|Publication number||US2845067 A|
|Publication date||Jul 29, 1958|
|Filing date||Jul 1, 1955|
|Priority date||Jul 1, 1955|
|Also published as||US2936756|
|Publication number||US 2845067 A, US 2845067A, US-A-2845067, US2845067 A, US2845067A|
|Original Assignee||Gabriel Daniel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (3), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 29, 1958 I D. GABRI EL 2,845,067
VIALS CONTAINING MEDICATION UNDER PRESSURE Filed July 1, 1955 Ticrl- Ti :1 Z: ZS
INVENTOR. DANIEL GHBRIEL United States Patent VIALS CON TAININ G MEDECATION PRESSURE Daniel Gabriel, Bonny Blue, Va.
Application July 1, 1955, Serial No."519,482 8 Claims. (Cl. 128-,-218) UNDER This invention relates to vials or containers for supply of medication to physicians for use in conjunction with hypodermic needle units of a special design, whereby the medication contained in the vial can be directly transmitted to the body through the use of theneedle unit by simply piercing the closure stopper of the vial with one end portion of the needle of said unit,.so..as to expose the same to the interior of the vial, thereby automatically facilitating discharge of the entirecontents from the vial by the pressure contained in the vial.
Still more particularly, the invention deals with a vial of the character described, having means for positioning and alining the same in a hypodermic needle unit of special design, as well as means for normally retaining the vial in inoperative position, preparatory to applying pressure to the vial in the operation of piercing the stopper by the needle of said hypodermic unit.
The novel features of the invention will be best :un- .derstood from the following description, when takento- .gether with the accompanying drawing, in which certain embodiments of the invention are \disclosed :and, in which, the separate parts are designated vbysuitable reference characters in each of the views and, in which:
Fig. 1 is a side and sectional View ,ofa needle unit and vial, showing the same in normal position, prior to piercing the vial.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional detailed view .of ,part of the structure shown in'Fig. 1, illustrating the .vial in the pierced position.
Fig.3 is a partial enlarged section on the line 3-.-.3-of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing a modification.
For the purpose of illustrating one adaptation andmuse of my invention. I have shown, at 10, a hypodermic needle unit, comprising a cylinder part 11 and a needle part 12, the latter having a threaded stud portion 13 in threadedengagement with -one.end portion of the cylinder 11, as clearly shown. Outwardly of the threaded portion 13, the needle part '12'has an enlarged knurled head 14, facilitating manual rotationthereof .incoupling and uncoupling the part 12 with the .cylinderill. Arranged centrally and longitudinallywof the part .12 vis a :tubular hypodermic needle 15 having a short pointedfin- :ner end 16 arranged within the cylinder 11 and .a longer :pointed outer end 17. The other end portion-of the :cylinder 11 has an enlarged knurled or roughened fingerpiece head 18, which formsafingergrip, facilitating operation of the needle unit in applying the end ,portion "'17 of the needle to the body of'the patient.
Extending from the head 18 are a pair of long guide and supporting arms 19, terminating in reversely curved fingerpiece hooks 20, the latter being engaged by two fingers of a hand in the operation of applying pressure of another finger, preferably the thumb, upon the closed end 21 of a vial 22 containing medication, as diagrammatically illustrated at 23. To further illustrate the existence of pressure within the vial, an air or pressure port of the vial 22, the vial having grooves 25 in opposed walls thereof, one of these grooves being shown in sectional detail in Fig. 3 of the drawing. In the construc :tion shown, the grooves 25 are bordered by parallel spaced ribs 26 protruding from the body portion of the vial. This construction provides a controlled assemblage of the vial 22 with the unit 10. This assemblage will maintain the vial in proper alined position in the unit. The enlarged head portion 18 forms a shoulder 27 at the second named'end of the cylinder and between this shoulder and the contracted end 28 of the vial is disposed a stop ring 29 of highly yieldable material. The ring maybe simply placed in position upon the shoulder 27, prior-to assemblage'of the vial 22 With the unit 10. However, it is preferred that the ring 29 be cemented to the portion 28 to constitute a part of the vial assemblage.
