|Publication number||US2849935 A|
|Publication date||Sep 2, 1958|
|Filing date||May 27, 1955|
|Priority date||May 27, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2849935 A, US 2849935A, US-A-2849935, US2849935 A, US2849935A|
|Inventors||Martin Stanley D|
|Original Assignee||Martin Stanley D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 2, 1958 5. D. MARTIN EXPANSIBLE AND COMPRESSIBLE PAVING JOINT Filed May 27, 1955 INVENTOR 'Sf DMartin ATTORNEY nited States Patent Office Patented Sept. 2, 1958 EXPANSIBLE AND COMPRESSIBLE PAVING JOINT Stanley D. Martin, Waltham, Mass.
Application May 27, 1955, Serial No. 511,482
3 Claims. (Cl. 94-18) This invention relates to an expansible and compressible paving joint primarily adapted to be interposed between sections of roadways for sealing the joint between adjacent edges of said sections, but which is equally well adapted for use between sections or slabs of other forms of paving.
Many roadways and other surfaces are constructed of sections or slabs of concrete or other materials which expand when heated and contract in response to a lower temperature. A joint member or filler is required between adjacent edges of such paving sections or slabs to keep out moisture and to prevent damage to the slabs in freezing temperatures. Such joint members or fillers must be capable of sealing the space between the sections or slabs in cold Weather when contracted. Consequently, if the slabs or sections become heated and expand, the joint members or fillers are compressed and are normally displaced upwardly to form a rib above the upper surfaces of the sections or slabs. In hot weather, this creates a considerable annoyance to motorists since in driving over transverse joints a repeated bumping of the vehicle occurs creating an almost continuous vibration of the vehicle and an annoying sound. Additionally, the part of the joint member which is thus displaced above the roadway sections does not always resume a position in the joint space when the slabs become cooled and consequently the space will not be thereafter eifectively sealed. i
it is a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved joint member which is expansible and compressible and which, when compressed, will yield inwardly with respect to itself so that no part thereof will be displaced above the upper surfaces of the slabs or roadway sections and which will thereafter readily expand as the slabs contract to maintain the joint space properly sealed under all temperature conditions.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a joint member or seal which will eliminate the aforedescribed annoyance to motorists since no part of the joint member or seal will be displaced upwardly above the upper surfaces of the slabs when the joint space is reduced by expansion of the slabs for compressing the joint member.
Various other objectsand advantages of the invention will hereinafter become more fully apparent from the following description of the drawing, illustrating a presently preferred embodiment thereof, and wherein:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of adjacent portions of two paving sections or slabs;
Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken substantially along a plane as indicated by the line 2-2 of Figure l, transversely through the joint of the slabs, and showing the joint member as it will appear when the slabs are contracted;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 but showing the joint member as it appears with the slabs expanded, and
Figure 4 is a fragmentary edge elevational View of one of the paving sections against which a side of the joint member seats.
Referring more specifically to the drawing, for the purpose of illustrating a preferred application and use of the joint member or joint filler, designated generally 6 and comprising the invention, adjacent portions of two paving sections are illustrated and are designated generally 7 and 8. The paving sections or slabs 7 and 8 are of a type which expand when heated and thereafter contract when cooled or subjected to a lower temperature. Said paving sections or slabs 7 and 8 may be and usually are formed of concrete provided with suitable reinforcing means 9. The paving sections or slabs 7 and 8 differ from conventional paving sections or slabs only in reference to the edge portions thereof which form a joint with and are disposed in opposed relation to an edge portion of another slab or section. Each of said edge portions, as illustrated in cross section in Figures 2 and 3 and in elevation in Figure 4, is designated generally 10 and includes a substantially flat upper portion 11 which is inclined downwardly and inwardly relative to the slab of which it forms a part. Each edge face 10 includes an inwardly bowed intermediate portion 12 which is also inclined generally in the same direction as the upper face portion 11, and a lower substantially flat face portion 13 which is inclined in the same direction as the upper face portion 11 but preferably to a substantially greater extent. The adjacent longitudinal edges of the upper and lower portions 11 and 13 merge with the upper and lower longitudinal edges, respectively, of the intermediate portion 12 to form convexly rounded longitudinally extending edge portions 14 and 15, respectively.
