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Publication numberUS2850581 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 2, 1958
Filing dateJan 11, 1954
Priority dateJan 11, 1954
Publication numberUS 2850581 A, US 2850581A, US-A-2850581, US2850581 A, US2850581A
InventorsGratian Joseph W
Original AssigneeGen Dynamics Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination recording head
US 2850581 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 2, 1958 J. w. GRATIAN COMBINATION RECORDING HEAD Filed Jan. '11. 1954 FIG.3

INVENTORS. JOSEPH W. GRATIAN \zf wi,

ATTORNEY Unite gum COMBINATION RECGRDENG HEAD Joseph W. Gratian, Rochester, N. Y., assignor, by mesne assignments, to General Dynamics Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Application lanuary 11, 1954, Serial No. 403,128

11 Claims. (Cl. 179-1002) This invention relates to magnetic recording apparatus and in particular to combination recording heads for use in magnetic recording apparatus.

Magnetic recording systems have heretofore employed several diiferent methods of recording intelligence on a magnetic medium. The most commonly used method is known as longitudinal recording in which the magnetic medium is moved through a field established at a gap across a surface of the recording head in such a way that the medium moves parallel to the lines of force constituting the field through which the medium passes, but transverse recording (in which the lines of force constituting the field through which the medium passes lie at right angles to the direction of movement of the medium and generally in the same plane as the medium) and perpendicular recording (in which the lines of force constituting the magnetic field are generally perpendicular to the plane of the medium) have also been utilized.

Perpendicular recording is advantageous in the low frequency response range but is characterized by relatively poor frequency response characteristics because the recording and reproducing or playback gaps are necessarily longer than those which can be provided in ring type heads commonly used for longitudinal recording. Conversely, longitudinal recording is of greatest utility in the high frequency response region but is relatively deficient in the low frequency band.

It is an object of my invention to provide a new and improved recording head for use in magnetic recording apparatus.

It is another object of my invention to provide a new and improved magnetic recording head which utilizes a plurality of recording methods.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved magnetic recording head which provides an improved frequency response.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved magnetic recording head having a first section which records primarily the perpendicular component of a magnetic field and a second section which records primarily the longitudinal component of a magnetic field.

In carrying out my invention 1 have provided a magnetic recording head comprising two sections. The first section is designed to effect perpendicular recording on a portion of a magnetic record or medium which is preferably a tape having substantial width. The second section is designed to be positioned physically close to the first section. Means is provided for establishing an alternating field in a gap across which the tape is intended to be drawn as by means of a coil encircling a portion of one or both cores, for example. No energizing coil is directly associated with the second section, however. The relative field intensities in the gaps of the two sections are so adjusted, as by the spacing between sections, the intensity of the energizing field and by a shunt associated with the second section, that a primarily perpendicularly oriented field resultsin the gap of the first secice . :3 tion and a primarily longitudinally oriented field is established in the gap of the second section.

The features of my invention which I believe to be novel are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. My invention itself, both as to its organization and manner of operation, together with further objects :and advantages thereof, may best be understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a side view of one embodiment of my invention, 1

Fig. 2 is a top view of the embodiment shown in Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 is an end view of the modification shown in Figs. 1 and 2,

Fig. 4 illustrates a modified form of shunt which is useful in the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, and

Figs. 5, 6, 7 and 8 illustrate other modifications of my invention.

In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, there is shown a magnetic recording head comprising a first section 1 which is shown in the drawings as having a ring type core 2 of suitable magnetic material and pref erably laminated. A gap 3 is provided across the surface of core 2, the gap lying transversely to the direction of motion of a suitable magnetic medium such as a tape, indicated by the numeral 4. The core portions defining the gap 3 constitute pole portions 5 and 6. In order to develop an alternating magnetic field across gap 3 there is provided a suitable coil 7 shown in the illustrated form of my invention as encircling the bottom portion of core- Z. It is contemplated that both audio and bias cur-rent will be fed into coil 7 as by means of suitable leads 8.

My present invention also utilizes a second section 9 positioned adjacent to section 1 and comprising a core including pole portions 10 and 11, these portions being of suitable magnetic material and, preferably, laminated. Pole portions in and 11 define a gap 12 lying transverse to the direction of movement of medium 4.

