Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2855871 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 14, 1958
Filing dateApr 6, 1953
Priority dateApr 6, 1953
Publication numberUS 2855871 A, US 2855871A, US-A-2855871, US2855871 A, US2855871A
InventorsHuntington Glen H
Original AssigneeHuntington Glen H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal roofings
US 2855871 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

14, 1958 G. H. HUNTINGTON 2,355,871

- METAL ROOFINGS Filed April 6, 1,953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent METAL ROOFINGS Glen H. Huntington, Denver, Colo.

Application April 6, 1953, Serial No. 346,850 1 Claim. or. 108-21 This invention relates to sheet metal roofing, and more particularly to means for attaching sheet metal roofing of the type describedin applicants prior Patent No. 2,408,557. The principal object of the present invention is to provide highly efilcient means for securing sheet metal roofing strips to a roof which will allow free longitudinal expansion of the strips, and which will avoid the use of special attachment clips and which will avoid all nail holes or other apertures which might cause leakage in the roofing.

Another object is to provide sheet metal roofing attachment means which will form a tight, weatherproof joint between adjacent roofing strips, and to provide a covering batten strip for the joints between the roofing strips which can be quickly and easily snapped into place without the use of tools.

Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efiiciency. These will become more apparent from the following description.

In the following detailed description of the invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the drawing and throughout the description.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary, perspective view, illustrating the various steps in applying a sheet metal roof with the use of the improved attachment means;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, perspective view of a partially assembled joint in the roof of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a similar view, illustrating the joint completely assembled;

Fig. 4 is a still further enlarged cross-section through the completed joint of Fig. 3, taken on the line 44, Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary, perspective, end view of an alternate form of roofing strip;

Fig. 6 is a similar view of a batten strip employed in the invention; and

Fig. 7 is a cross-section through a joint of the assembled alternate form of roofing strip and batten strip.

The particular roofing to which this invention applies consists of elongated roofing strips 10 of sheet metal, such as sheet aluminum or the like designed to be applied over any suitable supporting structure, such as sheathing boards 12. Each of the strips is provided with continuous, upturned flanges 11 along its opposite edges. This invention is for the purpose of attaching the strips 10 to the supporting structure 12. The improved attachment means employes two elements, an attachment trough 13 and a batten strip 14 for covering the trough 13.

The attachment trough 13 is formed from an elongated strip of sheet metal which is bowed upwardly along its longitudinal medial line to form a bottom arch 15 provided with slotted nail holes 16. At each side of, and

in parallel, spaced-relation to the bottom arch 15, the

ice

ing surface, the hooked edges 20 will be spaced above a the supporting surface. s

When installing the roof, the roofing strips 10 are placed in parallel spaced-relation, as shown at the left of Fig. 1, with their adjacent flanges 11 extending upwardly in parallel relation. The attachment troughs 13 are now placed over the spaces between the flanges 11 of the adjacent strips and are forced downwardly thereon to cause the flanges 11 to enter between the hooked edges 20 and the flanges 18 of the attachment strips.'

The latter are forced downwardly until the troughs 13 rest upon the sheathing boards 12 to which they are nailed by means of suitable nails 21 positioned in the slotted nail holes 16 at suitable intervals.

It will be seen that the strips 10 are free to expand and contract longitudinally under thermal changes, since the flanges 11 are free to slide longitudinally between the side portions 19 and the flanges 18 of the trough 13. The trough itself may also expand and contract under temperature changes, since the slotted nail holes 16 allow relative movement between the trough and the nails. The natural resiliency of the metal of the trough maintains weather tight joints between the hooked edges 20 and the flanges 11 of the roofing strips.

The batten strip 14 is employed to exclude weather from the trough. The batten strip also comprises an elongated strip of sheet metal bent to incline downwardly at each side of its longitudinal medial line to form a hipped top having two side flanges 22, each of which terminates along its bottom in an inwardly extending book 23.

