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Publication numberUS2851065 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 9, 1958
Filing dateOct 5, 1956
Priority dateOct 5, 1956
Publication numberUS 2851065 A, US 2851065A, US-A-2851065, US2851065 A, US2851065A
InventorsDonald L Billian, Richard V Klikunas
Original AssigneeBuckeye Iron & Brass Works
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic tank filling nozzle
US 2851065 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 1958 R. v. KLIIKUNAS ETAL 2,851,065

AUTOMATIC TANK FILLING NOZZLE Filed Oct. 5. 1956 l 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 III] II I (I I l i I 9 LI.

INVENTOR. RICHARD V. KLIKUNAS DONALD L. BILLIAN ATTORNEYS Sept. 9, 1958 R. v. KLIKUNAS ET AL AUTOMATIC TANK FILLING NOZZLE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 5, 1956 INVENTOR. KUKUNAS BILL I AN RICHARD DBQNALD L.

ATTORNEY S Sept. 9, 1958 R. V.QKLIKUNAS ET AL 2,851,065

AUTOMATIC TANK FILLING NOZZLE 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Oct. 5. 1956 IF l I I I 1| INVENTOR. RICHARD V. KLIKUNAS DONALD L. BILLIAN ATTORNEYS United States Fatent AUTOMATIC TANK FILLING NOZZLE Richard V. Klikunas and Donald L. Billian, Dayton,

Ohio, assignors to Buckeye Iron & Brass Works, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application October 5, 1956, Serial No. 614,310

7 Claims. (Cl. 141-209) This invention relates to a method and apparatus for dispensing fluid, and in particular to an improvedautomatic trip-type fluid dispensing nozzle and the method of operation thereof.

In the art of dispensing liquids, such as delivering fuel to automobile fuel tanks and other containers and dispensing other liquids wherein the containers are to be filled to a predetermined level, one of the preferred forms of dispensing devices includes a nozzle which can be latched open and which is adapted for automatically tripping closed when the liquid level in the container reaches a predetermined level.

The most successful and widely used nozzle arrangement is the type in which the flow of fluid through the :nozzle is utilized to create a subatmospheric pressure that is transmitted to a diaphragm connected with the tripping mechanism of the nozzle. The subatmospheric pressure exerted on the diaphragm is relieved via a vacuum relief tube until the liquid level desired is reached. When the liquid level reaches the end of the vacuum relief tube and closes it off this permits the subatmospheric pressure to develop on the diaphragm and causes it to flex, thereby to actuate the tripping mechanism. 7

Usually the vacuum relief tube referred to is carried directly by the nozzle and the nozzle inserted directly into the tank or container to be filled, as is the case with the usual gasoline dispensing nozzle employed in a filling station.

In other cases, as in connection with a locomotive fuel tank, the filling fitting in the tank extends angularly therefrom and the nozzle is never inserted down into the tank. In this case a part of the vacuum relief tube is carried by the nozzle and another part carried by the fitting and the tubes are connected together when the nozzle is attached to the fitting.

While the devices referred to above are generally satisfactory for accomplishing the automatic tripping of the nozzle by the closing off of the end of the tube, serious defects which arise in connection with this type of automatic control are those Where the liquid being dispensed is of the type that will foam. A great many liquids are I of the present invention to provide an arrangement wherein false tripping of the automatic nozzle is prevented.v

Another object of the present invention is the pro vision of a vacuum-type automatic trip nozzle in which the tripping of the nozzle is independent of the foaming of the liquid being dispensed.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of an automatic trip nozzle of the nature referred v 32 therein.

to which is inexpensive and simple to construct, but which has the new characteristic of being arranged to trip the nozzle closed at precisely the proper liquid level.

A still further object of the present invention is the provision of an arrangement for preventing false tripping of a vacuum-type automatic trip nozzle which is adaptable for use in any situation wherein such nozzles can be used.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will become more apparent upon reference to the following specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal section through a conventional type vacuum trip nozzle such as is employed in filling stations and embodying the improvement of the ent invention to a tank such as a locomotive fuel tank. Referring to the drawings somewhat more in detail, the nozzle of Figure 1 comprises means for receiving a;

supply conduit 10 which delivers fluid to flow passage 12 extending through the nozzle. Conduit 10 and passage 12 has a valve seat 14 adapted for engagement by a valve 16 which is spring-urged toward the seat by a spring 18.

Rod 20 attached to the valve member extends out from the .body of the valve into engagement with a'lever 22, and at one end adapted to belatched in open position as by notch means 24 and having its other end pivoted at 26 to a rod 23 extending upwardly through a tube to the opposite side of the valve body. The upper end of rod 28 is connected with a block 30 having an L-shaped slot A spring 34 normally urges block 30 and rod 28 upwardly, and in its upper position the short legof slot 32is adapted for receiving rollers 36 mounted on 'a block 38 movable at right angles to the length of rod 28 of this type and they include whiskey, fuel oil, gasoline,

milk, chemical fluids, and the like.

