23 whereby all portions thereof will be adapted for being maintained at the same potential. If, however, the cement used is not conductive means must be provided for electrically connectingthe wires; for example,- groups of the extending ends of the wires may be twisted into bunches and these bunches may be suitably electrically connected or the wire ends may be interconnected by a conductivelacquer or the like. After the wires are `secured to the ledges in the manner justdescribed the'different color phosphorescent screen 21 may junction with a light source 41 in any conventional photochemical process for printing the diierent color phosphor vstripes on the face plate in predetermined location and parallel relation to the wires. Alternatively, the light source may be replaced by a charged-particle beam producing means and in a suitably ratified atmosphere any conventional phosphor stripe-printing process utilizing electron exposure may be carried out. Inasmuch as the particular methods or techniques that may be used to deposit such different color phosphor stripes, per se, form no part of this invention, fuller disclosure of such methods and techniques are not here deemed necessary.
If desired the screen 21 comprising the different color phosphor stripes and the conductive layer 22 may be laid down on the inner surface of the face plate 16 in any desired manner before the wires 24 are bonded to the ledges 26. When this sequence of assembly is followed the frame 35 is effective for obtaining predetermined spacing between the wires and the screen, and before the wires are bonded to the ledges the light source 41 may be utilized in throwing shadows of the wires on the screen and thus obtaining a desired parallel relation between the wires and the color stripes.
In Fig. 7 is illustrated a modified form of my invention wherein the ledge 26 is formed with an inclined surface 42 between 'the upper surface thereof and thegroove 27. Additionally, in this form of my invention an elongated dove tail groove or channel 43 is formed in the upper surface of each of the ledges 26. Fitted and secured in the grooves 43 are elongated member 45 formed of some etchable material which may be metal or some desired form of glass. The upper surfaces of the members 45 are formed as by grinding in a predetermined accurate spaced relation with respect to the inner surface of the viewing panel 16 upon which the phosphorescent screen is to be supported. Additionally, the upper surfaces of the members 45 are etched or otherwise suitably provided with predeterminedly spaced grooves for receiving the wires 24. The frame 35 is' adapted for moving a coplanar array of the wires 24 into position with predetermined ones in the grooves provided in the members 45, and to hold the wires in contact with the inclined surface 42 on the sides of the ledges 25. Thereafter, the wires may be cemented as at 46 in the same manner as that described above with regard to the first embodiment. The cement 46 may be conductive and provide an electrical connection between the different wires or it may be insulative and the required electrical interconnection of the wires 24 may be afforded in the manner described above or by the member 45 if the latter is formed of conductive material.
Additionally if desired, the same etching or other groove forming step used in predeterminedly grooving the members 45 Ymay be effectively utilized in marking the inner surface of the face plate for locating the color phosphor stripes and aligning same with the grooves in the members 45 thereby to insure a parallel relation between the wires and stripes. v
In the above-described method and `embodiment of my invention the accuracy of positioning of the wires relative to the face plate depends solely upon the predetermined accuracy of the upper surfaces of the member 45. The frame 35 need not be relied upon for accurate positioning of the wires in this method, and thus the adjustment screws or legs 39 are not required.
It is to be understood that while I have illustrated and described the second electrode 23 as comprising a plurality of spaced wires, my invention is equally applicable to tube structures incorporating otherwise constructed electrode members. For example, the second electrode 23 may alternatively comprise a perforated mask orv disk.
While I have shown and Idescribed specific embodiments of my invention, I do not desire my invention to be limited to the particular form shown and described, and
YI intend by the appended claims to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of my invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. An image reproducing structure for a cathode ray tube comprising; a viewing panel having an outstanding integral peripheral side wall, an integral shoulder on said side wall, disposed about said viewing panel, and an electrode secured to said shoulder and extending across said viewing panel in spaced relation thereto.
2. An image reproducing structure for a cathode ray tube comprising; a transparent viewing panel adapted to form a portion of an evacuated envelope and having an outstanding integral peripheral side wall adapted to be joined to a funnel-shaped transitional portion of said envelope, a pair of spaced electrodes including one supported on said viewing panel, said side wall including integral insulative ledges disposed about said viewing panel, the other of said electrodes being secured to said ledges for extending in spaced relation to said viewing area.
3. A cathode ray tube comprising; an evacuated envelope including a viewing panel of transparent insulative material supporting a screen adapted for being impinged by charged particles, said viewing panel having integral side wall portions including integral elongated insulative ledges disposed on opposite margins of said screen, and an electrode permeable to charged particles having opposite end portions thereof secured to said ledges and adapted for effecting the travel of charged particles toward said screen.