The batten strips are installed by simply placing them on the troughs 13 and pressing them downwardly thereon. The flaring, inclined side portions 19 of the trough serve to wedge or pry the side flanges 22 of the batten strip 14 outwardly until the hooks 23 of the batten strips snap beneath the hooked edges 20 of the trough, as shown in Fig. 3. This firmly locks the batten strips" in weatherproof engagement with the troughs 13, and yet allows free relative longitudinal expansion of both.

It will be noted that no tools are required other than a hammer to drive the nails 21, and that no solder sealing compounds or other work is necessary to provide a weather-tight expansion joint for securing the roofing strips 10 to the sheathing boards 12.

In Fig. 5 an alternate form of roofing strip is illustrated comprising an elongated strip of sheet metal 24 which is turned upwardly and inwardly along its longitudinal edges to form ho'oking'sockets 25. From each hooking socket the metal extends upwardly and outwardly, forming an inclined surface 26 at each side of the strip. From the upper extremity of each inclined surface the metal is turned downwardly to form vertical side flanges 27, thence outwardly to form attachment edges 28. The attachment edges are indented upwardly along their medial lines, as shown at 29. The upwardly indented portions are provided with elongated nail holes 30 for receiving nails 32.

The alternate form of strip employs the batten strip 14 similarly to the previously described form. The alternate form is laid upon the roof sheathing 12, with the attachment edge 28 of one strip overlying the attachment edge 28 of the adjacent strip so that the indented portions 29 of the two strips interfit and align them:

selvesyas' shown in Fig. 7. The batten strip 14 is then forced downwardly over theparallelinclined surfaces 26 of the two adjacent strips until the hooks 23 on the batten strips snap into the hooking notches 25. This securely fastens the batten strips in place and provides a weather-tight, elongat'edcompartment 31 over the overlapped-edges .28 and the nails 32-.

It-will be noted the two forms are very similar when finally assembled. In the alternate form, however, the trough 13 of the previous form is incorporated" as part of the roofing strip per se.

While a specific form of the improvement has been described" and illustrated herein, it is to be understood that the same may be varied, within the scope of the appended claim", without departing from the spirit of the invention.

' Having thus deseribed 'the invention, what is claimed and desiredsecured-by Letters Patent is:

A sheet metal roofing construction comprising aplurality of'longitudinally extending sheet metal strips disposedupon a supporting structure,-each strip having a longitudinally extending verticalfla'nge on each side edge thereof, theadjacent flanges of i adjacent strips being in: spaced parallel relation and providing pairs thereof, and means engageable with said supporting structure and each pair of flanges for holding the strips in proper roof-forming: position, said means comprising an attachment trough member including a centrally disposed outwardly arched portion provided in the crest thereof with a" longitudinal: series of longitudinally disposed nail =holes; a plane portion at each side of said arched portion and engaging said supporting structure, plane portions extending" laterally and upwardlyfrom the outer edges of said supporting structure engaging portions in angular relation thereto, a flange projecting vertically upwardly from each of said angular portions and being in engagement with the inner face of a respective one of said strip flanges, said last mentioned flanges being extended laterally outwardly over the ends of said strip flanges and merging into side portions externally of said strip flanges which projcct downwardly in diverging rela tion to the strip flanges and which are provided with hooklike edges engaging said strip flanges externally thereof. and a batten strip including a portion spanning said strip flanges and side flanges engaging the outer walls of said downwardly diverging portions and terminating in inwardly directed hooks disposed beneath said hooklike edges of said downwardly diverging portions and in contact therewith References Citedrin theflle of this patent UNITEDSTATES PATENTS Australia Oct; 16; 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US356393 *May 15, 1886Jan 18, 1887 helliwell
US2055127 *Feb 3, 1933Sep 22, 1936Overly Mfg CompanyMetallic roof construction
US2070130 *Jan 2, 1936Feb 9, 1937Johnson Warren BShingle
US2234799 *Nov 24, 1939Mar 11, 1941 Roofing ok
US2358733 *Jan 20, 1942Sep 19, 1944Overly Lloyd HRoof construction
US2408557 *Jan 19, 1945Oct 1, 1946Huntington Glen HSheet metal roofing
AU139050B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3335530 *May 31, 1966Aug 15, 1967Hurd Leslie ARoofing systems with supporting strap assemblies
US3350832 *Aug 27, 1965Nov 7, 1967Trelleborgs Gummifabriks AbWalls exposed to wear
US3402521 *Sep 19, 1966Sep 24, 1968Robertson Co H HPlural u-shaped pan metal sheath construction secured by friction clip with trim cap
US3453794 *Nov 9, 1964Jul 8, 1969Hunter Douglas InternationalFacade cladding,in particular for a bungalow
US3571987 *Apr 16, 1969Mar 23, 1971United States Steel CorpWall paneling and modular furniture system
US3851434 *Nov 5, 1973Dec 3, 1974Boyd TBatten roof and sheet metal batten
US4028856 *Jan 26, 1976Jun 14, 1977Mallyclad CorporationCover wall construction
US4058950 *Oct 19, 1976Nov 22, 1977Vallee Louis LIntegrated sheet metal roofing system
US4192115 *Feb 23, 1978Mar 11, 1980Ryohei YamamotoElongated shingle assembly
US4193242 *Apr 10, 1978Mar 18, 1980Vallee Louis LSheet metal roofing system
US4321780 *Jul 12, 1979Mar 30, 1982Atlantic Building Systems, Inc.Snap cap for architectural wall panel
US4388789 *Dec 22, 1980Jun 21, 1983Murphy Wesley TClosure apparatus for building panels
US4400924 *Oct 21, 1980Aug 30, 1983Andrews Charles FMetal roofing system
US4546586 *Apr 11, 1983Oct 15, 1985Knudson Gary ArtSnap-on fastening device and cap assembly for seamed panels
US4583339 *Dec 13, 1982Apr 22, 1986Cotter Donald PRoofing and siding system
US4590730 *Apr 10, 1985May 27, 1986Edward P. MinialoffPanel and gutter assembly
US5181352 *Feb 21, 1991Jan 26, 1993Michael FriedmanRain cap system for fast modular structures
US5363624 *Dec 17, 1993Nov 15, 1994Cotterco, Inc.Roofing and siding system
US5394666 *Jan 18, 1994Mar 7, 1995A. Zahner Sheet Metal CompanyInverted seam roof covering system
US5715639 *Sep 6, 1995Feb 10, 1998Yamada Co., Ltd.Metal roof board connecting structure
US6269596 *Jan 30, 1998Aug 7, 2001Canon Kabushiki KaishaRoof member and mounting method thereof
US7174686 *Sep 18, 2003Feb 13, 2007Evelyn LegbandBracket for use in repaneling a structure
US7322771 *Aug 4, 2006Jan 29, 2008Action Target, Inc.Joint for bullet traps
US7431302Aug 29, 2006Oct 7, 2008Action Target, Inc.Modular ballistic wall and target system
US7653979Jul 20, 2007Feb 2, 2010Action Target Inc.Method for forming ballistic joints
US7775526Jul 26, 2006Aug 17, 2010Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US7793937Oct 13, 2008Sep 14, 2010Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US7918064 *Sep 8, 2004Apr 5, 2011Mark James SingletonStructural couplings
US8091896Jul 2, 2010Jan 10, 2012Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US8128094Jul 2, 2010Mar 6, 2012Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US8276916Jul 20, 2007Oct 2, 2012Action Target Inc.Support for bullet traps
US8650827 *Jun 3, 2008Feb 18, 2014Dan-PalAssembly for securing two juxtaposed panels to a structure
US20100236542 *Mar 16, 2010Sep 23, 2010The Garland Company, Inc.Solar roofing system
US20100242397 *Jun 3, 2008Sep 30, 2010Dan-PalAssembly for securing two juxtaposed panels to a structure
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/461, 52/469, 52/462
International ClassificationE04D3/36, E04D3/366
Cooperative ClassificationE04D3/366
European ClassificationE04D3/366