Thus, adjacent edge portions or faces of two adjacent paving sections or slabs, such as the slabs 7 and 8, when positioned on a foundation 16 and in normally spaced relation to one another, form a joint space which in cross section, as seen in Figures 2 and 3, diminishes in width from the undersides of the slabs which rest on the foundation 16 to the upper faces 17 of said slabs. The width of this joint space diminishes sharply from the bottom surfaces of the slabs, thereafter ceases to diminish upwardly adjacent the edge portions 15 and the lower halves of the intermediate portions 12, then diminishes in width more rapidly up to the level of the edge portions 14 and thereafter diminishes gradually and substantially uniformly in width upwardly to the upper surfaces 17.
The joint forming member 6, which in combination with the edge faces 10, which define the contour of the joint space, constitutes the present invention. Said joint member 6 includes a body portion 18 formed of a felt material, paper pulp or the like which is impregnated with an asphalt compound. Said body portion, designated 18, is capable of being compressed and of expanding when a compressive force exerted thereon is removed or diminished. The body portion 18 of the joint member 6 has a tube 19 of a resilient material, preferably rubber, molded therein, which extends from end-to-end thereof and which opens outwardly of the ends of the joint member 6, as defined by the ends of the body portion 18. The thickness of the Wall of the tube 19 preferably is of approximately the thickness of a conventional garden hose and the hollow cavity or bore of said tube 19 is of relatively large diameter as compared to the wall thickness of the tube. The tube 19 is preferably molded into the part of the body portion 18 which is engaged by the portions 12 and 15 of the slab faces 10.
The joint member 6 or more specifically the body portion 18 thereof, has a substantially flat relatively wide bottom surface 20 which is adapted to rest on the foundation 16 and corresponding side walls 21 which are generally shaped to conformably fit the adjacent edge faces of'the slabs -7 and ,8. The normal height of'the body member 18 corresponds to the thickness 9f the slabs and 8 so that the relatively narrow top surface 22 of the body portion 18, which is substantially flat, will be disposed substantially flush with the upper surfaees-Ii. the slabs 7 and 8. The joint member o is of -wi dti1.';t o fit tightly between the slab faces 10 whe W W are in normal positions relative to one anothen as see; an Figures 1 and .2, and so as to be suflicientlyeornpressed:in the joint spaceformed by the slab faces 10 toetfectively seal said joint space to exclude moisture therefronr to prevent an accumulation of liquid in the joint space and which could cause cracking of the slabs under freezing conditions. When the joint member 6 is thus disposed between the faces ,10 and with the slabs contracted, as illustrated ,in-Figure :2, the resilient-tube 19 will be fully expanded crosswise ,and of circular shape.
Thereafter, when the paving sections or slabs 7 and 8 expand in response to heat so that the faces Iii-thereof are displaced toward one another to restrict the size of the joint spaced therebetween which is filled by the joint member 6,.said joint member will be compressed. However, .due .to :the shape of said faces 10 and the cross sectional shape of the joint member 6, as the body portion 18 thereof is compressed crosswise the compressing force will be .exerted inwardly thereof and also downwardly ,to the-downwardly diverging construction of the faces. 10. Consequently, the joint member 6 will not be extended or elongated upwardly so that the upper ;surface 22.,of the joint member will remain flush with the upper surfaces 17 of the slabs, as seen in Figure 3, when the slabs are expanded. Additionally, as the bottom surface ,20 .of the joint member rests upon the foundation 16Iit is prevented thereby'from yielding downwardly. Conse,quently,,-while.the body portion 18 is capable of ;be-' ing compressed, agreater force is required to compress said body portion18 to any considerable extent than is required .todeforrnably compress the resilient tube'iIB. Accordingly, the resilient tube 19 will be-transversely compressed .and de ormed by the downward and inward pressurefrom the:body portion 18 so that the upper part thereof will. be collapseddownwardly to substantially re,- strict the cross sectional area of the bore 23 of said tube so that the tube will assume substantially the shape. .as
illustrated in Figure 3. Obviously, the extent that the tube.19 is thus;def,orme,d downwardly will vary depend.- ing upon the extentthat. the slabs are expandedandthefaces lfigthereof displaced toward one another. .It-wvill thus .be apparent thateven when theslabs 7 and L8 are heated ,to a.,considerable.extent, as when subjected to;
the direct rays of a hot sun, that the expansion offthe slabs willnot cause any part of the joint member 6 torprotrudeabove the upper surfaces 17 thereof. Thus, the joint member 6 in combination'with the slab faces"10 overcomes the objectional feature of conventional paving joints which when compressed aredisplaced upwardly above the upper surfaces of the paving, sections between which the joint member is disposed.