The dispensing of fluids of this nature into a tank or container is usually accompanied by a substantial amount of foaming, and when this foam rises to the point that it covers the end of the vacuum relief tube a tripping of the Y where the quantity of liquid in a container is important ,gion therein at 44 in which'subatrnospheric conditions exist when fluid is flowing through the valve due to'the venturi effect created by the shape of the passageway,

and this subatmospheric pressure is conducted through a passage 46 to chamber 48 on the side ofthe diaphragm opposite its connection with block 38.

It will be evident that whenever a predetermined suction is created within chamber 48, the diaphragm 40 will flex and withdraw rollers 36 from the short leg of the L-shaped slot, whereupon spring 18, which is stronger than spring 34, will snap the valve member closed regardless of the position in which lever 22 is latched.

The flow passage through the valve extends from the Patentedsept. 9, 1958 downstreamside of the valve seat through a discharge spout 50, and the liquid passes from the discharge spout 50 into the container or tank to be filled.

For the purpose of relieving the vacuum created in chamber 48, so long as the liquid level in the tank or container isbelow a predetermined amount, there is a tube 52 connected at its one end with chamber 48 and at its other end being connected via a bored screw and block at apointon the side of the spout 50, which is at about the liquid .level that it is desired for the nozzle to trip closed.

According to the present invention, in order to prevent a false tripping of the nozzle by the closing off of the end of the vacuum relief tube by foam, there is an auxiliary tube 56 located inside the vacuum relief tube and extending therethrough and up through chamber 48 and out to the atmosphere at 58. It will be evident that auxiliary tube 56 will supply atmosphere to the level indicated at 60 within the vacuum relief tube 52 regardless of whether or not there is foam building up about the end of the spout 50.

The passages and the screw and block 54 are too small for the foam to pass into vacuum relief tube 52, but these passages will, of course, permit the'liquid to pass therein so that the lower end of the inner tube 56 will only be closed off when the true liquid level rises to the level at 60. At time communication between chamber 48 and any source of air or gas will be interrupted and the subatmospheric pressure created therein by the passage of liquid through the nozzle will cause the diaphragm to snap closed.

The described device accordingly provides a ready means for making the nozzle completely insensitive to foaming conditions of the liquid being dispensed thereby, and provides for a precise and accurate shut-off of the nozzle when the liquid in the tank reaches a precisely predetermined level.

The nozzle arrangement of Figure is substantially identical with that of Figure 1, except that the spout portion 62 in Figure 5 .is straight so that the nozzle can be inserted straight down into the top of the container, such as .a barrel or drum. In Figure 5 the vacuum relief tube 64 extending from the diaphragm chamber 66 to a bored screw 68 has therein the inner tube 70 that extends from the shut-ofi point 72 along tube 64 into the diaphragm chamberand then out through the side wall thereof as at 74 to the atmosphere.

The nozzle arrangement of Figure 5 operates in exactly the same way as the structure in Figure 1. The lever 76 is adapted for being latched in a predetermined open position, and this withdraws valve member 78 from its valveseat so that fluid will flow through the'valve, thus creating a subatmospheric pressure in the valve directly below the seat that is communicated with chamber 66 via passage '80.

When the valve trips off by the lower end of tube 70 being closed, the'valve spring 82 snaps the valve member closedagainst the .bias of the lighter spring 84 associated withrod :86 that carries the block 88 in which is located the te-shaped slot 90 that receives the rollers 92 carried on block 94 asattached to diaphragm 96.

The arrangement of Figure 6 illustrates the manner in whichthe present invention can be practiced in connection witha tank or container. so arranged that the nozzle ,cannot beinserted therein farenough to position the end ofa vacuum relief tube carried thereby at the proper liquid level. -Rather, the arrangement of Figure 6 is such that a nozzleisattached to the fitting in thefitting opening of the tank and a vacuum relief tube carried by the fitting connects with the vacuum relief tube of the nozzle.

In Figure 6 the fitting 100.is attached to the filling opening of the tank or container at the top and vextends'horizontally towardthe side so as to be accessible for attachment thereto of a nozzle. Mounted within the fitting is an adapter member 102, and this member, by virtue of {the leg-means 104, is 1 adapted for detachably. receiving a nozzle having a mating fitting when the cap 106 is detached from the adapter member. A nozzle of the type adapted for being attached to such an adapter is illustrated and described in our co-pending application, Ser. No. 614,309, filed October 5, 1956.

