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Publication numberUS2853592 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 23, 1958
Filing dateJul 2, 1957
Priority dateJul 5, 1956
Publication numberUS 2853592 A, US 2853592A, US-A-2853592, US2853592 A, US2853592A
InventorsSimone Gravet
Original AssigneeAcec
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hand-drying apparatus
US 2853592 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 23, 1958 SIMONE GRAVET NEE DEMARET HAND-DRYING APPARATUS Filed July 2, 1957 //IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIJMI HIIIIHIHHIIIA United States Patent HAND-DRYIN G APPARATUS Simone Gravet, ne Demaret, Gosselies, Belgium, assignor to Societe Anonyme Ateliers de'Constructions Electriques de Charleroi, Brussels, Belgium, a corporation of Belgium Application July 2, 1957, Serial No. 669,575

Claims priority, application France July 5, 1956 3 Claims. (Cl. 21939) This invention relates to electrical hand drying apparatus of the type having a motor driven fan and heating means for the air delivered by the fan.

The main object of the invention is to provide simple apparatus of this character that can be operated without manual contact so that the user need have no fear of electric shock due to touching any part of the switching means with his wet hands.

It is already known to start up hand-driers by means of a pedal, or even by means of an automatic system sensitive to the approach of the hands. These ways of starting up already take into account the fact that for a handdrier it is desirable to provide starting means other than a manual switch, but the operation of a pedal makes it very awkward for a person standing on one leg, without the use of his hands, and the known automatic system mentioned is very expensive. The invention provides a cheap means of starting up, placed on the apparatus 'itself, and not requiring the use of the wet hands or arms.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved hand drying apparatus with switching means that can be operated without manual contact and that will automatically switch off the current after a predetermined time.

A specific object of the invention is to provide a simple and inexpensive form of hand-drying apparatus which can be operated without manual contact but merely by blowing into the casing of the apparatus, the user being enabled to expose his hands to a heated current of air delivered by the apparatus in a downward direction as he stands in front of the casing.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear from the following description of a preferred embodiment, given with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic sectional drawing.

This drawing shows the apparatus enclosed in a casing 1 provided with one or more apertures protected by a grid 2. Behind this grid there is disposed a vane 3 mounted on a lever arm 4 gravity biased to normal position as shown and capable of pivoting about an axis 5. The lever arm 4 is in contact with the push button 6 of a starter for a timing switch 7. This switch sets a fan driving motor (not shown) in action, thereby driving a centrifugal fan 3; it also delivers current for a heating resistance 9 placed in the fan outlet conduit 13, and it cuts 01f the current to both the motor and the resistance after a pre-determined time, sufiicient for the user to dry his hands in the current of warm air discharged from the conduit 13. In addition, the timing switch 7 can for example also light up an ultra-violet ray lamp or discharge tube- 10, which has a bactericidal efiect upon the hands held below the outlet 13.

In accordance with the preferred embodiment shown, the vane 3 is disposed at the level of the fan 8, and a conduit 11 branching from the high pressure side of this fan directs a small jet of air on to the vane 3.

The person who wishes to use the improved handdrier brings it into operation by blowing through the grid 2 on to the vane 3. The latter pivots about the axis 5 and presses the lever arm 4 against the push button 6 of the starter, thereby closing the switch 7. A spring (not shown) damps contact of arm 4 with micro-switch 6. The fan 8 now comes into operation, drawing air at its open center, and delivers it into the conduit 12, in which the heating resistance 9 is placed. The hot air issues through the outlet 13 and rapidly dries the hands held out below the casing. A small jet of air also leaves the auxiliary conduit 11, pushes back the vane 3 and restores it to its initial position, against any force exerted by air drawn in by the fan 8 through the grid 2. The starter button 6 then returns immediately to initial position after the starting of the fan 8, and the timing switch 7 cuts off the current to both the fan motor and the heating resistance after the lapse of the pre-determined time.

It will be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular arrangement described and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, but embraces all desired modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A hand drier comprising, a motor driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breathoperated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, breath-operated means having a normal rest position and operable to an operative position for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing of the circuit by said switch, means on said air stream directing means for diverting a portion of the air flow against said switch operating breath-operated means to return it to its rest position and to maintain it in this rest position during the period of time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and allow it to open.

2. A hand drier comprising, a motor-driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breath-operated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, a breath-operated pivotally mounted vane having a normal rest position and operable to an operative position for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing of the circuit by said switch, means on said air stream directing means for diverting a portion of the air flow against said vane to return it to its rest position and to maintain it in this rest position during the period of time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and allow it to open.

3. A hand drier comprising, a motor-driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breath-operated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, a breath-operated pivotally mounted vane having a normal rest position and operable in a direction for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing References Cited in the file of this patent of the ecircuift bydsaidtiswitch, means or; stzlrid stireeitiig direct UNITED STATES PATENTS mg m ans or iver ng a por ion 0 1e ar w as jet against said vane to return it to its rest position and Case to maintain it in this rest position during the period of 5 Arculanus 121 time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and 2 Allen et a1 171 allow it to open, to preclude movement of said vane in 3 Butler g 3 the switch operating direction, and a germicide ultra- '3 Kenwort y 1 violet ray lamp disposed internally of thedrier in the 34 Falkenthal "7-- 1 5 path of the air delivered by the fan for treating said: 1 2305379 Tmener et a1 Sept- 31 19 7 air and connected in said circuit.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2221963 *Jun 10, 1937Nov 19, 1940Marx & Co LouisVoice controlled toy train system
US2521769 *May 22, 1948Sep 12, 1950Arcularius Charles Du BDrier
US2526315 *Sep 8, 1947Oct 17, 1950Herbert Allen JohnSwitch for ventilating systems
US2577104 *May 16, 1950Dec 4, 1951Gen ElectricDrier safety control
US2774834 *May 24, 1955Dec 18, 1956Kenworthy Edward HBreath operated switch for musical instruments
US2777934 *Apr 6, 1954Jan 15, 1957Falkenthal Erwin EHot air heater
US2805379 *Aug 18, 1953Sep 3, 1957Raymond T MoloneyBreath-controlled apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3185796 *Dec 14, 1961May 25, 1965Saginomiya Seisakusho Co LtdSnap-action condition responsive switch
US3731025 *Jul 14, 1971May 1, 1973Sloan Valve CoBreath operated flushing arrangements
US7596883 *Aug 3, 2005Oct 6, 2009Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaHand drying apparatus
US7774953 *May 25, 2007Aug 17, 2010Duran Napoli IAthlete hand drying system
Classifications
U.S. Classification422/243, 200/61.1, 392/381, 422/4, 34/87, 200/81.90R
International ClassificationA47K10/00, A47K10/48
Cooperative ClassificationA47K10/48
European ClassificationA47K10/48