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Publication numberUS2848727 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 26, 1958
Filing dateApr 7, 1953
Priority dateApr 7, 1953
Publication numberUS 2848727 A, US 2848727A, US-A-2848727, US2848727 A, US2848727A
InventorsJohnson Arnold R
Original AssigneeWestern Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for separating articles
US 2848727 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 26, 1958 A. R. JOHNSON 2,848,727


A. R. JOHNSON BY ATTORNE'Y United States Patent APPARATUS FOR SEPARATIN G ARTICLES Arnold R. Johnson, Downers Grove, Ill., assignor to Western Electric Company, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application April 7, 1953, Serial No. 347,341

3 Claims. (Cl. 151.5)

This invention relates to apparatus for separating articles, and more particularly to methods of and apparatus for electrostatically removing dust and dielectric particles from articles, such as, for example, relays.

In the manufacture of electrical parts, such as, for example, relays which become dusty or have dielectric particles getting between the laminations and contacts of the various cavities therein, it is necessary to clean the articles before they are placed in service. With past known methods and apparatus, this has been a very difficult thing to accomplish. Furthermore, in articles such as relays wherein cards of dielectric material are provided, often splinters stuck to the cards cannot be separated from the cards by known cleaning methods and interfere with the operation of the articles so that the articles must be discarded.

An object of the invention is to provide new and improved apparatus for separating articles.

Another object of the invention is to provide apparatus for electrostatically removing dust and dielectric particles from articles.

A further object of the invention is to provide apparatus for applying alternating electrostatic fields to articles having splinters of dielectric material thereon to flex the splinters and remove the splinters from the articles.

In an apparatus illustrating certain features of the invention, articles to be cleaned are subjected alternately to dielectric fields extending at an angle with respect to one another, whereby particles of dielectric material secured only at one end thereof to the articles are broken off of the article by flexing and are withdrawn from the articles.

In an apparatus forming more specific embodiments of the invention articles are advanced between a pair of alternately operable electrodes, which cooperate with a third electrode to alternately create electrostatic fields in directions angularly disposed with respect to one another. The two fields are created alternately at a frequency at which splinters of dielectric particles secured to the articles are flexed sufliciently to break the splinters loose from the articles and remove them from the article. The alternating fields also tend to jiggle dielectric particles positioned in otherwise non-accessible cavities and remove the particles from such cavities. Streams of air may be directed across the electrodes to which the particles are drawn to sweep the particles from these electrodes.

A complete understanding of the invention may be obtained from the following detailed description of a method and an apparatus forming specific embodiments, when read in conjunction with the appended drawings, in which Fig. l is a perspective view of an apparatus for practicing the method forming one embodiment of the invention and Fig. 2 is a fragmentary schematic view of a portion of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, there is shown therein an apparatus for removing dielectric particles, such as dust, insulator fragments and splinters secured to insulating components of relays 10. This apparatus includes a chute 12, to which the articles are fed from a raised hopper 14 and the articles roll down the chute between plates or electrodes 15, 16 and 17. The electrode 15 is grounded and is connected to the negative terminal of an electrostatic generator 20 of a Well-known type, which gen erates a high potential such as to create a high electrostatic field alternately between the electrode 16 and the electrode 15 at one time and the electrode 17 and the electrode 15 at another time, the fields being at anangle with respect to one another. The positive side of the electrostatic generator 20 is connected by a conductor 21 to commutator 22, driven by a motor 23 at a suitable frequency. The'electrodes 16 and 17 are connected to the commutator by conductors 26 and 27, respectively, and brushes 28 and 29, respectively, so positioned with respect to the commutator that when the commutator connects the electrode 16 to the positive side of the electrostatic generator 20, the electrode 17 is disconnected therefrom. Conversely, when the electrode 17 is connected to the positive side of the electrostatic generator 20, the electrode 16 is disconnected therefrom. Thus, as the articles roll and slide slowly down the chute 12, the alternation of the electrostatic fields 16 and 17 apply alternate forces to dielectric particles positioned in the interstices of the relays and the particles are pulled from the relays and drawn to the plates 16 and 17, which remove the charge from the particles. Nozzles 30 and 31 direct sheet-like streams of a gas, such as air, for example, across the lower face of the electrodes 16 to sweep the particles from the electrodes to traps 33 and 34 so that the particles do not contaminate articles coming down the chute 12. A conduit 35 leading from a suitable source of gas under pressure (not shown) supplies the nozzles with the gas, which also keeps the electrodes free of the insulating particles to keep the effectiveness thereof high. Furthermore, the gas streams create a low pressure area over the relays to aid in drawing particles therefrom. The electrodes 16 and 17 extend beyond the electrode 15 over the traps 33 and 34 to direct the air streams to the traps. Thus, the above-described method and apparatus effectively remove dielectric particles both from inaccessible recesses in the relays and when the particles are attached at one end thereof to the components of the relays, for example, a splinter secured at one end to an edge of a fiber plate.

