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Publication numberUS2845805 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1958
Filing dateSep 18, 1957
Priority dateSep 18, 1957
Publication numberUS 2845805 A, US 2845805A, US-A-2845805, US2845805 A, US2845805A
InventorsCrewe Samuel
Original AssigneeCrewe Samuel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns
US 2845805 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 5, 1958 s. CREWE 2,845,805

DUPLEX RATCHET MECHANISM FOR CALK GUNS Filed Sept. 1a, 1957 INVENTOR. 5AMUEL Ceswa B Arrows) United States Patent DUPLEX RATCHET NIECHANISM FOR CALK GUNS Samuel Crews, East Cleveland, Ohio Application September 18, 1957, Serial No. 684,661

4 Claims. (Cl. 74-169) The present invention generally relates to dispensing devices and more particularly, to hand operated pressure guns especially intended to dispense calking or similar material of varied viscosity, and primarily aims to pro vide a simplified, yet rugged duplex ratchet mechanism for such devices.

Conducive to a better understanding of the invention it may be well to point out that plastic sea-ling material such as the so-called calking compounds are made in varied viscosities. The ordinary calk gun is intended for use with compounds of medium viscosity. If very stiif calk is used in such guns the operator must exert increased finger pressure on the guns operating lever in order to move the calk out of the gun. This is very tiring and reduces the rate of application.

Furthermore most calk compounds become more viscous with age, and if stored for some time before use, may become very diflicult to apply with the ordinary gun.

The primary object of this invention, therefore, is to provide a duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns that will require no more operative pressure for heavy than for light viscosity calk material.

Another object is to provide a ratchet mechanism of the type stated that can be converted instantly for use requiring either light or heavy pressures.

Another object is to provide such a duplex mechanism that require no action on the part of the operator other than a half turn of the piston rod to convert from light to heavy pressure or vice-versa.

Still another object is to provide a device of stated type that will not change or interfere with the regular or customary operation of the gun.

A further object is to provide a duplex ratchet mechanism that is economical to construct and efficient in its operation.

These and other objects of the invention will become apparent from a study of the following description and claims together with the accompanying drawing in which like parts are designated by like reference characters and wherein:

Figure l is a side elevation, partly in section, of a cradle type cartridge calk gun embodying the duplex ratchet mechanism that is the subject of this invention, showing the parts arranged for light pressures;

Figure 2 is a similar view showing the ratchet mechanism parts arranged for heavy pressures; and

Figure 3 shows the parts in an intermediate condition wherein the piston rod is released for the manual retraction thereof.

Referring more particularly to the drawing there is seen the calk gun mechanism that is the subject of this invention, broadly indicated by reference numeral 10.

The gun illustrated is adapted for use with prefilled cartridges. The cartridge, not illustrated, is nested in the semi-circular cradle 11 which is attached at its rear end to the frame handle 12. It is of course to be understood that the so-called bulk loading type gun could 2 also be used with this duplex ratchet mechanism. In such case the cradle 11 would be replaced by a tube or cylinder into which the calk compound would have to be manually packed.

A piston rod 16 is mounted in the frame 12 and is free to reciprocate therein. The rod 16 has a piston 17 mounted on the forward end thereof adapted to press against the calk held in the gun and force it out the cartridge or bulk cylinder, as the case may be.

The other end 19 of the piston rod 16 is curved laterally thereof to form a handle by means of which the rod 16 may be rotated on its axis, for purposes to be hereinafter disclosed.

Reference numeral 18 indicates a row of ratchet teeth out the length of the upper surface of the piston rod 16, which, incidentally, is circular in cross-section.

An operating lever or trigger 13 is pivotally mounted in handle 12 on a fulcrum pin 15. The trigger 13 is normally held in a forward position by spring 14. Upon compression the trigger 13 pivots on its fulcnum pin 15 against the handle 12 to take the position 1311, indicated in dotted outline in Figures 1 and 2.

The ratchet rod 16 can be rotated by its handle 19 between a first position, illustrated in Figure 2 wherein the ratchet teeth 18 are faced downward, and a second position, illustrated in Figure 1, wherein the ratchet teeth 18 are faced upward.

Reference numeral 20 indicates a first pawl that is mounted, at pivot pin 21, on the operating lever 13, below the ratchet rod 16. A spring 22 urges the detent end of the pawl 20 into contact with the rod 16. As seen in Figure 1, the pawl 20 rides on the smooth back face of the ratchet rod 16 when the rod is in its second position, and is engaged with the ratchet rod teeth 18 when the ratchet rod 16 is in its first position, illustrated in Figure 2.

