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Publication numberUS2844129 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1958
Filing dateOct 2, 1956
Priority dateOct 2, 1956
Publication numberUS 2844129 A, US 2844129A, US-A-2844129, US2844129 A, US2844129A
InventorsBeck Jr Earl J, Tinklepaugh Kenneth N
Original AssigneeBeck Jr Earl J, Tinklepaugh Kenneth N
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Temperature control for internal combustion engine
US 2844129 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 22, 1958 E. J. BECK, JR., ETAL 2,844,129


COOLANT LEVEL EARL J BECK JR. 7 KEm/Em M 75v EPA 06/1 IN V EN TORS 0621 BY W I fiTZ Arm/ms YS United States Patent TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE Earl J. Beck, Jr., and Kenneth N. Tinklepaugh, Oxnard, Calif.

Application October 2, 1956, Serial No. 613,587 3 Claims. (Cl. 123-41.21) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), see. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

This invention relates to a system for controlling the temperature of the engine block and of the lubricating oil in an internal combustion engine which may be subjected to extremes of external temperature.

In operations in Arctic regions, the usual radiator of a liquid-cooled engine is larger than needed, and maintains the engine temperature too low for efiicient operation. Also, the usual water pump is not needed, since a thermal-gravity system will circulate the coolant sufficiently rapidly to maintain the engine at proper temperature. There is also a need to transfer heat to the oil in the crankcase while the engine is being warmed up, and there is sometimes need to cool said oil when the engine has been fully warmed up.

The present invention aims to provide a system which will accomplish the functions above indicated, and do so in an economical and eificient manner.

An object of the invention is to provide a temperature control system of the type indicated which will operate efliciently at extremely low circumambient temperatures.

A further object of the invention is to provide a simplified cooling system for an internal combustion engine.

Further objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following description wherein Fig. 1 is a view in perspective of an internal combustion engine provided with a heat exchanging and transferring system which embodies the invention, and

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic representation of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1.

The engine shown in the drawing comprises the usual engine block 10, crankcase 12, and crankshaft 14. Details of the engine mechanism are omitted because they may vary widely. The engine is provided with a water jacket 16 of any usual type.

Mounted above the engine, and replacing the usual radiator, is a separator and condenser 17 connected to the water jacket 16 by a tube 18 and comprising an upper tank 20 and a lower tank 22 connected by heat-exchage tubes 24. The level of coolant in the water jacket is maintained at about the level of the tube 18 as shown. The upper tank is provided with an air vent 26 of the type used in steam radiators, and a filler cap 27 which may incorporate a pressure release mechanism (not shown) of the type commonly used in automobile radiators. The

lower tank has an inclined bottom, as shown, which leads to the bifurcated upper end of condensate line 28 which connects with a heat exchanger 30in the crankcase of the engine below the level of oil therein. The heat exchanger is in turn connected by a condensate return tube 32 to the water jacket 16.

Forwardly of the condenser 17 is a small fan 34 to circulate air past the tubes 24. The fan may be driven from the crankshaft 14 by means of a pulley 36 and a belt 38 which engages a second pulley 40 on the fan shaft.

If the engine is started while cold, the coolant in the water jacket will become heated and will eventually boil, the resulting steam flowing into the condenser 17 to be cooled and condensed, the condensate flowing downwardly through line 28 to heat exchanger 30, where it gives up heat to the oil in the crankcase, and then through tube 32 back to the water jacket. Circulation in this manner is maintained because the coolant in water jacket 16 is warmer than that in the condensate line 28. Along with the steam (or other vapor) passing through tube 18 a certain amount of liquid coolant will be carried over into tank 22, and this process will continue until the liquid level in line 28 is higher than that in the water jacket, which further aids the circulation.

When the engine is fully warmed up, the condensate in heat exchanger 30 may act to absorb heat from the oil in the oil pan if the temperature of said oil becomes unduly high.