Certain features of the above-described method and apparatus are disclosed and claimed in copending application Serial No. 347,342, filed April 7, 1953, by A. G. Bugler and A. R. Johnson for Methods of and Apparatus for Separating Articles, owned by the assignee of the instant application.

It is to be understood that the above-described arrangements are simply illustrative of the application of the principles of the invention. Numerous other arrangements may be readily devised by those skilled in the art which will embody the principles of the invention and fall within the spirit and scope thereof.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for separating material, which comprises means for advancing an article along a predetermined path, a pair of spaced electrodes on one side of said path at a predetermined position therealong, a negatively charged third electrode on the opposite side of said path, and means for applying positive potential alternately to the spaced electrodes in the pair to create alternating electrostatic fields between the pair of electrodes and the third electrode, said pair of electrodes being positioned at angles to each other and facing the third elec- V .s 3 trode to 'conc'entratetlzle electrostatic fields in the path of the article.

2. An apparatus for removing splinters from articles, which comprisesmeans for advancing articles along a firedeterminec lpath, a pail-"of positiveielettiodes mounted in laterally -efiset pes'iriens on one -s'rde of the path, a negatively charged third eleetrode mounted on the oppo's'ite side (if the 'pat'h, and means for applying. a high positive voltagealternately to each of .t'hepositnreelectrodes to 'create alternating electrostaticffields, "s'a'i'd positive and negative electrodes being positioned in triangular relationship whereby the electrostatic'fieldsare concentr'ated in the pathfof the articles passing Tthrough the triangle formed by'tlre'el'ectrode's. J

3; apparatus for removing dielectric 'p "'rtic'les from articles, which comprises means for advancing articles alonga pred'enerniined path,'fi1fst, second and 'third electrodes positioned'in s'pac'ed triangnla'r relationship around thefp'ath, an electrostatic jgen'er'ator-for-su15ri1ving' a ime tive'voltage, and commu'tat'ing means for alternately -connecting the .first and the second electrodes to the electrostatic generator to positively charge them, said third "electrode "being continuously grounded vhere'lsy electro- References Cited in the filesof this patent UNITED STATES "PATENTS "1,110,896 Cor1i's to,tik-. "Sept; 15,1914 1,179,937 Krau's 4.6.6-1... .Apr. 18, 1916 1,897,963 Walker .Feb. 14, 1933 2,197,864 Hellman-canteen Apr-'23, 1940 2,280,751 Davis d-, Apr. 21, 1942 2,317,210 Masse l Apr. 20, 1943 2,322,986 Weiss June 29, 1943 2,414,993 Wiegand Jan. 28, 1947 FOREIGN PATENT S i Great Brianna-ecu.--" Feb. 14, ,1951

Patent Citations
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US1110896 *Jun 9, 1911Sep 15, 1914Harry ComstockElectrostatic separator.
US1179937 *Feb 2, 1915Apr 18, 1916Jakob KrausMethod of and apparatus for separating and cleaning materials in an electrostatic field.
US1897963 *Jul 27, 1929Feb 14, 1933Gen Electric Vapor Lamp CoElectric switch and the production thereof
US2197864 *Jul 3, 1937Apr 23, 1940Ritter Products CorpProcess of electrostatic separation
US2280751 *Jul 7, 1939Apr 21, 1942Helen L DavisVacuum cleaner nozzle
US2317210 *Aug 22, 1940Apr 20, 1943Masse Thomas JeromeMethod and apparatus for seaparating textile material from rubber
US2322986 *Feb 24, 1940Jun 29, 1943Gerhart WeissThread removing and disk cleaning mechanism
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GB650025A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3074086 *Feb 4, 1959Jan 22, 1963Tribune CompanyApparatus for removing dust from paper webs
US3217880 *Aug 10, 1962Nov 16, 1965Benton Earl MElectro-separator for separation of dry comminuted material
US4363723 *Apr 27, 1981Dec 14, 1982Carpco, Inc.Multifield electrostatic separator
US4514289 *Nov 15, 1983Apr 30, 1985Blue Circle Industries PlcMethod and apparatus for separating particulate materials
US4556481 *Nov 15, 1983Dec 3, 1985Blue Circle Industries PlcApparatus for separating particulate materials
US5513755 *Apr 4, 1994May 7, 1996Jtm Industries, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing carbon content in fly ash
EP0109827A1 *Nov 16, 1983May 30, 1984Blue Circle Industries PlcMethod and apparatus for separating particulate materials
EP0109828A1 *Nov 16, 1983May 30, 1984Blue Circle Industries PlcMethod and apparatus for separating particulate materials
EP0110623A1 *Nov 16, 1983Jun 13, 1984Blue Circle Industries PlcApparatus for separating particulate materials
U.S. Classification15/1.51, 209/127.1, 15/308
International ClassificationB03C7/02, A47L13/40, A47L13/10, B03C7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB03C7/02, A47L13/40
European ClassificationA47L13/40, B03C7/02