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Publication numberUS2851033 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 9, 1958
Filing dateApr 19, 1954
Priority dateApr 19, 1954
Publication numberUS 2851033 A, US 2851033A, US-A-2851033, US2851033 A, US2851033A
InventorsThornton Posey John
Original AssigneeThornton Posey John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Supporting means
US 2851033 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 9, 1958 J. 'r. POSEY SUPPORTING MEANS Filed April 19, 1954 22 FIG. 4.

III

INVENTOR. JOHN T. POSEY I ATTORNEY United States Patent 2,851,033 SUPPORTING MEANS John Thornton Posey, Altadena, Calif. Application April 19, 1954, Serial No. 424,165

1 Claim. 0. 128-134) This invention is concerned with supporting means and more particularly with supports for securing persons such as invalids to chairs.

In hospitals and sanatoriums there is need for a simple and rugged device for securing patients in a sitting position in chairs with safety and without fear of falling. The instant invention fulfills this need.

In its simplest form the support of the invention comprises a bib for placement over the front of the persons torso, first strapping means fastened to opposite sides of an upper portion of the 'bib for securing the upper torso to the chair back and second strapping means fastened to opposite sides of a lower portion of the bib for securing the lower torso to the chair seat. Preferably, the device is provided with a third strapping means fastened to opposite sides of an intermediate portion of the bib for securing an intermediate portion of the torso, say the abdomen, to the chair back. An additional desirable feature is at least one shoulder strap fastened to the top of the bib for passing over the patients shoulders, this shoulder strap being secured to the first strapping means behind the back of the chair.

Preferably the shoulder strap has a loop on its free end through which the first strapping means is passed, and has means for adjusting its effective length between bib and loop.

The support may be made of a variety of materials, but I prefer to employ canvasor other fabric which is easily laundered.

These and other aspects of the invention will be thoroughly understood in the light of the following description which is illustrated by the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a preferred form of the device securing a patient to an ordinary chair;

Fig. 2 is a rear view of a wheel chair to which a patient is secured by the support of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the support of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary section taken through the looped end of a shoulder strap along the lines 44 of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section through a shoulder strap of Fig. 3 showing a preferred means for adjusting the effective shoulder strap length.

Referring to the drawings and particularly to Fig. 3, the preferred form of the support comprises a rectangular bib 10, of such size that it fits conveniently on the front of the patients torso extending from the lap to the chest. It may be made of any sheet material, but preferably is formed of heavy sail cloth about 15 inches square. A first or chest strap 11 is fastened by sewing across the top of the bib from side to side with both ends projecting about the same distance. It has a buckle 12 on one end to which the opposite end of the strap may be adjustably secured. The lower or lap strap 13 is secured across the bottom of the bib from side to side by sewing. The projecting right hand end of this strap is somewhat shorter than the projecting right hand end of "ice 2 the first strap and carries a buckle 14 for receiving the projecting left hand end of the strap. An intermediate or belly strap 15 passes across the bib from side to side about halfway between the first two straps and is also secured to the bib by sewing. This intermediate strap is similar in length to the first strap and carries a buckle 16 on its right hand end for connection with the left hand end of the strap. The free left hand ends of all three straps'are of approximately the same length, as are the free right hand ends of the top and intermediate straps.

' The chest, bellyand lap straps are all parallel to each' other and perpendicular to the sides of the bib.

A pair of connector links 17, 18 are sewed into the top edge of th'e'bib, for securing a pair of shoulder straps 19, 20 to the top of the bib. The shoulder straps have loops 21, 22 formed at their free ends (see Fig. 4), so that the upper or first strap can be passed through these loops behind the chair back.

The shoulder straps are adjustable with respect to length, this being accomplished by means of sliding buckles 23, 24, one on each strap. One sliding buckle is shown in section in Fig. 5. It has an upper bar 25, a lower bar 26, and an intermediate bar 27 to which one end of the strap is fastened. The strap then passes through the link of the top of the bib, under the lower bar, over the intermediate bar and underneath the upper bar of the buckle. The buckle may be slid along the strap, to adjust the effective length of the strap from the link to the loop, and will then be held at this length by friction.

In the preferred form of my device all of the straps are made of heavy cotton webbing about 1 /2 inches Wide.

To secure the patient to a chair, the bib is placed on the front of the patients torso (see Fig. l), and the shoulder straps are adjusted to proper length. Then the chest strap is passed around the back of the chair, threaded through the loops on the ends of the shoulder straps and buckled (see Fig. 3), thus holding the patients chest against the back of the chair. The belly strap is passed around the back of the chair and buckled, thus keeping the patients mid section againstthe back of the chair. The lower strap goes across the patients lap and underneath the chair, keeping the patients hips from moving forward in the chair. The short end of this strap facilitates convenient fastening.

The buckles employed to secure the ends of the three straps that pass across the bib may be of various types,-

but I prefer to use a conventional type of sliding belt buckle which is held securely to a web belt by friction alone.

The shoulder straps, body straps and lap straps should be made long so as to accommodate practically all sizes of adult patients. A smaller version of the device may be employed with children.

In the interests of economy, the buckles may be eliminated and the straps secured by tieing their ends. However, this is not recommended, for tieing and untieing such straps are time consuming.

To facilitate laundering, the buckles should be corrosion resistant. I prefer to employ brass buckles covered with nickel plating.

The device of my invention provides a number of outstanding advantages. It allows some otherwise bedridden patients to be ambulatory. It protects the patient and conserves nurses time. It is easy to apply and remove. It causes no fear or discomfort to the patient and provides him with psychological security. In its preferred form it is strong and durable yet soft and comfortable and may be laundered by ordinary methods.