When a nozzle of the type referred to is mounted on the adapter fitting 102 the vacuum relief tube in the nozzle is automatically connected via passage 108 within the adapter member with a tube 110 attached to the adapter member'and extending inwardly along fitting and then downwardly into the tank 112 to the level it is desired to fill the tank, this level being indicated by the line at 114.

According to the present invention filling to this precise level, regardless of foaming of the liquid being introduced into the tank, is insured by connecting to the end of tube a branch tube 116 that extends down to a distance below level 114, and another tube 118 that extends backwardly to the adapter fitting and is connected therethrough with port 120 that opens to the atmosphere. Port 120 is closed by cap 106 when the cap is mounted on the adapter fitting, but is left open to the atmosphere when the cap is removed and a nozzle is attached to the adapter fitting.

It will be apparent that the structure of Figure 6 operates in the same manner as the previously described modifications to insure that the end of the vacuum relief tube, in this case tube 110, is only closed when the true liquid level rises to the end of the tube. Foaming of the liquid being dispensed does not operate to seal off the end of the vacuum relief tube because such foam will not build up within the small conduit 116, but instead only the true liquid level will rise within this conduit so that a supply of atmosphere is available to the inner end of tube 110 until it is closed off bythe actual liquid within the tank.

From the foregoing it will be perceived that the present invention provides a simple but highly effective and novel arrangement for entirely eliminating the troublesome effects of foaming of liquids being dispensed by automaticnozzles and insures maximum and accurate filling of tanks and containers at alltimes.

It will .also be evident that the present invention can be practiced not only with new manufacture, but can also be adapted to existing equipment sincemost of the time all that would be required would be the drilling of a hole in a nozzle, the insertion of a length of tube through the hole into the vacuum relief tube until the end of the inserted tube .reaches a predetermined point, and then the sealing of the inserted tube at the end thereof in the said drilled hole.

It will .be understood that this invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it to different usages and conditions, and accordingly it is desired to comprehend such modifications within this invention as may fall within thescope of the appended claims.

We claim:

'1. An automatic-nozzle of the nature described havinga valve ;and a discharge spout, a latch to hold the valve open, a vacuum tripping device operable to trip the latch to permit thevalvetoclose, means responsive to flow of fluid through the nozzle to 'drawa suction on said tripping device, a vacuum relieftube leading from said trip pingdevice to a point in-the discharge spout that will be at the level to which acontainer is to be filled when the spoutis inserted in the filler opening of the container, whereby? the suction in :the tripping devicewill be relieved until the liquid level in the container rises to a point where it willclose off-the endofsaid tube, and means for preventing foam on top of the liquidfrom causing a false tripping of the nozzle comprising a first conduit means leading from'the end of the vacuum relief tube to a point onthe-discharge spout that will bebelow the said liquid level, and a second conduit means leading from the end of the vacuum relief tube .to theatmosphere.

2. In an automationozzle having a body portion, a valve, and a discharge spout; alspring normally urging the valve closed, a latch for latching the valve open, a vacuum tripping device operable to trip the latch to permit the valve to close upon a predetermined vacuum being built up therein, means for creating a subatrnospheric condition in the tripping device in response to liquid flow through the nozzle, a vacuum relief tube leading from said device to a point on the discharge spout corresponding to the desired maximum liquid level in a container to be filled when the nozzle is mounted in the filling opening thereof, and means for making the tripping device insensitive to any foaming condition of the liquid in the container comprising a first conduit extending from the end of the vacuum relief tube downwardly to a point on the discharge spout that will be a substantial distance below the said liquid level when the nozzle is in use whereby only liquid rises to the end of the vacuum relief tube, and a second conduit leading from the end of the vacuum relief tube to the atmosphere so that when the said first conduit is closed by the liquid atmosphere will relieve the vacuum tripping device until the liquid level in the first conduit reaches the end of the vacuum relief tube.

3. In a vacuum trip nozzle having a valve; a latch to hold the valve open, a vacuum tripping device to trip the latch so the valve will close, means responsive to liquid flowing through the nozzle for creating a subatmospheric pressure in the tripping device, a vacuum relief tube leading from the tripping device to a point which will be at the level of the liquid at which the valve is to trip closed when the nozzle is being used so that the vacuum in the device will be relieved until the end of thetube is closed ofi by the liquid, and means for preventing false tripping of the valve due to foam being created on the liquid comprising a first conduit extending from the end of the vacuum relief tube to below the said liquid level, and a second conduit extending from the end of the vacuum relief tube to the atmosphere remote from the liquid.

