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Publication numberUS2853982 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1958
Filing dateSep 28, 1956
Priority dateSep 28, 1956
Publication numberUS 2853982 A, US 2853982A, US-A-2853982, US2853982 A, US2853982A
InventorsBachle Carl F, Klinge Earl R
Original AssigneeContinental Aviat & Eng Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Free piston engine
US 2853982 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 30, 1958 Filed Sept. 28, 1956 FIG.|.

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS CARL F. BACHLE EARL R.KLINGE ATTO NEYS p 1958 c. F. BACHLE ETAL 2,853,982

FREE PISTON ENGINE Filed Sept. 28, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS CARL F. BACHLE BY EARL R. KLINGE ATTORNEYS United States Patent FREE PISTON ENGINE 6 Claims. (Cl. 123-46) This invention relates to internal combustion engines of the free piston type, and more particularly to a free piston engine construction embodying means for reducing fuel consumption during engine idling operation by reducing the piston stroke of the engine.

Free piston engines, although generally more economical in operation than other engine types of comparable size, weight and power, are known to have relatively high fuel consumption during idling operation. It is proposed, therefore, to approach a more economical utilization of fuel by reducing the piston stroke during idling to a point where a minimum amount of fuel will maintain piston reciprocation.

A particular object of the invention is to attain economical fuel utilization by providing a free piston engine with a variable piston stroke.

Another object of the invention is to reduce idling fuel consumption of a free piston engine by providing controllable auxiliary intake and exhaust ports in the engine combustion chamber cylinder and disposed inwardly of the normal ports, whereby to reduce piston stroke.

A further object of the invention is to reduce idling fuel consumption of a free piston engine by constructing a combustion chamber cylinder having inner and outer intake and exhaust ports and an adjustable means for selectively opening and closing the inner ports to vary the piston stroke.

A still further object of the invention is to control the fuel consumption of a free piston engine by providing a cylinder and adjustable sleeve valve construction enabling auxiliary intake and exhaust ports in the cylinder to be opened during engine operation in which a shorter piston stroke is desired.

For a more complete understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention, in which like characters refer to like parts throughout the several views and in which Fig. 1 is a cutaway, sectional view of a preferred type of free piston engine embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a half section taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic illustration of the cylinder and sleeve valve primary porting arrangement.

Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic illustration of the cylinder and sleeve valve primary porting arrangement in the normal, or closed position, and

Fig. 4A is a diagrammatic illustration of the ports of Fig. 4 in the idling, or open position.

In Fig. 1, a preferred type of free piston engine is illustrated as having a cylinder structure 11 comprising a substantially medial combustion chamber cylinder 12, an air compressor cylinder 13, and a bounce chamber 14. Opposed free pistons 15 are arranged to reciprocate in the cylinder structure 11. A power piston portion 16 of the free piston 15 operates in the combustion chamber cylinder 12.

The combustion chamber cylinder 12 preferably com- Patented Sept. 30, 1958 prises a jacketed cylinder structure 20 and an inner rotatably adjustable sleeve valve 21. The cylinder structure 20 is provided with outer normal operation intake ports 22 and inner idle operation intake ports 23, and with outer normal operation exhaust ports 24 and inner idle operation exhaust ports 25. The sleeve valve is preferably provided with corresponding outer and inner intake ports 26 and 27 respectively, and'outer and inner exhaust ports 28 and 29 respectively.

Intake scavenging air is admitted into the aforesaid intake ports from an annular air induction chamber 30, and an exhaust gas ejected through the aforesaid exhaust ports enters an annular exhaust manifold 31 and is conducted out an exhaust duct 32.-

In the preferred embodiment of the invention, there are half as many annularly spaced inner ports as there are outer ports around the cylinder, and the sleeve valve 21, having identically spaced and dimensioned ports, is rotatably adjusted. Other porting and valving arrangements may be utilized if desired to achieve the same result, although the illustrated construction is relatively simple in operation, as illustrated in the diagrammatic Figs. 3, 4 and 4A. ,For convenience the intake ports 22, 23, 26 and 27 are illustrated in these figures; the exhaust porting arrangement and operation being substantially similar.

In normal operation of the engine, i. e. at any speed other than idling, the outer ports 22 and 26 respectively of the cylinder structure 20 and the sleeve valve 21 are aligned, as shown in Fig. 3; and the inner ports 23 and 27 respectively of the cylinder structure 20 and the sleeve valve 21 are not aligned and the port 23 is therefore closed. During idling operation, the sleeve valve 21 is rotated an increment A corresponding to the annular dimension between two adjacent outer ports. Since there are only half as many inner ports, the increment A corresponds to only half the annular dimension between two adjacent inner ports. Thus the outer ports simply move from one open position to another open position, while the inner ports are adjusted from the closed position illustrated by Fig. 4 to the open position illustrated by Fig. 4A. In this latter position, air intake to and exhaust from the combustion chamber cylinder 12 occurs before the piston has reached its full outward stroke, thus serving to decrease the stroke and permit a decrease in the amount of fuel consumed to operate the piston.

Referring again to Fig. 1, the sleeve valve 21 may be rotated by any suitable means such as a gear driving mechanism 35. Also it should be noted that lubrication pipes or lines 36 supplying lubricant to the cylinder may be provided as shown or in any manner familiar in the art.

