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Publication numberUS2858579 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 4, 1958
Filing dateSep 27, 1955
Priority dateSep 27, 1955
Publication numberUS 2858579 A, US 2858579A, US-A-2858579, US2858579 A, US2858579A
InventorsKoelb Carl M
Original AssigneeStructo Schools Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building unit structures
US 2858579 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. M. KOELB BUILDING UNIT STRUCTURESl Nov. 4, 1958 Filed Sept. 27. 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 .E. w l. l

FIIL VIIL zoom wwjo C. M. KOELB BUILDING UNIT STRUCTURES Nov. 4, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed sept, 27, Y1955 l VQ i L ml /0/ FUL- nited States Patent O 2,853,579 l V BUILDING UNrr STRUCTURES Carl M. Koelb, Weston, 4Mass., assignor toxstructo Schools Corporation, Boston, Mass., a corporation of Delaware Application september 27, 195s, serial `N.s36,919

1 claims. (ci. 2oz) This invention relates to building unit structures for single use as well as multiple assemblies. f

While structures in accordancewith the invention'are well adapted for a wide range of 4special purposes, the objectives of the invention and its novel features and advantages are best illustrated by the use of thestructures as schools. It is widely appreciated that the provision of adequate educational facilities is a major municipalproblem, and this is particularly true in areas that experience rapid development. Meeting this probleminvolves heavy expense and often a school built to meet expected demands of an area proves to be'inadequate or poorly located.

There is, accordingly, a need for building unit structures that are adapted for single use as well as in multiplev assemblies and particularly for such structures that are of a portable type thus tovmake it possible for a municipality to readily expand or contract a school to meet` population changes and to relocate it, in whole or in part, as requirements dicate. Such structures make substantial economies possible and, additionally, make it practicable to evaluate cities and towns to acquire them on a lease or installment basis. Y i

In accordance with the invention, a building unit structure comprises a first group of rooms having substantially the same front-to-back measurements and arranged to provide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with reference thereto. A second group of rooms are so arranged that certain rooms of both groups include common partitions and that the proximate partitions of the other rooms of the two groups define a corridor between opposite wing rooms. Such structures are connected together at end rooms of the second series, or such end rooms may be connected directly to an allpurpose assembly room.

In the accompanying drawings, there are shown illustrative embodiments of the invention from which these and other of its objectives, novel features, and advantages will be readily apparent.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of a building 'unit structure in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a schematic view illustrating `two structures joined directly together;

Fig. 3 is a similar view showing two structures joined to diiierent sides of an all-purpose assembly area;

Fig. 4 is a like view but with three structures, each joined to a different side of an assembly area, and

Fig. 5 is a View generally similar to Fig. 2 illustrating a modification of the invention.

In accordance with the invention, a building unit structure, generally indicated at 10, has a first group of rooms 11, 12, 13, and 14. These have substantially the same front-to-back measurements, and they are arranged so that the rooms 12 and 13 constitute a central portionjwith reference to which the wing rooms 11 and 14 are set back.

The rooms are shown as of approximately the same 2,858,579 Patented Nov. 4, 1958 ICC size and scope with each having a plurality of skylights 15. It will be noted that there are a series of windows 16, each extending across the front of the wing rooms, forwardly along the proximate wall of the central portion and rearwardly the same distance along its wing room. A series of windows 17 is located midway of the central portion to serve the rooms 12 and 13.

The building unit structure 10 also has a second group of rooms shown as comprising the rooms 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24, and as will be noted from their legends these afford desired facilities when the structure is used by itself. The second group of rooms represents a rectangular space and certain of its rooms and the wing rooms have common partitions, While the proximate walls of the other rooms of the two groups are spaced apart to define a corridor 25 effecting direct communication between the wing rooms 11 and 14 and into which the rooms 12 and 13 open.

Assuming that requirements are such that more than one structure 10 is needed, two may be united as suggested in Fig. 2 with the windows of this first group of rooms disposed in opposite directions and with their rooms 24 connected together, or as suggested in Fig. 5

l with the rooms 24 modified to provide an extended area It will also be-noted that each structure 10 may have an additional wing room 28 attached of its ends.

It will be appreciated that when two or more structures 10 are combined, rearrangement of the second group of rooms is possible. The all-purpose area 26 is to either or both .preferably built to a substantially greater height than the main structure 10 and is intended to be used for group activities, assemblies, meetings, or the like and such as may require the use of a stage, indicated in the drawings. Also, by utilizing portable partitions, appropriate portions of this area may be set off for special rooms such as a gymnasium, clinc, kitchen, for heating facilities, etc. The rooms 18, 19, and 20 can, therefore, be made into one unit, with the room 24 then serving as offset continuations of the corridor 2S.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that structures in accordance with the invention are well adapted to meet a wide range of requirements. Each structure may be used by itself as a complete school unit and the structures may be assembled in various combinations to meet school population and location requirements.