It will be seen that the condenser 17 may be made much smaller than the usual radiator, that no water pump is required, and that the capacity of fan 34 may be materially less than that of the usual fan.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. In a liquid cooled internal combustion engine having a liquid coolant jacket and a crankcase for containing oil, a boiling-condensing cooling system comprising a condenser disposed above the upper level of the liquid coolant in the jacket and connected to the latter to receive therefrom vapors at the boiling point of the liquid coolant, a heat exchanger disposed below the condenser and in the crankcase, conduit means for conducting condensate substantially at the boiling point directly from the condenser to the heat exchanger without substantial loss of heat, and conduit means for returning the condensate from the heat exchanger to the coolant jacket, the construction and arrangement being such that circulation of the condensate is effected by its difference in density in the system.

2. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 including an engine driven fan for passing ambient air in heat exchange relation to the condenser for extracting heat of vaporization from the coolant to thereby condense the vapor delivered to the condenser.

3. In a cooling system for a liquid cooled internal combustion engine of the type normally provided with a liquid coolant radiator having suficien't cooling capacity for maintaining the engine at optimum operating temperature when the engine is operated in ambient air above a certain temperature but of excessive cooling capacity when said engine is operated in ambient air below said certain temperature, whereby under the last named operation the:

engine operates below said optimum temperature, said engine alsohaving acrankcase for containing oil for lubriwithin-said crankcase in heat exchange relation to said 4 oil, and means for conducting condensate from said condenser to said heat exchanger without substantial loss of heat whereby the temperature of said oil may be raised as rapidly as practicable during the period the engine temperature is increasing'toward its optimum temperature of operation, and means for returning said condensate from the heat exchanger to said engine.

References Cited in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 508,150 Great Britain June 27, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
GB508150A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3448729 *Feb 8, 1967Jun 10, 1969Dow Chemical CoVapor and droplet separator for ebullient-cooled engines
US4367699 *May 8, 1981Jan 11, 1983Evc Associates Limited PartnershipBoiling liquid engine cooling system
US4377938 *Dec 23, 1981Mar 29, 1983L'unite HermetiqueDevice for cooling the compressor of a thermal machine
US4499866 *Feb 15, 1984Feb 19, 1985Nissan Motor Company, LimitedCylinder head for internal combustion engine
US4541368 *Apr 26, 1984Sep 17, 1985Regie Nationale Des Usines RenaultProcess and device for the rapid warmup and thermal regulation of the lubricating oil of an internal combustion engine
US4627397 *Sep 27, 1985Dec 9, 1986Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.Cooling system for automotive engine or the like
US4628872 *Sep 27, 1985Dec 16, 1986Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.Cooling system for automotive engine or the like including coolant return pump back-up arrangement
US4667626 *Feb 7, 1986May 26, 1987Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.Cooling system for automotive engine or the like
US4722304 *Dec 31, 1986Feb 2, 1988Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.Cooling system for automotive engine or the like
US5152255 *Jan 13, 1992Oct 6, 1992Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki KaishaEngine cooling system for snowmobile
US6427640Oct 11, 2000Aug 6, 2002Ford Global Tech., Inc.System and method for heating vehicle fluids
US6488003 *Jan 19, 2001Dec 3, 2002Volvo Car CorporationOil cooler for internal combustion engines
US20110226449 *Oct 1, 2009Sep 22, 2011Franz MayrVentilation device for transmissions with lubricant comprising water
DE102007006896A1 *Feb 13, 2007Jan 24, 2008Audi AgOil collection tank, especially sump, has heat exchanger in the form of one-piece cooling pipe whose ends are fed out of oil collection tank or sump
EP0045255A2 *Jul 24, 1981Feb 3, 1982L'unite Hermetique S.A.Compressor cooling device for a thermal compression machine, and thermal compression machine provided with such a device
U.S. Classification123/41.21, 123/41.33
International ClassificationF01P3/22, F01P3/04, F01P3/02
Cooperative ClassificationF01P2060/04, F01P3/22, F01P3/04
European ClassificationF01P3/22, F01P3/04