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Publication numberUS285020 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 18, 1883
Filing dateJul 3, 1883
Publication numberUS 285020 A, US 285020A, US-A-285020, US285020 A, US285020A
InventorsWilliam H. Elliot
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
William h
US 285020 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

W.'H. ELLIOT.

MAGAZINE IIRE ARM.

Patented Sept. 18; 1883.

I tion consists in the use of certain I forth in the go an end view of the two stop-ejectors.

\UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM HI ELLIOT,

OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

MAGAZINE FlRE-ARt.

SPECIFICATION forming partof Letters Patent No. .285,020, dated September 18,1883.

' Application filed July 3, 1883. (No model.)

I screw, Fig. 8, to hold the guardstrap in f To all whom it 12w, concern:

Be it known that I, WM. H. ELLIOT, of

New York, eounty,of New York, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Magazine Fire-Arnu'of which the following is a specificatidn.

The objectof my invention is toprovide a cheaper, a more rapid, and safer fire arm than any new in use, and the nature of my invenappliances and methods, which are fully set following specification and claims.

Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section of my improved arm, showing some of the limbwork in elevation. Fig. 2 is an elevation of a portion of said. arni. Fig. 3 is a plan of the feed-pawl and hammer-lock. Fig. 4 is ahorizontal section of the arm in the axisof the barrel. Fig. 5 is a section of two cartridges and Fig. 6 is'a sideelevation of two cartridges with the devices that control them. Fig. 7 is three views of the stop-ejector. Fig. 8 is an elevation of a portion of. the guard-strap. T Fig. 9

2 is a vertical cross-section of the guard-strap at open lines .2, Fig. 8, looking toward the forward end.

; My invention is applicable particularly to that kind of magazine-arm which has a tubu- 3o lar magazine arranged under the barrel, and a 3 5 ceiver has the barrel screwed into its forward belt or breech block which moves in a line with the barrel to close the chamber, and is operated either by a lever of handle. it is also applicable to other kinds of arms. The re end in the usual way. 1t also supports the guard-strap 1 This latter device has upon its upper side two upward-projecting portions, one at d, which serves as a locking o shoulder to support the bolt against the recoil of the charge, andone at 1 which is bored through to receive and support the rear end of the magazine-tube, as shown in Fig. H. The upward projection g is. provided with two lat- 4 5 eral projections, r/-oneupon each side. These are half-cireular in form, and rest in recesses of correspondingshape cut in the forward ends of the-sides of the receiver, as shown in Fig.

2, and serve as recoil-shoulders to prevent the 5o guard-Sta p from being displaced by the recoil of the charge. It also facilitates assembling the arm, as it only requires, in addition, one

place. The bolt is moved back and forth, locked, and the carrier operated by means substantially such as are shown in my patent of May 29, 1883, to which I make special reference.

forward end, to which the brace d is pivoted at c". This brace, when the arm is closed, rests at its rear end upon the locking-shoulder d, and has a downward-proiecti'ng arm, (1, which passes through or is jointed to the connectingstrap h at h. This strap slides in and is supported by grooves o in the guardstrap, and is at its forward end provided with handle 71', by which the breech mechanism is operated. The bolt has another dependent portion, to which the retracting;lever a is pivoted at n. This lever has an upward-proieeting arm, n", which pass s into a thin mortise in the firingpin. It also has a forward-prqiecting arm, n, which. when the firing-pin is driven forward, nearlyor quite rests upon the top of the brace (I, being actuated by spring 1". The bolt also has upon it the springextractor s, fastened by a screw, as seen in Fig. 4. The carrier is pivoted at its rear end to the guard-strap, and is provided with an upward projection in rear of its pivot,whereby the forward end of the carrier s is raised by the brace during itsbackward movement, and is depressed by the same device in its downward movement as shown and described in said patent.

The feed-pawl c is located in the lower part of the receiver, below the connecting-strap, and is provided at its forward end with point e, which projects up through and works in slot h in said strap, and at its rear end it is bifurcated,and is provided with hooks c, which engage the pin 0, projecting from each side of the lower part of the hammer. It is also provided with spring r, which tends to keep the point e in position indicatedby open lines o, and also to keep the hook c engaged upon the .pin 0. I

The stop-ejector, Fig. '7, is a rectangular piece beveled oil at the upper inner corner. leaving the ejecting-shoulder ialso beveled oft midway at the lower inner corner, so as to insure contact of the body of the rising eartridge with the extreme forward lower corners orstop points olthcsl op-Qjectors. These The bolt 1: has a dependent portion, a, at its I oo 65 the bolt is devices are placed in the receiver, one upon each side, so as to project into the space occupied by the bolt, and are arranged in relation to each other, to the barrel, and to the stop 5 so that their stop-points will strike the- 1888; but, unlike are placed within'about three-fourths of the length of the cartridge from the end of the barrel, and are arranged near enough together so that thestop-points on their extreme forward ends strike the body of the cartridge far enough forward of its head to arrest the up ward movement of both ends of the cartridge independent of other steps, while theejectingshoulder is located on the stop-'ejectors fully the length of the cartridge from the rear end of the barrel, by which construction and arrangement the cartridges maybe raised by the carrier up against the stop-points as soon as it has moved back 'far enough to clear the mouth of the magazine, and it may be ejected as soon as it has been extracted far enough to clear the end of the barrel, thereby making it ractical to construct the receiver fully one- Br, ialf inch shorter than can be done .by either 1 method mentioncdin said patents. The magazine may be charged with cartridges through the side of'the receiver in the usual way. v The upward projecting portion d of the 3 5 guard -strapis cut away through the center to make room} for the hammer-trigger and carrier, and also for the movement of the con necting sti'ap h and arm d, the hammer-trigger and carrier being pivoted to and support 40 ed by thisportion of the guard strap, so that i when it becomes necessary to clean the breech those in either patent, they mechanism the removal oi" screw l ff liberates:

the guard-strap, with all the' ,li'mb-'work attached thereto except the bolthnd brace.