I claim:

A support for holding a helpless patient in a conventional sitting position in a chair having a generally horizontal seat and a generally vertical back comprising a bib proportioned to extend across the front of the patient held in the chair and also to extend from the chest downwardly to the region of bend resulting from the sitting position, first strapping means fastened to the bib in the chest area and adapted to be fastened around the chair back to hold the upper part of the patients torso against the chair back, second strapping means fastened to the lower extremities of the bib and adapted to be fastened around the seat of the chair for exerting a downward and rearward restraint on the lower torso so as to hold the lower extremities of the torso snugly in the angle of the chair subtended by the seat and back, and a pair of shoulder straps attached to opposite sides of the upper part of the bib and extending over the patients shoulders, each of said shoulder straps having a loop formed from the shoulder strap material through which said first strapping means is passed when positioned on a patient with the loops and the first strapping means being positioned behind the chair back.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,276,625 Johnston May 3, 1921 1,616,349 Cagle Feb. 1, 1927 2,005,294 Lazare June 18, 1935 2,033,779 Monk Mar. 10, 1936 2,170,703 Waxman et al. Aug. 22, 1939 2,365,625 Carlisle Dec. 19, 1944 2,413,395 Ware Dec. 31, 1946 2,449,675 Schowalter Sept. 21, 1948 2,451,007 White Oct. 12, 1948 2,570,631 Arrasmith Oct. 9, 1951 2,635,245 Nigro Apr. 21, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1276625 *Aug 9, 1917Aug 20, 1918Gust A DanielsonAttachment for car-brakes.
US1616349 *Jul 14, 1924Feb 1, 1927Dora CagleBaby holder
US2005294 *Mar 15, 1933Jun 18, 1935Lazare Jacob BAnesthesia apron
US2033779 *Dec 7, 1934Mar 10, 1936Tor Equipment Company LtdAmbulance stretcher
US2170703 *Nov 25, 1938Aug 22, 1939Pogoda RudolfGarment
US2365625 *Dec 22, 1941Dec 19, 1944Carlisle Vernon RSafety device for vehicle passengers
US2413395 *Jun 21, 1945Dec 31, 1946Ware Lucia WBaby harness
US2449675 *Jun 27, 1947Sep 21, 1948Schowalter Lawrence VBlanket wrapper
US2451007 *Jul 29, 1946Oct 12, 1948White Gertrude KBaby strap
US2570631 *Nov 13, 1948Oct 9, 1951Arrasmith Lois VInfant harness
US2635245 *Apr 24, 1950Apr 21, 1953Julia NigroCombination garment and safety harness
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2980169 *Aug 8, 1957Apr 18, 1961Paul F CampbellCombined seat cover and lap protector
US3098479 *May 22, 1962Jul 23, 1963Zimmon & Company IncBody and limb holder
US3100484 *Jul 27, 1962Aug 13, 1963Berl John EQuick, detachable safety support or belt
US3136311 *Nov 13, 1961Jun 9, 1964Melrose Hospital Uniform Co InPatient support garment
US3466090 *Dec 6, 1967Sep 9, 1969Posey John TSafety harness
US3604750 *Nov 19, 1968Sep 14, 1971Doering Esther WHarness
US3612605 *Oct 17, 1969Oct 12, 1971Posey John T JrRestraining device
US4132230 *Aug 23, 1977Jan 2, 1979Ladd James TRestraining garment
US4223670 *Dec 1, 1978Sep 23, 1980Cramer Judith CRestraint for use in performing a lumbar puncture
US4330152 *Aug 4, 1980May 18, 1982Legan Sandra KSupport and restraint apron
US4484572 *Feb 22, 1983Nov 27, 1984Dobson James LPosition securing device
US4488544 *Dec 15, 1982Dec 18, 1984David TriunfolBody restraint for invalid patients and the like
US4618186 *Jan 16, 1985Oct 21, 1986Swanson Alfred BChild safety restraint
US4744354 *Jul 11, 1986May 17, 1988David TriunfolBody restraint
US4979779 *Apr 3, 1990Dec 25, 1990Williams Ronald HWheelchair
US5154487 *Aug 30, 1991Oct 13, 1992Warburton Patricia GSupport apparatus for a torso
US5203613 *May 3, 1991Apr 20, 1993Ward Susan PRestraining devices combined with support and method of securement adjacent a crotch post
US5297852 *Feb 2, 1993Mar 29, 1994Commonwealth Of Puerto RicoSecurity harness for enfeebled adult patients
US5449004 *Dec 22, 1994Sep 12, 1995Sanchez, Jr.; Esberto J. L.Birthing gown
US5540239 *Mar 10, 1995Jul 30, 1996Mcclellan; NancyChild restraint
US6007156 *Sep 18, 1996Dec 28, 1999Chang; Gene HsinVertical rest helping method and apparatus
US6076527 *Jan 8, 1998Jun 20, 2000Rottinghaus; Herman JamesAdaptive patient support and restraint system
US6196229 *Feb 22, 2000Mar 6, 2001Arlene PiazzaPatient mobilizer
US6247756 *Aug 3, 2000Jun 19, 2001Emil WagnerSafety and torso positioning apparatus
US6811222 *Jun 9, 2003Nov 2, 2004Cynthia K. SumnerChin and neck brace
US7350788 *Sep 24, 2003Apr 1, 2008Christina Kay BookerChild restraint apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/870, 128/845, 297/484, 297/485, 5/424
International ClassificationA61G5/10, A61G5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G5/10
European ClassificationA61G5/10