In order to complete a magnetic circuit for the head section 9 and to provide means for varying the intensity of the field in gap 12 without appreciably altering the field in gap 3, there is provided a suitable shunt 13 of suitable magnetic material and which may be made adjustable. In the form of my invention shown in Fig. 1, shunt 13 is suitably secured to the lower end of pole portion 10. The other end of shunt member 13 is disposed adjacent the lower end of pole portion 11, thereby providing a series gap 14. Shunt member 13, in this embodiment of my invention, is made of a material which may be deformed, as by bending, to enable variation of the length of the gap 14. In this arrangement there is thus provided a shunt member fixed to one leg of the core assembly and arranged to provide an adjustable gap between the free end of the shunt member and the other leg of the core assembly. It will be noted that coil 7 does not have direct association with section 9.

The first section 1 is arranged to provide perpendicular recording on the upper portion (as viewed in Fig. 2) of the magnetic medium of tape 4. As is Well known, an alternating field across a gap has perpendicular components as well as longitudinal components, the latter being used in longitudinal recording methods. However, satisfactory perpendicular recording can be achieved even with ring type cores such as shown in the drawings provided that intensities of the recording audio and bias fields are sufliciently large, as for example, several times the values which produce optimum longitudinal recording. Thus all components of the illustrated recording apparatus are chosen to establish a sufliciently intense field in gap 3 to produce primarily perpendicular recording effects.

netic field in gap 12 obtained by. induction from section I.

, In the proposed arrangement, a single coil 7 is ernployed top roduce flux in both gaps 3 and 12. The recording audio and bias currents are first adjustedifor optimumrecording in gap 3 of thefirst section. The second section 9 is less tightly coupled to coil 7. The feluctance ofthe gap or space between sections! and 9 may be controlled by proper choice of the spacing betweenthe two core sections as well asthe areas of the adjacent surfaces of the two core sections, in order to provide a field intensity in gap .12 which is several times lower than the intensity of the field in gap 3. Adjustable magnetic shunt member. 13 across section 9 provides 'a more precise adjustment of the field intensity in gap 12. Fig. 4 shows an alternate shunting means whereby the gap length of'section 9 may be adjusted. This form of shunt comprises a plate or vane .15 rotatably mounted insuch a way thatgap 12 between pole portions 16 and 1 1 may be magnetically shunted to a greater or lesser degree depending upon the relative positions of shunt member 15 and pole portions 10 and 11. a a V In some cases where smaller ratios of the field intensities-in gaps. 3;. and 12 are required, the arrangements I shown in Figs. 5 6 and 7 may be utilized. In these modifications the magnetic circuits of the second section are similarto those of the first section except that an adjustable series gap is provided so that the field intensity in the second gap may be varied without appreciably altering the field intensity in the first gap.

In the arrangement'shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7, the ad-.

jnstable seriesgap 16 may be controlled by a suitable coil spring lZ acting in opposition to force applied to shunt 18 through a suitable adjusting member, such as screw 19.

In thearrangement shown in Fig. 8, a pair of adjust ing. members such as screw s20 and 21 act uponopposite ends of shunt member 22,thereby effecting variations in shown in Figs. 5, 6, 7 and 8, a V

the length of gap 23.. t

In the arrangements single coil 7 is provided toestablish magnetic fields in both gapsS' and12 as best seen in Fig. 6. In the modications of 'Figs. 5, 6, 7 and 8, coil 7 may encircle por tions of both sections If and 9.

. with means for varying the intensity of the field in one of i said field, a second section having a core of magnetic material and a gap extending transversely across a surface a the field of said first section to produce longitudinal re cording on another portion of said medium.

3. The magnetic recording head of claim 1 provided said gaps relative to the intensity of the field in the other of said gaps. l

4. The magnetic recording head of claim 3 in which said intensity varying means comprises an adjustable series air gap insaid second section.

' 5. A magnetic recording head comprising a first section having a core of magnetic material, a gap extending transversely across a surface thereof, a coil encircling a portion of said core for establishing an alternating mag netic field in said gap, -means for causing said field to have suliicient intensity to produce a perpendicular recording on a portion of a magnetic medium disposed in thereof, the last-mentioned being magnetically coupled to said first section, said second section being so positioned that another portion of said magnetic medium is disposed 'in' the .fi'eld established in the gap in said second section, the coupling between said sections being chosen to provide a field'intensity in the last-mentioned gap which is substantially lower than the intensity of the field in the first mentioned gap.

