US 2853802 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 30, 1958 'c. J. CASTELLANO ROSARIES Filed Aug. 29, 1955 THE FIVE JOY FUL MYSTERIES ANNUNCIATIUN VISIIAHON BIRTH a CHR ST PRILSENTATOH INVENTOR. [IdsftZM/Vt:
United States Patent ROSARIES Cousalvo J. Castellano, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Catholic Manufacturing Company, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 29, 1955, Serial No. 531,224
4 Claims. (Cl. 35-23) This invention relates to novel articles of manufacture. In one of its more specific aspects the invention is directed to a novel chaplet such as are employed in devotional exercizes.
One of the most widely practiced devotion for decades has been the Rosary instituted by Saint Dominic de Guzman, the founder of the Order of Friars. This devotional practice by the devout comprises fifteen decades divided into three parts. The five decades of each part are assigned The Mysteries of the Life of Our Lord, these being (1) The Five Joyful Mysteries comprising, the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Birth of Christ, the Presentation and the Finding in the Temple, (2) The Five Sorrowful Mysteries comprising the Agony in the Garden, the Scourging at the Pillar, the Crowning with Thorns, the Carrying of the Cross, the Crucifixion, and (3) The Five Glorious Mysteries comprising, the Resurrection, the Ascension, the Descent of the Holy Ghost, the Assumption and the Coronation.
The chaplet, commonly known as the Rosary, which has been extensively used by hundreds of millions, in general has consisted of five sets of beads, with each set consisting of ten evenly spaced like beads, known as the Hail Mary beads, and between each pair of the decades is a bead known as the Pater Noster, spaced further from each of said decades than are the beads thereof from each other. Such combination in string form has its ends connected to a medallion. Also connected to the medallion, and depending therefrom is a short chain carrying two Pater Noster beads between which are located three Hail Mary beads. The lower end of this chain carries a cross or crucifix.
According to custom some of the aforesaid mysteries are used for reflection or recited on certain days of the week and within certain seasons and others on other days and other seasons. Prior to this invention as an aid to novices and others, it was proposed by C. W. Boulton in U. S. Patent 1,454,013 of May 1, 1923, to modify chaplets by replacing the six Pater Noster beads and the medallion of the most widely used chaplet, generally known as the Rosary, with small plates containing printed matter thereon indicating information for recitation of the Rosary. Such proposed chaplet or Rosary was not accepted to any material degree, apparently because the Pater Noster beads were eliminated and because the appearance of the most widely accepted chaplet or Rosary had been greatly changed.
According to this invention, I have provided a simple means for advising novices and others what the mysteries are and when they should be recited without eliminating the Pater Noster beads or otherwise significantly changing the appearance of the well known chaplet or Rosary or any other chaplet or Rosary to which it may be applied. In addition such means may be coupled therewith in any easy fashion and such means is relatively inexpensive.
The foregoing as well as other objects and advantages of the invention, will be readily apparent from the fol- Patented Sept. 30, 1958 lowing description taken in conjunction with the appended drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a chaplet or Rosary embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is a front elevational view of the medallion and associated plates being in open condition.
Fig. 3 is a view in side elevation of the medallion and associated plates in closed condition as shown in full. lines and in open condition as shown in dotted lines.
Fig. 4 is a rear elevation view of medallion and associated plates fanned outward in open position as shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a view in front elevation of another embodiment of a Rosary and embodying the present invention.
As shown in Fig. 1, the chaplet or Rosary has the same appearance as the most widely .used Rosary and consists of a string or chain or five separate decades of ten Hail Mary beads 10 separated from each other by four Pater Noster beads, 11, with the string or chain connected to a medallion 12 at the eyes 13 therein, and with a depending string or chain connected to the medallion 12 through eye 14 and to a crucifix 15, with three Hail Mary beads 10 between a pair of Pater Noster beads 11.