I claim:

1. A building unit structure designed for single use and for multiple assembly, said structure comprising a first group of rooms having substantially the same degree of front-to-back measurements and arranged to provide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with reference to said central portion, and a second group of rooms, certain of the rooms of each group including partitions in common with certain of the rooms of the other group, and the proximate partitions of the other rooms of the two groups defining a corridor between the opposite wing rooms.

2. A building unit structure designed for single use and for multiple assembly, said structure comprising a rst group of rooms having substantially the same degree of front-to-back measurements and arranged to provide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with reference to said central portion, and a second grouplof roomsincluding-a commonouter wallandeach having substantially the same front-to-back measurements, certain of the rooms of each group including partitions in common with certain of fthe rooms fof the other group and the proximate partitions of the outer rooms of the two groups defining a corridor fbetween -the opposite wing rooms.

3. A building unit structure designed for single Yusearid for multiple assembly, comprising a first groupof-rooms having substantially the same degree of front=to=back measurements and arranged with two rooms providing a central portion -and'two wing rooms set back with reference-to said central'portion, and a second group of rooms including a common straight outer wall and each Ahaving substantially the same front-to-back measurements,

ycertain of the rooms of each group including partitions in common with certain of the rooms ofthe other group and the proximate partitions of the outer rooms of the two groups dening acorridor between the opposite wing rooms.

4. A building unit structure comprisingfa first group of 'rooms having substantially the same degree of front-toback measurementsand arranged to provide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with reference to saidcentral portion, and a second group ofrooms including acommon outer wall and each having substantially the same front-to-back measurements, certain of the rooms of each group including partitions'in common with certain of the rooms of the other group and the proximate partitions ofthe other rooms ofthe two groups dening a-corridor between the opposite wing rooms, at leastoneend roomof the second group opening directly .into said corridor and dening an offset continuation thereof.

5. lIna building, a plurality of unit structures, yeach structurecomprising a rst group of rooms Vhaving substantially the same degree of front-to-back measurementsand arranged to provide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with referene to said central portion, and a second group of rooms, certain of the rooms ofeach group including partitions in common with cer- .taixrof the.rooms of .the other group vand theproximate partitions of the other rooms of the two groups defining a corridor between the opposite wing rooms, the end room of the second group of one structure being joined to the corresponding room of another structure with their central portions disposed in opposite directions.

6. In a building, an al1-purpose assembly area, a unit structure comprising a rstigroup of rooms having substantially. the same degree of front-to-back measure- -.ments.,and arrangedtolprovide a central portion and two wing rooms set back with reference to said central portion, and a second group of rooms, certain of the rooms Jof each# group including partitions in common with certain of tthe rooms ofthe other group and the proximate partitions of the other rooms of the two groups defining a corridor between the opposite wing rooms, one of the end rooms of the second group thereof ibeing joined' tolfsaid area.

7. In a building, Van all-purpose area, and a plurality #of Lunit structures, `each vstructure comprising a first fgroup 'of rooms yhaving substantially the same degree 'of 'front-'to-back'measurements and arranged to provide -ia-central =portionrand two wing rooms set back with reference to-'said central portion, and a second group offroomsycertain ofthe roomsfoffeach group including partitions incommon with certain of the rooms of the aothervgroup Vand the proximate .partitions of the other Vfroom'spf the two groups rdening a corridor between ther-*opposite Iwingrrooms, vone lend room of the second group thereof of each structure being joined to said farea.

References Cited yin the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 535,834 Lamson Mar. 19, 1895 2,154,142 `Whelan Apr, 1l, 1939 2,154,897 Grant Apr. 18, 1939 v "2,390,179 Sacks Dec. 4, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS 927,5895 4France May 19, 1947

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US535834 *Nov 10, 1894Mar 19, 1895 Arrangement of stai rcases for dwellings
US2154142 *Jul 8, 1937Apr 11, 1939Copper Houses IncMobile building
US2154897 *Jul 23, 1937Apr 18, 1939Grant Henry MUnit building construction
US2390179 *May 17, 1944Dec 4, 1945Sacks Charles HBuilding construction
FR927895A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3778911 *Jun 1, 1972Dec 18, 1973Woolman MClassroom for paired learning
US4274233 *Aug 17, 1979Jun 23, 1981Currier Glorys ABuilding layout for restaurant and artist work/exhibit area
US6691475 *May 2, 2000Feb 17, 2004Fast Break InnTraveler's accommodation
US7980858 *Jun 29, 2007Jul 19, 2011Steelcase Development CorporationLearning environment
US8533927Oct 14, 2010Sep 17, 2013Freeman Capital CompanyFull-scale architectural template and method for installing construction elements for exhibitions, trade shows, conventions and events without damaging carpet or floor
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/234
International ClassificationE04B1/343, E04H3/08
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/343, E04H3/08
European ClassificationE04H3/08, E04B1/343