4. In an automatic vacuum trip nozzle having a normally closed valve and having a latch to hold the valve open and a vacuum-operated tripping mechanism for releasing the latch to permit the valve to close, means responsive to liquid flowing through the nozzle for creating a subatmospheric pressure in the tripping mechanism, a vacuum relief tube extending along the nozzle to a point therein which will be substantially below the liquid level at which the valve is to trip closed when the nozzle is placed in a container for filling the same, and means for making the tripping arrangement insensitive to foam created by the liquid being dispensed comprising a conduit leading from the atmosphere to a point on said vacuum relief tube which is at the level at which the nozzle is to trip closed whereby the vacuum relief tube will relieve pressure in the tripping mechanism until solid liquid rises therein to a point where it will close ofi the end of said conduit.

5. In a vacuum trip nozzle of the nature described having a valve and a latch to hold the valve open and vacuum relief tripping means to release the latch to permit the valve to close; means in the nozzle for creating a subatmospheric pressure in said tripping means in response to fluid flow through the nozzle, a vacuum relief tube normally leading to said tripping means to prevent the subatmospheric pressure from reaching the point Where the tripping means will operate and said tube extending along the nozzle to a point thereon that will be substantially below the liquid level in the container being filled by the nozzle at which the valve is to trip closed, and a smaller tube extending along inside the first-mentioned tube from a point therein corresponding to said liquid level to and through the nozzle and opening to the atmopshere.

6. In a normally closed automatic vacuum trip nozzle having a valve and having a latch operable to hold the valve open and a vacuum operated trip mechanism for releasing the latch to permit the valve to close, means in the nozzle responsive to flow of liquid therethrough for creating a subatmospheric pressure in the trip mechanism, a vacuum relief tube extending from the trip mechanism to a point relative to the nozzle which will be substantially below the liquid level at which the valve is to trip closed when the nozzle is supplying fluid to a fluid receiver, and means for making the trip mechanism insensitive to foam created in the receiver by the liquid being dispensed comprising a conduit leading from the atmosphere to a point on the said vacuum relief tube which is at the said liquid level at which the valve is to trip closed whereby the vacuum relief tube will relieve pressure in the tripping mechanism until foam-free'liquid rises therein to a point where it will close off the end of said conduit.

7. In a vacuum trip nozzle having a valve, a latch to hold the valve in the open position, a vacuum'tripping device to trip the latch so the valve will close, means responsive to liquid flowing through the nozzle for creating a subatmospheric pressure in the tripping device, tube means comprising a first portion leading from said vacuum tripping device to a point which will be at the level of the liquid at which the valve is to trip closed when the nozzle is being used, a second portion leading to the atmosphere, and a third portion extending downwardly to below said level and being open at the bottom, all said portions being in communication at said point, whereby the arrangement is such that the vacuum in the tripping device will be relieved via the tube means until liquid in the said third portion rises therein to the said point thus causing the said first portion of the tube means leading to the tripping device to be sealed ofl from gas flow thereto from the said second or third portions of the tube means, the said third portion of the tube means extending downwardly being operable for causing foam that might be generated in the liquid by the flow thereof from the nozzle to collapse Within the said third portion of the tube means thereby preventing false tripping of the tripping device.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,528,747 Gravelle Nov. 7, 1950 2,622,782 Giger Dec. 23, 1952 2,675,952 Shaffer et a1. Apr. 10, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2528747 *Jun 30, 1948Nov 7, 1950Gravelle Clarence PaulAutomatic filling nozzle
US2622782 *Jun 14, 1949Dec 23, 1952Giger ErnstAutomatic filling nozzle
US2675952 *Nov 20, 1952Apr 20, 1954Reed Res IncLiquid level controlled filling nozzle
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3062247 *Dec 23, 1959Nov 6, 1962Buckeye Iron And Brass WorksAutomatic dispensing nozzle
US3102555 *Dec 11, 1959Sep 3, 1963Buckeye Iron & Brass WorksFloating restrictor for dispensing nozzle
US3866637 *Feb 2, 1973Feb 18, 1975Emco LtdFluidic automatic nozzle
US3877498 *Jan 15, 1973Apr 15, 1975Volucompteurs Aster BoutillonNozzles of fluid dispensing valves of the automatic shutoff type
US4947905 *Apr 20, 1987Aug 14, 1990Nitzberg Leonard RFlow rate limiting device for an automatic shut-off liquid dispensing nozzle
US5755256 *Feb 3, 1997May 26, 1998Emco Wheaton Fleet Fueling Corp.Automatic shutoff fueling system
USRE29715 *Feb 16, 1977Aug 1, 1978George B. RichardsFluidic automatic nozzle
Classifications
U.S. Classification141/209, 251/73
International ClassificationB67D7/42, B67D7/48
Cooperative ClassificationB67D7/48
European ClassificationB67D7/48