According to this invention the medallion 12 has a pair of plates 16 and 17 secured thereto through a tubular pivot 18. One side of the plate '17 has imprinted or embossed thereon the times for reciting the Joyful and Sorrowful Mysteries, and its other side has imprinted or embossed thereon the times ,for reciting the Glorious Mysteries. One side of the plate 16 has imprinted or embossed thereon the *Five Sorrowful Mysteries and its other side has embossed or imprinted thereon the Five Glorious Mysteries, and the rear side of the medallion 12 has imprinted or embossed thereon the Five Joyful Mysteries.
The peripheral configurations of the plates 16 and 17 are approximately the same and for the most part, but with the exception of the upper part of medallion 12 are approximately the same as medallion 12; The plates 16 and 17 are normally in collapsed condition with each other in registry as shown in Fig. 3 and are maintained in such condition by the friction engagement between each other. When they are in such condition, the novel Rosary has the appearance of the well known and most commonly used Rosary. When one desires to ascertain the information carried by the plates 16 and 17 and medallion 12, the plates 16 and 17 are swung or fanned out to the positions shown in Figs. 3 and 2. After the desired information has been ascertained, the plates 16 and 17 are swung back to their original positions whereby they are registry with the medallion 12 and the combination in this condition has the front elevational appearance of medallion 12 as shown in Fig. 1 and the Rosary in front elevation has the same appearance as the most commonly used and best known Rosary.
Instead of employing the novel combination of medallion 12 and information-containing elements 16 and 17 in place of the medallion of the commonly used Rosary, such combination may be substituted for the medallion of any other Rosary. For example such a combination may be substituted for the medallion of the Rosary shown in U. S. Design Patent 134,067. In this instance the medallion 12 pivotally carrying the elements 16 and 17 has an eye 20 instead of the two eyes 13.
It is also within the purview of the invention to employ but a single element or plate such as 16 or 17 instead of using two plates. However, I prefer to use two plates 16 and 17 rather than only one in combination with medallion 12 for the reason of greater legibility due to the larger printing being possible. Obviously more than two of such plates 16 and 17 are also within the purview of the invention, if they should be desired.
While this invention has been described in detail, it is not to be limited to the exact construction, shown because various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A chaplet comprising a cross, a medallion, a pair of beads spaced from each other and connected to said cross and medallion, and a set of three beads between said two beads, five sets of beads connected to said medallion in endless form with each set of beads being ten in number and one bead located between each pair of sets, in combination with an information bearing element pivotally connected to and disposed behind said medallion and movable with respect thereto to an exposed position to expose information thereon, and returnable to closed position behind said medallion.
2. A chaplet comprising a cross, a medallion, a pair of beads spaced from each other and connected to said cross and medallion, and a set of three beads between said two beads, five sets of beads connected to said medallion in endless form with each set of beads being ten in number and one bead located between each pair of sets, in combination with a plurality of information bearing elements pivotally connected to and disposed behind said medallion, each of said elements being movable with respect to each other and with respect to said medallion to expose said information thereon and returnable to closed position behind said medallion.
3. A chaplet comprising a cross, a medallion, a pair in number and one bead located between each pair of sets in combination with an information bearing element of approximately the same size and peripheral configuration as said medallion, means pivotally connecting said element and said medallion to each other whereby said element when in normally closed position being disposed adjacent to and in a plane approximately parallel to the plane of said medallion and said element being swingable in said first mentioned plane and with respect to said medallion to expose said information thereon and returnable to said closed position.
4. A chaplet comprising a cross, a medallion, a pair of beads spaced from each other and connected to said cross and medallion, and a set of three beads between said two beads, five sets of beads connected to said medallion in endless form with each set of beads being ten in number and one bead located between each .pair of sets in combination with a plurality of information beari when in normally closed position are disposed adjacent to each other and to said medallion and respectively in..
planes approximately parallel to the plane of said medallion, and said elements being swingable respectively insaid first mentioned planes and with respect to said medallion to expose said information thereon and returnable to said closed position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,454,013 Boulton May 1, 1923 2,675,910 Rasmussen et al. Aug. 6, 1954 2,677,901 Tilleman May 11, 1954