5- In Fig. 1. the parts are represented in the position of {full-cock, ready to fire. 'After firing, the first backward movement of the handle it carries the arnid hick, which raises the rear end of the brace (lflifts up the arm a of the lever n, and retracts-the firing-pin 1'. A continuation of the backward movement carries the brace to the position indicated by open lines 11' and the hammer to full-cock, causing the hook e to engage the pin 0 on the side of the hammer by the action of spring 7'. In closing the arm the last part of the forward movementof the handle brings the brace d down before the locking-shoulder, and the rear end of the slot h, striking the bevel e on the feed-pawl, depresses the forward end of that device, so 'as to release a cartridge from the magazine and to disengage the hook e from the pin 0. Bythese means the firingin is prevented from being driven forward fore fully locked, and the hammer is held at full-cock independent of the trigger until the very last part of the movementof patents of May 30,1882, and of March 27,

"chamber, and is provided with a firingthe handle releases it after the brace is upon the locking-shoulder, which affords a double security against a discharge before the bolt is locked. Bringing the hammer to full-cock by any means before the breech-block is braced causes the hook e to engage the pin 0, and so hold the hammer in the full-cock position until released by the action of the connecting.

strap upon the pawl.

Thedownward-projecting arm (1 of the brace may be double or bifurcated, and the carrier s, composed of a single bar, may work between the two sides of the arm, as shown and described in mybefore-mentioned patent of May 20, 1883; or the carrier may be slotted or bifurcated, and the arm d-,composed of a single bar, may work between the two sides of the carrier, these two methods of constructing and arranging the arm (2 and the carrier in relation to each other being fair equivalents. I

Having described my invention, what I desire to have secured to me by Letters Patent of the United States is- 1. In a magazine firearm, the stop-ejector "17, rigidly fastened to the receiver, provided with the ejecting-shoulder i, an extension for ward of said shoulder, and having upon the forward end of said extension the stop-points i, so arranged as to strike the body of the rising cartridge forward of its head to arrest its upward movement, and in combination,

therewith carrier 8, extractor s, and stopshoulder r', attached to the receiver, or to some device supported by the receiver,whereby a cartridge may be raised against the stoppoints 'i as soon as it is far enough back to be clear from the end of the barrel, and ejected by the shoulder i as soon wait is far enough back to be clear from the chamber,substantially as specified. 7

' 2. In a magazine firearm, a bolt which moves in a line'with the barrel for closing the m, which passes through said bolt from on to end, a brace for locking the arm, which is piv oted to the forward end of said bolt, and is provided with suitable lockiugshoul ders with in the receiver, and in combination therewith a retracting-lever, n, pivoted to said belt at a, one arm of which extends upward into or through the firing-pin, while the other arm extends forward over said brace, whereby when said brace is raised for the purpose or unlocking the bolt the arm n" is raised and the firing pin retracted, substantially as specified.

3. In a breech-loading fire-arm, a guardstrap which has upon it a recoil or locking shoulder, d, which, through a suitable brace, supports the bolt against the recoil of the charge, and is also provided with shoulders g", which project laterally from the fo ward end of said strap, and rest against the forward end of the sides of the receiver in recesses adapted to receive them to support the guard-strap against the recoil, substantially as specified.

4. In a magazine fire-arm, a hammer provided with the usual mainspring and trigger,

wild a pin or shoulder, o, and in combination therewith the pawl 0, provided withthe hook or catch 0 for locking the hammer at full-cock, and a handle for operating the breech mechanism through a suitable connect-ion, said pawl movement to close and lock the arm, whereby the hammer is prevented from falling upon the firing pin at any time except when the arm is closedand locked, substantially as specified.

5. In a, magazine fire-arm, a bolt which moves in alinewith the barrel to close the chamber, and which, during its backward movement, brings the hammer to full-cock, a hammer provided with the usual mainspring and trigger, and a pin or shoulder, 0, and in -com oted to the guardstrap or other device sup ported by the receiver, and is provided with the hook or catch (2 for locking the hammer at full-cock independently of the trigger by engaging the pin 0, and a handle for operating the breech mechanism through a suitable connection, said pawl being acted upon to re lease the hammer and fire the charge by the action of said connection upon the forward e d of said pawl during the last part of its movement to close the arm may be loaded and fired by the movement of the handle alone, substantially as specified.

6. In a magazine fire-arm a tubular magazine arranged under the 'barrel, a feed-pawl which is pivoted to the guard-strap or other device supported by the receiver, and is pro vided at its forward end with a suitable point magazine, and at its rear end with hook or catch 0, a handle operating said pawl through a suitable connection, which also operates the brace of the bolt, and in mer provided with anotch or pin, 0, where by, by bringing the hammer to full-cock by any means before the bolt is fully braced, it will be locked in the full-cock position until released by said connection,substantially as specified.

. XVM. H. ELLIOT. Witnesses v D. Lewis, v G120. I). RICHARDSON.

and lock the arm, whereby combination therewith a ham-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4824233 *Feb 11, 1988Apr 25, 1989Jannard James HMulti-component sunglasses
US4859048 *Jun 23, 1987Aug 22, 1989Oakley, Inc.Cylindrical lens for sunglasses
US4867550 *Feb 1, 1988Sep 19, 1989Oakley, Inc.Toroidal lens for sunglasses
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF41A9/18