Reference numeral 25 indicates a second pawl that is mounted at pivot pin 26, on the operating lever 13, above the ratchet rod 16. A spring 27 urges the detent end of pawl 25 into contact with the rod 16. As seen in Figure 1, the pawl 25 is engaged with the ratchet teeth 18 when the ratchet rod is in its second position, and rides on the smooth back face of the ratchet rod 16 when the rod 16 is in its first position, illustrated in Figure 2.

When the ratchet rod 16 is in its first position, illus' trated in Figure 2, retrogression of the piston rod 16 is prevented by a dog 23 which is urged into engagement with the ratchet teeth 18 by spring 24.

When the ratchet rod 16 is in its second position, illustrated in Figure 1, retrogression of the piston rod 16 is prevented by a dog 28 which is urged into engagement with the ratchet teeth 18 by spring 29.

At the end of the forward travel of the piston rod 16, the rod may be withdrawn from the empty cartridge by rotating the rod to an intermediate position, illustrated in Figure 3, wherein all the pawls and dogs ride on the smooth sides of the piston rod 16, out of engagement with the ratchet teeth 18.

Referring once more to Figure 2 wherein the ratchet rod 16 is in its first position, with the teeth 18 facing downward, it will be seen that retraction of trigger 13 to position 13a will cause the pawl 20 to engage the teeth 18 and move the piston 17 forward the distance of two teeth to the position indicated by reference numerals 20a and 17a. It will also be evident that the mechanical advantage of the lever 13 will be relatively great since the distance from fulcrum 15 to the end of the lever 13 is substantially greater than the distance from the fulcrum 15 to the pivot pin 21 upon which the first pawl 20 is mounted. Under these circumstances a full stroke of 3 the lever 13 will deliver the maximum pressure the gun is capable of producing.

When the ratchet bar 16 is in its second position, illustrated in Figure l, the teeth 18 will be facing upward, or diametrically opposite to that of Figure 2.

Retraction of trigger 13 to position 13a will now cause the pawl 25 to engage teeth 18 and move the piston 17 forward the distance of four teeth to the position indicated by reference numerals 25a and 17a.

It will also be evident that the mechanical advantage of the lever 13 will now be approximately /2 of that obtained in the first position of the ratchet bar 16 illustrated in Figure 2, since the distance of the pivot pin 26, of the pawl 25, from the leverfulcrum is approximately twice that of the pivot pin 21 of the first pawl 20. A full stroke of lever 13 will therefor deliver /2 the maximum pressure the gun is capable of producing.

While the gun illustrated has a power stroke of two or four teeth, any desired difierential could be employed, always keeping in mind the fact that the force delivered will be proportional to the distances of the two pawls and 25 from the fulcrum 15.

In using the gun with calk compound of average viscosity the ratchet rod 16 is normally set in its second position, illustrated in Figure 1.

If the contained calk becomes stiff, due to a long time interval between usage of the gun, or if a very stiff calk is intentionally used, it is only necessary to rotate the piston rod 16, one-half turn, to its first position, illustrated in Figure 2, to double the calk gun pressure without requiring any increase of finger pressure on the trigger lever 13.

It will now be clear that there is provided a device which accomplishes the objectives heretofore set forth. While the invention has been disclosed in its preferred form; it is to be understood that the specific embodiment thereof as described and illustrated herein is not to be considered in a limited sense as there may be other forms or modifications of the invention which should also be construed to come within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns of the character described, comprising in combination, a supporting grame, including a handle; a piston rod mounted in the frame to reciprocate therein, said rod having a row of ratchet teeth extending the length thereof, the said rod being rotatable between first and second positions wherein the teeth are faced in diametrically opposite directions; an operating lever pivoted to the handle; first and second elements mounted on the operating lever at different distances from the fulcrum thereof and adapted to alternately engage the piston rod teeth when said rod is in its first or second position, respectively, to move the piston for creating pressure within the gun when the operating lever is pivoted against the handle, the pressure created per lever stroke being proportional to the distance of the engaged element from the lever fulcrum; and means engageable with the ratchet teeth, when the piston rod is in either its first or second position to hold same against retrogressive movement.

2. A duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns of the character described, comprising in combination, a supporting frame, including a handle; a piston rod mounted in the frame to reciprocate therein, said rod having a row of ratchet teeth extending the length thereof, the said rod being rotatable between first and second positions wherein the teeth are faced in diametrically opposite directions; an operating lever pivoted to the handle; first and second pawl members pivotally mounted on the operating lever at different distances from the fulcrum thereof and adapted to alternately engage the piston rod teeth when said rod is in its first or second position, respectively, to move the piston for creating pressure within the gun when the operating lever is pivoted against the handle, the pressure created per lever stroke being proportional to the distance of the engaged element from the lever fulcrum; and means engageable with the ratchet teeth, when the piston rod is in either its first or second position to hold same against retrogressive movement.