Extending outwardly from the contracted end 28 of the vial is a neckportion 30, in which a rubber stopper 31 is arranged to seal the vial. The outer central portion of the-stopper has a weakened wall portion 32 facilitating the piercing of the stopper by the end 16 of the needle 15, in the manner diagrammatically shown in Fig. 2 ofthe drawing, so that the end 16 extends into the vial,.permitting discharge of the medication which is under pressure, the pressure being so controlled as to formofa plastic .or' other film or thin sheeting.
in the use ofmy improved hypodermic unit with vials ofthe kindunder consideration, it will be understood that the unit 10 can be sterilizedas with other instruments 'of this type and kind and, when it is :desired to apply medication, instead of utilizing the conventional type of syringe, including a needle-end, all that is necessary is to insert the vial22 in the unit, in which operation, the
.vial issimply broughtto an eased position upon the ring 29 or the ring :29 upon the shoulder27; whereupon, the unit is then grasped .with at-least two fingers adjacent the vheadlli and theneedle 17 is injected into the patient; after which, twofingers ofa hand areplaced in the hooks 20.,and ,the thumb of said hand then applies pressure upon the.end.21 to move the 'vial in the-direction of the needle .end 16, causing said needle .end 'topierce the weakened or thin wall portion32 and enter the'vial, at which time,
the medication, .under pressure within the vial, is auto- :matically discharged through the needle 15 into the tion, itwill be apparent that ..the.;material savings are effected to physicians in the application of medications and, further, considerable time of the physicians is saved in dispensing with a lot of unnecessary operations, which heretofore were necessary to be performed before the medication could be administered.
For purposes of description, keeping in mind general applications and uses of the invention, the vial 22 may be considered a container element, in which a liquid medium of any type or kind is contained under pressure, the element being so constructed as to release the pressurized fluid under predetermined conditions or mode of uses.
In Fig. 4 of the drawing, I have shown a slightly modified form of vial 22, which differs from the vial 22 simply in providing inwardly set grooves 25' which result in slight enlargements or projections 34 appearing on the interior of the vial. In other words, the inwardly set grooves 25 will keep the arms, one of which is indicated at 19, within peripheral boundaries of the diameter of the vial 22'. 1
The sides of the grooves 25, 25' may be said to form in the vial, guide wall portions for engagement with the arms 19, 19 in keying or retaining the unit against displacement from the vial while at the same time permitting longitudinal movement of the vial with respect to said unit.
With structures of the type and kind shown in Fig. 4, the area of the vial will be made sufiicicntly large to compensate for the inward projections 34 in order to maintain a standardized quantity of medication in the vial.
In some uses of the invention, the entire unit 10 can be economically constructed and utilized as a disposable unit. In such uses, the means for detachment of the hypodermic needle can be dispensed with.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A vial for use in conjunction with hypodermic needle units of the character described, said vial having a pierceable stopper normally sealing the vial and retaining a liquid under pressure within the vial, whereby, in piercing the stopper by the needle of a hypodermic needle unit, the characterized liquid is automatically discharged through the needle of said unit, and said vial having, on opposed walls thereof, longitudinal grooves for reception of parts on said unit.
2. A vial for use in conjunction with hypodermic needle units of the character described, said vial having a pierceable stopper normally sealing the vial and retaining a liquid under pressure within the vial, whereby, in piercing the stopper by the needle of a hypodermic needle unit, the characterized liquid is automatically discharged through the needle of said unit, said vial having, on opposed walls thereof, longitudinal grooves for reception of parts on said unit, and said grooves being bordered by outwardly projecting spaced ribs on said via].
3. A vial for use in conjunction with hypodermic needle units of the character described, said vial having a pierceable stopper normally sealing the vial and retaining a liquid under pressure within the 'vial, whereby, in piercing the stopper by the needle of a hypodermic needle unit, the characterized liquid is automatically discharged through the needle of said unit, said vial having, on opposed walls thereof, longitudinal grooves for reception of parts on said unit, and said grooves being disposed within circumferential boundaries of said vial.