4. An image reproducing structure for a color cathode ray tube comprising; an insulative member adapted to form a portion of an evacuated envelope and including a viewing area supporting a screen comprising a plurality of stripes of different phosphorescent material adapted for being impinged by charged particles, said member further including integral peripheral outstanding side walls at the opposite ends of said stripes, integral ledges in said side Walls extending generally transverse to said stripes and an electrode for determining the impingement of said stripes comprising a plurality of electrically connected wires having the opposite end portions thereof secured to said ledges and extending in a predetermined spaced relation to each other and said stripes of phosphorescent material.
5. A cathode ray image reproducing tube comprising; an venvelope including an insulative viewing-end cap including a viewing area supporting a phosphorescent screen, electron beam producing means in said envelope for directing a beam of electrons toward said screen, said cap further including integral elongated inwardly extending ledges disposed marginally with respect to said screen and spaced therefrom, and an electrode interposed between said screen and said beam producing means for effecting the travel of said beam to said screen comprising a plurality of electrically connected spaced wires having the opposite ends thereof secured to said ledges.
6. A color cathode ray image reproducing tube comprising; an envelope including an insulative viewing-end cap including a viewing area supporting a phosphorescent screen including a plurality of stripes of dilerent color phosphorescent material, electron beam producing means in said envelope for directing beams of electrons toward said screen, said cap further including integral outstanding peripheral side walls formed with integral elongated inwardly extending ledges extending generally parallel to said viewing area and transverse to the opposite ends of said stripes, and an electrode interposed between said screen and said beam producing means for effecting the travel of said beams to said screen comprising a plurality of electrically connected wires having the opposite ends thereof secured to said ledges and extending in predetermined spaced relation to each other and said stripes of phosphorescent material.
7. A structure adapted for constituting the viewing end of a cathode ray tube comprising; a glass face plate member including side portions adapted for being sealed to the transitional portion of a cathode ray tube envelope and a central portion supporting a screen adapted for being impinged by charged particles, said side portion further including integral elongated ledge portions disposed -thereon on opposite margins of said screen and spaced from the edges of said side portions, and an electrode permeable to charged particles extending across said screen and having opposite edge portions thereof secured to said ledges.
8. A structure adapted for constituting the viewing end of a cathode ray tube comprising, a glass dish-like member including outstanding peripheral side walls adapted for being sealed to the transitional portion of a cathode ray tube envelope and a bottom portion having a predetermined radius of curvature and supporting a screen adapted for being impinged by charged particles, said member further including elongated ledge portions `disposed therein on opposite margins of said screen and spaced from the edges of said side walls, said ledge portions having substantially the same predetermined radius of curvature as said bottom, and an electrode permeable to charged particles secured to said ledges and conforming substantially to said predetermined curvature of said screen.
9. A structure adapted for constituting the viewing end of a cathode ray tube comprising, a glass dish-like member including integral side walls adapted for being sealed to the transitional portion of the cathode ray tube envelope, a bottom portion supporting a screen comprising a plurality of stripes of different color phosphorescent material adapted for being impinged by charged particles, said side walls further including integral elongated ledge portions disposed therein transverse the opposite ends of said stripes and spaced from the edges of said side walls and said screen, and an electrode comprising a plurality of electrically connected wires having the ends thereof secured to said ledges in a predetermined spaced substantially parallel relation to each other and said stripes of said phosphorescent material.
10. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure comprising; forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledge portions disposed on opposite margins of said face plate, supporting a rst electrode on said face plate, supportinga second electrode on a frame, positioning the frame in a predetermined spaced relation to said face plate, and bonding opposite edges of said second electrodes to said ledges so as to maintain said predetermined spaced relation between said second electrode and said face plate.
11. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledge portions disposed on opposite margin of said face plate, supporting a rst electrode on said face plate, supporting a second elect-rode on a frame having a profile corresponding ygenerally to the profile of said face plate, positioning said frame in desired spaced relation to said ledges and in predetermined spaced relation to said face plate, and interposing bonds between the opposite edges of said second electrode and said ledges for securing said second electrode to said ledges while maintaining said predetermined spaced relation between said second electrode and said face plate.
12. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledge portions disposed on opposite margins of one face of said face plate, supporting a first electrode on said one face, positioning an array of spaced wires in spaced relation to said ledges and in predetermined spaced relation to said one face, and building up a bond between the ends of each of said wires and corresponding portions of' said ledges for securing said wires to said ledges and maintaining said predetermined spaced relation between said wires and said one face.
13. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledge portions disposed on opposite margins of said face plate, supporting a first electrode on said face plate, positioning an array of spaced wires in spaced relation to said ledges and in predetermined spaced relation to said face plate, building up conductive bonds between the ends of each of said wires and corresponding portions of said ledges for securing said wires to said ledges and maintaining said predetermined spaced relation between said wires and said face plate, and connecting said bonds between adjacent ends of said wires for electrically interconnecting said wires.
14. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledges disposed on opposite margins of said face plate, supporting a first electrode on one face of said face plate, forming surfaces on said ledges in predetermined spaced relation to said face plate opposite said one face, forming predeterminedly spaced transversely extending grooves in said surfaces, locating an array of wires in said grooves and bonding the opposite ends of said wires to said ledges.
l5. The method of producing a color cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and ledges disposed on opposite margins of said face plate, supporting a first electrode on said face plate, forming surfaces on said ledges in predetermined spaced relation to said face plate, forming predeterminedly spaced transversely extending grooves in said surfaces and corresponding grooves in said face plate, locating an array of wires in said grooves in said surface, bonding the opposite ends of said wires to said ledges, and depositing different color phosphorescent stripes on said grooves in said face plate.
d6. The method of producing a cathode ray image reproducing structure including spaced electrodes comprising, forming an insulative member including a face plate and elongated ledge portions disposed on opposite margins of said face plate, supporting a first electrode on said face plate, forming a groove in each of said ledges securing an elongated member in each of said grooves, forming the upper surfaces of said elongated members in predetermined spaced relation to said face plate, locating a second electrode on said surfaces of said elongated members, and bonding the opposite edges of said second electrode to said ledges at points disposed outwardly of said elongated members.
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|US4725756 *||Mar 3, 1986||Feb 16, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Tension mask color cathode ray tube front assembly having a stabilized mask support frame|
|US4728854 *||Oct 29, 1986||Mar 1, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Undulating support structure for tension shadow mask|
|US4737681 *||May 21, 1986||Apr 12, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Support means for a tensioned foil shadow mask|
|US4739217 *||Oct 31, 1986||Apr 19, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||A-shaped tension mask mounting rail|
|US4745328 *||Dec 16, 1986||May 17, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||CRT tension mask support structure|
|US4766342 *||Dec 17, 1986||Aug 23, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Tension mask assembly for a color CRT|
|US4779023 *||Jun 6, 1987||Oct 18, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Component mounting means for a tension mask color cathode ray tube|
|US4783614 *||Oct 28, 1986||Nov 8, 1988||Zenith Electronics Corporation||L-shaped support structure for tensioned shadow mask|
|US4804881 *||Dec 23, 1987||Feb 14, 1989||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Corner connectors for shadow mask support structure|
|US4849671 *||Dec 30, 1987||Jul 18, 1989||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Color cathode ray tube having a faceplate-mounted support structure with a welded-on high-tension foil shadow mask|
|US5017170 *||Mar 17, 1987||May 21, 1991||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Brazing method for mounting a tension shadow mask|
|US5023507 *||Dec 29, 1989||Jun 11, 1991||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Tension mask color cathode ray tube with improved color selection electrode support structure|
|US5030154 *||Sep 8, 1987||Jul 9, 1991||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Method of mounting tensed CRT mask|
|US5336964 *||Aug 24, 1992||Aug 9, 1994||Zenith Electronics Corporation||CRT tension mask support structure|
|US5363011 *||Nov 12, 1992||Nov 8, 1994||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Strip-type shadow mask effective to alleviate degrouping|
|US6455992||Apr 12, 1999||Sep 24, 2002||Thomson Licensing S.A.||Color picture tube having a low expansion tension mask attached to a higher expansion frame|
|US20100121205 *||Mar 24, 2008||May 13, 2010||Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd.||Blood pressure monitor|
|USRE33253 *||Apr 21, 1989||Jul 3, 1990||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Component mounting means for a tension mask color cathode ray tube|
|EP0234519A2||Feb 20, 1987||Sep 2, 1987||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Front assembly for a cathode ray tube|
|WO1992012525A2 *||Dec 18, 1991||Jul 23, 1992||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Tension mask color crt with a curved faceplate|
|WO1992012525A3 *||Dec 18, 1991||Aug 20, 1992||Zenith Electronics Corp||Tension mask color crt with a curved faceplate|
|U.S. Classification||313/429, 445/34, 445/37|
|International Classification||H01J19/00, H01J29/80, H01J9/14|
|Cooperative Classification||H01J29/803, H01J9/14, H01J2893/0022, H01J19/00|
|European Classification||H01J19/00, H01J29/80B, H01J9/14|