6. The magnetic recording head of claim 5 in which means is provided for varying the coupling between said sections; 7 V

7. The magnetic recording head of claim 5 in which the second section is provided with an adjustable mag-''.

netic shunt for adjusting the intensity of said second field. 8. The magnetic recording head of claim' 1 in which the intensity of said field and said first section is sufliciently great to produce perpendicular recording on a mag netic medium adjacent said gap ot said first section and the intensity of said field in said second section is sufficiently lower than the field of said first section, to produce longitudinfl recording on a magnetic medium adjacent said gap of said second section.

- 9. A magnetic recording head comprising first-and second sections each of said sections having a co'reof mag- While I have shown and describeda particular enibodiment of my invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that *changes and modifications maybe made without. departing from my invention in its broader aspects. For example, means may be provided to enable selective adjustment of the spacing between sections 1 and 9. I, therefore, aimin the appended claims to cover all such changes and modificationas fall within the true spirit and scope of my invention;

What I claim is: f e .l. A magnetic recording head comprising first and second sections, each of said sections having a core of magnetic material and a gap extending transversely across a surface thereof, means for establishinga magnetic field Q in'said first section and across a gap thereof, said secondsectionbeing inductively coupled to said first section for establishing a magnetic field in .said'second section,

'2.'1The magnetic recording head of claim 1. in :which the intensity of said field in said first section is sufficiently great to produce perpendicular recording on a' first portion'of a medium adjacent said gaps and the intensity of said fieldin said: second section is, sufficiently lower than netic material and a gap extending transversely across a surface thereof, means for establishing a magnetic field in said first sectionand across a gap thereof, said second section being located adjacent said first section, means for varying the intensity of the field in oneof said gaps said inductivecoupling constituting the sole source of magnetic energy in said second section.

relative'to the intensity of the field in the other of said gaps, said intensity varying means comprising an adjustable series air gap in said second section. I I

- 10. A magnetic recording head comprising first and second sections' each of said sections having a core of magnetic material and a gap extending transversely across a surface thereof, means for establishing a magnetic field in said first section and across a gap thereof, said second section being located adjacent said first. section iand having means to vary the reluctance; of its magnetic path.

11. The magneticrecording head of claim 10 in which said field establishing means coinprisesa single coil encircling portions of both of said cores.

7 References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,423,339 Newman July 1, 1947 2,433,123 Clapp Sept. 27, 1949 2,789,274 *Saeger Sept. 14, 1954 -OTHER REFERENCES 7 Magnetic Recording, S. J. Begun, 1949, pages 19-53.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent Noa 2,850,581

September 2 1958 Joseph W0 Gratian It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Signed and sealed this 5th day of May 1959,

(SEAL) Attest:

KARL H, AXLINE ROBERT C. WATSON Attesting Oificer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2423339 *Jul 29, 1944Jul 1, 1947Rca CorpReproducing head for magnetic telegraphones
US2483123 *Nov 2, 1944Sep 27, 1949Gen ElectricHumbucking arrangement for magnetic transducers
US2789274 *Sep 22, 1954Apr 16, 1957Nicholas J ZamBattery connectors
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2987583 *Sep 7, 1955Jun 6, 1961Armour Res FoundMagnetic transducer head
US3051796 *Dec 22, 1958Aug 28, 1962Gen Dynamics CorpTransverse boundary-displacement recording head
US3064087 *Aug 19, 1957Nov 13, 1962Minnesota Mining & MfgMagnetic recording devices
US3067294 *Sep 2, 1958Dec 4, 1962Geb SteidingerRecording and playback head for magnetic sound recorders
US3225145 *Nov 1, 1960Dec 21, 1965Rca CorpMagnetic transducer
US5414783 *Sep 24, 1993May 9, 1995Xerox CorporationWrite head for a MICR reader having an adjustable field profile
US5530776 *Jan 9, 1995Jun 25, 1996Xerox CorporationWrite head for a MICR reader having an adjustable field profile
Classifications
U.S. Classification360/121, 360/125.1, G9B/5.6, G9B/5.4, G9B/5.26
International ClassificationG11B5/127, G11B5/23, G11B5/02
Cooperative ClassificationG11B5/23, G11B5/02, G11B5/127
European ClassificationG11B5/23, G11B5/02, G11B5/127