Although but one preferred embodiment of the invention has been described herein, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art to which the invention pertains that various changes and modfications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder, and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced intake porting means and a plurality of longitudinally spaced exhaust porting means, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means, and selectively operable means for controlling said intake and exhaust porting means first uncovered by said pistons on their outward stroke to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons.

2. In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced intake porting means and a plurality of longitudinally spaced exhaust porting means, each of said porting means comprising a plurality of ports spaced annularly in said cylinder, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means, and selectively operable means for controlling said intake and exhaust porting means first uncovered by said pistons in their outward stroke to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons.

3. In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced intake porting means and a plurality of longitudinally spaced exhaust porting means, each of said porting means comprising a plurality of ports spaced annularly in said cylinder, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means, and selectively operable means for controlling said intake and exhaust porting means first uncovered by said pistons in their outward stroke to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons, said selectively operable means comprising a ported sleeve valve actuated to selectively open and close said cylinder ports first uncovered by'said pistons on their outward stroke.

4 In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced intake porting means and a plurality of longitudinally spaced exhaust porting means, each of said porting means comprising a plurality of ports spaced annularl'y in said cylinder, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means, and selectively operable means for controlling said intake and exhaust porting means first uncovered by said pistons in their outward stroke to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons, said selectively operable means comprising a ported sleeve valve rotatably adjusted to selectively open and close said cylinder ports first uncovered by said pistons on their outward stroke.

5. In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder, and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced inner and outer intake porting means and a plu- Cir rality of longitudinally spaced inner and outer exhaust porting means, each of said porting means comprising a plurality of ports spaced annularly in said cylinder, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means, and selectively operable means for controlling said inner intake and exhaust porting means to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons, said selectively operable means comprising a ported sleeve adjusted to selectively open and close said inner ports, said outer porting means comprising ports annularly dimensioned and disposed about said cylinder with respect to said sleeve valve ports whereby the adjustment of said sleeve valve will selectively close and open said inner porting means and maintain said outer porting means open during all degrees of adjustment of said sleeve valve.

6. In an internal combustion engine of the free piston type, a cylinder structure having a combustion chamber cylinder, and a pair of free pistons oppositely reciprocating therein, said cylinder having a plurality of longitudinally spaced inner and outer intake porting means and a plurality of longitudinally spaced inner and outer exhaust porting means, each of said porting means comprising a plurality of ports spaced annnlarly in said cylinder, said pistons normally operable to successively uncover each of said porting means and selectively operable means for controlling said inner intake and exhaust porting means to open same to relatively shorten the stroke of said pistons, said selectively operable means comprising a ported sleeve valve rotatably adjusted to selectively open and close said inner ports, said outer porting means comprising ports annularly dimensioned and disposed about said cylinder with respect to said sleeve valve ports Whereby the rotatable adjustment of said sleeve valve will selectively close and open said inner porting means and maintain said outer porting means open during all degrees of adjustment of said sleeve valve.

References (fired in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 43 3,502

Great Britain Aug. 13, 1935

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3016689 *Feb 15, 1960Jan 16, 1962Gen Motors CorpApparatus for automatically reducing the stroke of a free piston engine during low load conditions of an associated receiver machine
US3032021 *Jul 8, 1960May 1, 1962Blackburn Walter LOpposed piston type engine
US3129878 *Jan 29, 1962Apr 21, 1964Harold KosoffMechanical apparatus
US4515113 *Jun 1, 1982May 7, 1985Delorean John ZSwash plate engine
US4750870 *Feb 13, 1987Jun 14, 1988Mechanical Technology IncorporatedPressure actuated movable head for a resonant reciprocating compressor balance chamber
US4836757 *Jun 13, 1988Jun 6, 1989Mechanical Technology IncorporatedPressure actuated movable head for a resonant reciprocating compressor balance chamber
US6971341 *May 25, 2004Dec 6, 2005Ford Global Technologies, LlcPiston lubrication for a free piston engine
US7325517Apr 28, 2006Feb 5, 2008Tendix Development, LlcRadial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7328672Apr 28, 2006Feb 12, 2008Tendik Development, LlcRadial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7392768Apr 28, 2006Jul 1, 2008Tendix Development, LlcRadial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7404381Apr 28, 2006Jul 29, 2008Tendix Development, LlcRadial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7650860Dec 12, 2007Jan 26, 2010Iris Engines, Inc.Engine with pivoting type piston
US7707975Dec 11, 2007May 4, 2010Iris Engines, Inc.Radial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7753011Dec 12, 2007Jul 13, 2010Iris Engines, Inc.Radial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US7770546Dec 11, 2007Aug 10, 2010Iris Engines, Inc.Radial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US8100094Apr 28, 2010Jan 24, 2012Iris Engines, Inc.Radial impulse engine, pump, and compressor systems, and associated methods of operation
US8550041 *Feb 12, 2010Oct 8, 2013Achates Power, Inc.Cylinder and piston assemblies for opposed piston engines
US20100212637 *Feb 12, 2010Aug 26, 2010Achates Power, Inc.Cylinder and piston assemblies for opposed piston engines
WO1989012749A1 *Mar 20, 1989Dec 28, 1989Mechanical Tech IncPressure actuated movable head for a resonant reciprocating compressor balance chamber
Classifications
U.S. Classification123/46.00R, 123/51.00R, 417/340, 123/48.00R, 417/364
International ClassificationF02B71/04, F02B71/00
Cooperative ClassificationF02B71/04
European ClassificationF02B71/04