3. A duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns of the character described, comprising in combination, a supporting frame, including a handle; a piston rod mounted in the frame to reciprocate therein, said rod having a row of ratchet teeth extending the length thereof, the said rod being rotatable between a first position wherein the teeth are faced downward and a second position wherein the teeth are faced upward; an operating lever pivoted to the handle; a first element mounted on the operating lever below the piston rod and adapted to engage the ratchet teeth thereof when the rod is in its first position; a second element mounted on the operating lever above the piston rod and adapted to engage the ratchet teeth thereof when the rod is in its second position, the said first and second elements, so alternately engaged, acting to move the piston for creating pressure within the gun when the operating lever is pivoted against the handle; and means engageable with the ratchet teeth when the piston rod is in either its first or second position to hold the same against retrogressive movement.

4. A duplex ratchet mechanism for calk guns of the character described, comprising in combination, a supporting frame, including a handle; a piston rod mounted in the frame to reciprocate therein, said rod having a row of ratchet teeth extending the length thereof, the said rod being rotatable between a first position wherein the teeth are faced downward and a second position wherein the teeth are faced upward; an operating lever pivoted to the handle; a first pawl member mounted on the operating lever below the piston rod and adapted to engage the ratchet teeth thereof when the rod is in its first position; a second pawl member mounted on the operating lever above the piston rod and adapted to engage the ratchet teeth thereof when the rod is in its second position, the several pawls, so alternately engaged acting to move the piston rod for creating pressure within the gun when the operating lever is pivoted against the handle; the pressure so created, per stroke of the operating lever, being greater when the piston rod is in its first position than when it is in its second position; and means engageable with the ratchet teeth when the piston rod is in either its first or second position to hold same against retrogressive movement.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,229,839 CreWe Ian. 28, 1941 2,233,587 Crewe Mar. 4, 1941 2,670,881 Sjoblom Mar. 2, 1954 2,784,603 Collins Mar. 12, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2229839 *Sep 1, 1939Jan 28, 1941Tremco Mfg CompanyCalking gun
US2233587 *Apr 5, 1940Mar 4, 1941Samuel CreweCalk gun
US2670881 *Jul 10, 1951Mar 2, 1954Sawa Fabriks AktiebolagDispensing device for dispensing batter and the like
US2784603 *Apr 18, 1955Mar 12, 1957Harold B CollinsHolding means for calking gun plunger rods
Referenced by
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US3029653 *Apr 24, 1958Apr 17, 1962Nilsson Gustav WDual drive means for a caulking device
US3187868 *May 31, 1961Jun 8, 1965Sundstrand CorpPower transmission mechanism
US4115945 *Mar 28, 1977Sep 26, 1978Hession Clarence BTrap setter for beaver traps
US5647515 *Sep 29, 1995Jul 15, 1997Zwijnenberg; Lambertus HermanStepping plunger for air-activated dispensing system
US5881707 *Jan 15, 1997Mar 16, 1999Smart Parts, Inc.Pneumatically operated projectile launching device
US5967133 *Sep 30, 1997Oct 19, 1999Smart Parts, Inc.Pneumatically operated projectile launching device
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US6675791Jan 17, 2002Jan 13, 2004Akalmp, Inc.Pressure regulator for pneumatic guns
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US7044119Feb 5, 2004May 16, 2006Smart Parts, Inc.Pneumatic assembly for a paintball gun
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US7185646Oct 27, 2003Mar 6, 2007Smart Parts, Inc.Pneumatic assembly for a paintball gun
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US7461646Feb 21, 2007Dec 9, 2008Smart Parts, Inc.Bolt for pneumatic paintball gun
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US7624723Jun 17, 2005Dec 1, 2009Smart Parts, Inc.Paintball gun kit
US7640925Mar 14, 2006Jan 5, 2010Smart Parts, Inc.Pneumatic assembly for a paintball gun
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US20130226186 *Aug 27, 2012Aug 29, 2013Greatbatch Medical S.A.Straight Cup Impactor
EP0038024A2 *Apr 9, 1981Oct 21, 1981Wella AktiengesellschaftHair-dye applying apparatus
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Classifications
U.S. Classification74/169, 222/391
International ClassificationG01F11/02, G05G7/06, G05G7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB05C17/0123, G05G7/06, G01F11/026
European ClassificationG01F11/02B8B, G05G7/06, B05C17/01L3B