4. The combination with a hypodermic needle unit having a cylinder with a shoulder end and a short vial piercing needle end, of a medicinal vial containing pressurized medication, the vial including a stopper end normally sealing the vial and adapted to be pierced by said short needle end, means for yieldably seating and checking the vial on said shoulder, and said vial having guide wall portions extending beyond said shoulder end engaging a projection on the unit to retain the vial against displacement from said unit.
5. A hypodermicneedle unit, comprising a cylinder, 2. pair of elongated arms extending from one end of the cylinder, a needle arranged in the cylinder and having a long end protruding beyond the other end of the cylinder and a short end arranged within the cylinder, a vial mounted in the unit longitudinally of and between said arms, cooperative means between the vial and arms for retaining the vial against lateral displacement from the unit, said arms having a pair of fingergrips facilitating support of the unit in operation of pressure moving the vial in the direction of the short end of said needle in movement of said short end of the needle into the vial, said vial containing a pressurized liquid dischargeable through the needle of said unit when the needle has pierced said vial, and said cooperative means comprising longitudinal guide wall portions on opposed walls of the vial between which said arms are slidably mounted.
6. The combination with a vial containing a pressurized liquid and including a pierceable rubber stopper normally sealing the vial, of a hypodermic needle unit mounted on the stopper end portion of the vial, said vial being movable longitudinally in said unit, said unit including a hypodermic needle projecting outwardly from the unit, said needle including a short inner end adapted to pierce the stopper of the vial in pressure movement of the vial in the direction of the short end of said needle, means checking initial movement of the vial into said unit, said last named means comprising a yieldable ring positioned between part of the vial and a shoulder in said unit, and said unit and vial having interengaging means keying the vial against displacement from said unit.
7. The combination with a hypodermic needle unit, including a short vial piercing needle end, of a medicinal vial containing pressurized medication arranged in said vial, the vial including a stopper end normally sealing the vial and adapted to be pierced by said short needle end, means retaining the vial against displacement from said unit, said means comprising a projecting arm on said unit arranged between guide wall portions extending longitudinally of the vial, and a pressure ring disposed between the vial and the unit in controlling movement of the vial in said unit.
8. The combination with a hypodermic needle unit, including a short vial piercing needle end, of a medicinal vial containing pressurized medication arranged in said vial, the vial including a stopper end normally sealing the vial and adapted to be pierced by said short needle end, means retaining the vial against displacement from said unit, said means comprising a projecting arm on said unit arranged between guide wall portions extending longitudinally of the vial, a pressure ring disposed between the vial end the unit in controlling movement of that:1 vial in said unit, and said ring being secured to said v1 References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,594,493 Brown Aug. 3, 1926 2,168,686 Saflir Aug. 8, 1939 2,378,205 Feras June 12, 1945 2,554,352 Ward et al. May 22, 1951 2,717,601 Brown Sept. 13, 1955 2,735,735 Abel Feb. 21, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 861,539 France Oct. 28, 1940
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1594493 *||Sep 16, 1922||Aug 3, 1926||Brown Henry Kinsey||Self-positioning ampul and syringe|
|US2168686 *||Nov 20, 1934||Aug 8, 1939||Multiple Corp||Hypodermic syringe and cartridge|
|US2378205 *||Sep 29, 1944||Jun 12, 1945||Fevas Anna||Bottle|
|US2554352 *||Jun 17, 1949||May 22, 1951||Cutter Lab||Disposable syringe|
|US2717601 *||Mar 16, 1951||Sep 13, 1955||Frederick M Turnbull||Syringe ampule|
|US2735735 *||Apr 14, 1952||Feb 21, 1956||Syringe construction|
|FR861539A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3123073 *||Aug 26, 1958||Mar 3, 1964||Blood sampling assembly|
|US3332419 *||Nov 14, 1963||Jul 25, 1967||Owens Illinois Inc||Hypodermic injection device|
|US5334163 *||Sep 16, 1992||Aug 2, 1994||Sinnett Kevin B||Apparatus for preparing and administering a dose of a fluid mixture for injection into body tissue|
|U.S. Classification||604/148, 215/6, 604/201|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M2005/2407, A61M5/24, A61M2005/247, A61M5/2053|
|European Classification||A61M5/20F, A61M5/24|