It will also be readily apparent that when the paving sections or slabs 7 and 8 subsequently-contractdueto being subjected to a lower temperature and the faces .10 thereof move away from one another',-tha t ,the. resilient tube 19 will resume its normal circular cross sectional ,shape.o.f.Figure .2. to expand the. body portion 18 to thus maintain the side walls 21 of the joint member in close fitting conformable engagement with the slab faces 10 so that the space therebetween will be effectively sealed at all times by the joint member.
It will be understood that the joint member 6 is adapted for use with other types ofpaving sections or slabs, and athat various other. modifications "and changes are contemplated and may obviflufi y be resorted to, without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as hereinafter defined by the appended claims.
I claim as my invention;
1. In'combination with adjacent edge faces of a pair of expansible paving sections .or slabs forming a joint space, said slab faces having complementary downwardly diverging upper portions, complementary downwardly diverging concave intermediate portions and complementary downwardly diverging'bottom portions disposed at a substantially greater angle to one another than-the angle formed by said .upper portions; ajointmember including an expansible body-portion formed of a mass of a sealing material which is substantially uniform throughout, said body portion being capable of being compressed and havinga bottomsurface adapted to rest on a foundation on Whichsaid slabs are supported said body portion having upwardly converging side walls shaped to conformably fit fflush against said slab :facesfor sealing the space between said joint faces, and said body portion having a topsurface substantially narrower than the bottom surface thereof. and disposed coplanar with top surfaces of said slabs, said joint memberincluding a resilient and relatiuely stiffxtube: embedded in and extending longitudinally through said bodyportion, said tube having a bore of a relativelylarge diameter as compared to the wall thicknessthereofand thewidth of the joint member part surrounding the tube, said tube being collapsible downwardly -in,resp,onse to a. compressive force exerted against the side ;walls ofythe 'jointmember to accommodate a P.' 'I ,Q 1. 6 :QOmpressed body portion.
2. In a paving joint as defined by claim 1 said tube being spaced equal distances from theside walls of the joint, member :and substantially nearer the bottom surface than the 7 top surface thereof.
3. Inaspaving jointzas defined by-clairn 2 said body portion being formed of a felt material impregnated with an asphalt-compound.
' f References Cited in-thefile of this patent UN TED TA ES P ENT- Re. 16,-554 Fischer Feb. 22, 1927 1,021,082 Wright etal Mar. 26, 1912 1,223,045 Ferguson -1 Apr. 17, 1917 1,890,954 Snyder Dec. 13, 1932 2,071,299 Gammeter Feb. 16, 1937 2,508,443 Carter May 23, 1950 2,580,163 Fischer Dec. 25, 1951 2,619,884 Jacobson Dec. 12,1952
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1021082 *||Sep 27, 1911||Mar 26, 1912||William Wright||Expansion-joint.|
|US1223045 *||Jul 29, 1916||Apr 17, 1917||Lewis R Ferguson||Joint-filler for concrete paving.|
|US1890954 *||Jul 16, 1930||Dec 13, 1932||Evans Auto Loading Co Inc||Filler strip for floors and other constructions|
|US2071299 *||Dec 22, 1933||Feb 16, 1937||Gammeter John R||Joint for roadways|
|US2508443 *||Aug 20, 1946||May 23, 1950||Carter John E||Sealed joint for concrete slab road pavements|
|US2580163 *||Apr 3, 1947||Dec 25, 1951||Servicised Products Corp||Nonextruding expansion joint|
|US2619884 *||Jul 21, 1949||Dec 2, 1952||Jacobson James H||Joint for concrete slabs and the like|
|USRE16554 *||Jul 3, 1920||Feb 22, 1927||Elastic and expansible paving joint|
|GB576031A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4601604 *||Jul 25, 1983||Jul 22, 1986||Alh Systems Limited||Expansion joint|
|DE9300524U1 *||Jan 16, 1993||Apr 1, 1993||Polytherm Vertriebsgesellschaft Haustechnischer Artikel Mbh, 4434 Ochtrup, De||Title not available|
|International Classification||E01C11/10, E01C11/02|